mardi 21 avril 2015

Bienheureux BARTHÉLÉMY CERVERI, prêtre dominicain, inquisiteur et martyr

Bienheureux Barthélémy Cerveri

Natif de Savigliano en Piémont (1420), il enseigna la théologie à Turin et fut nommé inquisiteur du Piémont. Son zèle lui valut d'être assassiné par les hérétiques à Cervier, dans le diocèse de Fossano, en 1466.

Bienheureux Barthélemy Cerveri

prêtre dominicain martyr ( 1466)

Né comme le Bienheureux Antoine Pavoni à Savigliano, dès sa jeunesse, il a montré une grande ferveur pour les études et pour la vie monastique. Professeur à la faculté théologique de Turin, il était inquisiteur de la foi pour le Piémont et la Ligurie. Il est mort attaqué par cinq bandits le 21 avril 1466 alors qu'il se rendait à Cervere près de Fossano. Une chapelle de l'église paroissiale lui est dédiée (diocèse de Fossano - site en italien)


À Cervere, près de Fossano dans le Piémont, en 1466, le bienheureux Barthélemy Cerveri, prêtre de l’Ordre des Prêcheurs et martyr, qui combattit vivement pour la foi catholique et, transpercé par des lances, la confirma par sa mort.


Martyrologe romain


Bx Bartolomeo Cerveri

Prêtre o.p. et martyr († 1466)

De famille noble (son père était seigneur de Cuffia, Cervere et Rosano), il entra très jeune au couvent dominicain de Savigliano (province de Coni dans la région Piémont en Italie), où furent aussi les BBx Antonio Pavoni, Aimone Taparelli et Pietro Cambiani.

Dès sa jeunesse il montre une grande ferveur pour les études et pour la vie monastique. Il fut alors envoyé poursuivre ses études à Turin où, cas unique dans les annales de l’école, le 18 mai 1452 il réussit en même temps la licence, le doctorat et le diplôme de professeur. Il enseigna la théologie à Turin, fut deux fois élu prieur du couvent de Savigliano, dont il fit agrandir l’église, et fut en outre directeur des monastères féminins de Savigliano et de Revello.

En 1451 il fut nommé inquisiteur de la foi pour le Piémont et la Ligurie, charge dangereuse vu le grand nombre d’hérétiques, mais où il obtint de bons fruits grâce à sa parole et à sa renommée de sainteté, plutôt qu’avec les méthodes fortes en usage à l’époque. Son activité ne tarda pas à lui attirer la haine des hérétiques et il savait qu’il était appelé à donner sa vie en témoignage de sa foi.

Il sembla être averti surnaturellement de la fin qui l’attendait, quand le 21 avril 1466 il se mit en chemin vers Cervere avec les frères Giovanni Boscato et Gian Piero Riccardi pour le travail apostolique habituel. Il se confessa à un des frères, puis, comme en plaisantant, il lui confia que ce serait la première et dernière fois qu’il viendrait à Cervere, ce lieu dont il portait le nom. Ayant quitté Bra, à environ 1 km de Cervere, les trois religieux furent entourés par cinq hérétiques, qui en blessèrent un gravement et frappèrent mortellement au ventre Bartolomeo de plusieurs coups de lance. Le troisième frère réussit à se sauver. Le martyr expira en priant pour ses assassins.

Sa mort fut suivie de faits miraculeux. On dit qu’au moment du crime, les habitants de Savigliano virent le soleil en direction de Cervere, c’est-à-dire à l’est, alors que c’était le soir. Sur le lieu du crime, où aujourd’hui s’élève une chapelle en son honneur, poussa un arbre avec les branches en forme de croix. Arrivée à Savigliano, la dépouille fut enterrée avec de grands honneurs, obtint de nombreuses grâces et le martyr commença à être invoqué contre la foudre et la grêle. 

En 1802, avec la suppression du couvent de Savigliano, il fallut transporter les reliques à Cervere, où elles reposent encore aujourd’hui dans une urne sous le grand autel de l’église paroissiale.

Le culte fut confirmé le 04 décembre 1856 par le Bx Pie IX (Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti, 1846-1878).


Source principale : docteurangelique.forumactif.com/(« Rév. x gpm »).     

©Evangelizo.org 2001-2015



Blessed Bartholomew of Cervere, OP M (AC)


Born at Savigliano, Italy, in 1420; died at Cervere, Piedmont, 1466; beatified by Pope Pius IX in 1853. In the venerable tradition of death in the cause of truth, Blessed Bartholomew of Cerverio was the fourth Dominican inquisitor to win his crown in the Piedmont--the stronghold of the Catharists, who had taken the lives of Saint Peter of Verona, Blessed Peter de'Ruffi, and Blessed Anthony of Pavonio.


Even in his early years Bartholomew displayed a precocious solemnity and piety. He entered the Order of Preachers in Savigliano and progressed rapidly in his studies. On May 8, 1452, Bartholomew received his licentiate, doctorate, and master's degree from the University of Turin; the only time in the history of the university that anyone had acquired three degrees in one day.

Bartholomew taught for a year at the university, then was made prior of his monastery. In his short apostolate of 12 years, he converted many heretics and worked steadfastly to eradicate heresy. He was appointed inquisitor in Piedmont, which made it clear to him that a martyr's death was marked out for him. Being a Dominican in Lombardy was a dangerous business, at best; to be appointed inquisitor meant that the heretics were given a target for their hatred.

In many ways the murder of Bartholomew and his companions repeats the martyrdom of Peter of Verona. Bartholomew knew beforehand that he was to die, and he made a general confession before starting out on his last trip. He remarked to his confessor, "They will call me Bartholomew of Cerverio, though I have never set foot there. Today I go there as inquisitor, and there I must die." On the road to Cerverio in the diocese of Fossano, he and his party were attacked by five heretics. His companions were wounded, but escaped. Bartholomew died, riddled with dagger wounds, before they could get help.

Some people of Savigliano saw a bright light in the sky over Cerverio and surmised what had happened. They went out and brought home the relics, marveling that, despite all the wounds, the martyr had not bled. Laying him down in the church of the Dominicans, they saw his wounds bleed, and they hastily rescued the blood for relics. He was buried in the Dominican church of Savigliano, and, later, when the church was ruined by revolution, the relics were moved to the parish church.

A chapel was built at the site of the martyrdom and richly decorated with narrative frescoes. Processions were made there several times a year by the people of Savigliano and Cerverio, invoking Bartholomew against thunder and hail especially. At the same place, a fig tree was honored for many years for its connection with Blessed Bartholomew; it was supposed to have sprung up at the time of the martyrdom, at the very place the martyr fell (Benedictines, Dorcy).


Blessed Bartholomew Cerveri, M.O.P.

Memorial Day: April 22nd

Profile

    Carrying on the glorious tradition of death in the cause of truth. Blessed Bartholomew of Cerveri was the fourth Dominican inquisitor to win his crown in Piedmont, in the stronghold of thee Catharists, who had taken the lives of Peter of Verona, Peter of Ruffia, and Anthony of Pavonio.
   
    Bartholomew was born at Savigliano, in 1420 , and, even in his early years, displayed precocious solemnity and piety. He entered the Order in the convent of his native town, and progressed rapidly in his studies. on May 8th , 1452, he distinguished he himself by obtaining the licentiate, the doctorate and master's degree from the capital university of Turin; the only time in the history of the university that anyone had acquired three degrees in one day.
   
    Bartholomew taught for a year at the university, and then he was made prior of the convent at Savigilano. In his short apostolate of 12 years, he converted many heretics and worked steadfastly to eradicate heresy. He was appointed inquisitor in Piedmont, which made it clear to him that a martyr's death was marked out for him. Being a Dominican in Lombardy was a dangerous business, at best; too be appointed inquisitor meant the heretics were given a target for their hatred.
  
     In many ways the murder of Bartholomew and his companions repeats the martyrdom of Peter of Verona. Bartholomew knew beforehand that he was to die, and he made a general confession before starting out on his last trip. He remarked to his confessor, "They will call me , Bartholomew of Cerverio, though I have never set foot there. Today I go there as a inquisitor and there I must die." On the road entering Cerverio, he and his party were attacked by five heretics. His companions were wounded, but escaped. Bartholomew died, riddled with dagger wounds, before they could get help.

    Some people of Savigliano saw a bright light in the sky over Cerverio and surmised what had happened. They went out and brought home the relics, marveling back, despite all the wounds, the martyr had not bled. Laying him down in the church of the Dominicans, they saw his wounds bleed, and the hastily rescued the blood for relics. He was buried n a Dominican Church of Savigliano, and , later, when the church was ruined by revolution, the relics were moved to the parish church.
   
    A chapel was built at the sight of the martyrdom and richly decorated with narrative frescoes. Processions were made there several times a year by the people of Savigliano and Cerverio, invoking Bartholomew against thunder and hail especially. At The same place a fig tree was honored for many years for its connection with Capital Blessed Bartholomew; it was supposed to have sprung up at the time of the martyrdom, at the very place the martyr fell.

Born: 1420

Died: Martyred in 1466

Beatified: Pope Pius IX beatified Bartholomew of Cerverio in 1853
   
Prayers/Commemorations

First Vespers

Ant. This is a martyr indeed , who for the name of Christ shed his blood; who neither feared the threats of judges, nor sought the glory of earthly dignity, but has joyously come to the heavenly kingdom.

V. Pray for us Blessed Bartholomew

R. That we may be worthy of the promises of Christ.

Lauds:

Ant. Let him that would come after Me deny himself, take up his cross and follow Me.

V. A Crown of gold is on his head,.

R. Signed with the sign of sanctity.

Second Vespers

Ant. This is he who for the law of his God delivered himself to death. He did not hesitate to die; he was slain by the wicked, and lives forever with Christ: he followed the Lamb and has received the palm.

V. Pray for us, Blessed Bartholomew.

R. That we may be worthy of the promises of Christ.

Prayer

Let us Pray: O God, who didst make Blessed Bartholomew a glorious defender of the faith, and didst raise him to the crown of martyrdom, grant, through his merits and intercession that we may ever bear the cross and deserve to be partakers with him in Thy glory,. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.

SOURCE : http://www.willingshepherds.org/Dominican%20Saint%20III.html#Bartholomew Cerveri