mardi 21 avril 2015

Saint ANASTASE d'ANTIOCHE, patriarche

Saint Anastase d'Antioche

Patriarche ( 599)

En fait nous commémorons aujourd'hui deux patriarches d'Antioche (voir aussi Saint Athanase d'Antioche). 

Saint Anastase Ier, originaire de Palestine qui fut un des ardents défenseurs de l'orthodoxie en face de l'hérésie monophysite. Il se lia d'amitié avec le Pape saint Grégoire le Grand qu'il connut lorsque ce dernier était légat du Pape à Constantinople auprès du Patriarche et ils échangèrent plusieurs lettres où saint Grégoire soutenait saint Anastase qui connaissait quelque dépit de voir que le Patriarche de Constantinople voulait prendre le titre de "patriarche œcuménique." 

Souvent confondu avec Anastase le Sinaïte



April 21

St. Anastasius I., Patriarch of Antioch

THIS saint, whom Nicephorus and many moderns confound with the Sinaite, (which last certainly lived sixty years after the death of the patriarch,) was a man of singular learning and piety. When any persons in his company spoke of temporal affairs, he seemed to have neither ears to hear, nor tongue to give any answer, observing a perpetual silence, as Evagrius reports of him, except when charity or necessity compelled him to speak. He had an extraordinary talent in comforting the afflicted. He vigorously opposed the heresy which the emperor Justinian maintained in his dotage, that the body of Christ during his mortal life was not liable to corruption and pain; and wrote upon that subject with propriety, elegance, and choice of sentiments.—The emperor resolved to banish him, but was prevented by death. However, his successor, Justin the Younger, a man corrupted in his morals, expelled him from his see; which he recovered again twenty-three years after, in 593. He held it five years longer, and, dying in 598, left us several letters and very pious sermons. See Henschenius, t. 2, Apr. p. 853. Evagr. Hist. l. 4, c. 38, 39, &c

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume IV: April. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.


Anastasius I of Antioch B (RM)


Died 599. This patriarch of Antioch is often confused with his namesake, "the Sinaite." Anastasius, a man of singular learning and piety, believed in total detachment from the temporal world. Evagrius (Eccl. Hist., 1.4, c. 38, 39) reports that he observed perpetual silence except when charity or necessity compelled him to speak. Anastasius was particularly adept at comforting the afflicted.


One would think that a man who did not speak would not get into trouble. Nevertheless, he was a resolute opponent of the imperial politico-theological rule. He vigorously opposed Emperor Justinian's heretical insistence that Jesus, during his mortal life, suffered no pain, i.e., that Christ simply appeared to be a man. For his opposition, Anastasius was threatened with deposition by Justinian, and actually banished from his see for 23 years by Justin II. Anastasius was finally restored to Antioch by Saint Gregory the Great and Emperor Maurice, but died five years later leaving us a legacy of several letters and pious sermons (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


St. Anastasius

Bishop of Antioch, A.D. 559, distinguished for his learning and austerity of life; excited the enmity of the Emperor Justinian by opposing certain imperial doctrines about the Body of Christ. He was to be deposed from his see and exiled, when Justinian died; but Justin II carried out his uncles purpose five years later, and another bishop, named Gregory, was put in his place; on the death of that prelate in 593, Anastasius was restored to his see. This was chiefly due to Pope Gregory the Great, who interceded with the Emperor Maurice and his son Theodosius, asking that Anastasius be sent to Rome, if not reinstated at Antioch. From some letters sent to him by Gregory, it is thought that he was not sufficiently vigorous in denouncing the claims of the Patriarch of Constantinople to be universal bishop. He died in 598, and another bishop of the same name is said to have succeeded him in 599, to whom the translation Gregory's "Regula Pastoralis" is attributed, and who is recorded as having been put to death in an insurrection of the Jews. Nicephorus (Hist. Eccl., XVIII, xliv) (declares that these two are one and the same person. The same difficulty occurs with regard to certain Sermons de orthodoxâ fide, some ascribing them to the latter Anastasius; others claiming that there was but one bishop of that name.

Sources

Acta, SS., 21 April; BUTLER, Lives of the Saints, 21 April; MICHAUD, Biog. Univ.; VENABLES in, Dict. Christ. Biog.

Campbell, Thomas. "St. Anastasius." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 20 Apr. 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01454b.htm>.

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by W.S. French, Jr.


Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.