mardi 31 mars 2015

Saint GUY de POMPOSA, abbé

Saint Guy de Pomposa, abbé

Natif de Ravenne, il reçut la tonsure à Rome et alla vivre sur les rives du Pô, avec un ermite nommé Martin. Il fut élu par la suite abbé de Saint-Sévère puis du monastère de Pomposa, près de Ferrare, en Émilie-Romagne, et y mena une vie toute d’austérité. L’abbaye de Pomposa, fondée aux VIe-VIIe siècle par les bénédictins, sur ce qui était à l’époque une île, devint sous sa conduite un des plus importants monastères de l’Italie du Nord. Il mourut en 1046. L’abbaye connut un grand rayonnement surtout au Xe et au XIIe siècle, c’est là notamment que le moine Guy d’Arezzo (992-1050) mit au point la notation musicale avec l’acrostiche de l’hymne de Paul Diacre à saint Jean Baptiste : « Ut queant laxis / Resonare fibris / Mira gestorum / Famuli tuorum / Solve poluuti / Labii reatum / Sancte Iohannes ».

Saint Guy de Pomposa

Moine puis abbé à Ravenne ( 1046)

Né aux environs de Ravenne, il vécut d'abord sous la direction d'un ermite qui l'envoya à l'abbaye de Pomposa dont il devint l'abbé. Sa sainteté lui attira de nombreux disciples et fit de son monastère l'un des plus importants de l'Italie du Nord.

À Borgo San Domnino, dans la région de Parme en Émilie, l’an 1046, le trépas de saint Guy, abbé du monastère de Pompose, qui accueillit de nombreux disciples, reconstruisit les bâtiments, veilla au plus haut point à la contemplation et au culte divin, et voulut être tout entier à Dieu seul dans la retraite.

Martyrologe romain

Guy of Pomposa, OSB Abbot M (AC)
(also known as Guido, Guion, Wido, Witen, Wit)

Born near Ravenna, Italy; died 1046. San Guido's parents were proud of their son. He was extremely careful with his appearance and dress in order to please them, until the day he realized that it was a form of vanity. On the feast of Saint Apollinaris, the first bishop of Ravenna, Guy went into town, stripped off his finery, and traded them for the rags of the poor. His horrified parents then watched as he left on a pilgrimage to Rome thus dressed.

In Rome, he was tonsured and placed himself under the direction of a hermit, named Martin, who lived on an island in the Po River. After three years, Martin sent him to the monastery of Pomposa (near Ferrara), which was under Martin's direction together with that of Ferrara, to learn the monastic life in a large community. Thus, Guy began monastic life and became a Benedictine monk at the abbey of Saint Severus.

Later Guy was nominated by Martin and was confirmed by vote of the community as abbot of Ravenna, then of Pomposa near Ferrara. He loved sacred learning and, at his request, Saint Peter Damian delivered lectures on the Scriptures to his monks for two years. Saint Peter Damian later dedicated his book, De perfectione monachorum, to the holy abbot. During his forty years as abbot, Guy's reputation drew so many others to religious life, including his own father and brother, that the community doubled in size and another monastery had to be built to accommodate them all. Eventually, he delegated the administrative aspects of his office in order to concentrate on the spiritual, especially the direction of souls.

Three times annually he made a retreat in a hermitage three-miles from Ferrara, where he lived in silence, abstinence, fasting, and prayer. His devotions and austerities were heightened during Lent. Although he treated his own body severely, he was extraordinarily tender with his monks, who became devoted to him.

Towards the end of his life, Guy was fiercely, though unjustly, persecuted by Archbishop Heribert of Ravenna and retired again into solitude. His peace was broken, however, by an summons to Piacenza from Emperor Henry III, who had come to Italy and wished to consult the holy man whose reputation had reached the king's ears. Guy took leave of his brothers, saying that he would not see them again. He became ill at Borgo San Donnino (near Parma) and died within days. After his death, Parma and Pomposa vied for custody of his relics. The emperor settled the dispute by taking his remains to the Church of Saint John the Evangelist in Speyer, Germany, which was renamed Saint Guido-Stift. He is the patron of Speyer (Attwater2, Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth, Walsh).

St. Guy, Confessor

HE is called by the Germans Witen, and was forty years abbot of Pomposa, in the duchy of Ferrara, in Italy, a man eminent in all virtues, especially patience, the love of solitude, and prayer. He died in 1046. The emperor, Henry III., caused his relics to be translated to Spire, which city honours him as its principal patron. See his life by a disciple, in the Acta Sanatorium of Henschenius, and another shorter, of the same age.

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume III: March. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.

Saint Guy of Pomposa

Also known as
  • Guido
  • Guion
  • Wido
  • Wit
  • Witen

Known in his youth for being meticulous about his clothing and appearance – until the day he realized it was simply vanity and traded his fine clothes for a beggar‘s rags. Pilgrim to Rome, Italy. Spiritual student for three years of a hermit name Martin on an island in the River Po. Monk at Pomposa abbey near Ferrera, Italy. Benedictine monk at Saint Severus abbey, Ravenna, Italy. Abbot at Ravenna. Abbot at Pomposa. A student of scripture, at the request of Saint Peter Damian he taught Bible studies for two years. So many were attracted to his teaching, his leadership, and his example of the Christian life that his house doubled in size; his father and brother joined the order. Guy finally handed off the administrative elements of his position to concentrate on spiritual direction. He periodically retreated to a hermitage near Ferrara to spend his days in prayer and fasting. Near the end of his life he was unjustly persecuted for personal reasons by archbishop Heribert of Ravenna. Died while on a trip to Piacenza, Italy to advise Emperor Henry III on spiritual matters.


St. Guy of Pomposa

When he was a young man Guy of Pomposa had a very high opinion of himself and always dressed very well. During a celebration of the feast of St Apollinaris in Italy, he realized that he should change his attitude toward himself in order to improve his life spiritually. He gave his fine clothing to the poor and began to wear the clothes of a poor man. He then spent three years with a hermit, and he became a member and later abbot of a monastery that was under the direction of the hermit. He spent many hours a day praying and fasting, and his life became such an inspiring example that many men joined the monastery. His guidance was sought by many important people over the years. We honor him on March 31. - 

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