mercredi 25 février 2015


Saint Victorin de Corinthe

Martyr en Haute-Égypte sous Numérien

Fête le 25 février

† Diospolis, Thébaïde, 25 février 284

Autres graphies : [Victorinus] Victorin de Corinthe ou de Diospolis

Victorin, Victor, Nicéphore, Claudien, Dioscore, Sérapion et Papias, martyrs à Diospolis, dans la Thébaïde (Haute-Égypte). Chrétien de Corinthe, Victorin fut arrêté, sous l’empereur romain Numérien (283-284), ainsi que six compagnons, puis exilés en Égypte en 249. Certains furent tués à coups de bâton, d’autres taillés en pièces, mais tous supportèrent la mort avec foi et courage.

Quatorze des quinze autres Victorin inscrits au martyrologe sont des martyrs des premiers siècles.

Victorinus and Companions MM (RM)

Died February 25, 284. Victorinus, Victor, Nicephorus, Claudian, Dioscorus, Serapion and Papias were Corinthian who were exiled to Egypt after confessing their faith before the Proconsul Tertius. They were martyred at Diospolis in the Thebaid during the reign of Decius (Numerian?), under the governor Sabinus, for their Christian faith. After various tortures, Victorinus was thrown into a great mortar (according to the Greeks, of marble.) Then the executioners began by pounding his feet and legs, saying to him at every stroke: "Spare yourself, wretch. It depends upon you to escape this death, if you will only renounce your new God." The prefect grew furious at his constancy, and at length commanded his head to be beat to pieces. The sight of the atrocities committed against Victorinus heightened the fervor of his fellows, rather than tempering it as the governor had intended.

When the tyrant threatened Victor with the same death as Victorinus, he only desired him to hasten the execution; and, pointing to the mortar, said: "In that is salvation and true felicity prepared for me!" He was immediately cast into it and beaten to death. Nicephorus, the third martyr, was impatient of delay, and leaped of his own accord into the bloody mortar. The judge, enraged at his boldness, commanded not one, but many executioners at once to pound him in the same manner. He caused Claudian, the fourth, to be chopped in pieces, and his bleeding joints to be thrown at the feet of those that were yet living. He expired after his feet, hands, arms, legs, and thighs were cut off.

At one point in the proceedings, after Victorinus, Victor, Nicephorus, and Claudian had already been executed, the governor tried to reason with the remaining prisoners to abjure their faith. "We would rather ask you to inflict on us any still more excruciating torment than you can devise," they replied in unison. "We will never violate the fidelity we owe our God or deny Jesus Christ our Savior, for He is our God from whom we have our being and to whom alone we aspire."

The enraged tyrant commanded Diodorus to be burned alive, Serapion to be beheaded, and Papias to be drowned. These martyrs are named in the Roman and other western martyrologies on February 25; however, the Greek Menaea, and the Menology of the emperor Basil Porphyrogenitus honor them on January 21, the day of their confession at Corinth (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).