jeudi 27 septembre 2012

Saint CÔME et saint DAMIEN, martyrs

Hans von Kulmbach  (1480–1522), St. Cosmas and St. Damian, 1507-1508, pittura su peccio, 197.4 x 55Altar Wings with St. Cosmas and St. Damian from a Nicholas altar of St. Lorenz church in Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum  


Saints Côme et Damien

Martyrs à Cyr (IIIe siècle)

Dès le Ve siècle, on trouve, en Orient et à Rome, des basiliques, des oratoires, de hôpitaux qui portent leurs noms. Il est très vraisemblable qu'ils soient morts ensemble pour la foi dans la ville de Cyr en Syrie. Peut-être même étaient-ils frères, selon ce que dit la légende. Venus d'Arabie pour exercer la médecine, ils soignaient les pauvres, délivraient les énergumènes, rendaient l'espoir aux pessimistes et la joie aux mélancoliques. Le gouverneur Lysias qu'ils avaient soigné, les condamna cependant à d'horribles tortures puis à être décapités. Ils étaient chrétiens.

Fêtés le 1er juillet ou le 1er novembre en Orient.

L'histoire qui suit, résumé des légendes entourant ces saints jumeaux, justifie suffisamment qu'au Moyen Age, ils soient devenus les patrons des docteurs ainsi que d'une variété de professions associées à la médecine, comme, à un certain moment, les barbiers.

Côme et Damien sont les principaux et les plus connus de ces saints vénérés en Orient comme 'anargyroi', les 'sans argent'. Ils pratiquaient en effet la médecine sans demander de rémunérations à leurs patients. (Diocèse aux Armées françaises)



Le 26 septembre, le martyrologe romain fait mémoire des saints Côme et Damien, martyrs. Leur martyre fit d'eux des frères et les miracles fleurirent sur leur tombe, à Cyr en Syrie du nord, au point qu'ils furent considérés comme des médecins guérissant les malades gratuitement.

Martyrologe romain

6 Le Seigneur a donné aux humains le savoir pour que ceux-ci célèbrent ses merveilles.

7 C'est de celles-ci que le pharmacien se sert pour faire des mélanges, et le médecin pour soulager la douleur.

8 Ceux que Dieu a créés restent ainsi en vie; sur toute la terre la santé vient de lui.

Ben Sirac le sage [ch. 38]: Le médecin et la maladie



Master of Los Balbases after Alonso de Sedano. Saints Cosmas and Damain perfoming a miraculous cure by transplantation of leg. 



Saint Côme et Saint Damien

Martyrs

(vers 286)

Saint Côme et saint Damien étaient deux frères, venus d'Arabie en Cilicie. On croit qu'ils étaient frères jumeaux. Leur profession de médecin leur fournit l'occasion d'exercer un véritable apostolat; car à travers les corps ils savaient voir les âmes, les toucher, les convertir. La grâce divine vint relever leur science par le don des guérisons miraculeuses: de toutes parts, on accourait à eux pour obtenir la délivrance des maux les plus invétérés et les plus incurables. Le résultat ne trompait jamais leur foi et leur confiance, et il ne se passait pas de jour sans qu'ils eussent opéré quelque cure souvent désespérée.

Auprès d'eux, les aveugles recouvraient la vue, les boiteux marchaient droit, les sourds entendaient, les estropiés étaient guéris. Leur puissance s'étendait même au-delà de ce monde visible, et, à leur voix, les démons abandonnaient leurs victimes. Tout cela, ils le faisaient par pure charité, ne recevant jamais aucune rétribution.

A cette gloire devait se joindre celle du martyre. Un jour on les accusa de séduire le peuple et de faire déserter les temples des dieux. Le préfet leur infligea une si longue et si rude flagellation, que les bourreaux n'en pouvaient plus de fatigue; les deux martyrs bénissaient le Seigneur. À la vue d'une foule immense, ils furent précipités du haut d'un rocher dans les flots; mais un Ange plana au-dessus des eaux et transporta les martyrs au rivage. Les deux martyrs furent jetés dans une fournaise ardente; mais ils s'y promenèrent comme sur des fleurs. Après beaucoup d'autres supplices, le préfet leur fit trancher la tête.

Abbé L. Jaud, Vie des Saints pour tous les jours de l'année, Tours, Mame, 1950


Fernando del Rincón de Figueroa  (1460–), Milagros de los santos médicos Cosme y Damián, Finales del siglo XV o principios del XVI, 188 x 155, Museo del Prado  


26 septembre

Saints Côme et Damien

Historique

En 1163, il y avait, dans l'église abbatiale de Saint-Germain-des-Prés, un autel béni sous le nom de saint Côme et de saint Damien ; vers 1210, sur un terrain nouvellement compris dans l'enceinte de Paris, l'Abbé de Saint-Germain-des-Prés fit construire sous leur patronage, une église paroissiale où l'on montrait un grand reliquaire en bois doré contenant une mâchoire et quelques ossements de saint Côme. Cette église fut détruite en 1836.

Chaque 27 septembre, le clergé de Notre-Dame de Paris faisait, dans la Cité, une procession des reliques de saint Côme et de saint Damien que possédait la cathédrale.

Parce qu’ils sont mentionnés au canon de la Messe, le culte des saints Côme et Damien vint à Paris de Rome où leur église est un titre cardinalice. En 1163, ils avaient un autel dans l’abbatiale de Saint-Germain-des Prés dont l’abbé, en 1210, fit construire une église paroissiale sous leur patronnage. Cette église possédait des reliques dont on célébrait la translation à la fin du mois de mai et que, tous les 27 septembre, le clergé de Notre-Dame portait en procession dans la Cité. On prétendait que le chevalier Jean de Beaumont avait rapporté de croisade des reliques des saints Côme et Damien à l’église de Luzarches où, deux fois par an (27 septembre et 23 octobre) la confrérie des chirurgiens de Paris qui s’y était réunie en 1320, député quatre chirurgien pour soigner les malades.

...d'après St Grégoire de T

Deux jumeaux, Côme et Damien, médecins, devinrent chrétiens et, par le seul mérite de leurs vertus et l'intervention de leurs prières, ils chassaient les infirmités des malades. Après divers supplices ils sont réunis au ciel et font de nombreux miracles pour leurs compatriotes. Si un malade vient à leur tombeau et y prie avec foi, aussitôt il obtient un remède à ses maux. On dit qu'ils apparaissent en rêve aux malades et leur donnant une ordonnance ; ceux-ci l'exécutent et s'en vont guéris.

Saint Grégoire de Tours

SOURCE : http://missel.free.fr/Sanctoral/09/26.php

Икона: Святые-бессребреники Косма и Дамиан, 108.5 x 80, Первая половина XV в.


Saints Côme et Damien, des jumeaux si fusionnels

Isabelle Cousturié - Publié le 25/09/18 - Mis à jour le 24/09/21

Vénérés en Occident ce 26 septembre, saint Côme et saint Damien ont su tirer profit de leur gémellité pour mettre leurs qualités médicales au service du Seigneur et étendre le christianisme.

Le comportement fusionnel chez les jumeaux est notoire. Et il n’est pas rare de les voir épouser les mêmes professions, de sentir la même vocation à servir le Seigneur. Prenez saint Côme et saint Damien. Nés en Arabie au IIIe siècle, ces frères jumeaux ont tous les deux entendus l’appel du Seigneur à mettre leurs qualités au service du prochain, surtout des plus pauvres. Des qualités médicales transmises par leur pieuse mère sainte Théodote, ils reçurent le pouvoir de chasser les esprits impurs et de guérir toutes sortes de maladies sans autre remède que leur prière.

Les apôtres-médecins

En ces deux frères — que leur gémellité rendait si complémentaires — le Christ-Médecin put si bien guérir les âmes et les corps que dès le Moyen Âge, ils devinrent les saints protecteurs des docteurs et d’une  variété deprofessions associées à la médecine. En Orient comme à Rome, des basiliques, des oratoires, des hôpitaux portent leurs deux noms.

Côme et Damien « soignaient les pauvres, délivraient les énergumènes, rendaient l’espoir aux pessimistes et la joie aux mélancoliques », rapporte-t-on sur leur vie. Et comme ils avaient reçu gratuitement la grâce du Saint-Esprit, ils exerçaient leur art médical gratuitement — d’où leur surnom les « anargyroi », les « sans argent » — attirant ainsi à eux un grand nombre de personnes à la foi chrétienne. Leur mort en martyrs, sous les persécutions de Dioclétien (vers 287) — selon la légende ils restèrent fidèles à leur foi en dépit de toute une série de tortures affreuses auxquelles ils restèrent insensibles — ne fit que renforcer la vénération des chrétiens qui ne cessèrent d’affluer vers l’église construite à l’emplacement de leur tombeau, à Cyr en Syrie du nord, où fleurirent tant de miracles. L’Église parle officiellement de 47 miracles.

Des saints vénérés en Occident comme en Orient

Leur culte se répandit dans le monde entier. L’empereur Justinien (527-565), guéri par l’intercession des deux saints, restaura somptueusement la ville de Cyr, et fit transporter leurs vestiges à Constantinople, qui devint un haut lieu de pèlerinage. À Rome, le pape Félix IV (526-530) lui dédia une basilique au Forum de Vespasien, célèbre pour ses mosaïques du VIe siècle représentant les saints. C’est là qu’aurait eu lieu la plus célèbre des guérisons miraculeuses : la greffe d’une jambe de Maure pour remplacer la jambe nécrosée du sacristain de l’église, rapportée par la légende dorée de Jacques de Voragine, représentée dans de nombreuses peintures et miniatures.

Lire aussi :Trois grands saints face à l’épreuve de la maladie

Au XIIe siècle, lors des croisades, des reliques des deux saints ont été offertes au Seigneur de Luzarches qui les a partagées entre Luzarches et Paris. Les chirurgiens, choisissent alors pour saints patrons Côme et Damien et prennent comme principal engagement de consulter gratuitement les pauvres, le premier lundi de chaque mois, respectant ainsi les qualités d’anagyres des deux saints, rapporte le site des professeurs de la faculté de médecine à Nancy. À la faculté de médecine de Nancy figurent deux portraits des frères jumeaux. Ils portent le costume des professeurs de médecine de la fin du XVIe siècle. Leurs attributs sont choisis parmi des instruments évoquant médecine et chirurgie : la spatule et la boîte d’onguents pour saint Côme, le pot de panacée, remède universel contre tous les maux pour saint Damien.

Invoqués en cas de maladie

Saints Côme et Damien sont considérés comme de véritables saints médecins, et non comme des saints guérisseurs. Le dicton du jour « Servez Saint Côme et Saint-Damien, vous vous porterez toujours bien » invite à prier leur intercession en cas de maux de gorge, de maladies des reins, et de troubles de l’appareil digestif (la gastrite entre autre), les maux contre lesquelles ils sont généralement invoqués.

Lire aussi :En images : ces saints qui étaient frères et sœurs

SOURCE : https://fr.aleteia.org/2018/09/25/saints-come-et-damien-des-jumeaux-si-fusionnels/?utm_campaign=NL_fr&utm_content=NL_fr&utm_medium=mail&utm_source=daily_newsletter

Valentin Metzinger  (1699–1759), Sv. Kozma in sv. Damijan, 1746, Rožnik Church


Prière à saint Côme et saint Damien pour demander une guérison

Anna Ashkova - Publié le 25/09/21 - Mis à jour le 24/09/21

Côme et Damien sont considérés comme de véritables saints médecins. Ces deux frères sont à invoquer en cas de maladie.

L’attention aux malades a été le levier central de la vie des saints Côme et Damien. Ces frères jumeaux soignaient les malades sans se faire payer, ce qui leur valut le surnom d’anargyres. Protecteurs des docteurs, ils sont souvent invoqués en cas de maux de gorge, de maladies des reins ou de troubles de l’appareil digestif (la gastrite entre autre). Voici une belle prière de la tradition de l’Eglise à réciter aux saints Côme et Damien lorsque vous êtes malade :

« Ô martyrs de Jésus-Christ, Côme et Damien, nous vous honorons en toute humilité et avec l’affection de notre cœur.

Par vos excellents mérites, vous avez reçu du Seigneur le pouvoir de protéger tous ceux qui se tournaient vers vous dans leur misère.

C’est pourquoi nous ne cesserons d’invoquer votre intercession.

Comme durant la vie mortelle, vous avez soigné les maladies dangereuses, par les moyens de la médecine et l’invocation du Nom de Jésus Christ, comme les Apôtres, ainsi, maintenant que vous êtes puissants dans le Ciel, tournez vers nous vos regards de pitié.

Nous sommes faibles, pêcheurs, malades; nous sentons le besoin de l’aide divine.

Nous vous en prions : assistez-nous, obtenez nous du Seigneur la guérison de nos maladies, priez le Bon Dieu de nous libérer du péché.

Nous vous demandons ces grâces non seulement pour nous, mais aussi pour nos parents, nos familles, pour nos amis et nos ennemis, afin que, protégés par vous sur la terre, d’âme et de corps, nous puissions venir au Ciel louer et bénir le Seigneur pour l’éternité. Amen. »

SOURCE : https://fr.aleteia.org/2021/09/25/priere-aux-saints-come-et-damien-pour-demander-une-guerison/?utm_campaign=NL_fr&utm_content=NL_fr&utm_medium=mail&utm_source=daily_newsletter

Saints Cosmas and Damian XVIII c.

Косма и Дамиан

Свети Козма и Дамјан



Anniversaire de la dédicace (sous le pape Félix IV, 526-530) de la basilique dédiée aux Saints Côme et Damien sur le Forum Romain.

Les saints martyrs sont surnommées anargyres car ils soignaient gratuitement. Leur culte était si répandu à Rome qu’une sollennité en est faite le Jeudi de la 3ème semaine de Carême

Leçons des Matines (avant 1960)

Quatrième leçon. Les deux frères Côme et Damien, originaires d’Egée, ville d’Arabie, étaient des médecins distingués, sous le règne de Dioclétien et de Maximien. Ils guérissaient, par la vertu du Christ autant que par leur science médicale, jusqu’aux maladies réputées incurables. Le préfet Lysias, ayant appris quelle était leur religion, se les fit amener et les interrogea sur leur genre de vie et sur leur foi. Et comme ils se déclaraient hardiment Chrétiens, ajoutant que la foi chrétienne est nécessaire au salut, il leur enjoignit de sacrifier aux dieux, les menaçant, en cas de refus, de leur faire subir des tortures et une mort très cruelle.

Cinquième leçon. Mais voyant que les injonctions et les menaces restaient vaines : « Liez-leur les mains et les pieds, dit-il, et torturez-les par les supplices les plus affreux. » On exécuta ses ordres ; cependant Côme et Damien n’en persistèrent pas moins dans leur refus. On les jeta enchaînés dans la mer ; ils en sortirent sains et saufs et dégagés de leurs liens ; le préfet, attribuant ce prodige à des artifices magiques, les fit mettre en prison. Il les en fit sortit le lendemain et ordonna de les jeter dans un brasier ardent, dont la flamme s’éloigna d’eux. Après divers autres cruels tourments, il les condamna à être frappés de la hache, et ainsi tous deux reçurent la palme du martyre, en confessant Jésus-Christ.

SOURCE : http://www.introibo.fr/27-09-Sts-Come-et-Damien-martyrs

 Fra Angelico. Greffe d'une jambe par les saints Côme et Damien, 1440, 

panneau de la prédelle de la Pala di San MarcoMusée national San Marco, Florence.



Nés au Ill' siècle en Arabie, d'une mère chrétienne, Côme et Damien sont jumeaux et ils ont trois frères cadets, qui subiront le martyre en même temps qu'eux. Après être allés en Syrie pour y étudier 1a médecine, les jumeaux reviennent dans leur ville natale pour exercer leur art; ils ne veulent pas recevoir d'honoraires, respectant en cela le précepte du Maître :«Vous avez reçu gratuitement, donnez gratuitement. » S'ils n'acceptaient pas d'argent, il leur arrivait parfois d'accepter des dons en nature, mais seulement si leur refus risquait de blesser le malade qu'ils avaient guéri. Le Seigneur avait accordé à ses fidèles serviteurs le don des miracles et ils guérissaient toute sorte de maladies, rendant la vue aux aveugles, l'ouïe aux sourds, l'usage de leurs jambes aux paralysés, guérissant aussi les âmes et exorcisant les possédés. Les guérisons extraordinaires réalisées par les soins de Côme et Damien n'étaient pas passées inaperçues et leur renommée était parvenue aux oreilles du proconsul Lysias, qui désira les connaître. Apprenant de leur bouche qu'ils étaient chrétiens, il exigea qu'ils sacrifient aux idoles. Bien que sachant ce qu'il leur en coûterait, les médecins chrétiens refusèrent catégoriquement, et le proconsul présida lui-même le tribunal qui les condamna à mort ainsi que leurs trois frères. Après avoir essayé en vain plusieurs supplices (feu, noyade, lapidation), le proconsul finit par les faire décapiter. C'était en l'an 287, le 27 septembre.

Les miracles obtenus par l'intercession des saints Côme et Damien ont continué après leur mort, et en si grand nombre que leur culte s'est répandu très rapidement dans tout l'empire romain. La plus grande partie de leurs restes furent rapportés à Rome et déposés dans l'ancien temple de Romulus, transformé en une église qui leur fut dédiée. Les crânes des deux frères, qui étaient restés en Orient, ont été rapportés à Brageac par Guy et Raoul de Scorailles, seigneurs voisins, à leur retour de croisade. Conservés à l'origine dans un somptueux reliquaire émaillé, les "chefs" des saints Côme et Damien sont aujourd'hui conservés dans une châsse, qui fait partie du trésor de Brageac. Le jour de leur fête, ces reliques sont mises dans des bustes-reliquaires en bois polychrome. (Tiré de Stella Maris, Louis Couëtte)

SOURCE : http://apotres.amour.free.fr/page4/cosmeetdamien.htm


SAINT COME ET SAINT DAMIEN *

Côme vient de cosmos, modèle, on orné. D'après Isidore, cosmos, en grec, signifie pur. En effet, il fut un modèle pour les autres par ses exemples; il fut orné de vertus, et pur de tout vice. Damien vient de dama, daim, bête timide et douce. Damien peut se tirer encore de dogme, doctrine, et d'ana, en haut, ou de damum, sacrifice. Ou bien encore : Damien voudrait dire main du Seigneur. En effet Damien eut des habitudes de douceur, il posséda la doctrine du ciel dans ses prédications et il fit de soi un sacrifice en macérant sa chair; il fut la main du Seigneur en guérissant à l’aide de la médecine.

Côme et Damien étaient jumeaux ils naquirent dans la ville d'Egée, d'une sainte. mère nommée Théodote. Instruits dans l’art de la médecine, ils reçurent une telle abondance de grâces du Saint-Esprit qu'ils guérissaient toutes les maladies non seulement des hommes, mais encore des animaux ; et ils donnaient leurs soins sans exiger de salaire. Une dame appelée Palladie, qui avait dépensé tout son bien en frais de médecins, s'adressa à eux et ils lui. rendirent une parfaite santé. Alors elle offrit un petit présent à saint Damien, et comme celui-ci ne voulait pas l’accepter, elle le conjura, avec les serments les plus terribles, de le recevoir. Ce à quoi il acquiesça, non que la cupidité le poussât à se procurer cette récompense, mais bien par complaisance pour cette dame qui lui offrait ce témoignage de sa reconnaissance, et pour ne paraître pas mépriser le nom du Seigneur par lequel elle l’avait conjuré. Dès que saint Côme sut cela, il commanda de ne pas mettre son corps avec celui de son frère. Mais la nuit suivante, le Seigneur apparut à Côme et disculpa Damien au sujet du don qu'il avait accepté. Le proconsul Lysias, instruit de leur renommée; les fit appeler devant lui et commença par demander leur nom, leur patrie et quelle fortune ils possédaient. Les saints martyrs répondirent : « Nos noms sont Côme et Damien, nous avons trois autres frères qui s'appellent Antime, Léonce et Euprépius notre patrie, c'est l’Arabie : quant à la fortune, les chrétiens n'en connaissent point. » Le proconsul leur ordonna d'amener leurs frères pour immoler ensemble aux idoles : mais comme ils refusaient absolument d'immoler, il donna l’ordre qu'ils fussent, tourmentés aux mains et aux pieds. Et comme ils tournaient ces tourments en dérision, Lysias les fit lier avec des chaînes et précipiter dans la mer : mais aussitôt un ange les sauva des flots et il les amena devant le président. Ayant vu cela : « Par la grandeur des dieux! dit-il, c'est à l’aide des maléfices que vous l’emportez, puisque vous méprisez les tourments et que vous calmez la mer. Enseignez-moi donc ces maléfices dont vous faites usage, et au nom du dieu d'Adrien, je vous suivrai. » A peine eut-il parlé ainsi que parurent deux démons qui le frappèrent très rudement an visage. Alors, il se mit à crier : « Je vous en conjure, ô hommes de bien, priez pour moi votre Seigneur. » Les saints se mirent en prières et de suite les démons se retirèrent. Alors le président leur dit : « Vous voyez comme les dieux sont indignés contre moi pour avoir pensé à les abandonner, aussi, ne souffrirai-je plus due vous blasphémiez mes divinités. » Aussitôt il les fit jeter dans un grand feu, ont ils n'eurent toutefois rien à souffrir. Bien au contraire, la flamme jaillit au loin et fit mourir une foule de ceux qui se trouvaient là. On les suspendit ensuite à un chevalet, mais ils furent protégés par un ange qui les amena devant le juge, sans qu'ils eussent été blessés, bien que les bourreaux se fussent épuisés à les battre, Alors Lysias fit emprisonner les trois frères et ordonna que Côme et Damien fussent crucifiés et lapidés par le peuple : mais les pierres retournaient sur ceux qui les lançaient et en blessaient un grand nombre. Le président rempli de fureur, après avoir fait venir les trois frères et les avoir fait placer vis-à-vis de la croix, ordonna de crucifier Côme et Damien, ensuite de les faire percer à coups de flèches par quatre soldats : mais les flèches revenant en arrière, blessaient beaucoup de personnes, sans faire aucun mal aux saints martyrs. Or, le président se voyant confus de toutes manières, en fut troublé comme s'il souffrait la mort, et le matin il fit décapiter les cinq frères ensemble. Alors les chrétiens, se rappelant ce qu'avait dit saint Côme qu'il ne voulait pas être enseveli dans le même lieu, pensaient à la manière dont les martyrs voulaient être ensevelis, quand tout à coup arriva un chameau qui, avec une voix humaine, commanda que les saints fussent ensevelis en un même endroit. Ils souffrirent sous Dioclétien qui commença à régner vers l’an du Seigneur 287.

Un paysan, après avoir travaillé à la moisson, dormait la bouche ouverte et un serpent pénétra jusque dans ses entrailles. En se réveillant il ne sentit rien, et revint chez lui, mais le soir il éprouva d'atroces souffrances : il poussait des cris lamentables et invoquait à son secours les saints de Dieu Côme et Damien La douleur s'aggravant toujours, il se réfugia dans l’église des saints martyrs, et s'y endormit subitement ; alors le serpent sortit par sa bouche comme il y était entré. — Un homme qui devait faire un voyage lointain, recommanda sa femme aux saints martyrs Côme et Damien, et lui donna un signe au moyen duquel elle connaîtrait qu'elle devait aussitôt se rendre auprès de lui, s'il lui arrivait de la mander. Après quoi le diable, qui sut quel signe le mari lui avait donné, prit la figure d'un homme et lui dit eu lui présentant le signe convenu : « Ton mari  m’a envoyé de telle ville pour te conduire vers lui. » Et comme cette femme craignait encore de partir, elle dit : « Je reconnais bien le signe, mais parce que j'ai été mise sous la protection des saints martyrs Côme et Damien, jure-moi, sur leur autel, que tu me mèneras en toute sécurité, et aussitôt je partirai. » Le diable fit le serment qu'elle demandait. Elle le suivit donc, et quand ils furent arrivés dans un lieu écarté, le diable voulut la jeter en bas de sort cheval pour la tuer. La femme s'en aperçut et cria : « Dieu des saints Côme et Damien, aidez-moi. Je me suis fiée à vous et je l’ai suivi. » Aussitôt apparurent là, accompagnés d'une multitude de personnages revêtus de robes blanches, les saints qui la délivrèrent. Or, le diable avait disparu ; et ils dirent à la femme : « Nous sommes Côme et Damien au serment desquels tu t'es confiée ; et c'est pour cela que nous nous sommes hâtés de venir à ton secours. » — Le pape Félix, aïeul de saint Grégoire, fit construire à Rome une magnifique église en l’honneur des saints Côme et Damien. En cette église se trouvait un serviteur des saints martyrs auquel un chancre avait dévoré toute une jambe. Or, voilà que, pendant son sommeil, lui apparurent les saints Côme et Damien qui portaient avec eux des onguents et des instruments. L'un dit à l’autre : « Où aurons-nous de quoi remplir la place où nous couperons la chair gâtée ? » Alors l’autre répondit : « Dans le cimetière de saint Pierre-aux-Liens, se trouve un Ethiopien nouvellement enseveli; apporte de sa chair pour remplacer celle-ci. » Il s'en alla donc en toute hâte au cimetière et apporta la jambe du maure. Ils coupèrent ensuite celle du malade, lui mirent à la place la jambe du maure, oignirent la plaie avec soin; après quoi ils portèrent la jambe du malade au corps du maure. Comme cet homme en s'éveillant ne ressentait plus de douleur, il porta la main à sa jambe, et n'y trouva rien d'endommagé. Il prit donc une chandelle, et ne voyant aucune plaie sur la jambe, il pensait que ce n'était plus lui, mais que c'était un autre qui était à sa place. Enfin revenu à soi, il sauta tout joyeux hors du lit, et raconta à tout le monde ce qu'il avait vu en dormant et comment il avait été guéri. On envoya de suite au cimetière, et on trouva la jambe du maure coupée et celle de l’autre mise dans le tombeau.

* Bréviaire. — Leurs actes édités par les Bollandistes

La Légende dorée de Jacques de Voragine nouvellement traduite en français avec introduction, notices, notes et recherches sur les sources par l'abbé J.-B. M. Roze, chanoine honoraire de la Cathédrale d'Amiens, Édouard Rouveyre, éditeur, 76, rue de Seine, 76, Paris mdcccci

SOURCE : http://www.abbaye-saint-benoit.ch/voragine/tome03/144.htm


Sconosciuto, Sv. Kozma in sv. Damijan, 1600 circa, 115 x 152, Galleria nazionale della Slovenia


Saint Côme et Saint Damien

(Voir aussi saints guérisseurs ) 

Côme et Damien, frères jumeaux d’origine arabe, vivaient à Egée, en Asie Mineure, au IIIè siècle. Ils y exercaient la médecine et les grâces dont ils étaient bénéficiaires leur permettaient de guérir les maladies, non seulement des hommes, mais aussi des animaux. Et jamais ils ne faisaient payer leurs consultations – d’où leur surnom d’anargyres (« qui n’acceptent pas d’argent »).

Dénoncés comme chrétiens, Côme et Damien comparaissent avec leurs trois frères devant le proconsul Lysias qui leur ordonne de sacrifier aux idoles. Comme ils s’y refusent, on les charge de chaînes et on les précipite à la mer. Un ange les en retire. Lysias les fait alors jeter sur un bûcher. Mais les flammes s’écartent d’eux et brûlent les bourreaux. Ils sont condamnés à être lapidés puis percés de flèches, mais pierres et flèches ne les touchent pas, et faisant demi-tour, atteignent ceux qui les ont lancées. Il reste au juge une seule solution : leur faire trancher la tête ainsi qu’à leurs frères.

Trois miracles posthumes sont attribués aux Saints Côme et Damien : le plus frappant se rapporte à la guérison d’un gardien de l’église érigée en leur honneur à Rome par le pape Félix. Ce malheureux avait la jambe toute gâtée par un chancre. Pendant son sommeil, les saints lui apparurent, l’un disant « où trouverons nous les chairs fraiches pour remplacer celles que nous allons couper » et l’autre répondit « Un éthiopien vient dêtre enseveli au Cimetière de Saint Pierre : apporte nous de sa chair pour mettre ici. Ainsi fut fait : les Saints remplacèrent la jambe du sacristain par celle du Maure. Le malade réveillé au milieu de la nuit n’en crut pas ses yeus lorsqu’il vit que son mal avait disparu. Au matin, il se rendit à l’évidence et sauta de joie hors du lit. On se précipita au cimetière et on constata qu’à la place d’une de ses propres jambes, le maure avait la jambe malade du gardien. C’est le miracle de la « jambe noire ».

Compte tenu de cette histoire, il est naturel que les Saints Côme et Damien soient honorés dans des quantités de paroisses, de chapelles et autres lieux de culte, tant en France qu’à l’Etranger : Mosaïques, vitraux, peintures (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6), sculptures, enluminures, gravures, héraldique, orfèvrerie, ferronnerie, broderie, il n’est pas un domaine des arts plastiques et graphiques ni même des arts décoratifs que l’iconographie de St Côme et St Damien n’ait atteint. De nombreuses confréries avaient Côme et Damien comme patrons : barbiers, chirurgiens, médecins, apothicaires. Un culte leur est toujours rendu à différentes occasions, en particulier lors de leur fête célébrée par l’Eglise le 26 septembre.

SOURCE : http://www.shp-asso.org/come/


Bartolomeo Vivarini  (1440–1499). Saint Cosmas (or Damian, dal 1460 al 1480, 49 x 33, Rijksmuseum 


Saint Cosmas

Also known as

Cosma

the Moneyless

the Silverless

Memorial

26 September (Roman)

1 July17 October1 November (Greek)

Profile

Twin brother of Saint DamianPhysiciantrained in Syria; the brothers accepted no payment for their services, and their charity brought many to Christ. Reported to have miraculously replaced the ulcered leg of a man named Justinian with one from a recently deceased man. Arrested during the persecutions of Diocletian, he was tortured, but suffered no injury. Martyr. Many fables grew up about the brothers, connected in part with the ability of their relics to heal.

Born

3rd century, of Arabic descent

Died

tortured and beheaded c.303 in Aegea, Cilicia (modern Ayas, Turkey)

Canonized

Pre-Congregation

Patronage

against blindness

against pestilence

apothecaries

barbers

blind people

chemical industry

chemical manufacturers

doctors

druggists

hairdressers

hernias

midwives

physicians

pharmacists

relief from pestilence

surgeons

Worshipful Company of Barbers

in Italy

Alberobello

Borgaro Torinese

Ossimo

Representation

box of ointment

phial

medical emblems

Additional Information

A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.

Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate

Catholic Encyclopedia

Golden Legend

In God’s Garden, by Amy Steedman

Lives of the Saints, by Father Alban Butler

Lives of the Saints, by Father Francis Xavier Weninger

New Catholic Dictionary

Pictorial Lives of the Saints

Roman Martyrology

Saints of Italy, by Ella Noyes

Saints of the Canon, by Monsignor John T. McMahon

Short Lives of the Saints, by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly

books

Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints

other sites in english

Aleteia

Catholic Culture

Catholic Fire

Catholic Harbor

Catholic Herald

Catholic Ireland

Catholic News Agency

Catholic Online

Christian Iconography

Communio

Cradio

Daily Prayers

Feast of the Healing Saints Cosmas and Damian

Independent Catholic News

John Dillon

National Institute of Health

Orthodox Church in America

Orthodox Church in America

Orthodox Church in America

Regina Magazine

Saint Peter’s Basilica Info

Saints for Sinners

Saints Stories for All Ages

Vultus Christi

Wikipedia

images

Santi e Beati: Saint Cosmas

Santi e Beati: Saints Cosmas and Damian

Wikimedia Commons

audio

Catholic Bytes

video

YouTube PlayList

sitios en español

Martirologio Romano2001 edición

sites en français

Abbé Christian-Philippe Chanut

Fête des prénoms

Wikipedia

fonti in italiano

Cathopedia

Martirologio Romano2005 edition

Santi e Beati

Santi e Beati

Santo del Giorno

Wikipedia

MLA Citation

“Saint Cosmas“. CatholicSaints.Info. 16 September 2021. Web. 26 September 2021. <https://catholicsaints.info/saint-cosmas/>

SOURCE : https://catholicsaints.info/saint-cosmas/


Bartolomeo Vivarini  (1440–1499). Saint Cosmas (or Damian, dal 1460 al 1480, 49 x 33, Rijksmuseum 


Saint Damian

Also known as

the Moneyless

the Silverless

Damiano

Memorial

26 September (Roman)

1 July17 October1 November (Greek)

Profile

Twin brother of Saint CosmasPhysiciantrained in Syria; the brothers accepted no payment for their services, and their charity brought many to Christ. Reported to have miraculously replaced the ulcered leg of a man named Justinian with one from a recently deceased man. Arrested during the persecutions of Diocletian, he was tortured, but suffered no injury. Martyr. Many fables grew up about the brothers, connected in part with the ability of their relics to heal.

Born

3rd century, of Arabic descent

Died

tortured and beheaded c.303 in Aegea, Cilicia (modern Ayas, Turkey)

Canonized

Pre-Congregation

Patronage

against blindness

against hernias

against pestilence

AlberobelloItaly

apothecaries

barbers

blind people

chemical industry

chemical manufacturers

doctors

druggists

hairdressers

hernia patients

midwives

OssimoItaly

physicians

pharmacists

relief from pestilence

surgeons

Worshipful Company of Barbers

in Italy

Borgaro Torinese

Representation

box of ointment

phial

medical emblems

Additional Information

A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.

Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate

Catholic Encyclopedia

Golden Legend

In God’s Garden, by Amy Steedman

Lives of the Saints, by Father Alban Butler

Lives of the Saints, by Father Francis Xavier Weninger

New Catholic Dictionary

Pictorial Lives of the Saints

Roman Martyrology

Saints of Italy, by Ella Noyes

Saints of the Canon, by Cosmas and Damian

Short Lives of the Saints, by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly

books

Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints

other sites in english

Aleteia

Catholic Culture

Catholic Fire

Catholic Harbor

Catholic Herald

Catholic Ireland

Catholic News Agency

Catholic Online

Christian Iconography

Communio

Cradio

Daily Prayers

Feast of the Healing Saints Cosmas and Damian

Independent Catholic News

John Dillon

National Institute of Health

Orthodox Church in America

Orthodox Church in America

Orthodox Church in America

Regina Magazine

Saint Peter’s Basilica

Saints for Sinners

Saints Stories for All Ages

Vultus Christi

Wikipedia

images

Santi e Beati: Saint Damian

Santi e Beati: Saints Cosmas and Damian

Wikimedia Commons

audio

Catholic Bytes

video

YouTube PlayList

sitios en español

Martirologio Romano2001 edición

sites en français

Abbé Christian-Philippe Chanut

Fête des prénoms

Wikipedia

fonti in italiano

Cathopedia

Martirologio Romano2005 edition

Santi e Beati: Saint Damian

Santi e Beati: Saints Cosmas and Damian

Santo del Giorno

Wikipedia

MLA Citation

“Saint Damian“. CatholicSaints.Info. 16 September 2021. Web. 26 September 2021. <https://catholicsaints.info/saint-damian/>

SOURCE : https://catholicsaints.info/saint-damian/

Sts. Cosmas & Damian were twins and early Christian martyrs born in Arabia who practised the art of healing in the seaport of Aegea (modern Ayas) in the Gulf of Issus, then in the Roman province of Syria. They accepted no payment for their services, which led them to be nicknamed “anargyroi” (The Silverless); it is said that by this, they led many to the Christian faith.

During the persecution under Diocletian, Cosmas and Damian were arrested by order of the Prefect of Cilicia, one Lysias who is otherwise unknown, who ordered them under torture to recant. However, according to legend they stayed true to their faith, enduring being hung on a cross, stoned and shot by arrows and finally suffered execution by beheading. Anthimus, Leontius and Euprepius, their younger brothers, who were inseparable from them throughout life, shared in their martyrdom.

Their most famous miraculous exploit was the grafting of a leg from a recently deceased Ethiopian to replace a patient’s ulcered leg, and was the subject of many paintings and illuminations.

Sts. Cosmas and Damian are regarded as the patrons of physicians and surgeons and are sometimes represented with medical emblems. They are invoked in the Canon of the Mass and in the Litany of the Saints.

What are said to be their skulls are venerated in the convent of the Clares in Madrid, where they have been since 1581, the gift of Maria, daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V

SOURCE : http://www.ucatholic.com/saints/saints-cosmas-damian/

Johann Anwander (1715–1770), Saints Côme et Damien, médecins, 1762, église de l'Assomption (Dillingen)


Sts. Cosmas and Damian

Early Christian physicians and martyrs whose feast is celebrated on 27 September. They were twins, born in Arabia, and practised the art of healing in the seaport Ægea, now Ayash (Ajass), on the Gulf of Iskanderun in Cilicia, Asia Minor, and attained a great reputation. They accepted no pay for their services and were, therefore, called anargyroi, "the silverless". In this way they brought many to the Catholic Faith. When the Diocletian persecution began, the Prefect Lysias had Cosmas and Damian arrested, and ordered them to recant. They remained constant under torture, in a miraculous manner suffered no injury from water, fire, air, nor on the cross, and were finally beheaded with the sword. Their three brothers, Anthimus, Leontius, and Euprepius died as martyrs with them. The execution took place 27 September, probably in the year 287. At a later date a number of fables grew up about them, connected in part with their relics. The remains of the martyrs were buried in the city of Cyrus in Syria; the Emperor Justinian I (527-565) sumptuously restored the city in their honour. Having been cured of a dangerous illness by the intercession of Cosmas and Damian, Justinian, in gratitude for their aid, rebuilt and adorned their church at Constantinople, and it became a celebrated place of pilgrimage. At Rome Pope Felix IV (526-530) erected a church in their honour, the mosaics of which are still among the most valuable art remains of the city. The Greek Church celebrates the feast of Saints Cosmas and Damian on 1 July, 17 October, and 1 November, and venerates three pairs of saints of the same name and profession. Cosmas and Damian are regarded as the patrons of physicians and surgeons and are sometimes represented with medical emblems. They are invoked in the Canon of the Mass and in the Litany of the Saints.

Sources

Acta SS., 27 Sept.; SCHLEYER in Kirchenlex.; ALOIS, Das Leben und Wirken d. hl. Cosmas und Damian, Patrone der Aerzte (Vienna, 1876); DEUBNER, Kosmas und Damian (Leipzig, 1907).


Meier, Gabriel. "Sts. Cosmas and Damian." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908.27 Sept. 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04403e.htm>.

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Michael T. Barrett.

Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.

Copyright © 2020 by Kevin Knight. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

SOURCE : https://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04403e.htm





SS. Cosmas and Damian, Martyrs

See Ado’s Martyrol. with the comments of Monsignor Georgi, Bede, Usuard, St. Gregory the Great, and St. Gregory of Tours. Their acts are so disfigured by modern Greeks, as to be of no account. See also Stilting, t. 7, Sept. p. 431.

About the Year 303.

SAINTS COSMAS and DAMIAN were brothers, and born in Arabia, but studied the sciences in Syria, and became eminent for their skill in physic. Being Christians, and full of that holy temper of charity in which the spirit of our divine religion consists, they practised their profession with great application and wonderful success; but never took any gratification or fee, 1 on which account they are styled by the Greeks Anargyri, that is, without fees, because they took no money. They lived at Ægæ, or Egæa, in Cilicia, and were remarkable both for the love and respect which the people bore them on account of the good offices which they received from their charity, and for their zeal for the Christian faith, which they took every opportunity their profession gave them to propagate. When the persecution of Dioclesian began to rage, it was impossible for persons of so distinguished a character to lie concealed. They were therefore apprehended by the order of Lysias, governor of Cilicia, and after various torments were beheaded for the faith. Their bodies were carried into Syria, and buried at Cyrus. Theodoret, who was bishop of that city in the 5th century, mentions that their relics were then deposited in a church there, which bore their names. 2 He calls them two illustrious champions, and valiant combatants for the faith of Jesus Christ. The emperor Justinian, who began his reign in 527, out of a religious regard for the treasure of these precious relics, enlarged, embellished, and strongly fortified this city of Cyrus; and finding a ruinous church at Constantinople, built in honour of these martyrs, as is said, in the reign of Theodosius the Younger, (who died in the middle of the fifth age,) raised a stately edifice in its room, as a monument of his gratitude for the recovery of his health in a dangerous fit of sickness, through their intercession, as Procopius relates. 3 To express his particular devotion to these saints, he built also another church under their names at Constantinople. Marcellinus, in his chronicle, 4 and St. Gregory of Tours, 5 relate several miracles performed by their intercession. Their relics were conveyed to Rome, where the holy Pope St. Felix, great-grandfather to St. Gregory the Great, built a church to their honour, in which these relics are kept with veneration to this day.

These saints regarded it as a great happiness, that their profession offered them perpetual opportunities of affording comfort and relief to the most distressed part of their fellow-creatures. By exerting our charity towards all in acts of benevolence and beneficence, according to our abilities; and in treating enemies and persecutors with meekness and good offices, we are to approve ourselves followers of Christ, animated with his spirit. Thus we shall approach nearest in resemblance to our divine original, and show ourselves children of our heavenly Father, who bears with the most grievous sinners, inviting them to repentance and pardon, and showering down his mercies and benefits upon them. He only then arms himself with his justice against them, when they by wilful malice forfeit his grace, and obstinately disappoint his gracious love and kindness. His very nature is boundless goodness, and continual emanations of mercy descend from him upon his creatures. All the scattered perfections and blessings which are found in them, come from this source. In the imitation of the divine goodness, according to our abilities, at least in the temper of our mind, consists that Christian perfection, which, when founded in the motive of true charity, is the accomplishment of the law. Men engaged in professions instituted for the service of their neighbour, may sanctify their labour or industry, if actuated by the motive of charity towards others, even whilst they also have in view the justice which they owe to themselves and their family, of procuring an honest and necessary subsistence, which is itself often a strict obligation and no less noble a virtue, if it be founded in motives equally pure and perfect.

Note 1. Boerhaave takes notice, that before there were any professed physicians, it was the custom among the ancient Egyptians, when any one was sick, to inquire of neighbours and passengers, if they knew any remedies proper for the patient. But ever since the study of physic has been a profession, it has been both honourable and lucrative. The customary yearly salary which princes paid their physicians, about the time of Christ’s birth, was 250 sestertia or above £2018 sterling. Stertinius complained that he had only a salary of 500 sestertia or £4036 9s. 2d. when he had by his private practice 600 sestertia or £4843 15s. See Dr. Arbuthnot’s book On Coins; and Mr. William Smith’s book of Remarks on the same, p. 226. [back]

Note 2. Theodoret, ep. 133. [back]

Note 3. Procop. de Ædific. Justinian, l. 2, c. 11. [back]

Note 4. Ad. an. 516. [back]

Note 5. L. de Glor. Mart. [back]

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume IX: September. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.

SOURCE : http://www.bartleby.com/210/9/271.html

Battistello Caracciolo  (–1635), : Los santos médicos Cosme y Damián / I santi medici Cosma e Damiano

/The Saint Physicians Cosmas and Damian, tra il 1620 e il 1630, 96 x 121, Museo del Prado


Weninger’s Lives of the Saints – Saints Cosmas and Damian, Martyrs

Article

Saints Cosmas and Damian were brothers, born of rich Christian parents, at Algae in Cilicia. Both studied medicine, in order to have an opportunity to gain the Pagans to Christ, and encourage the Christians to virtue as well as to constancy in their faith. God blessed their medical skill to such an extent, that they became celebrated through the whole country for the happy cures which they effected, and pagans, as well as Christians had recourse to them in all dangerous diseases. They asked no fee from their patients, but served them put of love to God. When they visited a patient, they inquired into his ailings, and then cured him by making the sign of the cross over him. They even restored sight to the blind, and made the lame walk. Many heathens, healed in this manner, were converted to the Christian faith, as they not only became convinced of the power of the holy cross, but were also taught by the holy brothers who He was who had died for us on the cross. Hence these two holy physicians were rightly esteemed and honored as apostles by the Christians.

The heathens, however, regarded them as the greatest enemies of their gods: and when the Governor Lysias, by the order of Dioclesian and Maximian, came to Algae, to exterminate the Christians there, these two brothers were the first who were denounced as magicians and corrupters of the people. Lysias called them to account, but they said fearlessly: “We are no magicians, no corrupters of the people; but in faith, Christians, and physicians by profession. We are not actuated by selfish motives, by lust of gain, in the practice of our science, as we take remuneration from no one. The happy cures we make we owe not so much to our knowledge, as to the power of Jesus Christ, whom we worship as the true God.” It was enough for the governor to know that both professed Christianity. He ordered them to be bound, whipped, and then thrown into the sea. The first of these orders was immediately most cruelly executed, but with the second he did not succeed; for, an angel of the Lord loosened the fetters of the Martyrs and brought them back to the shore, healed of the wounds which they had received in the barbarous whipping. When Lysias was informed of this, he ordered them to be burned alive. They were cast into a burning furnace, but remained unharmed. The tyrant then had them bound to a cross and commanded stones and arrows to be thrown at them; but both stones and arrows rebounded from them without doing them the least injury, while they severely wounded the heathens who were standing around. A great many were converted by this miracle. Lysias alone remained unmoved; and as he knew no other tortures, he condemned the two Saints to die by the sword.

Practical Considerations

Cosmas and Damian showed great love to the sick, but desired no recompense, because they did it all out of love to God. To labor and to suffer for the love of God is the best intention, and one we should endeavor to cultivate. It is a good and holy intention, when I do or suffer anything to escape hell, but it is a still better one when I do or suffer anything to gain salvation. It is known that even great saints have made use of such intentions. The noblest and most excellent intention, however, is to do and suffer for the pure love of God only. Make this intention early in the morning, when you say your prayers, and renew it often during the day. Turn your thoughts frequently to the Almighty and say: “Lord, out of love to Thee! to Thy honor!” Especially ought you to do this when what you are about to do is tedious; for this intention will lighten it. Sick persons, who cannot pray much, ought to accustom themselves to repeat these words. Frequently ought they to say or think, while looking up to heaven or to the crucifix: “Lord, I bear this suffering from love to Thee! All out of love to Thee, O my God!” This will bring them consolation arid prove very meritorious. I say very meritorious, yes, even in the highest degree. It will obtain great recompense in heaven; for, Saint Chrysostom assures us: “Let us not believe that we shall have no reward when we en- deavor to obtain none; for, our recompense will be so much sweeter in heaven.”

MLA Citation

Father Francis Xavier Weninger, DD, SJ. “Saints Cosmas and Damian, Martyrs”. Lives of the Saints1876. CatholicSaints.Info. 6 May 2018. Web. 26 September 2021. <https://catholicsaints.info/weningers-lives-of-the-saints-saints-cosmas-and-damian-martyrs/>

SOURCE : https://catholicsaints.info/weningers-lives-of-the-saints-saints-cosmas-and-damian-martyrs/

Santos Cosme y Damián, óleo sobre lienzo, Zaragoza, iglesia del Hospital de Nuestra Señora de Gracia, 1680 circa


Saints of Italy – The Five Companions

In the time of the Emperor Diocletian there lived in the city of Egea an honourable and God-fearing woman named Theodata, who daily observed the commands of the Lord, but her heart was ever sorrowful, because she had no child, and her husband reproached her. When she had borne her trouble patiently for many years, God at length granted her heart’s desire, and she became the mother of two fair sons, whom she named Cosmo and Damiano. They grew up full of grace in mind and body, and resembled one another as closely as two lilies that bloom together in a field, going ever side by side in the ways, and bearing themselves with like gentleness and meekness. Their mother brought them up with great care in the Christian faith, and when they were old enough caused them to be taught the art of medicine, wherein they attained, in a short space, marvellous skill, for they were able to restore the blind, the deaf, and the dumb, and heal every manner of infirmity, drawing all bitter humours from the human body. They would take no reward from rich or poor for what they did, that they might obey the will of the Lord, and impart to others freely that gift which He had so freely bestowed upon them.

The fame of the brothers was quickly noised abroad, and a certain sick woman named Palladia, who had spent all her substance upon physicians, and profited little by them, hearing of the twins, immediately ran and threw herself at their feet, beseeching them to come and visit her. They, seeing her faith, went with her gladly, and entering into her house, straightway made her whole. After they had all given thanks to God together, the brothers departed, but as Damiano was stepping forth the woman caught him by the sleeve, and, showing him a little bag containing three eggs, besought him to accept it. He refused, and turned hastily away; but Palladia called after him, and adjured him loudly in the Name of the Lord to take her gift, whereupon he returned and carried it away. When Cosmo saw what had been done he was much troubled, judging his brother to have sinned, and he refused to lie beside Damiano that night, and in his wroth cried out that neither should they be buried in the same sepulchre when they were dead. And it came to pass that as Cosmo was sleeping apart, the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Wherefore art thou angered with thy brother, scorning this treasure which the woman gave him? Thou mayst ask no reward for thy works, but she offered this gift in My Name, wherefore My servant Damiano took it.” Then Cosmo awoke, and, calling his brother, told his dream and asked Damiano’s pardon, and they wept on each other’s necks for joy that the Lord was not displeased with them. And when they rose up in the morning, they feasted merrily on the eggs.

So great were the wonders wrought by the twin physicians that many, seeing them to be Christians, were converted to the faith. Among these were three brothers, Anthino, Leontio, and Euprepio, who, abandoning the pleasures of the world, accompanied the twins wherever they went, assisting them in their good works. Not only did the Five Companions minister to human beings, but likewise to sick and suffering beasts. One day they met a merchant with a camel, which was so enfeebled by the diabolical arts of a sorcerer that it had sunk upon its knees and was unable to rise, and its eyes beginning to roll, it appeared on the point of death. Its master stood weeping beside it, knowing not how to bring himself and his merchandise to the journey’s end. The Companions comforted him, and crying in a loud voice, they commanded the devil, in the Name of the Lord, to depart out of the camel, and immediately the beast rose upon its feet and moved forwards as strong and well as before.

About this time the Emperor Diocletian, inflamed with malice against the Church, ordered a persecution of the Christians throughout his dominions. Then Lysias, the Prefect of the province in which the Companions lived, sent officers to spy out the Christians and bring reports concerning them; and they returning, told him of Cosmo and Damiano, how they went about in all the cities and villages, healing the sick and casting out unclean spirits, so that the people, seeing these things which they did, believed in Him who is called Christ, and refused to sacrifice to the gods. Lysias directed the officers to go and lay hold upon the holy brothers, which being done, Cosmo and Damiano were brought into the judgment hall, and stood before the Prefect with joyful countenances. He, looking upon them angrily, said, “What is this that I hear, that you go about persuading the people to fall away from the worship of the gods? ” And he asked their names, and who were their companions, and commanded that Anthino, Leontio, and Euprepio should also be led before him, who, being summoned, came gladly with the officers. Then Lysias ordered them to tell him what gift the goddess Fortune had bestowed upon them, which enabled them to perform such wonderful cures. Cosmo answered boldly, “We know not the goddess Fortune, for we are Christians, and in the Name of the Lord we do our works.” At this the Prefect was very wroth, and told them to sacrifice immediately to the gods, threatening them with torments if they refused to obey; but they cried out one and all together, saying again and again, ” We scorn thy torments, and are not afraid. Do thy worst, but never will we call by the name of God deaf and dumb idols which are but stones and brass.” The Prefect then ordered that they should be bound and tormented, and the executioners, seizing them, inflicted upon them scourgings and many grievous pains; yet the Companions faltered not, but sang in the midst of the torments, saying, ” Lord, thou hast been our refuge from one generation to another. Before the mountains were built or the round earth was made firm. Thou wast and for ever more shalt be. Have mercy upon us, and free us from the power of the devil and his son, Lysias the Prefect.” Praying thus, they remained unhurt, and called upon the judge to prove them with yet more cruel pains, if it were possible to devise any, so that he might perceive that nought could prevail against them, Christ being their help.

At last Lysias bade the executioners desist, and unbind the Saints. He said to them, “I thought by means of these mild sufferings to have persuaded you, but now I perceive that you are resolved to persevere in your disobedience, therefore I shall not suffer you to live any longer.” Turning to the officers, he said, “Take Cosmo and Damiano, and bind them in chains, and cast them into the sea; but their companions shall be preserved alive and thrown into a deep dungeon, for, being young, they may yet consent to return to the gods.”

Then the holy brothers, exulting and crying, “Take heed, for shortly you shall see the power of the Lord revealed in us,” bade a tender farewell to the others, and submitted themselves joyfully to be bound and led away. As they went they sang again, saying, “Though we walk in the midst of the Valley of the Shadow of Death, we will fear no evil, for Thou art with us, Thy rod and Thy staff shall comfort us;” and again, “Thou hast anointed our heads with oil, and with the cup of Thy New Testament hast Thou inebriated us; Thy mercy shall follow us all the days of our life, and we will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever.” And they came to the seashore, and the officers took and cast them into the sea. Scarcely was this done, when lo! the angel of the Lord appeared in the sky, and with swift wings flying down, broke their bonds asunder, and led them up unhurt out of the waters.

The officers and all the people, seeing what was done, wondered greatly, and ran and told the Prefect, who, sending for the Saints, said to them, ” By the great gods Hercules and Jove, I adjure you to tell me by what magic power you are able to despise torments and vanquish the fury of the sea. Teach me your secret knowledge, and I will follow you to the ends of the earth.” Cosmo and Damiano answered, ” We have no magic power. We are but simple Christians, and in the Name of Christ we bring to nought the wiles of the Evil One.” Lysias exclaimed, ” In the name of my gods, who are the gods of Rome, I will follow you.” When he had said this, immediately the angels sent two evil spirits, which set on him, and beat him unmercifully about the head and face, till he cried out to Cosmo and Damiano, ” I beseech you, good soldiers of Christ, pray to your Lord to deliver me from these demons;” and they prayed, and the demons straightway left him, whereupon Lysias, blinded by his wickedness, said, “See now how much the gods are angered against me, for they sent evil spirits because I would have forsaken them.” The brothers answered, ” Thou wilt not understand, O foolish man; but know that it is God who has chastened thee; and put not thy trust in deaf and dumb idols, the work of men’s hands.” Then the judge was moved to great anger, and crying, ” I will not endure thy blasphemy any longer,” he caused them to be imprisoned with their companions, while he considered how he might compass their destruction. And they ceased not to sing night and day in the dungeon.

After three days Lysias sent for all five, and asked if they still persisted in their madness; and they cried out, “Thou vile enemy, we are Christians and witnesses for the truth unto the end, and we will not consent to deny the Lord of all, who made us when as yet we were not. Now do thy vengeance upon us.” The Prefect, hearing himself thus defied, fell into a dreadful rage, and ordered his people to bring faggots and make a great fire; and the executioners took the Companions, and flung them into it. And behold! they walked about in the midst of the fire as if they were in Paradise, and kneeling down, they glorified the Lord, singing, “To Thee will we lift up our eyes, O Thou that dwellest in heaven.” Suddenly the flames leapt out on either side, and, catching the executioners and many of the multitude that stood around, scorched them so that they died. But those holy ones stepped out unscathed, neither was a hair of their heads touched by the fire.

The Prefect, astounded and half persuaded to believe, accused them again of using magic arts, and when they indignantly denied, menaced them with further torments if they would not obey the will of the Emperor. “We scorn thy Emperor,” they responded. “We have a heavenly King, who is Christ the Lord.”

He then ordered them to be fastened to stakes and stoned, but the stones, missing the Companions, fell back upon the executioners and crushed them; and Lysias, full of wrath at seeing his officers wounded and put to shame, called for four companies of soldiers, and ordered them to shoot at the Saints with arrows. The soldiers drew their bows, and shot till all their arrows were expended, but they could not touch their victims, and the arrows rebounding, slew great multitudes of impious people who had run together to that place.

At last Lysias, seeing all his malicious devices baffled, and vexed almost to the point of death, commanded that their heads should be cut off with a sword. The officers led them away to the place of execution outside the city, and as they went they sang for the space of a whole hour, saying, ” Good is it to trust in the Lord, and to praise Thy Name, O Lord Most High, for Thou hast magnified Thy mercy upon us.” And when they were come there they all knelt down, and stretched their hands towards the east, and raising their eyes to heaven, glorified God in their hearts. Then for the space of another hour they said, ” Amen, Amen,” and the executioners approaching, cut off their heads; and so in peace they gave their souls to God.

Then pious men came and took up the bodies of the Saints, and remembering that Cosmo had said that he would not be buried with his brother, they were puzzled to know how and where they might lay their bodies separately. Now, the camel whom the brothers had healed of its sickness, happening to be in that place with its master, all at once stepped forward and began to speak with a human voice, saying, ” Men of God, who have seen many signs and wonders done by these holy martyrs, not only on men like yourselves, but likewise on us beasts who serve you, hearken unto me, who am sent to tell you that you shall not part the bodies of Cosmo and Damiano, but shall lay them in one sepulchre together.” Then all those who followed the funeral procession were astonished, and praised God who deigned to reveal mysteries by the mouth of dumb and irrational creatures; and they did as the camel had said, and buried Cosmo and Damiano in one grave, and their three companions beside them.

Now, this was done that those twin brothers, who were united by one spirit and one faith, might rest together in peace till they should be called to celestial glory.

After a time many pilgrims came to visit the sepulchres of the Saints, and especially those that suffered with divers diseases, for on touching the tombs they were made whole. And these holy martyrs became famous throughout the whole world, and were held in great reverence, many beautiful churches and sanctuaries being built in their names to the glory of God, and often were they seen to appear and heal the sick. Many years after their death it happened in the great city of Rome that a certain pious man, the sacristan of a church dedicated to Cosmo arid Damiano, was afflicted with a deadly disease, which was consuming his leg so that he endured intolerable torment, and was like to die. One night as he lay sleeping in the sacristy, the twin Saints appeared at his bedside, bearing iinguents and bandages. They knelt down and felt his leg, and turned it this way and that, and when they had well seen how grievous was the evil, one said to the other, “Where may we find flesh, brother, so that, having cut out the diseased part, we may fill up the place that is left?” The other answered, “In the cemetery out yonder lies an Ethiopian, who has been buried this very day. Let us go and take flesh from him to supply what is needed here.” They vanished, and presently returned, carrying between them the leg of the Moor, and cutting off the diseased limb of the sacristan, fixed the other in its stead; then, having carefully oiled and bound the wound, they took the sick leg and joined it on to the body of the Moor. When the sacristan awoke in the morning he marvelled to feel no pain, and, putting his hand to his leg, searched in vain for the usual wound. Then he took a candle and looked closely, and was beyond measure rejoiced to find his limb whole and sound, and, seeing that it was not the leg which he had had before, for this one was black, he understood that a miracle had been wrought upon him, and full of amazement and joy, ran forth to relate to the neighbours how San Cosmo and San Damiano had healed him in his sleep; whereupon they all assembled together in the church and gave praise to God.

In the same city there was a good man named Malcho, who took note of all the wonders done by the holy martyrs. One day he said to his wife, ” Let us go to the Church of San Cosmo and San Damiano.” She went with him readily, and being come there, he told her how he was compelled to take a journey into a far country, and bade her reside beside the church, adding, “And this shall be the sign, that when the Lord willeth, I will send for thee in the names of the holy brothers.” Thereupon he set forth, and after a few days the Evil One, changing himself into the semblance of a man, came to the woman and said, “Behold, thy husband has sent me from a certain city, to bring thee to him.” She, not willing to go with a stranger, answered, “Thou hast not given me the sign, without which I may not accompany thee, but if thou wouldest have me believe in thee, take hold of the horn of the altar, and swear that thou wilt do me no harm.” And the devil swore, saying, “By the virtue of San Cosmo and San Damiano, I will present thee safe to thy husband.” Then she went with him.

When they were now come to a secret place, the Evil One took hold of her to throw her from her mule and kill her; whereupon she raised her eyes to heaven, and cried in a loud voice, ” O God of Cosmo and Damiano, send thy servants quickly to deliver me from this wicked devil, for I followed him, trusting in them.” Immediately there appeared in the sky two horsemen, shining like the sun, attended by a multitude clothed all in white. The prince of darkness, beholding them, vanished instantly, so that the Scripture might be fulfilled, which says, “He has dug a pit, and fallen into it himself; ” and the servants of Christ took the woman and brought her back to the church, saying to her, “We are Cosmo and Damiano, in whom thou didst trust, and therefore have we hastened to thine aid.”

Many other marvels, which it would take too long to relate, were performed by the holy brothers, and likewise by their three fellow-martyrs, and they blessed the labours of all physicians and surgeons, to the advancement of the art of healing, and to the glory of God, to whom be honour and praise for ever and ever. Amen.

– from Saints of Italy, by Ella Noyes; J M Dent and Sons, London, 1901

SOURCE : https://catholicsaints.info/saints-of-italy-the-five-companions/

Jacopo e Domenico Tintoretto, Martirio dei SS. Cosma e Damiano, San Giorgio Maggiore - Venezia


Santi Cosma e Damiano Martiri


- Memoria Facoltativa

Cosma e Damiano, medici anàrgiri (gratuiti), secondo un’antica tradizione subirono il martirio a Ciro in Siria e il loro culto fu assai diffuso in tutta la Chiesa fin dal sec. IV. Il 26 settembre è la probabile data della dedicazione della basilica che a Roma porta il loro nome, edificata da Felice IV (525-530). Di loro si fa memoria nel Canone romano.

Patronato: Medici, Chirurghi, Farmacisti, Parrucchieri

Emblema: Palma, Strumenti chirurgici

Martirologio Romano: Santi Cosma e Damiano, martiri, che si ritiene abbiano esercitato a Cirro nella provincia di Eufratesia, nell’odierna Turchia, la professione di medici senza chiedere alcun compenso e abbiano sanato molti con le loro gratuite cure.

Il 26 di settembre la Chiesa commemora la memoria liturgica dei fratelli e martiri:

> San COSMA

> San DAMIANO

Sulla vita di Cosma e Damiano le notizie sono scarse. Si sa che erano gemelli e cristiani. Nati in Arabia, si dedicarono alla cura dei malati dopo aver studiato l'arte medica in Siria. Ma erano medici speciali. Spinti da un'ispirazione superiore infatti non si facevano pagare. Di qui il soprannome di anàrgiri (termine greco che significa «senza argento», «senza denaro»). Ma questa attenzione ai malati era anche uno strumento efficacissimo di apostolato. «Missione» che costò la vita ai due fratelli, che vennero martirizzati. Durante il regno dell'imperatore Diocleziano, forse nel 303, il governatore romano li fece decapitare. Successe a Ciro, città vicina ad Antiochia di Siria dove i martiri vengono sepolti. Un'altra narrazione attesta invece che furono uccisi a Egea di Cilicia, in Asia Minore, per ordine del governatore Lisia, e poi traslati a Ciro. Il culto di Cosma e Damiano è attestato con certezza fin dal V secolo.

Fonte : Avvenire

SOURCE : http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/29275


San Cosma Martire


- Memoria Facoltativa

Sulla vita di Cosma e Damiano le notizie sono scarse. Si sa che erano gemelli e cristiani. Nati in Arabia, si dedicarono alla cura dei malati dopo aver studiato l'arte medica in Siria. Ma erano medici speciali. Spinti da un'ispirazione superiore infatti non si facevano pagare. Di qui il soprannome di anàrgiri (termine greco che significa «senza argento», «senza denaro»). Ma questa attenzione ai malati era anche uno strumento efficacissimo di apostolato. «Missione» che costò la vita ai due fratelli, che vennero martirizzati. Durante il regno dell'imperatore Diocleziano, forse nel 303, il governatore romano li fece decapitare. Successe a Ciro, città vicina ad Antiochia di Siria dove i martiri vengono sepolti. Un'altra narrazione attesta invece che furono uccisi a Egea di Cilicia, in Asia Minore, per ordine del governatore Lisia, e poi traslati a Ciro. Il culto di Cosma e Damiano è attestato con certezza fin dal V secolo. (Avvenire)

Patronato: Medici, Chirurghi, Farmacisti, Parrucchieri

Etimologia: Cosma = ben ordinato, bello, dal greco

Emblema: Palma, Strumenti chirurgici

Martirologio Romano: Santi Cosma e Damiano, martiri, che si ritiene abbiano esercitato a Cirro nella provincia di Eufratesia, nell’odierna Turchia, la professione di medici senza chiedere alcun compenso e abbiano sanato molti con le loro gratuite cure.

Santi Cosma e Damiano

Abbiamo informazioni abbondanti e di grande interesse sul culto che Cosma e Damiano hanno avuto già poco tempo dopo la morte: dedicazione di chiese e monasteri a Costantinopoli, in Asia Minore, in Bulgaria, in Grecia, a Gerusalemme. La loro fama è giunta rapida in Occidente, partendo da Roma, con l’oratorio dedicato loro da papa Simmaco (498- 514) e con la basilica voluta da Felice IV (526-530). I loro due nomi, poi, sono stati pronunciati infinite volte, sotto tutti i cieli, ogni giorno a partire dal VI secolo, nel Canone della Messa, che dopo gli Apostoli ricorda dodici martiri, chiudendo l’elenco appunto con i loro nomi: Cosma e Damiano. 

Poco si sa invece della loro vita. Li ricorda il Martirologio Romano, ispirandosi a una narrazione che vuole Cosma e Damiano nati in Arabia. Sono fratelli, e cristiani. Per invito dello Spirito Santo, si dedicano alla cura dei malati, dopo aver studiato l’arte medica in Siria. Ma sono medici speciali, appunto in virtù della loro missione: non si fanno pagare. Di qui il soprannome di anàrgiri (termine greco che significa “senza argento”, “senza denaro”). Solo una volta, si narra – e contro la volontà di Cosma –, Damiano ha accettato un compenso da una donna che ha guarito: tre uova. 

Questa attenzione ai malati è pure uno strumento efficacissimo di apostolato cristiano. E appunto l’opera di proselitismo costa la vita ai due fratelli, martirizzati insieme con altri cristiani. In un anno imprecisato del regno dell’imperatore Diocleziano (tra il 284 e il 305, forse nel 303), il governatore romano li sottopone a tortura e poi li fa decapitare.
Questo avviene a Ciro, città vicina ad Antiochia di Siria (oggi Antakya, in Turchia) dove i martiri vengono sepolti. Un’altra narrazione dice che furono uccisi a Egea di Cilicia, in Asia Minore, per ordine del governatore Lisia, e poi traslati a Ciro. Ma abbiamo la voce di Teodoreto, vescovo appunto di Ciro, uno dei grandi protagonisti delle battaglie dottrinali nel V secolo: e questa voce parla di Cosma e Damiano, "illustri atleti e generosi martiri", con ammirazione e affetto di concittadino. 

Il culto per i due guaritori, passato dall’Oriente all’Europa, "si mantenne straordinariamente vivo fino a tutto il Rinascimento, dando luogo a un’iconografia tra le più ricche dell’Occidente, specie in Italia, Francia e Germania" (Maria Letizia Casanova). A più di mille anni dalla loro morte, si dà il nome di uno di loro a quello che poi i fiorentini chiameranno padre della patria: Cosimo de’ Medici il Vecchio. E la casata chiama a illustrare la vita dei due santi guaritori artisti come il Beato Angelico, Filippo Lippi e Sandro Botticelli.

Autore: Domenico Agasso


San Damiano Martire


- Memoria Facoltativa

sec. III, inizio sec. IV

Sulla vita di Cosma e Damiano le notizie sono scarse. Si sa che erano gemelli e cristiani. Nati in Arabia, si dedicarono alla cura dei malati dopo aver studiato l'arte medica in Siria. Ma erano medici speciali. Spinti da un'ispirazione superiore infatti non si facevano pagare. Di qui il soprannome di anàrgiri (termine greco che significa «senza argento», «senza denaro»). Ma questa attenzione ai malati era anche uno strumento efficacissimo di apostolato. «Missione» che costò la vita ai due fratelli, che vennero martirizzati. Durante il regno dell'imperatore Diocleziano, forse nel 303, il governatore romano li fece decapitare. Successe a Ciro, città vicina ad Antiochia di Siria dove i martiri vengono sepolti. Un'altra narrazione attesta invece che furono uccisi a Egea di Cilicia, in Asia Minore, per ordine del governatore Lisia, e poi traslati a Ciro. Il culto di Cosma e Damiano è attestato con certezza fin dal V secolo. (Avvenire)

Patronato: Medici, Chirurghi, Farmacisti, Parrucchieri

Etimologia: Damiano = domatore, o del popolo, dal greco

Emblema: Palma, Strumenti chirurgici

Martirologio Romano: Santi Cosma e Damiano, martiri, che si ritiene abbiano esercitato a Cirro nella provincia di Eufratesia, nell’odierna Turchia, la professione di medici senza chiedere alcun compenso e abbiano sanato molti con le loro gratuite cure.

Santi Cosma e Damiano

Abbiamo informazioni abbondanti e di grande interesse sul culto che Cosma e Damiano hanno avuto già poco tempo dopo la morte: dedicazione di chiese e monasteri a Costantinopoli, in Asia Minore, in Bulgaria, in Grecia, a Gerusalemme. La loro fama è giunta rapida in Occidente, partendo da Roma, con l’oratorio dedicato loro da papa Simmaco (498- 514) e con la basilica voluta da Felice IV (526-530). I loro due nomi, poi, sono stati pronunciati infinite volte, sotto tutti i cieli, ogni giorno a partire dal VI secolo, nel Canone della Messa, che dopo gli Apostoli ricorda dodici martiri, chiudendo l’elenco appunto con i loro nomi: Cosma e Damiano. 

Poco si sa invece della loro vita. Li ricorda il Martirologio Romano, ispirandosi a una narrazione che vuole Cosma e Damiano nati in Arabia. Sono fratelli, e cristiani. Per invito dello Spirito Santo, si dedicano alla cura dei malati, dopo aver studiato l’arte medica in Siria. Ma sono medici speciali, appunto in virtù della loro missione: non si fanno pagare. Di qui il soprannome di anàrgiri (termine greco che significa “senza argento”, “senza denaro”). Solo una volta, si narra – e contro la volontà di Cosma –, Damiano ha accettato un compenso da una donna che ha guarito: tre uova. 

Questa attenzione ai malati è pure uno strumento efficacissimo di apostolato cristiano. E appunto l’opera di proselitismo costa la vita ai due fratelli, martirizzati insieme con altri cristiani. In un anno imprecisato del regno dell’imperatore Diocleziano (tra il 284 e il 305, forse nel 303), il governatore romano li sottopone a tortura e poi li fa decapitare.
Questo avviene a Ciro, città vicina ad Antiochia di Siria (oggi Antakya, in Turchia) dove i martiri vengono sepolti. Un’altra narrazione dice che furono uccisi a Egea di Cilicia, in Asia Minore, per ordine del governatore Lisia, e poi traslati a Ciro. Ma abbiamo la voce di Teodoreto, vescovo appunto di Ciro, uno dei grandi protagonisti delle battaglie dottrinali nel V secolo: e questa voce parla di Cosma e Damiano, "illustri atleti e generosi martiri", con ammirazione e affetto di concittadino. 

Il culto per i due guaritori, passato dall’Oriente all’Europa, "si mantenne straordinariamente vivo fino a tutto il Rinascimento, dando luogo a un’iconografia tra le più ricche dell’Occidente, specie in Italia, Francia e Germania" (Maria Letizia Casanova). A più di mille anni dalla loro morte, si dà il nome di uno di loro a quello che poi i fiorentini chiameranno padre della patria: Cosimo de’ Medici il Vecchio. E la casata chiama a illustrare la vita dei due santi guaritori artisti come il Beato Angelico, Filippo Lippi e Sandro Botticelli.

Autore:
Domenico Agasso


Retrat dels sants metges Cosme i Damià. És la taula central de la predel.la que està dedicada a aquests sants, dins el retaule dedicat als sants Abdó i Senén. El retaule és una de les poques obres que es poden atribuir amb tota certesa a Jaume Huguet, ja que se'n conserva el contracte de l'any 1460. Huguet és l´únic representant català de la tendència flamenca, que domina el període final del gòtic. A la taula central hi són representants els sants titulars, Abdó i Senén, prínceps de Pèrsia que van ser capturats i morts a Roma. Per causes desconegudes, sembla que les relíquies d'aquests sants van ser traslladades a Arlés del Tec (Vallespir) i d'aquí la rao que gaudissin d'un culte ben arrelat a Catalunya, invocats com a patrons de la pagesia i coneguts com Sant Nin i Sant Non. Composen el reatule un Calvari i quatre escenes relatives als sants. A la pradel.la es descriuen escenes del matitiri i la mort dels sants Cosme i Damià, metges amb un possible origen àrab i, com els anteriors, també molt venerats a Catalunya. Al guardapols, decoracions de tipus vegetals i les armes de Terrassa i Barcelona. Actualment es troba a l'Església de Sant Pere de Terrassa.



Miracle dels sants metges Cosme i Damià. És la taula central de la predel.la que està dedicada a aquests sants, dins el retaule dedicat als sants Abdó i Senén. El retaule és una de les poques obres que es poden atribuir amb tota certesa a Jaume Huguet, ja que se'n conserva el contracte de l'any 1460. Huguet és l´únic representant català de la tendència flamenca, que domina el període final del gòtic. A la taula central hi són representants els sants titulars, Abdó i Senén, prínceps de Pèrsia que van ser capturats i morts a Roma. Per causes desconegudes, sembla que les relíquies d'aquests sants van ser traslladades a Arlés del Tec (Vallespir) i d'aquí la rao que gaudissin d'un culte ben arrelat a Catalunya, invocats com a patrons de la pagesia i coneguts com Sant Nin i Sant Non. Composen el reatule un Calvari i quatre escenes relatives als sants. A la predel.la es descriuen escenes del matitiri i la mort dels sants Cosme i Damià, metges amb un possible origen àrab i, com els anteriors, també molt venerats a Catalunya. Al guardapols, decoracions de tipus vegetals i les armes de Terrassa i Barcelona. Actualment es troba a l'Església de Sant Pere de Terrassa.

Voir aussi : http://www.shp-asso.org/index.php?PAGE=come

Marie-Louise David-Danel. « Saint Côme et saint Damien sont-ils au nombre des « patrons » de la pharmacie ? », Revue d'histoire de la pharmacie, 1958, Volume 46, Numéro 159, pp. 459-461 :
http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/pharm_0035-2349_1958_num_46_159_8185

http://christroi.over-blog.com/article-saint-come-et-saint-damien-martyrs-286-57683783.html

Saints Cosmas and Damian: The Iconography : https://www.christianiconography.info/cosmasDamian.html