vendredi 6 juillet 2012

Saint GOAR d'AQUITAINE, prêtre, ermite et confesseur

SAINT GOAR

Prêtre et Ermite

(+ en 575)

Goar naquit peu après la mort du roi Clovis. Ses parents étaient de nobles seigneurs de l'Aquitaine, au foyer desquels il puisa, pendant ses premières années, l'amour de la vertu. Tout petit encore, il avait une charité extraordinaire pour les pauvres; son zèle pour la gloire de Dieu lui faisait prêcher déjà la pénitence aux pécheurs et la sainteté aux justes, et la parole de cet enfant, jointe à ses actions merveilleuses, produisait de grands fruits autour de lui.

Le sacerdoce, quand il eut l'âge de le recevoir, fut un nouvel aiguillon à son ardeur apostolique. Avec l'autorité que lui donnait sa haute vertu, il combattit, dans ses prédications, tous les vices, le luxe, la discorde, la vengeance, l'homicide et les diverses passions grossières d'une époque encore barbare. Cependant l'apôtre avait, avant tout, des goûts de moine; aussi quitta-t-il bientôt ses parents et sa patrie pour chercher Dieu dans la solitude. Mais Dieu, qui ne voulait pas que tant de vertus demeurassent stériles, souffla au coeur du solitaire un nouveau feu de zèle, et Goar, riche de ses progrès nouveaux et des lumières surnaturelles qu'il avait recueillies dans sa retraite, parcourut toutes les campagnes voisines, encore païennes, y prêcha l'Évangile et vit avec joie de nombreux convertis recevoir le baptême.

Peu de Saints furent plus hospitaliers que lui, et c'est par ses bons procédés, ses aumônes, ses réceptions cordiales et généreuses, qu'il sut rendre populaire la doctrine qu'il pratiquait si bien. Accusé devant son évêque de divers crimes imaginaires inventés par le démon de la jalousie, il parut humblement au palais épiscopal et déposa son manteau, par respect, en présence du prélat; mais, en croyant le suspendre à une tige de métal, il le suspendit à un rayon de soleil. L'évêque ne fut point touché de ce prodige; cependant il dut bientôt reconnaître l'innocence du Saint, manifestée, à sa confusion, par un nouveau miracle.

Le roi Sigebert voulut bientôt le faire évêque; mais Goar obtint un délai de vingt jours, pendant lequel il pria Dieu avec tant de larmes, qu'il obtint une grave maladie qui se prolongea pendant sept ans et mit le roi dans l'impossibilité de réaliser ses desseins. Goar offrit à Dieu ses longues et horribles souffrances pour l'extension et le triomphe de l'Église.

Abbé L. Jaud, Vie des Saints pour tous les jours de l'année, Tours, Mame, 1950.


Saint Goar

Ermite en Rhénanie (✝ 575)

Prêtre originaire d'Aquitaine, il rechercha la solitude sur les bords du Rhin où "il s'enchaîna dans l'heureuse captivité du Christ qui libère." Une charmante petite cité rhénane évoque cette solitude.

Sur les bords du Rhin, entre Bingen et Coblence, saint Goar, prêtre. Originaire d’Aquitaine, il construisit, avec les encouragements de l’évêque de Trèves, un hospice et un oratoire pour accueillir les pèlerins et veiller au salut de leurs âmes.

Martyrologe romain

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/1450/Saint-Goar.html

St. Goar

An anchorite of Aquitaine; b. about 585; d. near Oberwesel (Germany), 6 July, 649. He came of a distinguished family, and at an early age gave evidence of sound piety. Prayer was the constant occupation of his heart, and meditation on the truths of religion that of his mind. Having received Holy orders, and being thus enabled to act with more authority, he laboured to secure the salvation of a great number of souls. But being above all solicitous for his own sanctifcation, he resolved to leave the world, and about 618 he took up his dwelling in a lonely place at the extremity of the Diocese of Trier and in the neighbourhood of the little town of Oberwesel. It was here that, near a little chapel which he built, he began to lead an existence completely detached from material and perishable things. Nevertheless it was impossible for him so to conceal himself that his reputation did not spread far and wide. Pilgrims flocked to him, thus furnishing him with occasions to exercise the duties of hospitality in their behalf and to give them good advice. Two of them denounced him to Rusticus, Bishop of Trier, as a hypocrite and fond of good living and he was called upon by the bishop to defend himself. According to the legend, he did so with the help of a miracle which resulted in the bishop's confusion and in the manifestation of his unworthiness. King Sigebert III having learned of the occurrence summoned St. Goar to Metz and insisted that he should accept the episcopal see from which Resticus been driven. But the pious hermit was frightened by this offer, and asked time for reflection. On returning to his solitude he fell sick and died before the burden of the episcopal dignity had been imposed upon him. A small church was dedicated to him, in 1768, in the little town on the banks of the Rhine which bears his name (St-Goar).

APA citation. Clugnet, L. (1909). St. Goar. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from New Advent:

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06606b.htm

SOURCE : http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06606b.htm

Goar of Aquitaine, Priest (RM)

Born in Aquitaine; died c. 575. Saint Goar was educated in Aquitaine and became a priest there. In 519, desiring to serve God anonymously, he migrated to the area around Trier, Germany, and led the life of a hermit in a cell at Oberwesel on the Rhein. His untrustworthy vita reports that he became renowned for his sanctity and gifts of prophecy and working miracles. When offered the archbishopric of Trèves, he resolutely refused it. Blessed Charlemagne built a stately church over his hermitage, around which the town of Saint Guvet grew on the left bank of the Rhine between Wesel and Boppard (Benedictines, Husenbeth). In art, Saint Goar is a hermit with three hinds near him or giving him milk. He might also be shown (1) holding a pitcher, (2) with the devil on his shoulder or under his feet, (3) holding the church of Saint Goar am Rhein, or (4) hanging his hat on a sunbeam (Roeder). Goar is venerated in Oberwesel, the Rhineland, and in Aquitaine. He is the patron of innkeepers, potters, and vine-growers (Roeder).


July 6

St. Goar, Priest and Confessor

AQUITAIN gave this saint his birth and education; but out of a desire of serving God entirely unknown to the world, in 519 he travelled into Germany, and settling in the territory of Triers, he shut himself in his cell, and arrived at such an eminent degree of sanctity as to be esteemed the oracle and miracle of the whole country. He resolutely refused the archbishopric of Triers, and died in 575. Bound his cell arose the town of St. Guver, on the left bank of the Rhine between Wesel and Boppard. See Brower and Pinius the Bollandist, t. 2, Julij, p. 328

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume VII: July. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.