jeudi 26 février 2015

Bienheureux ROBERT DRURY, prêtre et martyr

Bienheureux Robert Drury, prêtre et martyr

Robert Drury, anglais né en 1567, fut ordonné prêtre à Valladolid en Espagne en 1592, puis retourna dans sa patrie en 1593 comme missionnaire. Sous le roi Jacques Ier, il fut arrêté, jugé et condamné à mort. Il monta à la potence en habit ecclésiastique, comme une ultime prédication, et fut pendu à Tyburn en 1606.

Bienheureux Robert Drury

prêtre et martyr en Angleterre ( v. 1606)

Robert Drury (1567 - 26 février 1606/07) ordonné prêtre à Valladolid en Espagne en 1592, il retourna en Angleterre en 1593 comme missionnaire. Il survécut en signant un acte d'allégeance à la reine Élizabeth mais en spécifiant que le Pape était successeur de saint Pierre. Cette déclaration a été signée par plusieurs membres du clergé catholique et satisfaisait Élizabeth. Le roi James qui lui succéda, insista pour avoir une autre déclaration mentionnant que le Pape était hérétique. Robert Drury refusa de signer, fut arrêté et condamné à mort. Il fut pendu à Tyburn et plus tard déclaré martyr par l'Église.

À Londres, en 1607, le bienheureux Robert Drury, prêtre et martyr. Faussement accusé de complot contre le roi Jacques Ier, il fut conduit à Tyburn, revêtu du vêtement ecclésiastique pour preuve de son état sacerdotal, et subit le supplice de la potence.

Martyrologe romain

Robert Drury voulut mourir en portant ses habits sacerdotaux

De fausses accusations le font exécuter à Tyburn

Rome, ( Anita Bourdin

Le martyrologe romain fait aujourd’hui mémoire d’un prêtre anglais, martyr, le bienheureux Robert Drury (+1607).

Robert Drury fait partie des 62 compagnons de Georges Haydock martyrs d’Angleterre, d’Ecosse et du Pays de Galles béatifiés par Jean-Paul II en 1987.

Ils ont été arrêtés, jugés et exécutés pour avoir refusé d’accepter le statut que les souverains anglais, depuis Henri VIII imposaient à l’Eglise catholique.

Ce prêtre catholique fut ainsi accusé faussement d’avoir participé à la conjuration dite “des Poudres” par laquelle des catholiques anglais avaient projeté de faire sauter le Parlement, en 1605 et de tuer le roi Jacques Ier. La conspiration échoua à la suite de l’arrestation de l’un des conjurés, Guy Fawkes.
Le jour de son exécution, à Tyburn, Robert Drury voulut porter son habit sacerdotal distinctif, iniquant ainsi clairement pour quelle fidélité, il acceptait la mort.

(26 février 2013) © Innovative Media Inc.

Robert Drury

1567 - 1607
Life History
Hanged at Tyburn

Attended "college lately founded at Valladolid by Philip II of Spain for the education of the English clergy. After being ordained priest there, he was sent in 1593 to England, where he zealously laboured on the mission, chiefly in London and its vicinity. He was one of the appellant priests who opposed the proceedings of the archpriest Blackwell, and his name occurs among the signatures attached to the appeals of 17 November 1600, dated from the prison at Wisbech. He was one of the thirteen secular priests who, in response to the Queen's proclamation subscribed the celebrated protestation of allegiance 31 Jan. 1602-3, which was drawn up by William Bishop, afterwards Bishop of Chalcedon. In 1606 the government of James I imposed upon catholics a new oath, which was to be the test of their civil allegiance. About this time Drury was apprehended, brought to trial, and condemned to death for being a priest and remaining is this realm, contrary to the statute of 27 Eliz. He refused to save his life by taking the new oath, and consequently he was drawn to Tyburn, hanged, and quartered on 20 February, 1606-7."

"and later declared a Martyr by the Church."
Ven. Robert Drury
Martyr (1567-1607), was born of a good Buckinghamshire family and was received into the English College at Reims, 1 April, 1588. On 17 September, 1590, he was sent to the new College at Valladolid; here he finished his studies, was ordained priest and returned to England in 1593. He laboured chiefly in London, where his learning and virtue made him much respected among his brethren. He was one of the appellants against the archpriest Blackwell, and his name is affixed to the appeal of 17 November, 1600, dated from the prison at Wisbech. An invitation from the Government to these priests to acknowledge their allegiance and duty to the queen (dated 5 November, 1602) led to the famous loyal address of 31 January, 1603, drawn up by Dr. William Bishop, and signed by thirteen of the leading priests, including the two martyrs, Drury and Cadwallader. In this address they acknowledged the queen as their lawful sovereign, repudiated the claim of the pope to release them from their duty of allegiance to her, and expressed their abhorrence of the forcible attempts already made to restore the Catholic religion and their determination to reveal any further conspiracies against the Government which should come to their knowledge. In return they ingenuously pleaded that as they were ready to render to Caesar the things that were Caesar's, so they might be permitted to yield to the successor of Peter that obedience which Peter himself might have claimed under the commission of Christ, and so to distinguish between their several duties and obligations as to be ready on the one hand "to spend their blood in defence of her Majesty", but on the other "rather to lose their lives than infringe the lawful authority of Christ's Catholic Church". This bold repudiation of the pope's deposing power was condemned by the theological faculty of Louvain; bit it is noteworthy that its author was selected by the pope himself as the very man in whose person he would revive the episcopal authority in England; Dr. William Bishop being nominated Bishop of Chalcedon and first vicar Apostolic in that country in 1623.

The results of the address were disappointing; Elizabeth died within three months of its signature, and James I soon proved that he would not be satisfied with any purely civil allegiance. He thirsted for spiritual authority, and, with the assistance of an apostate Jesuit, a new oath of allegiance was drawn up, which in its subtlety was designed to trouble the conscience of Catholics and divide them on the lawfulness of taking it. It was imposed 5 July, 1606, and about this time Drury was arrested. He was condemned for his priesthood, but was offered his life if he would take the new oath. A letter from Father Persons, S.J., against its lawfulness was found on him. The oath declared that the "damnable doctrine" of the deposing power was "impious and heretical", and it was condemned by Pope Paul V, 22 September, 1606, "as containing many things contrary to the Faith and Salvation". This brief, however, was suppressed by the archpriest, and Drury probably did not know of it. But he felt that his conscience would not permit him to take the oath, and he died a martyr at Tyburn, 26 February, 1606-7. A curious contemporary account of his martyrdom, entitled "A true Report of the Arraignment . . . of a Popish Priest named Robert Drewrie" (London, 1607), which has been reprinted in the "Harleian Miscellany", calls him a Benedictine, and says he wore his monastic habit at the execution. But this "habit" as described proves to be the cassock and cap work by the secular clergy. The writer adds, "There were certain papers shown at Tyburn which had been found about him, of a very dangerous and traitorous nature, and among them also was his Benedictine faculty under seal, expressing what power and authority he had from the pope to make men, women, and children here of his order; what indulgence and pardons he could grant them", etc. He may have been a confrater or oblate of the order.