mercredi 4 mars 2015

Bienheureux CHRISTOPHER BALES, prêtre et martyr

Bienheureux Christophe Bales, prêtre et martyr

Né à Coniscliffe dans le Dutham en Angleterre, il fit ses études au séminaire anglais de Douai. Passé en Angleterre en 1588, identifié comme prêtre catholique, il fut pendu deux ans plus tard, en 1590, pour sa fidélité à l'Église romaine sous la reine Elisabeth Ière.


Bienheureux Christophe Bales

Martyrisé pour sa fidélité à l'Église romaine ( 1590)

Né à Coniscliffe dans le Dutham en Angleterre, il fit ses études au séminaire anglais de Douai. Passé en Angleterre en 1588, il fut martyrisé deux ans plus tard pour sa fidélité à l'Eglise romaine. Il fut béatifié en 1929. 

À Londres, en 1590, les bienheureux martyrs Christophe Bales, prêtre, Alexandre Blake et Nicolas Horner, martyrs, qui, sous la reine Élisabeth Ière, furent soumis aux supplices du gibet à cause de la foi catholique.


Martyrologe romain


Ven. Christopher Bales
Priest and martyr, b. at Coniscliffe near Darlington, County Durham, England, about 1564; executed 4 March, 1590. He entered the English College at Rome, 1 October, 1583, but owing to ill-health was sent to the College at Reims, where he was ordained 28 March, 1587. Sent to England 2 November, 1588, he was soon arrested, racked, and tortured by Topcliffe, and hung up by the hands for twenty-four hours at a time; he bore all most patiently. At length he was tried and condemned for high treason, on the charge of having been ordained beyond seas and coming to England to exercise his office. He asked Judge Anderson whether St. Augustine, Apostle of the English, was also a traitor. The judge said no, but that the act had since been made treason by law. He suffered 4 March, 1590, "about Easter", in Fleet Street opposite Fetter Lane. On the gibbet was set a placard: "For treason and favouring foreign invasion". He spoke to the people from the ladder, showing them that his only "treason" was his priesthood. On the same day Venerable Nicholas Horner suffered in Smithfield for having made Bales a jerkin, and Venerable Alexander Blake in Gray's Inn Lane for lodging him in his house

Sources

Bridgewater, Concertatio Ecclesiae Catholicae in Anglia (Trier, 1589); Challoner, Mémoires; Pollen, Acts of English Martyrs (London, 1891); Northern Catholic Calendar; Knox, Douay Diaries (London, 1878); Morris, Catholics of York under Elizabeth (London, 1891); Foley, Records S. J.; Roman Diary (London, 1880).


Bales or Bayles, alias Evers, Christopher (executed 1589-90), priest, was a native of Cunsley, in the diocese of Durham, and studied in the English colleges at Rome and Rheims. From he latter he was sent on the English mission in 1588. Having been apprehended soon afterwards, he was tried and convicted under the statute of 27 Eliz. for taking priest’s orders beyond the seas, and coming into England to exercise his sacerdotal functions. He was drawn to a gallows at the end of Fetter Lane, in Fleet Street, London, and hanged, disembowelled, and quartered, 4 March 1589-90. Two laymen suffered the same day for relieving and entertaining him, viz. Nicholas Horner in Smithfield, and Alexander Blage in Gray’s Inn Lane.

MLA Citation

Blessed Christopher Bales

Also known as
  • Christopher Bayles
  • Christopher Evers
Profile
Educated at Rome, Italy and Rheims, France. Ordained at Douai, France in 1587. Returned to England in 1588 to minister to covert Catholics, using the name Christopher Evers. Arrested and martyred for the crime of priesthood.
Born