mercredi 9 janvier 2013

Saint ADRIEN de CANTORBÉRY, abbé bénédictin

Saint Adrien de Cantorbéry

Abbé Bénédictin

Fête le 9 janvier

en Afrique – † Canterbury, Kent, 9 janvier 710

Originaire d’Afrique et très instruit, Adrien était abbé du monastère de Nérida, près de Naples, quand il refusa le siège archiépiscopal de Cantorbéry que lui offrait le pape saint Vitalien. Saint Théodore de Tarse ayant accepté ce siège, Adrien l’accompagna pour l’assister, mais il fut retenu deux ans en France en raison de soupçon d’espionnage. Arrivé en Angleterre en 611, il devint abbé du monastère Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul de Cantorbéry, où il enseigna le grec et le latin, puis abbé de Saint-Augustin, où il supervisa une florissante école. Son enseignement et son exemple exercèrent une grande influence. Pendant ses trente-neuf ans comme supérieur de l’abbaye, le monastère devint célèbre comme centre d’étude. Il mourut le 9 janvier 710 à Canterbury, et son tombeau devint bientôt célèbre pour les miracles qui s’y accomplissaient. Son culte se ranima en 1091, lorsque son corps fut découvert.


Saint Adrien de Cantorbéry

abbé ( 710)

Grâce à l'un de ses amis, l'évêque de Cantorbéry, Théodore, il fut nommé abbé du monastère Saint-Pierre-et-Saint Paul qu'il gouverna durant trente ans. Il en fit un foyer de ferveur spirituelle et intellectuelle. Il y enseignait lui-même le grec, le latin et les arts humanistes. La plupart de ses moines parlaient au moins trois langues. Il fut ainsi un collaborateur efficace de l'évêque Théodore dans une étape décisive de l'histoire de l'Eglise d'Angleterre.

À Cantorbéry, en 710, saint Adrien, abbé. Né en Afrique, moine et abbé près de Naples, il vint en Angleterre, et, cultivé dans les lettres sacrées et profanes, enseigna à de nombreux disciples la doctrine du salut.

Martyrologe romain

St. Adrian of Canterbury

An African by birth, died 710. He became Abbot of Nerida, a Benedictine monastery near Naples, when he was very young. Pope Vitalianintended to appoint him Archbishop of Canterbury to succeed St. Deusdedit, who had died in 664, but Adrian considered himself unworthy of so great a dignity, and begged the Pope to appoint Theodore, a Greek monk, in his place. The Pope yielded, on condition that Adrianshould accompany Theodore to England and be his adviser in the administration of the Diocese of Canterbury. They left Rome in 668, butAdrian was detained in France by Ebroin, the Mayor of the Palace who suspected that he had a secret mission from the Eastern Emperor, Constans II, to the English kings. After two years Ebroin found that his suspicion had been groundless and allowed Adrian to proceed toEngland. Immediately upon his arrival in England, Archbishop Theodore appointed him Abbot of St. Peter in Canterbury, a monastery which had been founded by St. Augustine, the apostle of England, and became afterwards known as St. Austin's. Adrian accompanied Theodoreon his apostolic visitations of England and by his prudent advice and co-operation assisted the Archbishop in the great work of unifying the customs and practices of the Anglo-Saxon Church with those of the Church of Rome. Adrian was well versed in all the branches ofecclesiastical and profane learning. Under his direction the School of Canterbury became the centre of English learning. He established numerous other schools in various parts of England. In these schools of Adrian were educated many of the saints, scholars, andmissionaries, who during the next century rekindled the waning light of faith and learning in France and Germany. After spending thirty-nine years in England Adrian died in the year 710 and was buried at Canterbury. His feast is celebrated 9 January, the day of his death.

St. Adrian of Canterbury

Though St. Adrian turned down a papal request to become Archbishop of Canterbury, England, Pope St. Vitalian accepted the rejection on the condition that Adrian serve as the Holy Father’s assistant and adviser. Adrian accepted, but ended up spending most of his life and doing most of his work in Canterbury.

Born in Africa, Adrian was serving as an abbot in Italy when the new Archbishop of Canterbury appointed him abbot of the monastery of Sts. Peter and Paul in Canterbury. Thanks to his leadership skills, the facility became one of the most important centers of learning. The school attracted many outstanding scholars from far and wide and produced numerous future bishops and archbishops. Students reportedly learned Greek and Latin and spoke Latin as well as their own native languages.

Adrian taught at the school for 40 years. He died there, probably in the year 710, and was buried in the monastery. Several hundred years later, when reconstruction was being done, Adrian’s body was discovered in an incorrupt state. As word spread, people flocked to his tomb, which became famous for miracles. Rumor had it that young schoolboys in trouble with their masters made regular visits there.