lundi 13 avril 2015

Bienheureux JEAN LOCKWOOD et ÉDOUARD (EDMUND) CATHERICK, prêtres et martyrs

Bienheureux Jean Lockwood et Édouard Catherick

prêtres et martyrs en Angleterre ( 1642)

John Lockwood ou John Lascelles est né à Sowerby dans le Yorkshire et fit ses études à Rome pour y être ordonné prêtre en 1597. L'année suivante, il retourne en Angleterre est arrêté et exilé en 1610. Il y retourne et est à nouveau arrêté en 1642, à l'âge de 81 ans, il est supplicié et pendu à York avec le bienheureux Edouard Catherick. Il a été béatifié en 1929.

Edward Catherick, né aussi dans le Yorkshire a fait ses études à Douai en France et est retourné comme prêtre missionnaire en Angleterre en 1635 où il exerça jusqu'à son martyre à York en 1642. Il a été béatifié en 1929.

À York, en Angleterre, l’an 1642, les bienheureux Jean Lockwood et Édouard Catherick, prêtres et martyrs, sous le roi Charles Ier. Le premier, âgé de quatre-vingt-sept ans, qui avait déjà échappé deux fois à la peine capitale, fut derechef condamné à mort en raison de son sacerdoce. Il voulut précéder à la potence son compagnon plus jeune et troublé, pour lui communiquer le courage du martyre.


Martyrologe romain


Bienheureux Edouard Catherick, martyr

Natif de Carlton, près de Richmond dans le Yorshire, il fit ses études à Douai et exerça son ministère de prêtre missionnaire en Angleterre à partir de 1635. Il fut exécuté à York en 1642.


Edward Catherick

+1642

La notice présente est intitulée à Edward, comme dans le Martyrologe, bien qu’apparemment ce prêtre s’appelât Edmund.

Edmund était probablement né dans le Lancashire (Angleterre), dans la vieille famille des Catherick de Carlton et Stanwick (Yorkshire nord), une région connue pour sa fidélité au catholicisme.

Il alla au Collège anglais de Douai et fut ordonné prêtre.

En 1635, il commença son activité en Angleterre, qui allait durer sept années.

Durant cette période, il porta fréquemment le nom de Huddleston, qui pouvait être le nom de jeune fille de sa mère.

Appréhendé près de Watlas, notre prêtre fut conduit au juge, qui se trouvait être un parent, et l’on réussit à «acheter» ce juge pour faire condamner Edward (Edmund). Il fut condamné à mort, en même temps qu’un autre prêtre, John Lockwood.

Le roi temporisa pour signer ; il le fit durant sa présence à York.

Les deux prêtres furent traînés par les rues de York jusqu’au lieu de l’exécution. Edward demanda alors à être exécuté le premier, pour redonner courage à son Confrère, qui lui semblait être assez impressionné à la vue de la potence.

Edward Catherick mourut en martyr à York, pendu, éviscéré et écartelé, le 13 avril 1642.

On plaça sa tête au Micklegate Bar, les restes de son corps furent brûlés au Toft Green ; des ossements furent conservés au monastère Saint-Grégoire.

Edward (Edmund) fut béatifié en 1929 parmi cent-sept Compagnons, d’Angleterre et du Pays de Galles.



Blessed Edward Catherick M (AC)

Born at Carlton, Yorkshire, England; died at York in 1642; beatified in 1929. Blessed Edward was educated for the priesthood at Douai. Upon his ordination, he returned to the mission fields of England, where he worked from 1635 until his execution (Benedictines).



Ven. Edmund Catherick

Priest and martyr, born probably in Lancashire about 1605; executed at York, 13 April, 1642. He was descended from the old family of Catherick of Carlton and Stanwick, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, known for its loyalty to the Faith. Educated at Douai College, he was ordained in the same institution, and about 1635 went out to the English mission where he began his seven years' ministry which closed with his death. During this time he was known under the alias Huddleston, which was probably his mother's maiden name.

Apprehended in the North Riding, near Watlas, Catherick was brought by pursuivants before Justice Dodsworth, a connection by marriage — possibly an uncle. Gillow states (IV, 310) that it was through admissions made to Dodsworth, under the guise of friendship, that Catherick was convicted. He was arraigned at York and condemned to death together with Father John Lockwood. The execution was stayed by the king for a short time, but he finally signed the warrant and it was carried out during his presence at The Manor in York. Catherick and Lockwood were dragged through the streets of York on a hurdle to the place of execution and hanged, drawn, and quartered. Catherick's head was placed on Micklegate Bar, and what fragments remained, after the hangman's butchery, were buried at Toft Green. The "body" is now at St. Gregory's Monastery, Downside, and the skull, said to have been found at Hazlewood Castle, was carefully examined by Lingard in 1845.

Sources

Gillow, Bibl. Dict. Eng. Cath., I, 432; Challoner, Memoirs, II; De Marsys, Hist. de la persécution presente des cath., III.

Saxton, Eugene. "Ven. Edmund Catherick." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 13 Apr. 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03442a.htm>.

Blessed Edward Catherick

Profile

Studied at Douai, France. Priest. Returned to England in 1635 to minister to covert Catholics during a period of persecution by King Charles I. Martyr.

Born

Bienheureux Jean Lockwood, martyr

Né à Sowerby, dans le Yorkshire anglais, il fit ses études à Rome et fut ordonné prêtre en 1597. Il travailla dans la mission anglaise de 1598 à 1642. A quatre-vingt-un ans, il fut pendu et écartelé à York en 1642.



Blessed John Lockwood M (AC)

Born at Sowerby, Yorkshire, England; died at York in 1642; beatified in 1929. During the persecution of Catholics in England, John Lockwood, alias Lascelles, studied for the priesthood in Rome. After his ordination in 1597, he worked covertly in England for 44 years until his arrest in 1642. He was 81 years old when he was hanged, drawn, and quartered for the treasonable crime of being a Catholic priest (Attwater2, Benedictines).



Venerable John Lockwood

Venerable John Lockwood, priest and martyr, born about 1555; died at York, 13 April, 1642. He was the eldest son of Christopher Lockwood, of Sowerby, Yorkshire, by Clare, eldest daughter of Christopher Lascelles, of Sowerby and Brackenborough Castle, Yorkshire. With the second son, Francis, he arrived at Reims on 4 November, 1579, and was at once sent to Douai to study philosophy. Francis was ordained in 1587, but John entered the English College, Rome, on 4 October, 1595, was ordained priest on 26 January, 1597, and sent on the mission, 20 April, 1598. After suffering imprisonment he was banished in 1610, but returned, and was again taken and condemned to death, but reprieved. He was finally captured at Wood End, Gatenby, the residence of Bridget Gatenby, and executed with Edmund Catherick.

Sources

GILLOW, Bibl. Dict. Eng. Cath., s.v.; CHALLONER, Memoirs of Missionary Priests, II, No. 168; KNOX, Diaries of the English College, Douay (London, 1878), 157; FOSTER, Visitation of Yorkshire (London, privately printed, 1875), 61, 549; Catholic Record Society's Publications (London, privately printed, 1905, etc.), V, 384.

Wainewright, John. "Venerable John Lockwood." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 13 Apr. 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09322a.htm>.

Blessed John Lockwood

England

John Lockwood, priest and martyr, born in of Sowerby, Yorkshire, about 1555 (some say 1561). He was the eldest son of Christopher Lockwood and Clare Lascelles. With their second son, Francis, he arrived at Reims on 4 November 1579, and was at once sent to Douai to study philosophy. John then entered the English College in Rome on 4 October 1595, was ordained priest on 26 January 1597, and sent back to the English mission on 20 April 1598. After suffering imprisonment he was banished in 1610. He then returned to England, was again taken and condemned to death, but reprieved.

After 44 years of hidden ministry, John was finally captured in 1642 at Wood End, Gatenby, near Thirsk, where he had been living for some years, and taken to York for trial.  Because of his advanced age – he was 81 years old – he had to be held on a horse in a slow and painful journey. He was tried for being a seminary priest and condemned to death, along with a younger priest called John (Edmund) Catherick. Thinking he saw signs of faltering in the younger man, he asked to be allowed to die first. They were both hung, drawn and quartered at York on 13 April 1642, and both were beatified in 1929. They were probably executed at Knavesmire, just outside the city walls, where there is now a racecourse.

An English martyr being hung, drawn, and quartered.

Blessed John Lockwood

Also known as
  • John Lascellas
Profile

Studied for the priesthood in Rome, Italy during the persecution of Catholics in England. Ordained in 1597. Worked covertly in England until his arrest in 1642. Martyr.

Born