vendredi 20 mars 2015

Bienheureux AMBROISE de SIENNE, religieux dominicain

Ambroise Sansedoni de Sienne

Dominicain, Bienheureux

1220-1286


Ambroise Sansedoni, naquit dans le majestueux palais de sa noble famille, en 1220, dans la ville de Sienne, en Italie. Selon la tradition il semblerait qu’il soit né difforme, avec quelques imperfections dans les jambes et dans les bras, raison pour laquelle il aurait été confié à une nourrice qui le gardait hors du palais, car la famille en aurait honte. Mais cette dame, une chrétienne fervente, l’éleva avec beaucoup d’affe-ction et de tendresse. Tous les jours, elle portait l’en-fant à l’église, bien couvert et à l’abri des regards et là, elle priait avec ferveur pour obtenir la guérison de l’enfant.
Un jour, un pèlerin dit à cette nourrice : “Femme, ne cache pas le visage de cet enfant, car un jour il sera la lumière et la gloire de cette ville”. Peu de temps après Ambroise fut miraculeusement guéri. Il avait alors environ trois ans, quand il retourna au palais, au sein de sa famille. Plus tard, âgé de dix-sept ans, il abandonna tout et entra chez les Pères Prêcheurs, les Dominicains.
Il fit son noviciat et ses premières études à Sienne, puis, en 1245 il les poursuivit à Paris, puis en Allemagne, dans le diocèse de Cologne. Il eut comme professeur Albert le Grand et comme compagnons d’étude Pierre de Tarentaise — plus tard élu pape sous le nom d’Innocent V — et Thomas d’Aquin deve-nu par la suite Docteur de l’Église.
Par la suite, Ambroise fut envoyé à Paris pour y en-seigner. Il devint alors très connu, principalement par l’efficacité de ses sermons tant à l’église que sur les places publiques. Certains peintres le représentent portant le Saint-Esprit, en forme de colombe, posée sur son épaule et lui parlant à l’oreille.
Ses dons exceptionnels de convaincre et de réconcilier, marquèrent l’histoire de l’Église et de l’humanité. Il fut envoyé en Allemagne comme médiateur de paix au milieu de plusieurs familles en conflit. Il revint à Sienne et obtînt du Pape Grégoire X la suppression d’un interdit dont la ville avait été frappée. Après cela, ce même Pontife lui confia encore d’autres missions de paix en Italie, en Hongrie, en France et de nouveau en Allemagne.
Accusé d’être un imposteur et un ambitieux par un puissant seigneur, Ambroise lui répondit : “Dieu s’appelle Roi de la Paix, c’est pourquoi chacun doit souhaiter la paix avec le prochain. Dieu ne l’accorde qu’à ceux qui de bon cœur l’accorde aux autres. Ce que je fais, je ne le fais pas pour moi-même, mais par la volonté de Celui qui a pouvoir sur moi. Toutefois, si c’est à cause de moi, si c’est parce que je vous perturbe, je vous en demande pardon…”
En 1270, il fut appelé à Rome par le Pape, afin d’y aider à la restauration des études ecclésiastiques. Il mourut victime de son zèle, le 20 mars 1286, à Sienne, pendant qu’il prêchait. Il y parla avec une telle intensité contre les usuraires que plusieurs veines de sa poitrine se rompirent, lui causant une mort instantanée.
Le Pape Clément VIII, en 1597, le fit inclure dans le Calendrier de l’Église en tant que bienheureux. Il sera dès lors vénéré le jour même de sa mort.

Saint Ambroise de Sienne (1220-1286)

Ambroise naquit dans une noble et ancienne famille. Hélas, ce fut un enfant mal formé : ses bras semblaient soudés à sont tronc et ses jambe était tordues et recroquevillées. En plus il avait un visage très laid. Cependant, un jour qu'Ambroise était promené par sa nourrice, un pèlerin remarqua quelque chose, une certaine lueur dans sont regard. Le saint homme examina tranquillement Ambroise. La nourrice, surprise, voulut recouvrir le visage de l'enfant pensant que le pèlerin était ahuri par sa laideur. Il l'en dissuada annonçant qu'Ambroise serait un jour un personnage illustre et que la ville se Sienne le vénérerait. La nourrice, incrédule, hausa les épaules. Plus tard, le bébé est amené dans l'une des chapelles de l'église Santa Magdalena. Et, se dressant soudain, il se défait de ses vêtements qu'il tend vers le ciel en clamant haut et fort le saint nom du Christ. Soudain, ses bras se décollent de ses côtes, ses jambes s'allongent et sont visage devient d'une grande beauté et l'assistance médusée s'agenouille. Après ce miracle, Ambroise se consacra au service du Seigneur. Il deviendra Frère Prêcheur à dix-sept ans, montrant une rare précocité. Franchissant les étapes il devient en peu de temps un expert en théologie, étonnant les plus érudits parmi les docteurs. Il fut le condisciple, à l'université, de saint Thomas d'Aquin et l'élève de saint Albert le Grand. Chaste et vierge, il mourut à Sienne à quarante ans, après avoir prêché sans arrêt et accompli de nombreux miracles. On le représente tenant une fleur de lys, symbole de sa virginité.


SOURCE : http://www.forumfr.com/sujet297324-saint-ambroise-de-sienne.html

Bienheureux Ambroise Sansedoni

Dominicain, théologien et prédicateur ( 1286)

Originaire de Sienne en Italie, il rejoignit l'Ordre dominicain en 1237. Après avoir suivi à Paris puis à Cologne, les cours de saint Albert le Grand, avec, pour condisciple, saint Thomas d'Aquin dans le même couvent de Saint Jacques de Paris, il parcourut l'Allemagne et l'Italie en prêchant la doctrine chrétienne. Epuisé par la véhémence de sa prédication et le rythme de vie qu'il s'imposait, il meurt à Sienne en Toscane. Son culte fut confirmé en 1622.

À Sienne en Toscane, l’an 1287, le bienheureux Ambroise Sansedoni, prêtre de l’Ordre des Prêcheurs, disciple de saint Albert le Grand, savant en doctrine et en prédication, et néanmoins simple envers tous.

Martyrologe romain

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/835/Bienheureux-Ambroise-Sansedoni.html

Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni, OP (RM)

(also known as Ambrose of Siena or Ambrose Sassedoni)

Born in Siena, Italy, in 1220; died 1287; cultus confirmed in 1622. Although his birth was attended by the prodigies also associated with Blessed James of Bevagna (of Mevania)--that of three brilliant stars bearing the image of a friar preacher--Ambrose Sansedoni got off to a very bad start by the world's account. He was so badly deformed and so ugly that his own mother could hardly bear to look at him.


He was given into the care of a nurse, who daily took him with her to the Dominican church where she attended Mass. Here it was remarked that the baby, who fretted most of the time, was quiet and content when the nurse would hold him near the altar of relics, and that he cried violently when taken away.

One day, as the nurse was kneeling there with the baby's face covered with a scarf, a pilgrim approached and said to her, "Do not cover that child's face. He will one day be the glory of this city." A few days later, at this same altar, a miracle occurred. The unfortunate child suddenly reached out his twisted limbs and quite distinctly pronounced the sacred name of Jesus. At once, all deformity left him, and he became a normal child.

So early marked with the favor of God, it was only natural that Ambrose would be pious. As a child of seven he would rise at night to pray and meditate, and he daily recited the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin. While still a child, he was charitable to a heroic degree, and busied himself with the poor, the abandoned, and the sick. When he was only two or three years old, his father, who was an illuminator of books, made two little books for him. One was on secular subjects, the other on the saints. Ambrose made no hesitation about choosing the latter as his favorite, and throughout his life he was to exhibit this same choice of the things of God.

Being a handsome and talented young man, Ambrose was beset with difficulties when he expressed his intention of becoming a member of the preaching friars. Parents and friends tried to change his mind, and the devil appeared in several different forms to counsel him against such a step. Ambrose courageously overcame all the obstacles in his path and joined the friars on his 17th birthday.

After his profession in 1237, Ambrose was sent to Paris to study under Saint Albert the Great. With his fellow pupil, Saint Thomas Aquinas, he returned to Cologne with Saint Albert, and thus was associated for some years with the two finest minds of the century. It is said that the humility of Ambrose, and his recognition of the true greatness of Saint Thomas's writings, led him to devote his time to preaching rather than writing. He was sent on many peace-making missions during his 30 years of preaching, and was highly regarded by both popes and Dominicans.

Despite a very active apostolate of preaching in Germany, France, and Italy, Ambrose lived a life of almost uninterrupted prayer. He was often in ecstasy, and, shortly before his death, he was favored with several visions of great beauty. It is said that his death was hastened by the vehemence of his preaching. Sometimes when he preached he levitated and a circle of glory, in which birds of brilliant plumage flitted, surrounded him. Many miracles were reported at his tomb, and he has been popularly called "Saint Ambrose of Siena" since the time of his death (Benedictines, Dorcy).

In art, Blessed Ambrose is a Dominican with a dove at his ear (Roeder). He may also be represented as (1) holding in his hand a model of his native Siena (Benedictines), (2) holding a book, or (3) preaching (Roeder).

Ambrose is the patron of betrothed couples and especially venerated in Siena (Roeder).


 Bl. Ambrose of Sienna
Born at Sienna, 16 April, 1220, of the noble family of Sansedoni; d. at Sienna, in 1286. When about one year old, Ambrose was cured of a congenital deformity, in the Dominican church of St. Mary Magdalene. As a child and youth he was noted for his love of charity, exercised especially towards pilgrims, the sick in hospitals, and prisoners. He entered the novitiate of the Dominican convent in his native city at the age of seventeen, was sent to Paris to continue his philosophical and theological studies under Albert the Great, and had for a fellow-student there St. Thomas Aquinas. In 1248 he was sent with St. Thomas to Cologne where he taught in the Dominican schools. In 1260 he was one of the band of missionaries who evangelized Hungary. In 1266 Sienna was put under an interdict for having espoused the cause of the Emperor Frederick II, then at enmity with the Holy See. The Siennese petitioned Ambrose to plead their cause before the Sovereign Pontiff, and so successfully did he do this that he obtained for his native city full pardon and a renewal of all her privileges. The Siennese soon cast off their allegiance; a second time Ambrose obtained pardon for them. He brought about a reconciliation between Emperor Conrad of Germany and Pope Clement IV. About his time he was chosen bishop of his native city, but he declined the office. For a time, he devoted himself to preaching the Crusade; and later, at the request of Pope Gregory X, caused the studies which the late wars had practically suspended to be resumed in the Dominican convent at Rome. After the death of Pope Gregory X he retired to one of the convents of his order, whence he was summoned by Innocent V and sent as papal legate to Tuscany. He restored peace between Venice and Genoa and also between Florence and Pisa. His name was inserted in the Roman Martyrology in 1577. His biographers exhibit his life as one of perfect humility. He loved poetry, and many legends are told of victories over carnal temptations. He was renowned as an apostolic preacher. His oratory, simple rather than elegant, was most convincing and effective. His sermons, although once collected, are not now extant.
Sources

Acta SS., March, III, 180-251; CROISSANT, Synopsis vit et miraculorum B. Ambrosii Senensis (Brussels, 1623); QUÉTIF ET ECHARD, SS. Ord. Proed. (Paris, 1719); RAYNALDUS, Annales (1648), ad ann. 1286; TOURON, Histoire des hommes illustres de l'ordre de S. Dominique (Paris, 1743).

Fitzgerald, Edward. "Bl. Ambrose of Sienna." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 20 Mar. 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01388b.htm>.

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Vivek Gilbert John Fernandez. Dedicated to Nat (GAP student) at St Ignatius' College Riverview, Sydney Australia.


Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.
SOURCE : http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01388b.htm

Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni of Siena

Also known as
  • Ambrogio Sansedoni
  • Ambrose Sansedone
Memorial
Profile

The son of a book illuminator, he was born so badly deformed that his mother gave him off to the care of a nurse. The nurse claimed that the only time the child was peaceful was in the local Dominican church, especially when near the altar of relics. Legend says that one day in church, the nurse covered the baby‘s face with a scarf; an unknown pilgrim told her, “Do not cover that child‘s face. He will one day be the glory of this city.” A few days later the child suddenly stretch out his twisted limbs, pronounced the name “Jesus”, and all deformity left him.

A pious child, getting up during the nights to pray and meditate. At age two he was given the choice of two of his father‘s books – and chose the one about saints. From age seven he daily recited the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin. He was always charitable, and even when young he worked with the poor, the abandoned, and the sick.

When he announced he wanted to join the preaching friars, his parents and friends tried to talk him out of it. But Ambrose had heard the call, and he joined the Dominicans in Siena, Italy in 1237 on his 17th birthday.

He studied in Paris, France, and Cologne, Germany with Saint Thomas Aquinas and Pope Blessed Innocent V under Saint Albert the Great. Taught in Cologne. Ambrose wanted to write, but saw the greatness of Saint Thomas, decided he could not match it, and devoted himself to preaching.

Worked on diplomatic missions for popes and secular rulers. Evangelized in Germany, France, and Italy; his preaching helped lead Blessed Franco of Siena to the solitary life. Mystic with a deep contemplative prayer life. He received ecstacies and visions, was known to levitate when preaching, and was seen circled in a mystic light in which flew bright birds.
Born
Died
Beatified
Patronage
Prayers

Merciful God, may this feast of Blessed Ambrose bring joy to the Church, that she may be strengthened with spiritual help and be made worthy to enjoy everlasting happiness. We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. - General Calendar of the Order of Preachers
Representation

Blessed Ambrose of Siena

Memorial Day: March 20th

Profile

Although his birth was attended by the prodigies also associated with Blessed James of Bevagna (of Mevania)--that of three brilliant stars bearing the image of a friar preacher--Ambrose Sansedoni got off to a very bad start by the world's account. He was so badly deformed and so ugly that his own mother could hardly bear to look at him.

    He was given into the care of a nurse, who daily took him with her to the Dominican church where she attended Mass. Here it was remarked that the baby, who fretted most of the time, was quiet and content when the nurse would hold him near the altar of relics, and that he cried violently when taken away.

    One day, as the nurse was kneeling there with the baby's face covered with a scarf, a pilgrim approached and said to her, "Do not cover that child's face. He will one day be the glory of this city." A few days later, at this same altar, a miracle occurred. The unfortunate child suddenly reached out his twisted limbs and quite distinctly pronounced the sacred name of Jesus. At once, all deformity left him, and he became a normal child.

    So early marked with the favor of God, it was only natural that Ambrose would be pious. As a child of seven he would rise at night to pray and meditate, and he daily recited the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin. While still a child, he was charitable to a heroic degree, and busied himself with the poor, the abandoned, and the sick. When he was only two or three years old, his father, who was an illuminator of books, made two little books for him. One was on secular subjects, the other on the saints. Ambrose made no hesitation about choosing the latter as his favorite, and throughout his life he was to exhibit this same choice of the things of God.

    Being a handsome and talented young man, Ambrose was beset with difficulties when he expressed his intention of becoming a member of the preaching friars. Parents and friends tried to change his mind, and the devil appeared in several different forms to counsel him against such a step. Ambrose courageously overcame all the obstacles in his path and joined the friars on his 17th birthday.

    After his profession in 1237, Ambrose was sent to Paris to study under Saint Albert the Great. With his fellow pupil, Saint Thomas Aquinas, he returned to Cologne with Saint Albert, and thus was associated for some years with the two finest minds of the century. It is said that the humility of Ambrose, and his recognition of the true greatness of Saint Thomas's writings, led him to devote his time to preaching rather than writing. He was sent on many peace-making missions during his 30 years of preaching, and was highly regarded by both popes and Dominicans.

    Despite a very active apostolate of preaching in Germany, France, and Italy, Ambrose lived a life of almost uninterrupted prayer. He was often in ecstasy, and, shortly before his death, he was favored with several visions of great beauty. It is said that his death was hastened by the vehemence of his preaching. Sometimes when he preached he levitated and a circle of glory, in which birds of brilliant plumage flitted, surrounded him. Many miracles were reported at his tomb, and he has been popularly called "Saint Ambrose of Siena" since the time of his death (Benedictines, Dorcy).

Born: 1220 at Siena, Italy

Died: 1287 of natural causes

Beatified: 1622 (cultus confirmed)

Patronage: betrothed couples, affianced couples, engaged couples, Siena Italy

Representation: Dominican with a dove at his ear, holding a model of Siena, Italy, holding a book, preaching

Prayers/Commemorations
First Vespers:

Ant. Strengthen by holy intercession, O Ambrose, confessor of the Lord, those here present, have we who are burdened with the weight of our offenses may be relieved by the glory of thy blessedness, and may by thy guidance attain eternal rewards.

V. Pray for us, Blessed Ambrose.

R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Lauds:

Ant. Well done, good and faithful servant, because Thou has been faithful in a few things, I will set thee over many, sayeth the Lord.

V. The just man shall blossom like the lily.

R. And shall flourish forever before the Lord.

Second Vespers:

Ant. I will liken him unto a wise man, who built his house upon a rock..

V. Pray for us. Blessed Ambrose.

R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Prayer:

Let us pray: may the votive festival of Blessed Ambrose, Thy Confessor, rejoice Thy Church, O God, that it may always be equipped with spiritual resources and made worthy to be blessed with everlasting joys. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.

Prayers II:

Merciful God, may this feast of Blessed Ambrose bring joy to the Church, that she may be strengthened with spiritual help and be made worthy to enjoy everlasting happiness. We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Ghost, one God, for ever and ever. - General Calendar of the Order of Preachers

SOURCE : http://www.willingshepherds.org/Dominican%20Saints%20II.html#Ambrose Siena

Born with a mission from God

Posted on by catherine

Today, 20 Mar 2012, is the 725th anniversary of death of Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni, (Ambrogio Sansedone) an Italian Dominican priest, priest and peace maker. Just as there are child prodigies in music, art, maths and other skills, there are children who display extraordinary sensitivity to the things of God from an early age. Blessed Ambrose was one of these.
Blessed Ambrose was born into the Sansedoni family in 1220, one of Siena’s leading aristocratic dynasties during the Middle Ages. His father was a book illuminator. Hoping for a strong and healthy boy, his parents were dismayed at the physical deformity he was born with. From his earliest days, rejection was his lot, and a nurse was assgned to take care of him. The love that was denied him at home, he found in the presence of Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament and in nearness to the relics of those who had loved Jesus with all their hearts. As you know little ones have very open spirits, and this little one drank in the loving presence of Jesus from babyhood. His nurse noted that being in church was the only place that the little one was peaceful. Ambrose’s sensitivity to all things holy now set for life, Jesus came and cured him so that he might fulfill the mission that God had for him.
Now his parents took an interest in him again, and found that hope could be renewed for all the plans that they had for this son prior to his birth. Ambrose meanwhile was drawn to prayer, to works of charity, to works of mercy and to the reading the Lives of the Saints. When he entered the Dominican Order at the age of 17, all of those parental dreams died again. The Order soon recognised his intellectual gifts and sent him off to Paris and then to Cologne to study. If one of his teacher’s hadn’t been St Albert the Great and his fellow students St Thomas Aquinas and the future Blessed Pope Innocent V, perhaps he would have been more widely known to Christians of our times. It wasn’t just a theological school, it was a school for saints; and Ambrose thrived, although overshadowed by these greater minds.
Study concluded, God’s mission for Ambrose began to unfold. Firstly he was sent to teach in Dominican schools – and the teacher always learns more than the students. This apprenticeship over, in 1260 he went with a Dominican team to assist the evangelisation of Hungary. Preaching gifts grew within him. Skills as an effective peace maker were noticed in Ambrose, so he began to be sent on missions of reconciliation ( eg between Pope Clement IV and King Conradin of Germany) and intercession (eg twice obtaining pardon from the Holy Father for the city-state of Sienna for its disloyalty and rebellion). Later on Ambrose was appointed as papal legate to Tuscany, a diffcult and delicate position requiring his peace making talents.
In between these special tasks Ambrose preached with great effectiveness. The Roman Martyrology speaks of his eloquence, sanctity and miracles. All of these missions were underpined by Ambrose’s prayer life – a strong one accompanied by ecstascies, visions and even levitation. Sadly no collections of his sermons remain extant, although if we are fortunate perhaps the good Lord will arrange for some to be discovered in a forgotten corner of a monastic library somewhere.
Preaching in the 13th century was an effort of the whole body, without the benefit of microphones. Great force was needed to project a human voice into a sizeable crowd. It is nort surprising, then, that one source has his death occuring while he preached, and another source has his death occuring as he prepared his homily on 20 March 1287 – around half-way through a Lenten series of sermons.
What Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni achieved with God’s grace wasn’t as tangible as a written book or treatise, only God knows how many lives were spared deaths in wartime due to his efforts as peace maker,and how many had the opportunity to repent from their evil ways and to produce masterpieces because of the times of peace which he negotiated. We thank God today for all of the good that came from Ambrose’s ‘yes’ to each and every mission God arranged for him to do.
Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni, please pray for us and for all those peace makers that God is raising up in our troubled times.
NB The Dominicans celebrate Blessed Ambrose’s feast day in October, on the anniversary of his beatification. It is not unusal for a feast day to be tranferred from the date of death in the Lenten season to a date of some significance to the Saint in Ordinary time (eg St Benedict, St Gregory the Great, Blessed John Paul the Great) because feast days are rarely celebrated in Lent.