samedi 4 avril 2020

Saint FRANÇOIS MARTO


Saint François Marto (+1919)

Un des enfants auxquels la Sainte Vierge apparut à Fatima. François mourut à onze ans d'une courte maladie qu'il supporta avec courage et dévotion le 4 avril 1919.
- François à Fatima le 13 mai 2017: les petits bergers, exemples de sainteté pour «surmonter les souffrances» de la vie (radio Vatican)

Pèlerinage du pape François au sanctuaire de Notre Dame de Fatima à l'occasion du centenaire des Apparitions de la Bienheureuse Vierge Marie 
à la Cova da Iria, 12-13 mai 2017, homélie du Saint Père.

- les deux petits bergers de Fatima, témoins des apparitions de la Vierge, canonisés le 13 mai 2017 par le Pape François lors de son voyage au sanctuaire marial portugais.

- Consistoire pour la canonisation de bienheureux, dont les voyants de Fatima le 20 avril 2017.

Vidéo du Vatican sur la webTV de la CEF


- Les petits voyants de Fatima sur la voie de la sainteté.

- décret du 23 mars 2017 reconnaissant un miracle attribué au bienheureux Francesco Marto, né le 11 juin 1908 et mort le 4 avril 1919, et à la bienheureuse Giacinta Marto, née le 11 mars 1910 et morte le 20 février 1920.

Jacinthe 
mourut le 20 février 1920.

Homélie de sa sainteté le pape Jean-Paul II pour la béatification des vénérables Jacinthe et François
, pastoureaux de Fátima, au sanctuaire de Notre-Dame du Rosaire de Fátima, Samedi 13 mai 2000.

"Je te bénis, Père, d'avoir caché cela aux sages et aux intelligents et de l'avoir révélé aux tout-petits.
Je te bénis, ô Père, pour tous tes tout-petits, à commencer par la Vierge Marie, ton humble Servante, jusqu'aux pastoureaux François et Jacinthe.


Que le message de leur vie reste toujours ardent pour illuminer le chemin de l'humanité!""Comme à Lourdes, à Fatima également la Vierge a choisi des enfants, François, Jacinthe et Lucie, comme destinataires de son message. Ils l'ont accueillie si fidèlement qu'ils méritent non seulement d'être reconnus comme témoins crédibles des apparitions, mais de devenir eux-mêmes un exemple de vie évangélique.


Lucie, leur cousine à peine plus âgée encore vivante, a tracé des portraits significatifs des deux nouveaux bienheureux. François était un enfant bon, réfléchi, à l'âme contemplative ; alors que Jacinthe était vive, plutôt susceptible, mais très douce et aimable."


(source: Il y aura des saints parmi les enfants - Jean-Paul II, Audience Générale du mercredi 17 mai 2000 - site du Vatican)


Lucie, la troisième enfant, est décédée le 13 février 2005 au Carmel de Sainte-Thérèse à Coimbra.
À Aljustrel près de Fatima au Portugal, en 1919, le bienheureux François Marto. À l'âge de onze ans, il fut consumé par une brève maladie, mais se signala par sa douceur, sa persévérance dans les épreuves et dans la foi, et par son assiduité à la prière.

Martyrologe romain

"Ne croyez pas que le jeune âge soit un obstacle au chemin vers la perfection consommée, autrement dit la sainteté", avait dit le Pape Pie XII, et bien des années auparavant son prédécesseur Pie X, avait affirmé : "Il y aura des saints parmi les enfants".

vendredi 3 avril 2020

Bienheureux JOSÉ LUCIANO EZEQUIEL HUERTA GUTIÉRREZ et SALVADOR HUERTA GUTIÉRREZ, laïcs et martyrs

Blessed José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta-Gutiérrez

Bienheureux José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta-Gutiérrez



Ezequiel Huerta Gutiérrez
1876-1927

Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez
1880-1927

Ces frères étaient deux des cinq enfants de Isaac Huerta et Florencia Gutiérrez Oliva. Le papa descendait d’une famille d’Andalousie, émigrée au Mexique ; son épouse était une femme forte, active, qui savait ce qu’elle voulait et qui menait son monde avec une autorité quasi virile. Ils habitaient à Magdalena.

Les cinq enfants étaient José Refugio, Ezequiel, Eduardo, Salvador et María Carmen. José Refugio ainsi qu’Eduardo devinrent prêtres. Nous allons parler des deux futurs Martyrs, Ezequiel et Salvador. 

Les deux garçons firent leurs études à Magdalena, puis au lycée de Guadalajara, où les parents finirent par s’installer eux aussi. 



Ezequiel était né le 7 janvier 1876 et fut confirmé l’année suivante, selon la coutume. Un jour que le papa l’avait pris avec lui pour aller à Guadalajara, une roue de la charrette se cassa. Tout le monde et tout le chargement par-terre : mais Ezequiel sortit de dessous la charrette sans une égratignure, tandis que l’unique compagnon qui avait refusé de prier le chapelet pendant le voyage, était blessé et mort de peur… Depuis, la famille priait toujours le chapelet en se déplaçant.

De plus, Ezequiel avait une magnifique voix de ténor. Il suivit des cours et organisa toute une chorale qui chantait aux fêtes. Un jour, un homme jaloux de lui tenta de le blesser au ventre, mais la blessure ne fut pas profonde. Ezequiel refusa de le dénoncer, parce que c’était un pauvre père de famille.



Salvador était né le 18 mars 1880, fut baptisé le 22 suivant. C’était un garçon sérieux, obéissant et affectueux. La maman lui faisait faire plus de choses qu’aux autres, parce qu’elle voyait qu’elle pouvait en attendre plus de lui. Et lui ne se plaignait jamais.

Il s’orienta plutôt vers la mécanique. Puis il se transféra à Zacatecas comme technicien de bombes dans une mine. Plusieurs fois il échappa à la mort dans divers accidents. Dieu lui réservait une autre sorte de mort…

Ezequiel se maria en 1904 avec María Eugenia García, et ils eurent dix enfants.

Salvador, lui, se maria en 1907 avec Adelina Jiménez, et eurent douze enfants. Il préféra gagner un peu moins, mais rester proche de ses parents pour les aider. C’était le meilleur mécanicien de Guadalajara.

Ces foyers chrétiens vécurent en paix jusqu’en 1926, l’année où la persécution fit fermer les églises.

Ezequiel se fit spontanément le gardien de l’église Saint Filippo Neri ; ses deux aînés entrèrent dans l’Union Populaire. Quand l’un d’eux fut blessé, sa mère voulut aller le trouver pour le soigner ; ne l’ayant pas trouvé, elle se mit à soigner les autres blessés comme s’ils étaient eux ses fils.

Un soir de la fin du mois de mars 1927, la femme d’Ezequiel se rendit à une célébration clandestine, avec ses deux filles María Carmen et Teresa. Juste après la consécration, un jeune vint avertir que la police était dehors : le célébrant consomma l’Eucharistie, et alla se cacher. La maman se saisit du calice, l’emballa dans le châle de la petite Teresa (de neuf ans) en lui disant : Même s’ils te battent, ne le lâche pas. Donne-le seulement à papa. La police arrêta une dizaine de personnes, parmi lesquelles la maman, María Eugenia. Elle fut ensuite relâchée.

L’autre fille, María del Carmen, força le passage par la porte en se pliant sous la jambe du policier qui lui barrait le chemin, et alla prévenir son père. 

Ezequiel vint chercher sa petite Teresa, que personne n’avait vue, avec son Trésor.

Le soir du 1er avril Ezequiel alla veiller auprès du Martyr Anacleto Gonzáles Flores, son ami inoubliable. Le 2 avril au matin, vinrent frapper des policiers. Ils mirent à sac toute la maison, et emmenèrent Ezequiel au commissariat. Les deux époux se regardèrent en pleurant : N’aie pas peur, Ezequiel, lui dit son épouse, si nous ne nous revoyons pas en cette vie, nous nous reverrons au ciel.

Ce même 2 avril, des policiers vinrent chercher Salvador pour réparer une voiture de la police. Salvador prit ses outils et les suivit. Au commissariat, il n’y avait aucune voiture à réparer, mais seulement un interrogatoire et des tortures qui attendaient Salvador : celui-ci ne dit pas un mot.

Ezequiel non plus ne dit mot. Il fut frappé. Le visage en sang, il se mit à chanter le plus fort qu’il put : Vive mon Christ, vive mon Roi ! Il reçut une nouvelle décharge de coups et fut emmené au cachot.

La nuit du 2 au 3 avril, tandis que les deux frères Ezequiel et Salvador grelottaient de fièvre, on vint les chercher. On les fit monter dans une voiture de la police pour les conduire au cimetière.

Ezequiel dit à Salvador : Nous leur pardonnons, n’est-ce pas ? Une décharge l’abattit.

Salvador retira sa casquette en disant : Je me découvre devant toi, mon frère, qui es déjà un martyr. Puis, prenant la bougie du fossoyeur et éclairant sa poitrine, il dit aux soldats : Je vous éclaire ma poitrine pour que vous ne manquiez pas ce cœur, disposé à mourir pour le Christ. Ultime décharge.

Pour les ensevelir, le général réclamait six mille pesos, une somme invraisemblable. Les deux corps furent donc mis dans une même fosse.

La Providence pourvut amplement à l’assistance des nombreux enfants de ces deux Martyrs : les voisins, les Religieux de tous Ordres, leur fournirent des vêtements, des bourses d’étude. Tous obtinrent de très bonnes situations, sans compter les nombreuses vocations sacerdotales et religieuses.

Ezequiel et Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez ont leur dies natalis commun le 3 avril. Ils ont été béatifiés en 2005.

Note. On a lu que ce dimanche 3 avril 1927 était le dimanche des Rameaux. Or, après vérifications, les Rameaux de cette année-là étaient le 10 avril, Pâques étant le 17 avril (calendrier grégorien catholique).

Nos Martyrs tombèrent donc le dimanche de la Passion.

Bienheureux Ezéchiel et Salvador Huerta

 José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta Gutierrez, né au Mexique à Magdalena le 6 janvier 1876, était un père de famille nombreuse qui menait une vie ordinaire de chrétien. il était organiste de profession et possédait une belle voix de ténor dramatique.

Lorsque le Mexique fut plongé dans la guerre civile à partir de 1926 il continua à recevoir fréquemment la Communion. Il avait deux frères prêtres qui étaient pourchassés par le régime, puisque la religion catholique était interdite.

Lorsque le bienheureux Anaclet Gonzalez, l' un des chefs civils de la résistance des Cristeros, fut exécuté, il rendit hommage à sa dépouille dans la chambre ardente de Guadalajara où il reposait.

Suspecté pour ses sympathies à l' égard des Cristeros il fut immédiatement arrêté. nous étions le 2 avril 1927. Il fut torturé. Cet homme pacifique de 51 ans avait la force de dire lorsqu' il reprenait ses esprits : " vive mon Christ, vive mon Roi  ! "

Il fut fusillé avec son frère Salvador le 3 avril 1927.

Ils furent béatifiés le 20 novembre 2005.

Son frère José Salvador ( Joseph-Sauveur ) naquit à Magdalena le 18 mars 1880. Il était le mécanicien le plus renommé de Guadalajara. Père de famille, il était aussi un amant fervent de Jésus en son Sacrement. Il communiait tous les jours et pratiquait l' adoration eucharistique.

La situation étant devenu insoutenable pour les Catholiques, surtout après 1926, il aidait les prêtres pourchassés.

Le 2 avril 1927, il se rendit au cimetière pour rendre hommage aux dépouilles du bienheureux Anaclet Gonzalez et de ses compagnons. Il fut arrêté à son retour et torturé car on voulait lui faire avouer où se cachaient ses deux frères prêtres.

Il retrouva le lendemain au cimetière de Mezquitan son frère Ezéchiel condamné pour les mêmes raisons. Devant le peloton d' exécution, ils' écria : vive le Christ-Roi et ND de Guadalupe ! Tirez ! Je meurs pour mon Dieu que j' aime par-dessus tout ! "



Blessed José Salvador Huerta-Gutiérrez

Blessed José Salvador Huerta-Gutiérrez


Profile

Married layman and father in the archdiocese of Guadalajara, he worked as a mechanic. Brother of Blessed José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta-Gutiérrez. Noted for his devotion to the Eucharist and attendance at daily MassImprisonedtortured and executed in the persecutions of the Mexican RevolutionMartyr.

Born

Bl. Salvador Huerta Gutierrez, layman


Born 1880. Beatified after publication of 2004 Roman Martyrology. Joseph Anacleto Gonzalez Flores, Joseph Dionisius Louis Padilla Gómez, George and Ramón Vargas González, Joseph Luciano Ezekiel Huerta Gutiérrez, Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez, Michael Gómez Loza, Louis Magaña Servín, Joseph Sánchez del Río and Fr Ángel Darío Acosta Zurita


From vatican.va
Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez was born on 18 March 1880 in Magdalena, Jalisco, Mexico. He worked as a mechanic, and in 1907 he married and had 12 children.

Daily Mass was a priority for him; he was likewise very dedicated to prayer and to his family, and famous in Guadalajara for his expertise as a mechanic.

On 2 April 1927, following the assassination of Alacleto, Salvador went to pay his respects to this beloved "leader". When he returned to his garage, police officers were waiting for him.

They ordered him to come to police headquarters, allegedly to fix the chief's car; he was thus led away and cruelly tortured, even hung by his thumbs. When interrogated about the Cristeros and the whereabouts of Eduardo and José, his two priests-brothers, he said nothing.

Salvador was thrown into jail with his brother Ezequiel, and the next day they were led to their execution. When they arrived at the cemetery, Salvador asked for a lighted candle and held it in front of his chest. He cried out: "Long live Christ the King and Our Lady of Guadalupe! Shoot me so that I will die for God, because I love him".

Blessed José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta-Gutiérrez


Profile

Married layman and father in the archdiocese of Guadalajara, he worked as a mechanic. Brother of Blessed José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta-Gutiérrez. Noted for his devotion to the Eucharist and attendance at daily MassImprisonedtortured and executed in the persecutions of the Mexican RevolutionMartyr.

Born

José Anacleto González Flores and eight Companions


Anacleto González Flores was born on 13 July 1888 in Tepatitlán, Jalisco, Mexico. He was greatly involved in social and religious activities and was an enthusiastic member of the Catholic Association of Young Mexicans (ACJM). He taught classes in catechism, was dedicated to works of charity and wrote articles and books with a Christian spirit.

In 1922 he married María Concepción Guerrero and they had two children.

By 1926, the situation in Mexico had worsened and Anacleto, who up until this time had advocated passive, non-violent resistance, joined the cause of the National League for the Defence of Religious Freedom upon learning of the murder of four members of the ACJM.

In January 1927 guerrilla warfare spread throughout Jalisco and from his many hiding places Anacleto wrote and sent bulletins and studied major strategies.

The young man was captured on the morning of 1 April 1927 in the home of the Vargas González family, along with the two Vargas brothers. He was taken to the Colorado jail, where his torture included being hung by his thumbs until his fingers were dislocated and having the bottom of his feet slashed. He refused, however, to supply his captors with any information.

José Anacleto González Flores was condemned to death and was shot together with the Vargas González brothers and Luis Padilla Gómez on that same day, 1 April 1927.


José Dionisio Luis Padilla Gómez was born on 9 December 1899 in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. He was an active member of the ACJM and worked closely with Anacleto in the activities of the League, helping in a special way poor children and youth. The young man, known to all as Luis, spent much time praying before the Blessed Sacrament and had a deep devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

On the morning of 1 April 1927, Luis was arrested in his home, together with his mother and one of his sisters. He was repeatedly beaten and insulted, then sentenced to execution.

After arriving at the Colorado jail, Luis met Anacleto and the others. He told Anacleto that he wanted to go to confession. But Anacleto told the young man, "No, brother, now is not the hour to confess, but to request pardon and to pardon our enemies. God is a Father and not a judge, the One who gives you hope. Your own blood will purify you".

Luis knelt down in prayer as the executioners' bullets riddled his prostrate body.


Jorge and Ramón Vargas González were born in Ahualulco de Mercado, Jalisco, Mexico. Jorge Ramón was born on 28 September 1899 and Ramón Vicente was born on 22 January 1905.


Jorge worked for a hydroelectric company and Ramón pursued the study of medicine. They were both active members of the ACJM.


After a long day of work, Jorge would dress in overalls and ride his bicycle, accompanying Fr Lino Aguirre on the rounds of his hidden sacramental ministry to help ensure his safety.

Ramón was always concerned for the health of the poor and helped them without seeking anything in return. He was known for his joyful spirit and his strong Catholic identity.

During the persecution, the Vargas González family gave refuge to a number of priests and seminarians. Anacleto González Flores was staying with them in March of 1927.

On the morning of 1 April 1927 the secret police completely surrounded the family home, shouting: "Open the door in the name of the law!". They stormed in and arrested everyone, including the two brothers, their mother and a younger brother, Florentino.

The Vargas González family was accused of having hidden a "wanted" priest in their home and were taken to the Colorado jail.

As they were being led down the street, Ramón was able to escape unnoticed; but a little while later he turned back and rejoined the rest. When asked why he had not fled, Ramón replied: "I told myself, my mother and my brothers are prisoners; am I to run away?".

In jail, Florentino was separated from his two brothers, who were put in a cell next to Luis Padilla Gómez and Anacleto González Flores. They knew they were going to be executed. But before being killed they were interrogated and tortured, remaining silent throughout.

Taken out to be shot, the four recited the Act of Contrition. Before the bullets were fired, Ramón made the sign of the cross and Jorge held a crucifix against his chest.

When the father of the two boys learned how his sons were killed, he said: "Now I know, it is not condolences that I need, but congratulations; I have the fortune to have two sons who are martyrs".



José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta Gutiérrez was born on 6 January 1876 in Magdalena, Jalisco, Mexico. He was an organist with a great gift for music and had a beautiful tenor voice that could have given him a career as an opera singer; but he said that his voice was dedicated to the service of God.


Ezequiel married in 1904 and had 10 children. He was very devoted to the Blessed Sacrament and even with such a large family, always found the resources to give to the needy.

On the morning of 2 April 1927 he was arrested; he had just paid his respects to the lifeless body of Anacleto González Flores. He was questioned about the whereabouts of his two priest brothers, about his two oldest sons and the Cristeros.

Ezequiel refused to talk, so he was tortured until he was unconscious. When he regained consciousness, he expressed his pain by signing with all his might: "My Christ lives, my King lives". For this, he received more beatings until he could not utter a single sound.

The following morning, he was led at dawn with his brother Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez to the cemetery of Mezquitán, where they were both killed.

Ezequiel's wife heard the shots from her home and although she did not know that her husband was one of the victims, she gathered her children around her and said: "My children, let us recite the Rosary for these poor people who have just been shot".


Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez was born on 18 March 1880 in Magdalena, Jalisco, Mexico. He worked as a mechanic, and in 1907 he married and had 12 children.

Daily Mass was a priority for him; he was likewise very dedicated to prayer and to his family, and famous in Guadalajara for his expertise as a mechanic.

On 2 April 1927, following the assassination of Alacleto, Salvador went to pay his respects to this beloved "leader". When he returned to his garage, police officers were waiting for him.

They ordered him to come to police headquarters, allegedly to fix the chief's car; he was thus led away and cruelly tortured, even hung by his thumbs. When interrogated about the Cristeros and the whereabouts of Eduardo and José, his two priests-brothers, he said nothing.

Salvador was thrown into jail with his brother Ezequiel, and the next day they were led to their execution. When they arrived at the cemetery, Salvador asked for a lighted candle and held it in front of his chest. He cried out: "Long live Christ the King and Our Lady of Guadalupe! Shoot me so that I will die for God, because I love him".


Miguel Gómez Loza was born on 11 August 1888 in Tepatitlán, Jalisco, Mexico. From a young age he had a strong love for God and a great devotion to the Blessed Mother.

When he was 26 Miguel entered the University of Morelos where he earned a law degree, and eventually opened an office in Arandas as an attorney.

In 1915 he became a member of the ACJM, and in 1919 he established a national congress of Catholic workers to unify industry workers, commercial employees and agricultural labourers. He also worked tirelessly to defend the rights of the needy, which caused him to be arrested 59 times for organizing protests against the Government.

In 1922 Miguel married María Guadalupe Sánchez Barragán and they had three children.

Miguel joined the "National League for the Defence of Religious Freedom" in 1927, but believed in non-violence in order to resist the persecution. After the death of Anacleto, he was appointed by Catholics as Governor of Jalisco and strove by all the means at his disposal to defend liberty and justice.

By March of 1928, Miguel was living on a ranch near Atotonilco. On 21 March, federal forces who had been hunting for him discovered his whereabouts; he was executed by firing squad the same day.


Luis Magaña Servín was born on 24 August 1902 in Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. Growing up, he helped his father work in a tannery.

As a young man, Luis became a member of the ACJM. He deeply loved the Church and was interested in social questions, leading him to study Leo XIII's watershed Encyclical Rerum Novarum. He also joined the "Our Lady of Guadalupe Association", a group that united worker artisans.

Luis always treated poor and rich the same, practicing the advice of Bishop Mora y del Rio of Mexico City, to "treat your workers with love and they will never leave you".

In 1926 he married Elvira Camarena Méndez and they had two children, the second born after the death of Luis.

By January 1927 Arandas had become one of the strongholds of the government resistance. Priests went into hiding, exercising a secret ministry and travelling in disguise. Luis remained a pacifist and did not take part in the Cristeros activity; rather, he helped spiritually and materially as did most Catholics in the area.

On 9 February 1928, a group of soldiers arrested Catholics that supported active resistance against the Government. Luis was not at home when officers arrived at his door, so they arrested his younger brother instead.

When Luis learned that his brother had been taken away, he reported to the general and asked that he take the place of his brother.

"I have never been a Cristero rebel", he said, "but if you accuse me of being a Christian, then yes, that I am. Soldiers who are going to shoot me, I want to tell you that from this moment I pardon you, and I promise that on arriving in the presence of God you are the first ones for whom I will intercede. Long live Christ the King and Our Lady of Guadalupe!".

Luis Magaña Servín was shot at 3 p.m. on 9 February 1928.


José Sánchez del Río was born on 28 March 1913 in Sahuayo, Michoacán, Mexico. Wanting to defend the faith and rights of Catholics, he followed in the footsteps of his two older brothers and asked his mother for permission to join the Cristeros. She objected, telling him that he was too young. "Mama", he replied, "do not let me lose the opportunity to gain Heaven so easily and so soon".

On 5 February 1928 the young boy was captured during a battle and imprisoned in the church sacristy. In order to terrorize him, soldiers made him watch the hanging of one of the other captured Cristeros. But José encouraged the man, saying, "You will be in Heaven before me. Prepare a place for me. Tell Christ the King I shall be with him soon".

In prison, he prayed the Rosary and sang songs of faith. He wrote a beautiful letter to his mother telling her that he was resigned to do God's will. José's father attempted to ransom his son, but was unable to raise the money in time.

On 10 February 1928 the teenager was brutally tortured and the skin of the soles of his feet was sheered off; he was then forced to walk on salt, followed by walking through the town to the cemetery. The young boy screamed with pain but would not give in.

At times the soldiers stopped him and said, "If you shout, "Death to Christ the King', we will spare your life". But he answered: "Long live Christ the King! Long live Our Lady of Guadalupe!".

Once he arrived at the cemetery, José was asked once more if he would deny his faith. The 14 year old shouted out: "Long live Christ the King!", and was summarily shot.


Fr Ángel Darío Acosta Zurita was born on 13 December 1908 in Naolinco, Mexico. He was known for his athleticism and his gentle and charitable nature.

Ángel Darío was ordained a priest on 25 April 1931 and celebrated his First Mass in the city of Vera Cruz on 24 May. On 26 May he began to serve as coadjutor vicar in the Parish of the Assumption in Vera Cruz. He was very interested in children's catechesis and was dedicated to celebrating the Sacrament of Penance.

In the State of Vera Cruz a decree was promulgated known as the "Tejeda Law", which reduced the number of priests allowed in the State to end the "fanaticism of the people", as Governor Adalberto Tejeda called it. A letter was sent to all priests telling them to obey this law. Fr Darío received his letter on 21 July, remaining calm and joyful as always.

On 25 July 1931 the law took force; that same day, in the Parish of the Assumption, everything transpired as usual: children arrived for catechism lessons and people waited to go to confession.


At 6: 10 p.m., soldiers entered the church and opened fire on the priests. In the confusion and chaos, Fr Landa was gravely wounded while another priest, Fr Rosas, was miraculously saved, protected by the pulpit.


Fr Darío had just come out of the baptistry when he was hit by the bullets, having only the time to cry out "Jesus!". He was martyred exactly three months after his priestly ordination.


Beati Ezechiele Huerta Gutiérrez e Salvatore Huerta Gutiérrez Laici e martiri



† Mezquitán, Messico, 3 aprile 1927

Nel contesto della persecuzione religiosa messicana, provocata dalla nuova costituzione promulgata nel 1917, parecchi cristiani subirono il martirio e tra essi rifulge questo gruppo comprendente otto fedeli laici dell’arcidiocesi di Guadalajara, tutti cristiani integerrimi attivamente impegnati nella difesa della libertà religiosa e della Chiesa, che furono uccisi per la loro fede cristiana tra il 1927 e il 1928. Il 3 aprile 1927 furono uccisi i due fratelli Ezequiel Huerta Gutiérrez e Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez. Il martirio di questi Servi di Dio fu riconosciuto il 22 giugno 2004 da Giovanni Paolo II e furono poi beatificati il 20 novembre 2005, sotto il pontificato di Benedetto XVI.





José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta Gutiérrez Padre di famiglia


Magdalena, Messico, 7 gennaio 1876 - Mezquitán, Messico, 3 aprile 1927

José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta Gutiérrez nacque a Magdalena il 6 gennaio 1876. Sposo e padre esemplare di una numerosa prole, possedeva un magnifica voce da tenore drammatico. Era inoltre organista di professione. Assai devoto all’Eucaristia, riceveva spesso la Comunione. Molto caritatevole, condivideva i suoi beni con i più bisognosi.


Fu arrestato la mattina del 2 aprile 1927, poichè aveva due fratelli presbiteri, Eduardo e José Refugio, molto rispettati a Guadalajara ed aveva appena visitato la camera ardente allestita per Anacleto González Flores. Nelle celle del comando della polizia lo torturarono sino a fargli perdere conoscenza. Quando rinvenne, espresse il suo dolore cantando l’inno eucaristico “Che viva il mio Cristo, che viva il mio Re”.


All’alba del giorno seguente, fu portato insieme a suo fratello nel cimitero municipale. Lì si formò il plotone per l’esecuzione. Ezequiel disse a suo fratello Salvador: “Li perdoniamo, vero?”. “Sì, che il nostro sangue serva per la salvezza di molti”, rispose Salvador. Una scarica di proiettili pose fine al loro dialogo. La moglie di Ezequiel, vicinissima al luogo dell’esecuzione, udì gli spari senza però sapere chi fossero le vittime. Riunì comunque tutti i suoi figli e disse: “Figli miei, recitiamo il rosario per queste povere persone che hanno appena fucilato”.





José Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez Padre di famiglia


Magdalena, Messico, 18 marzo 1880 - Mezquitán, Messico, 3 aprile 1927

José Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez nacque a Magdalena il 18 marzo 1880. Meccanico tornitore per vocazione, si dedicò interamente a questo mestiere, divenendo uno dei più competenti meccanici di Guadalajara. Fervido amante di Gesù Sacramentato, partecipava quotidianamente all’Eucaristia ed all’adorazione. La sua condotta quale figlio, sposo e padre fu sempre esemplare. Possedeva un particolare intuito dinanzi al pericolo, che affrontava con singolare forza. Al principio del 1927, con la persecuzione religiosa, la situazione divenne insostenibile per i cattolici. I chierici vennero perseguitati senza tregua in quanto ritenuti istigatori della resistenza armata. Il 2 aprile 1927, consumato l’assassinio di Anacleto González e dei suoi tre compagni, Salvador andò al cimitero per rendergli l’estremo saluto.


Tornando alla sua officina, trovò ad attenderlo agenti di polizia che lo arrestarono. Nella caserma generale fu sottoposto a crudeli torture e lo appesero per i pollici. I carnefici volevano scoprire ove si trovavano i sacerdoti Eduardo e José Refugio. Esanime, fu gettato in una cella. All’alba del giorno seguente, fu condotto nel cimitero di Mezquitán con suo fratello Ezequiel. Di fronte al plotone di esecuzione chiese una candela accesa per illuminare il suo petto scoperto. Urlò: “Viva Cristo Re e la Vergine di Guadalupe! Sparate, muoio per Dio, che amo molto”.



Autore: Fabio Arduino



Ezequiel y Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez


27 de enero de 2020

En el perdón y la fe está el final

Ezequiel nació el 7 de enero de 1876, fue bautizado en la Parroquia de Magdalena, y se le consideró un muchacho idealista, generoso y sociable.

Salvador, por su parte, nació el 18 de marzo de 1880 en la misma población, y se le reconoció un carácter serio y obediente.

Ambos hermanos fueron amigos de Anacleto González Flores y reconocidos por la sociedad de Guadalajara como «gente muy entendida en las cosas de la Iglesia».

La mañana del 2 de abril de 1927, Ezequiel Huerta fue sacado a la fuerza de su casa, acusado de «esconder curas rebeldes», mientras Salvador fue privado de su libertad a través de engaños. Los dos hermanos fueron torturados con la finalidad de que denunciaran el paradero de sus hermanos sacerdotes, preguntas a las que respondían: «Que viva Cristo Rey».

El Domingo de Ramos fueron llevados al Panteón de Mezquitán para ser fusilados, no sin antes perdonar a sus agresores.

Las balas apagaron primero la vida de Ezequiel y su hermano Salvador, le dijo: «Me descubro ante ti, hermano, porque eres un mártir…». Después, tomando una vela del sepulturero, Salvador se alumbró el pecho diciendo a los soldados: «Me pongo esta vela en el pecho para que no fallen ante este corazón dispuesto a morir por Cristo».

Fuente/Autor: El Semanario de Guadalajara


Beatos José Luciano Ezequiel Huerta Gutiérrez y José Salvador Huerta Gutiérrez

Durante la persecución religiosa mexicana, provocada por la Constitución promulgada en 1917, se encuentran numerosos cristianos que, por defender su fe y la libertad de la Iglesia, fueron martirizados. Entre ellos se encuentran los hermanos Huerta Gutiérrez, que fueron asesinados en el Panteón de Mezquitán de Guadalajara el 3 de abril de 1927. Los dos habían nacido en Magdalena (México), eran casados y padres de familia, fervientes católicos seglares, y habían ido a rendir homenaje al mártir beato José Anacleto González. Los detuvieron y torturaron por separado, y los ejecutaron a los dos juntos, que perdonaron a sus perseguidores y aclamaron a Cristo Rey y a la Virgen de Guadalupe.


Laico, casado, mecánico tornero de oficio

Nació en Magdalena, Jalisco, el 17 de marzo de 1880. Fue el penúltimo de cinco hijos; recibió el sacramento del bautismo el 22 de marzo siguiente, en la iglesia parroquial, por el presbítero José María Rojas, con el nombre de J. Salvador.

Su temperamento desde niño fue singular. Afrontaba las situaciones adversas con estoicismo que incitaba a su madre a duplicar con él la disciplina. Ciertamente poseía algo del carácter de su padre, callado, ocupado todo el tiempo en sus faenas.

Ya instalada en Guadalajara la familia Huerta Gutiérrez, inscritos los hermanos mayores en el Seminario Conciliar y Ezequiel con sus clases de canto,Salvador, terminada la formación secundaria, manifestó que sus aptitudes no lo inclinaban por las cuestiones académicas. Sus padres pensaron que un tiempo en el campo asentaría su elección, y así fue, pero sólo para confirmarlo en ella. De nuevo en la ciudad, se aplicó con empeño y destreza poco común a las cosas prácticas.

En efecto, pocos secretos dejó sin resolver en lo que sería su oficio, el manejo del torno mecánico en la modalidad automotriz. Aprovechó al máximo su estancia, como operario, en una compañía de origen alemán; fue también técnico de bombas en las minas de Zacatecas y oficial en los talleres de los Ferrocarriles Nacionales, en Aguascalientes.

De estos tiempos datan sucesos aparentemente accidentales pero que, vistos en conjunto, confirman su predestinación al martirio: una piedra aplastó a una persona que lo reemplazó en el manejo de cierta máquina; al reventarse el cable del elevador de la mina donde trabajaba, murieron todos los ocupantes menos él; se libró de una devastadora epidemia. Sufrió, además, otros accidentes que le provocaron lesiones gravísimas.

Viviendo en Aguascalientes, visita con regularidad a su madre, domiciliada en Atotonilco el Alto, donde el padre José del Refugio presta sus servicios. En ese pueblo, conoce y admira a Adelina Jiménez, huérfana de madre, con quien terminará casándose, tras vencer algunos inconve­nientes, como fueron la oposición de la familia de ellapor la condición social de Salvador y la diferencia de edades -diez años- entre ambos.

Los veinte años que duró el matrimonio, verificado el 20 de abril de 1907, en la capilla del Calvario de Atotonilco, ante la presencia de sus hermanos sacerdotes, José Refugio y Eduardo, serán una luna de miel continua.

Engendraron, con cariño, los siguientes hijos: Salvador (1908), María (1909), Guadalupe (1911), Gabriel (1913), Dolores (1914), Isabel (1917), Antonio (1919), Francisco (1921), José Luis (1924), Isaac (1924), a cada uno de los cuales se esforzaron por dotarlos con lo necesario para su desarrollo físico y moral.

Los nuevos esposos se radicaron en Aguascalientes, donde nacieron los dos primeros hijos; poco después el amor materno lo atrajo a la capital de Jalisco. Dejó lo que tenía y se estableció, de nuevo, en Guadalajara. Muy pronto, pudo montar un taller de mecánica automotriz, que llegó a ser considerado el mejor de la ciudad. Se ganó, por este motivo, el sobrenombre de “mago de los carros”, pues se las ingeniaba para reproducir cualquier refacción necesaria, o para resolver el más intrincado desperfecto. Solicitan sus servicios por igual particulares y dependencias del gobierno. Por otra parte, no se limitaba a utilizar el servicio de sus operarios, sino que los instruía y adiestraba. Eso le ganó la estima de clientes y trabajadores. Sólo una cosa no toleraba, el lenguaje blasfemo o soez. Alguien ha dicho, por esto, que su taller era escuela y templo.

Sus hijos no se cansan de recordar al padre solícito, que se desvivía por atender a su sensible y delicada esposa y a sus hijos; que amaba a Dios por encima de todo y recibía con verdadera piedad los sacramentos. Con la frecuencia que podía, dedicaba largos espacios de adoración eucarística.

Durante la ocupación de Guadalajara por las facciones villistas y carrancistas, durante los tiroteos, en más de una vez arriesgó la vida con tal de obtener alimentos para sus hijos.

Sufría las adversidades con particular fortaleza: una mujer lo arrolló con su automóvil, sufrió quemaduras y heridas graves, todo sin quejarse, ofreciendo sus padecimientos por los de su esposa: "Adelina, yo le pido a Dios que me dé todos los sufrimientos, pero que a ti te devuelva la salud", comentó alguna vez a su esposa.

Dedicaba el domingo a la convivencia familiar, organizando almuerzos en el campo y paseos. Gustaba de la ópera y del cine. Con su esposa, era atento y delicado; con sus hijos, cariñoso y enérgico.

Todos los días asistía a Misa y comulgaba en la capilla del Calvario, donde más tarde fue levantado el monumental templo Expiatorio. Para aumento de su devoción eucarística, el 8 de agosto de 1921 fue aceptado como socio activo de la Adoración Nocturna del Santísimo SacramentoPor las tardes, se reunía con su familia para rezar el rosario, y en las fiestas litúrgicas se empeñaba en hacerlos participar en las prácticas recomendadas por la Iglesia. Tras la muerte de su madre, en 1926, que mucho lo entristeció, recogió en su hogar a su anciano padre.

Como muchos católicos, le indignaba la persecución sistemática ejercida por el poder civil en contra de la Iglesia. Como muchos padres, también, ve partir a su hijo mayor, Salvador y a sus sobrinos Manuel y José de Jesús, al frente de combate. No le parece que las armas puedan traducir la verdad del Evangelio, pero, considerándolo un mal menor y un caso de legítima defensa, tolera el medio elegido. La víspera de su martirio lo asalta una corazonada: “Presiento que algo va a pasar”.

El 1º de abril de 1927, trágicos nubarrones ensombrecen las expectativas de los Huerta Jiménez y de muchísimos hogares más. Han matado a Anacleto González Flores y a varios jóvenes católicos. Ese día, por la tarde, recibe a su hermano Ezequiel. Al notarlo preocupado por la inseguridad que impera y que a todos afecta, le increpa: "No te apures, si nos quieren matar, pues que nos maten". Un poco en broma especula sobre la posibilidad de morir por ser católico. Momentos después, los dos hermanos visitan las capillas ardientes de los mártires.

Entre tanto, se planea una estrategia para salvar la vida de Manuel, hijo de su hermano Ezequiel, que partirá en el coche de Salvador, muy de mañana, rumbo a la estación La Quemada, para que pueda abordar el tren Sud Pacífico, que lo llevará a la frontera con Estados Unidos. Lo acompañará la esposa de Salvador para evitar las sospechas de los retenes.

Las cosas se realizaron conforme a lo planeado. Por la madrugada marchó el contingente y Salvador dispuso de su tiempo como solía hacerlo todos los días. Ya en su taller, como a las nueve de la mañana algunos agentes de la Inspección General de Policía, como tenían por costumbre hacerlo, lo buscaron para "solicitarle un servicio", sólo que esta vez sus verdaderas intenciones eran otras.