lundi 20 février 2012

Saint EUCHER d'ORLÉANS, évêque et confesseur


Saint Eucher d'Orléans, évêque

Tiré de force de l'abbaye de Jumièges en Normandie, où il était entré sept ans plus tôt, il devint évêque d’Orléans en 717 ou 718 par la volonté de ses habitants et l’autorité de Charles Martel. Il fit cependant entendre sa voix pour protester contre les exactions de ce prince qui, bien que défenseur de la foi face à l’islam, disposait des biens d’Eglise comme s’il en était le maître et n’avait aucun égard pour sa liberté. Eucher fut alors par lui destitué et exilé à Cologne. De là, il se retira au monastère de Saint-Trond où il mourut en 738.

SOURCE : http://www.paroisse-saint-aygulf.fr/index.php/prieres-et-liturgie/saints-par-mois/icalrepeat.detail/2015/02/20/12841/-/saint-eucher-d-orleans-eveque

SAINT EUCHER

Évêque d'Orléans

(697-738)

Saint Eucher, illustre par sa famille, et plus encore par ses vertus, naquit près d'Orléans; sa mère eut, avant sa naissance, révélation de son avenir: un Ange lui prédit qu'il serait évêque d'Orléans. L'étudiant, le moine, l'évêque, sont également admirables en ce personnage prédestiné.

A mesure qu'il avançait dans la connaissance de la parole de Dieu, son âme débordait du feu de la charité. La science, loin d'enfler son coeur, n'était pour lui qu'un moyen de s'unir à Dieu davantage et d'avancer de plus en plus dans le chemin de la vertu. Tous ses succès, il les rapportait à la bonté céleste. Jésus-Christ étant la règle de son intelligence et de sa volonté, les efforts de l'ennemi du salut pour perdre cette belle âme par la fausse gloire n'aboutirent qu'à fortifier son espérance en Dieu et à lui faire redoubler d'ardeur pour la prière et la mortification.

Il fut reçu à bras ouverts dans le couvent de Jumièges, où il se présenta à l'âge de vingt-sept ans. Dès lors, son ardeur pour la perfection ne connut plus de bornes, et il devint le modèle de ses frères par sa ferveur aux offices divins et par son zèle dans la pratique de tous les devoirs religieux.

Rempli de grâces extraordinaires dans la sainte Communion, il aimait à rester au pied du Tabernacle et ne pouvait se résoudre à interrompre ses douces communications avec Jésus-Hostie; l'obéissance seule pouvait l'éloigner du pied des autels.

Sa dévotion spéciale à Marie fut pour lui la source d'une angélique pureté; il demandait sans cesse à cette Mère céleste de lui conserver cette vertu sublime qui nous rapproche de Dieu.

Le mérite d'Eucher ne pouvait demeurer le secret du cloître; les honneurs vinrent chercher celui qui les avait fuis, et il dut accepter le siège épiscopal d'Orléans.

Rarement évêque montra plus de vigueur à combattre le mal et à défendre les droits de Dieu. A Charles Martel, roi de France, qui s'emparait des biens des églises: "Comment, écrivait-il, osez-vous opprimer l'Église, que Dieu vous a chargé de défendre? Sachez que Jésus-Christ vous demandera compte des maux que vous aurez fait souffrir à Ses membres; en touchant aux biens des églises, vous vous attaquez à Dieu Lui-même!"

Il mourut en se recommandant à la Très Sainte Trinité et en disant: "Seigneur, je remets mon âme entre Vos mains."

Dieu a honoré son tombeau par de nombreux miracles. Parmi d'autres merveilles, on rapporte que des cierges allumés près de son corps vénéré, brûlèrent longtemps sans se consumer.

Abbé L. Jaud, Vie des Saints pour tous les jours de l'année, Tours, Mame, 1950.

SOURCE : http://www.magnificat.ca/cal/fran/02-20.htm


Saint Eucher d'Orléans

Evêque d'Orléans (✝ 738)

Evêque et confesseur.

Depuis sept ans, il vivait heureux à l'abbaye de Jumièges en Normandie, quand ses concitoyens obtinrent de Charles Martel qu'il leur fût donné comme évêque. Il fit mine de ne rien savoir et ne bougea point. Charles Martel lui écrivit qu'il le ferait transporter à Orléans par ses soldats, s'il tardait à se mettre en route. Eucher dut s'incliner et quitta Jumièges les larmes aux yeux. Tout alla bien jusqu'à la bataille de Poitiers (732). Estimant que ses soldats avaient sauvé l'Église de l'Islam, Charles décida de s'indemniser en s'emparant des vases d'or servant au culte. Tous les évêques se turent, tant ils avaient peur, et seul Eucher protesta. Destitué et exilé à Cologne, cette riche Église, déjà trop taxée, le reçut en héros, le logea dans un palais et l'invita à présider les grandes cérémonies liturgiques. Charles Martel se fâcha devant ce centre d'opposition. Il envoya le gouverneur de Liège pour séquestrer saint Eucher. Robert de Liège se laissa convaincre par saint Eucher qui lui demanda de redevenir moine à Saint-Trond comme jadis à Jumièges dont il avait toujours le "vague-à-l'âme."

À Zerkingen dans le Brabant, vers 738, le trépas de saint Eucher, évêque d’Orléans, qui fut forcé de s’exiler par le maire du palais, Charles Martel, à la suite de calomnies d’ennemis envieux et trouva chez les moines un refuge dans l’union à Dieu.

Martyrologe romain

Devance toujours et en tous lieux de ta céleste lumière les fils suppliants des Francs. Qu’ils voient ce qu’il faut faire pour établir ton Règne en ce monde. Que pour une telle tâche, leur charité et leur courage aillent en s'affermissant.


ST. EUCHERIUS, BISHOP

FEAST DAY: FEBRUARY 20TH

THIS Saint was horn at Orleans of a very illustrious family. At his birth his parents dedicated him to God, and set him to study when he was but seven years old, resolving to omit nothing that could be done toward cultivating his mind or forming his heart. His improvement in virtue kept pace with his progress in learning: he meditated assiduously on the sacred writings, especially on St. Paul's manner of speaking on the world and its enjoyments, as mere empty shadows that deceive us and vanish away. These reflections at length sank so deep into his mind that he resolved to quit the world. To put this design in execution, about the year 714, he retired to the abbey of Jumiege, in Normandy, where he spent six or seven years in the practice of penitential austerities and obedience. Suavaric, his uncle, bishop of Orleans, having died, the senate and people, with the clergy of that city, begged permission to elect Eucherius to the vacant see. The Saint entreated his monks to screen him from the dangers that threatened him. But they preferred the public good to their private inclinations, and resigned him up for that important charge. He was consecrated with universal applause in 721. Charles Martel, to defray the expenses of his wars and other undertakings, often stripped the churches of their revenues. St. Eucherius reproved these encroachments with so much zeal, that, in the year 737, Charles banished him to Cologne. The extraordinary esteem which his virtue procured him in that city, moved Charles to order him to be conveyed thence to a strong place in the territory of Liege. Robert, the governor of that country, was so charmed with his virtue, that he made him the distributer of his large alms, and allowed him to retire to the monastery of Sarchinium, or St. Tron's. Here prayer and contemplation were his whole employment till the year 743, in which he died on the 20th of February.

REFLECTION.—Nothing softens the soul and weakens piety so much as frivolous indulgence. God has revealed what high store he sets by "retirement" in these words: "I will lead her into solitude, and I will speak to her heart."

INTERCESSORY PRAYER: Today ask Saint Eucherius to help you with the needs of your family.

SOURCE : http://jesus-passion.com/saint_eucherius_bishop.htm

St. Eucherius

Bishop of Lyons, theologian, born in the latter half of the fourth century; died about 449. On the death of his wife he withdrew to the monastery of Lérins, where his sons, Veranius and Salonius, lived, and soon afterward to the neighbouring island of Lerona (now Sainte-Marguerite), where he devoted his time to study and mortification. Desirous of joining the anchorites in the deserts of the East, he consulted John Cassian, who, in reply, sent him some of his "Collationes", describing the daily lives of the hermits of the Thebaid. It was at this time that Eucherius wrote his beautiful letter "De laude Eremi" to St. Hilary of Arles (c. 428). Though imitating the virtues of the Egyptian solitaries, he kept in touch with men renowned for learning and piety, e.g. Cassian, St. Hilary of Arles, St. Honoratus, later Bishop of Marseilles, and Valerian, to whom he wrote his "Epistola parænetica de contemptu mundi". The fame of Eucherius was soon so widespread in southeastern Gaul, that he was chosen Bishop of Lyons. This was probably in 434; it is certain, at least that he attended the First Council of Orange (441) as Metropolitan of Lyons, and that he retained this dignity until his death. In addition to the above-mentioned letters, Eucherius wrote "Formularium spiritualis intelligentiæ ad Veranium", and "Institutiones ad Salonium", besides many homilies. His works have been published both separately and among the writings of the Fathers. There is no critical edition but the text is most accessible in Migne, "P.L.", L, 685-894. In the same volume (appendix, 893-1214) is to be found a long series of works attributed to Eucherius, some of doubtful authenticity, others certainly apocryphal.

Sources

ALLÈGRE in Rev. de Marseille (Marseilles, 1862), VIII, 277-85, 345-58, 409-18; GOUILLOUD, S. Eucher, Lérins, et l'église de Lyon au Vme siècle (Lyons, 1881); MELLIER, De vitâ et scriptis S. Eucherii Lugdunensis episcopi (Lyons, 1877); Rev. du Lyonnais (Lyons. 1868), CVI, 422-46; BARDENHEWER, Patrology, tr. SHAHAN (Freiburg-im-Br., St. Louis, 1908), 518-19.

Clugnet, Léon. "St. Eucherius." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 20 Feb. 2017 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05595a.htm>.

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary.


Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. May 1, 1909. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.

SOURCE : http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05595a.htm

Eucherius of Orléans, OSB B (RM)

Born at Orléans, France; died February 20, 743. Eucherius's sanctity was formed in the domestic church. His mother was a lady of great virtue. While she was carrying her son, she begged God daily for divine grace and offered the unborn Eucherius to the Father. At his birth, his parents dedicated him to God. When he was seven, his studies were planned to form both mind and soul. After being well-educated, especially in theology, Eucherius entered the Benedictine abbey of Jumièges on the Seine in the diocese of Rouen c. 714.



He spent six or seven years here practicing penitential austerities and obedience, until the senate, people, and clergy of Orléans deputed persons to Charles Martel, mayor of the palace, to beg his permission to elect Eucherius to the see vacated by the death of Eucherius's uncle, Bishop Suavaric. Charles Martel agreed and sent one of his principal officers to conduct Eucherius from his monastery to Orléans. Eucherius was horrified at the notion of being consecrated bishop and sought the protection of his brother monks. But they preferred the public good to their private inclinations, and resigned him up for that important charge. Eucherius was received and consecrated at Orléans with universal applause in 721.

Although he was apprehensive about assuming the responsibilities of a see, his prayer life was vital. He found all the help and encouragement he needed in his relationship with God. Eucherius devoted himself entirely to the care of his church. He was indefatigable in instructing and reforming his flock. His sweet spirit and charity were so genuine that, in general, he was loved and obeyed even by those whom he reproved. Except Charles Martel.

In order to finance his wars and reward his vassals, Charles Martel often stripped the churches of their revenues, and encouraged others to do the same. Eucherius, who reproved these encroachments, was represented to the prince as offering a personal attack; therefore, in 737, Charles stopped in Orléans on his return to Paris after having defeated the Saracens in Aquitaine. He ordered Eucherius to follow him to Verneuil upon the Oise, in the diocese of Beauvais, where he then kept his court. There Eucherius and all his relatives were exiled to Cologne in 737 by Charles Martel.

Yet even in exile, Eucherius bloomed where God had planted him. The citizens of Cologne soon highly esteemed his virtue. So Charles Martel ordered him to move again, this time to a fortress in Hasbain (Haspengaw) near Liège, where he was placed under house arrest. But the governor, Robert, so charmed with his virtue, that he made him almoner, and allowed him to retire to the monastery of Sarchinium, or Saint-Trond's near Maastricht, where he spent his last years in prayer and contemplation. His life was written by a contemporary (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).