mercredi 17 octobre 2012

Sainte MARGUERITE-MARIE ALACOQUE, religieuse


Sainte Marguerite-Marie Alacoque

Confidente du Sacré-Coeur

(1648-1690)

C'est pour instituer et propager le culte de Son Sacré Coeur que Jésus-Christ Se choisit, au monastère de la Visitation de Paray-le-Monial, une servante dévouée en Marguerite-Marie Alacoque: une des gloires de la France est de lui avoir donné naissance.

Prévenue par la grâce divine dès ses premières années, elle conçut de la laideur du péché une idée si vive, que la moindre faute lui était insupportable; pour l'arrêter dans les vivacités de son âge, il suffisait de lui dire: "Tu offenses Dieu!" Elle fit le voeu de virginité à un âge où elle n'en comprenait pas encore la portée.

On raconte qu'elle aimait, tout enfant, à réciter le Rosaire, en baisant la terre à chaque Ave Maria. Après sa Première Communion, elle se sentit complètement dégoûtée du monde; Dieu, pour la purifier, l'affligea d'une maladie qui l'empêcha de marcher pendant quatre ans, et elle dut sa guérison à la Sainte Vierge, en échange du voeu qu'elle fit d'entrer dans un Ordre qui Lui fût consacré. Revenue à la santé, elle oublia son voeu, et, gaie d'humeur, expansive, aimante, elle se livra, non au péché, mais à une dissipation exagérée avec ses compagnes.

De nouvelles épreuves vinrent la détacher des vanités mondaines; les bonnes oeuvres, le soin des pauvres, la communion, faisaient sa consolation. Enfin elle entra à la Visitation de Paray-le-Monial. C'est là que Jésus l'attendait pour la préparer à sa grande mission.

Le divin Époux la forma à Son image dans le sacrifice, les rebuts, l'humiliation; Il la soutenait dans ses angoisses, Il lui faisait sentir qu'elle ne pouvait rien sans Lui, mais tout avec Lui. "Vaincre ou mourir!" tel était le cri de guerre de cette grande âme.

Quand la victime fut complètement pure, Jésus lui apparut à plusieurs reprises, lui montra Son Coeur Sacré dans Sa poitrine ouverte: "Voilà, lui dit-Il, ce Coeur qui a tant aimé les hommes et qui en est si peu aimé!" On sait l'immense expansion de dévotion au Sacré Coeur qui est sortie de ces Révélations. La canonisation de la Sainte a eu lieu le 13 mai 1920.

Abbé L. Jaud, Vie des Saints pour tous les jours de l'année, Tours, Mame, 1950

SOURCE : http://magnificat.ca/cal/fr/saints/sainte_marguerite-marie_alacoque.html


Morte le 17 octobre 1690. Canonisée en 1920, fête en 1929

Leçons des Matines (avant 1960)

Quatrième leçon. Marguerite-Marie Alacoque, née d’une famille honorable dans un bourg du diocèse d’Autun, donna dès son enfance des signes de sa sainteté future. Brûlant d’amour pour la Vierge Mère de Dieu et pour l’auguste sacrement de l’Eucharistie, la jeune adolescente voua à Dieu sa virginité ; Avant toute chose, elle s’efforce de réaliser dans sa vie l’exercice des vertus chrétiennes. Elle a le plaisir de dépenser des heures dans les prières et dans la méditation sur les choses du ciel. Elle était humble et patiente dans l’adversité. Elle a exercé la pénitence physique. Elle a montré sa charité envers son prochain, en particulier les pauvres. Par tous les moyens dans les limites de son pouvoir, elle s’employa avec diligence à imiter les plus saints exemple a laissé par notre divin Rédempteur.

Cinquième leçon.Entrée dans l’Ordre de la Visitation, elle commença aussitôt à resplendir du rayonnement de la vie religieuse. Elle fut gratifiée par Dieu d’un don d’oraison très élevée, d’autres faveurs spirituelles et de visions fréquentes. La plus célèbre fut celle où, tandis qu’elle priait devant le Saint-Sacrement, Jésus se présenta lui-même à sa vue, lui montra, sur sa poitrine ouverte, son Divin Cœur tout embrasé et entouré d’épines et lui ordonna de faire en sorte, en raison d’un tel amour et pour réparer les outrages des hommes ingrats, qu’un culte public fût institué en l’honneur de son Cœur ; il promettait en retour de grandes récompenses puisées dans le trésor céleste. Lorsque, par l’humilité, elle a hésité d’entreprendre une telle tâche, son Sauveur très aimant l’a encouragé. En même temps, il a désigné Claude de la Colombière, un homme de grande sainteté, comme celui qui pourrait la guider et l’aider. Notre Seigneur l’a également conforté avec l’assurance qu’une très grande bénédiction s’étendrait sur l’Eglise grâce au culte de son divin Coeur.

Sixième leçon.Marguerite s’est ardemment dépensée à accomplir l’ordre du Rédempteur. Vexations, insultes ne lui manquèrent pas de la part de certains qui maintenaient qu’elle faisait l’objet d’aberrations mentales. Elle a non seulement porté ces souffrances patiemment, elle a même tiré profit, s’offrant elle-même dans l’angoisse et les douleurs comme une victime agréable à Dieu, supportant toute ces choses comme un moyen plus sûr de réaliser son but. Très estimée pour la perfection de sa vie religieuse et chaque jour plus unie au céleste Époux par la contemplation des réalités éternelles, elle s’envola vers lui, en la quarante-troisième année de son âge, l’an 1690 de la Rédemption. Elle fut glorifiée par des miracles ; Benoît XV l’inscrivit parmi les saints et Pie XI étendit son Office à l’Église universelle.

SOURCE : http://www.introibo.fr/17-10-Ste-Marguerite-Marie


Sainte Marguerite-Marie Alacoque (1647-1690)

Sainte Marguerite-Marie Alacoque (1647-1690) est née à Verosvre en Charolais et elle se fit visitandine à Paray le Monial (1672) et y fut maîtresse des novices.

Elle fut canonisée le 13 mai 1920.

Sainte Marguerite Marie Alacoque et la Vierge Marie.

Durant son enfance, Marguerite fut guérie après quatre années de grave maladie par l'intercession de Marie. En remerciement, le jour de sa confirmation, elle ajouta alors le nom de « Marie » à « Marguerite ».

« J'allais à elle avec tant de confiance qu'il me semblait n'avoir rien à craindre sous sa protection maternelle. Je me consacrai à Elle pour être à jamais son esclave, la suppliant de ne pas me refuser en cette qualité. Je lui parlais comme une enfant, avec simplicité, tout comme à ma bonne Mère pour laquelle je me sentais pressé dès lors d'un amour tendre. Si je suis entrée à la Visitation, c'est que j'étais attirée par le nom tout aimable de Marie. Je sentais que c'était là ce que je cherchais. »[1]

Religieuse, elle tombe malade, et c'est encore la Vierge Marie qui la guérit : la sainte Vierge apparut à Marguerite-Marie, lui « fit de grandes caresses, » l'entretint longtemps et lui dit : « Prends courage, ma chère fille, dans la santé que je te donne de la part de mon divin [Fils], car [tu as] encore un long et pénible chemin à faire, toujours dessus la croix, percée de clous et d'épines, et déchirée de fouets ; mais ne crains rien, je ne t'abandonnerai et te promets ma protection. »[2]

La dévotion au Sacré-Cœur existait déjà[3].

La dévotion au Sacré Cœur était déjà chère au XII° siècle à saint Antoine de Padoue, saint Bonaventure, saint Claire d'Assise, ou encore, au XVII° siècle, à Bérulle et à saint Jean Eudes. Au milieu du XVII° siècle existent déjà des images du Christ montrant son cœur dans son corps entrouvert.

L'idée centrale de la dévotion au Sacré Cœur se résume ainsi : « Quel bonheur d'être uni à Jésus-Christ dans le Sacré Cœur qui a été continuellement uni à Dieu ».

Chez certaines personnes (dont Marguerite-Marie), la dévotion au Sacré-Cœur devient une prière pour les pécheurs ou une prière de réparation.

Un nouvel élan pour la dévotion au Sacré-Cœur.

Sœur Marguerite-Marie évoque plusieurs apparitions du Christ.

- C'était le 27 décembre 1673, fête de saint Jean l'Évangéliste. Sœur Marguerite-Marie, ayant un peu plus de loisir qu'à l'ordinaire, priait devant le saint Sacrement.

« Il me dit : - Mon divin Cœur est si passionné d'amour pour les hommes, et pour toi en particulier, que, ne pouvant plus contenir en lui-même les flammes de son ardente charité, il faut qu'il les répande par ton moyen, et qu'il se manifeste à eux, pour les enrichir de ses précieux trésors que je te découvre, et qui contiennent les grâces sanctifiantes et salutaires nécessaires pour les retirer de l'abîme de perdition ; et je t'ai choisie comme un abîme d'indignité et d'ignorance pour l'accomplissement de ce grand dessein, afin que tout soit fait par moi. »

Après, il me demanda mon cœur, lequel je le suppliai de prendre, ce qu'il fit, et le mit dans le sien adorable, dans lequel il me le fit voir comme un petit atome, qui se consommait dans cette ardente fournaise, d'où le retirant comme une flamme ardente en forme de coeur, il [le] remit dans le lieu où il l'avait pris, en me disant : 

« Voilà, ma bien-aimée, un précieux gage de mon amour, qui renferme dans ton côté une petite étincelle de ses plais vives flammes, pour te servir de cœur et te consommer jusqu'au dernier moment [...] »

« J'ai une soif ardente d'être honoré des hommes dans le saint Sacrement, et je ne trouve presque personne qui s'efforce, selon mon désir, de me désaltérer, usant envers moi de quelque retour. » [4]

- Un premier vendredi d'un mois de 1674, le Christ demande la réparation des offenses envers le Saint Sacrement par l'heure sainte (le jeudi de 23h à minuit) et la communion du premier vendredi du mois.

- Un jour de l'octave du Saint Sacrement 1675, le Christ demande la fête annuelle du Sacré-Cœur. [5]

- Un jour de l'année 1689, le Christ lui dit qu'il désire du roi (Louis XIV) une consécration à son Sacré-Cœur, la représentation du Sacré-Cœur sur le drapeau français et un sanctuaire national dédié au Sacré-Cœur dans lequel il consacrerait la France Sacré-Cœur. Mais Louis XIV n'en fera rien et la basilique du Sacré-Cœur de Montmartre ne sera inaugurée qu'en 1919...

[1] Marquis de la Franquerie, La Vierge Marie dans l'Histoire de France, Editions saint Rémi, p. 174

[2] Cf. http://www.abbaye-saint-benoit.ch/saints/margueritemarie.

[3] Cf. E.Préclin et E.Jarry, Histoire de l'Eglise, tome 19 , Bloud & Gay, Paris 1955, p. 288-289. Lire aussi : H. De Barenton, La dévotion au Sacré-Coeur. Ce qu'elle est et comment les saints la pratiquèrent, Paris 1914. L. Garriguet, Le Sacré-coeur de Jésus. Exposé historique et dogmatique de la dévotion au Sacré Coeur de Jésus, Paris 1920.

[4] Cf. http://www.abbaye-saint-benoit.ch/saints/margueritemarie. Citation de l'Autobiographie, p. 75.

[5] Cf. E.Préclin et E.Jarry, Histoire de l'Eglise, tome 19 , Bloud & Gay, Paris 1955, p. 288-289

Synthèse Françoise Breynaert



St. Margaret Mary Alacoque


St. Margaret Mary Alacoque – Religious of the Visitation Order. Apostle of the Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, born at Lhautecour, France, 22 July, 1647; died at Paray-le-Monial, 17 October, 1690.
Her parents, Claude Alacoque and Philiberte Lamyn, were distinguished less for temporal possessions than for their virtue, which gave them an honourable position. From early childhood Margaret showed intense love for the Blessed Sacrament, and preferred silence and prayer to childish amusements. After her first communion at the age of nine, she practised in secret severe corporal mortifications, until paralysis confined her to bed for four years. At the end of this period, having made a vow to the Blessed Virgin to consecrate herself to religious life, she was instantly restored to perfect health. The death of her father and the injustice of a relative plunged the family in poverty and humiliation, after which more than ever Margaret found consolation in the Blessed Sacrament, and Christ made her sensible of His presence and protection. He usually appeared to her as the Crucified or the Ecce Homo, and this did not surprise her, as she thought others had the same Divine assistance. When Margaret was seventeen, the family property was recovered, and her mother besought her to establish herself in the world. Her filial tenderness made her believe that the vow of childhood was not binding, and that she could serve God at home by penance and charity to the poor. Then, still bleeding from her self-imposed austerities, she began to take part in the pleasures of the world. One night upon her return from a ball, she had a vision of Christ as He was during the scourging, reproaching her for infidelity after He had given her so many proofs of His love. During her entire life Margaret mourned over two faults committed at this time–the wearing of some superfluous ornaments and a mask at the carnival to please her brothers.
On 25 May, 1671, she entered the Visitation Convent at Paray, where she was subjected to many trials to prove her vocation, and in November, 1672, pronounced her final vows. She had a delicate constitution, but was gifted with intelligence and good judgement, and in the cloister she chose for herself what was most repugnant to her nature, making her life one of inconceivable sufferings, which were often relieved or instantly cured by our Lord, Who acted as her Director, appeared to her frequently and conversed with her, confiding to her the mission to establish the devotion to His Sacred Heart. These extraordinary occurrences drew upon her the adverse criticism of the community, who treated her as a visionary, and her superior commanded her to live the common life. But her obedience, her humility, and invariable charity towards those who persecuted her, finally prevailed, and her mission, accomplished in the crucible of suffering, was recognized even by those who had shown her the most bitter opposition.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation. He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her “the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart”, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: “What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God”, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
The discussion of the mission and virtues of Margaret Mary continued for years. All her actions, her revelations, her spiritual maxims, her teachings regarding the devotion to the Sacred Heart, of which she was the chief exponent as well as the apostle, were subjected to the most severe and minute examination, and finally the Sacred Congregation of rites passed a favourable vote on the heroic virtues of this servant of God. In March, 1824, Leo XII pronounced her Venerable, and on 18 September, 1864, Pius IX declared her Blessed. When her tomb was canonically opened in July, 1830, two instantaneous cures took place. Her body rests under the altar in the chapel at Paray, and many striking favours have been obtained by pilgrims attracted thither from all parts of the world. St. Margaret Mary was canonized by Benedict XV in 1920. Her feast is celebrated on 17 October.

SOURCE : http://www.ucatholic.com/saints/st-margaret-mary-alacoque/



St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

Religious of the Visitation Order. Apostle of the Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, born at Lhautecour, France, 22 July, 1647; died at Paray-le-Monial, 17 October, 1690.

Her parents, Claude Alacoque and Philiberte Lamyn, were distinguished less for temporal possessions than for their virtue, which gave them an honourable position. From early childhood Margaret showed intense love for the Blessed Sacrament, and preferred silence and prayer to childish amusements. After her first communion at the age of nine, she practised in secret severe corporal mortifications, until paralysis confined her to bed for four years. At the end of this period, having made a vow to the Blessed Virgin to consecrate herself to religious life, she was instantly restored to perfect health. The death of her father and the injustice of a relative plunged the family in poverty and humiliation, after which more than ever Margaret found consolation in the Blessed Sacrament, and Christ made her sensible of His presence and protection. He usually appeared to her as the Crucified or the Ecce Homo, and this did not surprise her, as she thought others had the same Divine assistance. When Margaret was seventeen, the family property was recovered, and her mother besought her to establish herself in the world. Her filial tenderness made her believe that the vow of childhood was not binding, and that she could serve God at home by penance and charity to the poor. Then, still bleeding from her self-imposed austerities, she began to take part in the pleasures of the world. One night upon her return from a ball, she had a vision of Christ as He was during the scourging, reproaching her for infidelity after He had given her so many proofs of His love. During her entire life Margaret mourned over two faults committed at this time--the wearing of some superfluous ornaments and a mask at the carnival to please her brothers.

On 25 May, 1671, she entered the Visitation Convent at Paray, where she was subjected to many trials to prove her vocation, and in November, 1672, pronounced her final vows. She had a delicate constitution, but was gifted with intelligence and good judgement, and in the cloister she chose for herself what was most repugnant to her nature, making her life one of inconceivable sufferings, which were often relieved or instantly cured by our Lord, Who acted as her Director, appeared to her frequently and conversed with her, confiding to her the mission to establish the devotion to His Sacred Heart. These extraordinary occurrences drew upon her the adverse criticism of the community, who treated her as a visionary, and her superior commanded her to live the common life. But her obedience, her humility, and invariable charity towards those who persecuted her, finally prevailed, and her mission, accomplished in the crucible of suffering, was recognized even by those who had shown her the most bitter opposition.

Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation. He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her "the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart", and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: "What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God", and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.

The discussion of the mission and virtues of Margaret Mary continued for years. All her actions, her revelations, her spiritual maxims, her teachings regarding the devotion to the Sacred Heart, of which she was the chief exponent as well as the apostle, were subjected to the most severe and minute examination, and finally the Sacred Congregation of rites passed a favourable vote on the heroic virtues of this servant of God. In March, 1824, Leo XII pronounced her Venerable, and on 18 September, 1864, Pius IX declared her Blessed. When her tomb was canonically opened in July, 1830, two instantaneous cures took place. Her body rests under the altar in the chapel at Paray, and many striking favours have been obtained by pilgrims attracted thither from all parts of the world. Her feast is celebrated on 17 October. [Editor's Note: St. Margaret Mary was canonized by Benedict XV in 1920. Her feast is now 16 October.]

Doll, Sister Mary Bernard. "St. Margaret Mary Alacoque." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 16 Oct. 2016 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09653a.htm>.

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Paul T. Crowley. Dedicated to Mrs. Margaret McHugh and Mrs. Margaret Crowley.

Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. October 1, 1910. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.



Margaret Mary Alacoque V (RM)

Born July 22, 1647, at L'Hautecourt, Burgundy; died at Paray-le- Monial, 1690; canonized 1920.


"Love triumphs, love enjoys, the love of the Sacred Heart rejoices!"

Saint Margaret Mary is nearly the antithesis of yesterday's saint, Teresa of Ávila. As joyful as Teresa was; Margaret Mary was dour and humorless. Teresa was gregarious; Margaret Mary self- contained. Both were sickly, but dealt with it differently. Both were visionaries. This proves once again that no personality precludes sanctity.

Margaret Mary was the daughter of the respected notary Claude Alacoque and Philiberte Lamyn. Her father died when she was around eight, leaving her family in a precarious financial situation, so that for several years they were at the mercy of some domineering and rapacious relatives.

She was sent to school with the Poor Clares at Charolles. She fell ill with a painful rheumatic condition at 12 and was bedridden until she was 15. The family home had been taken over by her sister, and her mother and she were treated with undeserved severity and almost like servants. Her sister often refused her permission to attend church. "At that time," she wrote later, "all my desire was to seek happiness and comfort in the Blessed Sacrament.

At 20, she was pressed to marry but after a long struggle with herself decided to fulfill the vow she had made earlier to the Virgin and entered the Order of the Visitation. She was confirmed at 22 and took the name Mary. Her brother furnished her dowry and she joined the convent at Paray-le-Monial. During her retreat before her profession, which she made on November 6, 1672, she had a vision of Jesus in which he said, "Behold the wound in my side, wherein you are to make your abode, now and forever."

She worked in the infirmary, and the slow-moving, awkward Margaret Mary suffered much under the active and efficient infirmarian, Sister Catherine Marest.

On December 27, 1673, the feast of Saint John the Evangelist, as she knelt at the grill before the exposed Blessed Sacrament, she experienced a vision in which the Lord told her to take the place that Saint John had occupied at the Last Supper, and that she would act as His instrument. Jesus revealed His Sacred Heart as a symbol of His love for mankind, saying:

"My divine Heart is so inflamed with love for mankind . . . that it can no longer contain within itself the flames of its burning charity and must spread them abroad by your means."

Then it was as if He took her heart and placed it next to his own, and then returned it burning with divine love into her breast.

She had three more visions over the next year and a half in which he instructed her in a devotion that was to become known as the Nine Fridays and the Holy Hour, and in the final revelation, the Lord asked that a feast of reparation be instituted for the Friday after the octave of Corpus Christi.

The Wisdom of God also told her, "Do nothing without the approval of those who guide you, so that, having the authority of obedience, you may not be misled by Satan, who has no power over those who are obedient."

She told her superior, Mother de Saumaise, about the visions, was treated contemptuously and was forbidden to carry out any of the religious devotions that had been requested of her in her visions. She became ill from the strain, and the superior, searching for a divine sign of what to do, vowed to believe the visions if Margaret Mary was cured. Margaret Mary prayed and recovered, and her superior kept her promise.

A group within the convent remained skeptical of her experiences, especially when, in 1677, she told them that Jesus had twice asked her to be a willing victim to expiate their shortcomings. The superior ordered Margaret Mary to present her experiences to theologians. They were judged to be delusions, and it was recommended that Margaret Mary eat more.

Blessed Claude La Colombière, a holy and experienced Jesuit, arrived as confessor to the nuns, and in him Margaret Mary recognized the understanding guide that had been promised to her in the visions. He became convinced that her experiences were genuine and adopted the teaching of the Sacred Heart the visions had communicated to her. He departed not long after for England.

During the next years, Margaret Mary experienced periods of both despair and vanity, and she was ill a great deal. In 1681 Claude returned; in 1682 he died. In 1684 Mother Melin became superior and elected Margaret Mary her assistant, silencing any further opposition.

Her revelations were made known to the community when they were read aloud in the refectory in the course of a book written by Blessed Claude. Margaret Mary became novice mistress and was very successful.

Her revelations in the open now, she encouraged devotion to the Sacred Heart, especially among her novices, who observed the feast in 1685. The family of an expelled novice accused her of being unorthodox, and bad feelings were revived, but this passed and the entire house celebrated the feast that year.
A chapel was built in 1687 at Paray in honor of the Sacred Heart, and devotion began to spread in the other convents of the Visitidines, as well as throughout France.

Margaret Mary became ill while serving a second term as assistant to the superior and died during the fourth anointing step of the last rites. As she received the Last Sacrament, she said, "I need nothing but God, and to lose myself in the heart of Jesus."

(She actually died on October 17, but the Church celebrates her today.) She, Saint John Eudes, and Blessed Claude are called "saints of the Sacred Heart."

Margaret Mary's patience and trust during her trials within the convent contributed to her canonization in 1920. The devotion was officially recognized and approved by Pope Clement XIII in 1765, 75 years after her death. Her visions and teachings have had considerable influence on the devotional life of Catholics, especially since the inauguration of the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus on the Roman calendar in 1856 (Attwater, Delaney, Kerns, White).

Depicted as a nun in the Visitation habit holding a flaming heart; or kneeling before Jesus, who exposed his heart to her (White).

In art, Saint Margaret Mary is portrayed as a nun to whom Christ offers His Sacred Heart (Roeder).



VIE DE SAINTE MARGUERITE-MARIE ALACOQUE DE L'ORDRE DE LA VISITATION SAINTE-MARIE publiée par Le Monastère de Paray-le-Monial 12e Mille, Paris, Ancienne Librairie Poussielgue J. De Gigord, éditeur, Rue Cassette, 15, 1923 :

Les 12 promesses liées à la dévotion du SACRÉ-CŒUR de JÉSUS : http://www.therealpresence.org/eucharst/mir/french_pdf/MIRACLE-FR-sacrecoeur.pdf