mercredi 11 mars 2015

Bienheureux JEAN KEARNEY (ou SEAN O CEARNAIGH), prêtre et martyr

Bienheureux Jean Kearney ou Sean O Cearnaigh, prêtre et martyr

Né en 1619 dans le comté de Tipperary en Irlande, il entre au noviciat des franciscains de Kilkenny puis part au séminaire de Louvain en Belgique, il est ordonné en 1642 à Bruxelles. A son retour, il est arrêté et torturé à Londres, mais réussit à s'échapper vers la France. Depuis Calais, il regagne Wexford puis enseigne la philosophie et est maître des novices à Waterford puis portier à Carric-on-Suir, vivant clandestinement sa vocation pendant neuf années. Il est arrêté à Tiperrary en 1653 et pendu à Clonmell, en Irlande, le 11 mars 1653.   


Bienheureux Jean Kearney

franciscain martyr en Irlande ( 1653)

ou Seán Ó Cearnaigh.

Né en 1619 dans le comté de Tipperary en Irlande, il entre au noviciat de Kilkenny puis part à Leuven en Belgique au séminaire, il est ordonné en 1642 à Bruxelles. A son retour vers son pays, il est arrêté et torturé à Londres, mais il réussit à s'échapper vers la France pour regagner Wexford à partir de Calais. Il enseigne la philosophie et est maître des novices à Waterford puis portier à Carric-on-Suir, vivant sa vocation pendant neuf années comme un homme recherché. Il est arrêté à Tiperrary en 1653 et pendu à Clonmell le 11 mars.

Béatifié le 27 septembre 1992 par Jean-Paul II


À Clonmell en Irlande, l’an 1653, le bienheureux Jean Kearney, prêtre de l’Ordre des Mineurs et martyr. Condamné à mort parce qu’il était passé par l’Angleterre, étant prêtre, il échappa par la fuite à la sentence, mais ensuite, sous le protectorat d’Olivier Cromwell, convaincu à nouveau d’avoir exercé son sacerdoce dans sa patrie, il fut soumis au supplice du gibet.


Martyrologe romain


11 mars : Bienheureux Jean Kearney.
 Homélie de monsieur l' abbé Jean-Bernard Hayet,
curé de la paroisse saint Joseph des Falaises-Bidart.
 
Jean Kearney naquit à Cashel,(Irlande) en 1619.

L' époque était particulièrement difficile pour les catholiques : en effet, l' Irlande comme l' Angleterre, fut obligée de reconnaître en 1570 l' acte de suprématie qui faisait du roi le chef suprême de l' Eglise anglicane.

Jean, se sentant appelé à la vie religieuse, entra chez les franciscains de Kilkenny.

Il se rendit ensuite en Belgique (à Leuven) pour se préparer au sacerdoce; les évêques irlandais ne pouvant plus ordonner de prêtres catholiques, il reçut les ordres sacrés à Bruxelles en 1642. Alors qu' il s' en retournait dans son pays natal, par bateau, en 1644, il fut arrêté et torturé à Londres, parce que catholique. Il réussit à s' enfuir vers la France pour regagner Wexford à partir de Calais. Pendant neuf ans, Jean put enseigner la philosophie et encadrer les novices.

Recherché, il fut arrêté en 1653 : on l' accusa de prosélytisme et de pratique du culte catholique.

Il fut pendu le 11 mars 1653 : il avait 34 ans.

Il fut béatifié par le Pape Jean-Paul II le 27 septembre 1992.

Bienheureux Jean Kearney,
prie pour nous tous,
afin qu' au sein de l' Eglise,
une sainte, catholique et apostolique,
nous brûlions d' un grand Amour pour le Christ
qui rejaillira, ensuite, sur nos frères.
Amen.


Blessed John Kearney priest and martyr


Cashel, Ireland, 1619 – Glenn, Ireland, March 11, 1653


Roman Martyrology: At Clonmel in Ireland, Blessed John Kearney, a priest of the Order of Friars Minor and martyr: Sentenced to death because he crossed from England, he managed to avoid the sentence by escaping, but later, under the government of Oliver Cromwell, a second time accused of having exercised the priesthood in the home, was the condemnation dell’impiccagione.

The martyrdom of this fearless witness of faith is placed in the context of the bloody persecution which occurred in Great Britain and Ireland to those Catholics who refused to sign the Act of Supremacy, namely the recognition of the British sovereign as head of the Anglican Church in opposition to the Roman Pontiff.

John Kearney [Seano O Cearnaigh] was born in Cashel, Ireland, in 1619 to John Kearney and Elizabeth Creagh, who were killed when the cathedral of Cashel was set on fire in 1647. The life of the blessed is fairly well documented. John, wanting to become a Franciscan, joined the Order of Friars Minor Observant in Kilkenny, he studied for several years in Leuven and received his priestly ordination in Brussels in 1642.

In 1644, while he was returning home, began his misadventures: the vessel that was traveling in was identified and John Kearney was arrested, tortured and sentenced to death in London. He managed to escape and get to Ireland via Calais. He exercised his ministry primarily as a teacher and preacher. With the advent to power of Cromwell he had to hide and soon a price was put on his head. In the spring of 1653, he was found and arrested in County Tipperary. During the trial held in Clonmell, the defendant was accused of having exercised his priestly ministry as a Catholic going against law. He was then hung in Glenn on March 11, 1653.

Pope John Paul II beatified John Kearney September 27, 1992 along with sixteen other victims of that persecution.

Author: Fabio Arduino

Source: Santi e Beati

BLS. PATRICK O’HEALY, CONRAD O’ROURKE, CONOR O’DEVANY & JOHN KEARNEY


Friars Minor. Irish Martyrs


Patrick O’Healy (about 1543-1579) was probably born in Co. Sligo or Co. Leitrim. He was a Franciscan novice in 1561. He was trained and educated for the priesthood in Spain. Sent to Rome in 1575, he impressed the Minister General and the Pope and the following year was appointed Bishop of Mayo. Some years later he reached Ireland. In the persecutions there, he was betrayed and captured and found guilty of lèse-majesté. He was hanged at Kilmallock, Co Limerick. Conrad (Con) O’Rourke (about 1549-1579) probably joined the Franciscans at Creevelea friary, Dromahaire, Co Leitrim. He was probably ordained on the continent and returned to Ireland with Bishop O’Healy in 1579. He was captured and hanged with the bishop at Kilmallock. Conor O’Devany (about 1532-1612) was born in Raphoe, Co Donegal and became a Franciscan in the friary of Donegal about 1550. He studied on the continent and after ordination was appointed Bishop of Down and Connor in 1582, being consecrated in the Church of S. Maria dell’Anima in Rome. Shortly afterwards he returned to Ireland. He was arrested in 1588 and imprisoned in Dublin Castle. He was soon released and continued his pastoral work in his diocese under the patronage and protection of the O’Neills. He was arrested in 1611, found guilty of treason and hanged in Dublin. John Kearney (1619-1653) was born in Cashel, Co Tipperary. He joined the Franciscans at their friary in Kilkenny. After his novitiate, he went to Leuven in Belgium and was ordained in Brussels in 1642. He returned to Ireland and taught in Cashel and Waterford. He was much admired for his preaching. In 1650 he became guardian of Carrick-on-Suir, Co Tipperary. In the Cromwellian persecutions, he was arrested for exercising his priesthood and was hanged in Clonmel, Co Tipperary. He was buried in the chapter hall of the suppressed friary of Cashel. These four Irish Franciscan martyrs together with 13 other Irish martyrs were beatified by John Paul II in 1992.

First Reading: 2 Cor. 6: 4-10; Gospel: John 12: 24-26