mardi 6 mars 2012

Sainte COLETTE de CORBIE, vierge et réformatrice des clarisses


Sainte Colette de Corbie, vierge

Colette Boylet est née en 1381 à Corbie, en Picardie. Orpheline à 18 ans, elle obtint du Père abbé d'un monastère voisin, la possibilité d'entrer chez les béguines d'Amiens malgré son âge. Elle n'y resta qu'un an jugeant leur vie trop douce. Même déception chez les bénédictines, puis chez les clarisses. Son père spirituel, franciscain, comprend son désir d'austérité et la fait entrer dans le Tiers-Ordre de Saint François comme recluse à Corbie. Mais elle se sent appelée à plus de pauvreté encore Elle obtient de rencontrer Benoît XIII à Nice, qui reçoit la profession religieuse de sainte Colette dans la règle de Sainte Claire et lui confie le soin de réformer et de rétablir le second Ordre de Saint-François, la nommant abbesse de tous les monastères qu'elle sera amenée à fonder ou réformer. Cette décision de l’antipape Benoît XIII sera confirmée par le pape Innocent IV. Colette vient alors en Franche-Comté où la duchesse de Genève, Blanche de Savoie, met à sa disposition une partie de son château de la Balme, d’où elle réforme en premier lieu le monastère de Besançon puis bien d'autres en Savoie, Artois, Allemagne et Belgique. Elle mourra à Gand en 1447 et son corps sera, par la suite, transporté à Poligny dans le Jura.

SOURCE : http://www.paroisse-saint-aygulf.fr/index.php/prieres-et-liturgie/saints-par-mois/icalrepeat.detail/2015/03/06/13341/-/sainte-colette-de-corbie-vierge

Sainte Colette de Corbie

Sainte Colette de Corbie (Boylet ou Boëllet) naquit à Corbie, le 13 janvier 1381, de parents très âgés qui attribuèrent sa naissance à l'intercession de saint Nicolas. Sous l'influence de ses parents, elle fut très tôt initiée aux exercices de piété et résolut de se consacrer au Seigneur. Après la mort de ses parents (1399) qui l'avaient confiée à l'abbé de Corbie, elle refusa le mariage et fit plusieurs expériences malheureuses de vie religieuse jusqu'à ce qu'elle rencontrât le R.P. Jean Pinet qui lui proposa de vivre en recluse sous la règle du Tiers-Ordre franciscain, ce qu'elle fit, à partir du 17 septembre 1402, près de l'Eglise Notre-Dame de Corbie. Toutes sortes de visions l'invitaient à quitter son reclusoir pour réformer l'ordre franciscain, mais ne croyant pas qu'elles venaient du ciel, elle résista jusqu'à ce qu'elle fût frappée de cécité puis de mutisme. Elle obtint du Saint-Siège de fonder un monastère réformé au diocèse d'Amiens, de Noyon ou de Paris (29 avril 1406) après qu'elle a reçu la dispense de son voeu de réclusion (1° août 1406). Sous la conduite du R.P. de Baume, elle se rendit en Avignon, près du pape Benoît XIII qui reçut sa profession et la nomma abbesse, dame et mère de toutes celles qui la suivraient (16 octobre 1406). Rejetée de Corbie, puis de Noyon, elle se réfugia en Franche-Comté, au manoir de la Baume-de-Frontenay où elle fut rejointe par ses premières filles. En 1408, elle eut la permission de s'installer à Besançon, ce qu'elle ne fit que le 14 mars 1410 avec l'approbation du pape Alexandre V. Dès lors les fondations se succèdent rapidement dans un florilèges de miracles et sainte Colette précise ses constitutions. Sainte Colette mourut le 6 mars 1447, dans son couvent de Bethléem, à Gand où elle fut enterrée. Comme de nombreux miracles lui étaient attribués, l'évêque de Tournai fit faire une enquête en vue de sa canonisation qui fut retardée par les embarras des guerres d'Italie : elle fut béatifiée en 1625 et canonisée le 24 mai 1807.

SOURCE : http://missel.free.fr/Sanctoral/03/06.php



Vierge, Réformatrice des Clarisses

(1380-1447)

Nicolette, par abréviation Colette, était fille d'un charpentier de Corbie, en Picardie; elle reçut ce nom parce que sa naissance fut le fruit des prières persévérantes de sa mère à saint Nicolas de Myre.

Agée de dix-huit ans, un jour qu'elle priait, elle vit Jésus-Christ irrité des péchés des hommes, et saint François d'Assise qui la demandait au Seigneur pour devenir réformatrice des Clarisses et travailler à la conversion des âmes; Jésus accepta la demande du Saint. Doutant d'elle-même et résistant à l'indication céleste, elle devint muette et aveugle, et ne fut guérie qu'après avoir mis la main à l'oeuvre que le Ciel lui imposait. Cette oeuvre réussit d'une manière admirable, malgré les efforts conjurés du monde et de l'enfer.

Colette eut beaucoup à souffrir de la rage des démons, mais elle endura leurs persécutions avec une invincible constance. Son amour pour l'Eucharistie la dédommageait de toutes les épreuves. Elle ne pouvait entrevoir un Tabernacle sans éprouver des tressaillements du coeur. Ses communications avec Jésus-Eucharistie étaient si intimes, qu'elle sentait Sa présence et Son absence.

Parmi ses miracles, on rapporte la résurrection d'un enfant et la résurrection d'une de ses religieuses condamnée à l'enfer, qu'elle rappela à la vie le temps nécessaire pour faire sa confession.

A sa mort, on entendit, dans plusieurs de ses couvents, des anges chanter d'harmonieux cantiques, et son corps répandit une très suave odeur. Les fruits de ses travaux persévèrent encore dans les monastères des ferventes Clarisses réformées.

Abbé L. Jaud, Vie des Saints pour tous les jours de l'année, Tours, Mame, 1950.

SOURCE : http://magnificat.ca/cal/fr/saints/sainte_colette.html


Sainte Colette est née à Corbie, en Picardie, en France, alors que ses parents, très pieux, avaient plus de 60 ans. Ils lui donnèrent le prénom de Nicolette, car ils attribuaient sa naissance aux nombreuses prières qu'ils avaient faites à saint Nicolas, réputé alors guérir de la stérilité. On peut donc la prier légitimement pour intercéder pour les couples en souffrance d'enfant.

Mais elle est surtout connue pour protéger les femmes enceintes. L'un n'empêchant pas l'autre. De son vivant, devenue clarisse et une grande réformatrice franciscaine, elle donnait aux femmes attendant un enfant une prière à réciter et à avaler :

O Vierge Marie, vous êtes demeurée Immaculée dans votre conception. Priez pour nous Dieu le Père, dont vous avez mis au monde le Fils. Amen.

Elle demandait aux femmes d'écrire cette prière sur un bout de papier fin et de l'avaler, tous les jours, jusqu'à la naissance de l'enfant.

Aujourd'hui encore on peut se procurer un grain, ou une graine, de sainte Colette chez les clarisses, qui consiste en un grain de riz recouvert d'une feuille de papier à cigarette sur laquelle est écrite la prière.
On peut aussi prier sainte Colette pour éviter les fausses-couches et pour la santé des enfants prématurés, puisqu'elle ressuscitait les enfants morts-nés.

SOURCE : http://www.allianceetfecondite.org/desir/prieres/priere-sainte-colette-contre-la-sterilite.html


St. Colette (1381-1447) was the daughter of a carpenter named DeBoilet at Corby Abbey in Picardy, France. Orphaned at seventeen, she distributed her inheritance to the poor. She became a Franciscan tertiary, and lived at Corby as a solitary.

She had visions in which Saint Francis of Assisi ordered her to restore the Rule of Saint Clare to its original severity. When she hesitated, she was struck blind for three days and mute for three more; she saw this as a sign to take action.

Colette tried to follow her mission by explaining it, but had no success. Realizing she needed more authority behind her words, she walked to Nice, France, barefoot and clothed in a habit of patches, to meet Peter de Luna, acknowledged by the French as the schismatic Pope Benedict XIII. He professed her a Poor Clare, and was so impressed that he made her superioress of all convents of Minoresses that she might reform or found, and a missioner to Franciscan friars and tertiaries.

She travelled from convent to convent, meeting opposition, abuse, slander, and was even accused of sorcery. Eventually she made some progress, especially in Savoy, where her reform gained sympathizers and recruits. This reform passed to Burgundy in France, Flanders in Belgium and Spain.
Colette helped Saint Vincent Ferrer heal the papal schism. She founded seventeen convents; one branch of the Poor Clares is still known as the Colettines.

She was known for a deep devotion to Christ’s Passion with an appreciation and care for animals. Colette fasted every Friday, meditating on the Passion. After receiving Holy Communion, she would fall into ecstasies for hours. She foretold the date of her own death.

For the convents reformed by her she prescribed extreme poverty, to go barefooted, and the observance of perpetual fast and abstinence. The Colettine Sisters are found today, outside of France, in Belgium, Germany, Spain, England, and the United States. St. Colette was beatified 23 January, 1740, and canonized 24 May, 1807.

SOURCE : http://www.ucatholic.com/saints/saint-colette/


St. Colette

(Diminutive of NICOLETTA, COLETTA).

. Founder of Colettine Poor Clares (Clarisses), born 13 January 1381, at Corbie in Picardy, France; died at Ghent, 6 March, 1447. Her father, Robert Boellet, was the carpenter of the famous Benedictine Abbey of Corbie; her mother's name was Marguerite Moyon. Colette joined successively the Bequines, the Benedictines, and theUrbanist Poor Clares. Later she lived for a while as a recluse. Having resolved to reform the Poor Clares, she turned to the antipope, Benedict XIII (Pedro de Luna), then recognized by France as the rightful pope. Benedictallowed her to enter to the order of Poor Clares and empowered her by several Bulls, dated 1406, 1407, 1408, and 1412 to found new convents and complete the reform of the order. With the approval of the Countess ofGeneva and the Franciscan Henri de la Beaume, her confessor and spiritual guide, Colette began her work atBeaume, in the Diocese of Geneva. She remained there but a short time and soon opened at Besançon her firstconvent in an almost abandoned house of Urbanist Poor Clares. Thence her reform spread to Auxonne (1410), to Poligny, to Ghent (1412), to Heidelberg (1444), to Amiens, etc. To the seventeen convents founded during her lifetime must be added another begun by her at Pont-à-Mousson in Lorraine. She also inaugurated a reform among the Franciscan friars (the Coletani), not to be confounded with the Observants. These Coletaniremained obedient to the authority of the provincial of the Franciscan convents, and never attained much importance even in France. In 1448 they had only thirteen convents, and together with other small branches of the Franciscan Order were suppressed in 1417 by Leo X. In addition to the strict rules of the Poor Clares, theColettines follow their special constitutions sanctioned in 1434 by the General of the Franciscans, William ofCasale, approved in 1448 by Nicholas V, in 1458 by Pius II, and in 1482 by Sixtus IV.


St. Colette was beatified 23 January, 1740, and canonized 24 May, 1807. She was not only a woman of sincerepiety, but also intelligent and energetic, and exercised a remarkable moral power over all her associates. She was very austere and mortified in her life, for which God rewarded her by supernatural favours and the gift of miracles. For the convents reformed by her she prescribed extreme poverty, to go barefooted, and the observance of perpetual fast and abstinence. The Colettine Sisters are found today, outside of France, inBelgium, Germany, Spain, England, and the United States.


Bihl, Michael. "St. Colette." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 24 Dec. 2015<http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04099b.htm>.


Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Paul T. Crowley. Dedicated to Mother Immaculata, PCC, foundress, Poor Clare Monastery of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Roswell, NM.


Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.

SOURCE : http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04099b.htm

Colette (Coleta, Nicolette), Poor Clare V (RM)

Born at Calcye, Picardy, France, on January 13, 1381; died in Ghent, Flanders, 1447; canonized in 1807.


Born to De Boilet (or Boylet), a carpenter at Corbie Abbey in Picardy, her parents named her Nicolette in honor of Saint Nicholas of Myra. They died when she was 17, leaving her in the care of the abbot.

Colette was said to be petite and very beautiful. She tried her religious vocation with the Beguines and Benedictines but failed. She distributed her possessions to the poor and entered the third order of Saint Francis.

When she was 21, the abbot gave Colette a small hermitage beside the church of Corbie, where she lived a life of such austerity that her fame spread and people came seeking her advice. Colette had dreams and visions in which Saint Francis appeared and charged her to restore the first rule of Saint Clare in its original severity. She hesitated to act upon this but was struck blind for three days and dumb for three more, which she saw as a sign.

Encouraged by her spiritual director, Father Henry de Baume, she left her hermitage in 1406. After trying to explain her mission to two convents, she realized that she must have better authority to accomplish her mission. She set out for Nice, barefoot and clothed in a habit of patches, to meet with Peter de Luna, acknowledged by the French during the great schism as pope under the name Benedict XIII.

He welcomed her and professed her as a Poor Clare. He was so impressed with her that he made her superioress of all the convents of Minoresses that she might reform or found and a missioner to the friars and tertiaries of Saint Francis.

She travelled from convent to convent through Picardy and Savoy. At first she was met with rude opposition and treated as a fanatic, and even accused of sorcery. She met rebuffs and curses patiently, however, and eventually began to make inroads, especially in Savoy, where her reform gained sympathizers and recruits. This reform passed to Burgundy, France, Flanders, and Spain.

With the support of Henry de Baume, the first house of Poor Clares to receive the reformed rule did so in 1410. She aided Saint Vincent Ferrer in the work of healing the papal schism. Colette also founded 17 new convents, in addition to reforming many, including several houses of Franciscan friars. Her most famous convent is Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire), which has sustained an unbroken continuity, even through the French Revolution.

Saint Colette was untrained and unprepared for the work for which she had been commissioned; she achieved it by the power of faith and holiness, and a determination that no opposition could discourage. Impressed by her simple goodness, many people of high rank were greatly influenced by her, including James of Bourbon and Philip the Good of Burgundy.

Like Saint Francis, Colette had a deep devotion to Christ's Passion with an appreciation and care for animals. She fasted on Fridays from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m., meditating on the Passion. Almost always after receiving Holy Communion she would fall into an hours-long ecstasy.

It is said that Colette met Saint Joan of Arc on her way with an army to besiege La Charite-sur-Loire in 1429, but there is no evidence.

In Flanders, where she had established several houses, Colette was seized with a last illness. She foretold her own death, received the last rites, and died in her convent in Ghent at age 67. Her body was removed by Poor Clares when Emperor Joseph II was suppressing religious houses in Flanders; it was taken to her convent at Poligny, 32 miles from Besancon. A branch of Poor Clares is still known as the Colettines (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Gill, Perrin, White).
In art, Saint Colette is often depicted as a Poor Clare visited by Saint Anne, Saint Francis, or Saint Clare in a vision; sometimes holding a crucifix and a hook. She may also be shown miraculously walking on a stream (Roeder, White). She is venerated in Ghent and Corbie (Picardy) (Roeder). 
SOURCE : http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0306.shtml

March 6

B. Colette, Virgin and Abbess

From her life, written by her confessor, Peter de Vaux. See Helyot, Hist. des Ord. Relig. t. 7. p. 98. Miræus and Barbaza, Vies des Saints du Tiers Ordre de St. François, t. 2. p. 51.

A.D. 1447

COLETTE BOILET, a carpenter’s daughter, was born at Corbie, in Picardy, in 1380. Her parents, out of devotion to St. Nicholas, gave her the name of Colette, the diminutive of Nicholas. She was brought up in the love of humiliations and austerities. Her desire to preserve her purity without the least blemish made her avoid as much as possible all company, even of persons of her own sex, unless it was sometimes to draw them from the love of the world by her moving discourses, which were attended with a singular blessing from almighty God. Humility was her darling virtue; and her greatest delight seemed to be in seeing herself contemned. She was so full of confusion at her own miseries and baseness, and was so contemptible in her own eyes, that she was ashamed to appear before any one, placed herself far below the greatest sinners, and studied by all sorts of humiliations to prevent the least motion of secret pride or self-conceit in her heart. She served the poor and the sick with an affection that charmed and comforted them. She lived in strict solitude in a small, poor, abandoned apartment in her father’s house, and spent her time there in manual labour and prayer. Being very beautiful, she begged of God to change her complexion, and her face became so pale and thin that she should scarcely be known for the same person. Yet a certain majesty of virtue, shining in her countenance, gave her charms conducive to the edification of others by the sweetness, modesty, and air of piety and divine love discernible in her looks. Her parents, who, though poor, were virtuous, and exceedingly charitable, according to their abilities, and great peace-makers among their neighbours, seeing her directed by the Spirit of God, allowed her full liberty in her devotions. After their death she distributed the little they left her among the poor, and retired among the Beguines, devout societies of women, established in several parts of Flanders, Picardy, and Lorrain, who maintain themselves by the work of their hands, leading a middle kind of life between the secular and religious; but make no solemn vows. Not finding this way of life austere enough, she, by her confessor’s advice, took the habit of the third order of St. Francis, called the Penitents; and, three years after, that of the mitigated Clares, or Urbanists, with the view of reforming that order, and reducing it to its primitive austerity. Having obtained of the abbot of Corbie a small hermitage, she spent in it three years in extraordinary austerity, near that abbey. After this, in order to execute the project she had long formed of re-establishing the primitive spirit and practice of her order, she went to the convent at Amiens, and from thence to several others. To succeed in her undertaking, it was necessary that she should be vested with proper authority: to procure which she made a journey to Nice in Provence, to wait on Peter de Luna, who, in the great schism, was acknowledged pope by the French, under the name of Benedict XIII., and happened then to be in that city. He constituted her superioress-general of the whole order of St. Clare, with full power to establish in it whatever regulations she thought conducive to God’s honour and the salvation of others. She attempted to revive the primitive rule and spirit of St. Francis in the convents of the diocesses of Paris, Beauvais, Noyon, and Amiens; but met with the most violent opposition and was treated as a fanatic. She received all injuries with joy, and was not discouraged by human difficulties. Some time after she met with a more favourable reception in Savoy, and her reformation began to take root there, and passed thence into Burgundy, France, Flanders, and Spain. Many ancient houses received it, that of Besanzon being the first, and she lived to erect seventeen new ones. Several houses of Franciscan friars received the same. But Leo X., in 1517, by a special bull, united all the different reformations of the Franciscans under the name of Observantines: and thus the distinction of Colettines is extinct. So great was her love of poverty, in imitation of that of Christ, that she never put on so much as sandals, going always barefoot, and would have no churches or convents but what were small and mean. Her habit was not only of most coarse stuff, but made of above a hundred patches sewed together. She continually inculcated to her nuns the denial of their own wills in all things, as Christ, from his first to his last breath, did the will of his heavenly Father: saying, that all self-will was the broad way to hell. The sacred passion of Christ was the subject of her constant meditation. On Fridays, from six in the morning till six at night, she continued in this meditation, without eating or doing any other thing, but referring all her thoughts and affections to it with a flood of tears; also during the Holy-Week, and whenever she assisted at mass; she often fell into ecstasies when she considered it. She showed a particular respect to the holy cross; but, above all, to Christ present in the blessed eucharist, when she appeared in raptures of adoration and love. She often purified her conscience by sacramental confession before she heard mass, to assist thereat with the greater purity of soul. Her zeal made her daily to pour fourth many fervent prayers for the conversion of sinners, and also for the souls in purgatory, often with many tears. Being seized with her last sickness in her convent at Ghent, she received the sacraments of the church, foretold her death, and happily expired in her sixty-seventh year, on the 6th of March, in 1447. Her body is exposed to veneration in the church of that convent called Bethleem, in Ghent. She was never canonized, nor is she named in the Roman Martyrology: but Clement VIII., Paul V., Gregory XIII., and Urban VIII. have approved of an office in her honour for the whole Franciscan order, and certain cities. Her body was taken up at Ghent, in 1747, and several miracles wrought on the occasion were examined by the ordinary of the place, who sent the process and relation of them to Rome.

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume III: March. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.

SOURCE : http://www.bartleby.com/210/3/062.html

Santa Coletta Boylet Vergine


Corbie, presso Amiens (Francia), 13 gennaio 1381 - Gand, Fiandra (attuale Belgio), 6 marzo 1447

E' nata quando ormai i genitori – il carpentiere Roberto Boylet e sua moglie Caterina – non speravano più di avere figli. L’hanno chiamata Nicoletta (familiarmente Colette) in onore di Nicola di Bari, alla cui intercessione si attribuiva la sua nascita. Colette intraprende la sua complicata esperienza religiosa a 18 anni, dopo la morte dei genitori. E la conclude a 25 su consiglio del francescano Enrico di Baume, tornando fra le Clarisse, perché si sente chiamata alla riforma degli Ordini istituiti da san Francesco. Nel 1406, a Nizza, riceve il velo da Benedetto XIII, che l’autorizza a riformare i monasteri dell’Ordine e a fondarne di nuovi. Per alcuni anni, lei vede fallire gli sforzi di riforma, e solo nel 1410 ha il suo primo monastero rinnovato a Besançon, seguìto poi da altri 16. Colette muore a Gand nel 1447. (Avvenire)

Etimologia: Coletta (accorc. di Nicoletta) come Nicola = vincidore del popolo, dal greco

Martirologio Romano: A Gand nelle Fiandre, nell’odierno Belgio, santa Coletta Boylet, vergine, che, dopo tre anni di vita molto austera rinchiusa in una piccola casa posta accanto alla chiesa, divenuta professa sotto la regola di san Francesco, ricondusse molti monasteri di Clarisse al primitivo modello di vita, ristabilendovi in special modo lo spirito di povertà e di penitenza.

Chiamata Nicoletta (familiarmente Colette) in onore di Nicola di Bari, intraprende la sua particolare esperienza religiosa a 18 anni, dopo la morte dei genitori. E la conclude a 25 su consiglio del francescano Enrico di Baume, tornando fra le clarisse, dopo essere stata tra le beghine e le terziarie francescane e aver tentato anche una esperienza da eremita, perché si sente chiamata alla riforma degli ordini religiosi istituiti da san Francesco e santa Chiara. Questa santa francescana, fu per molti aspetti una bambina prodigiosa e dotata di straordinari carismi: della vita di questa suora, che con eroica fede compì le richieste di Dio, sono note le estasi, levitazioni, profezie, sguardo al cuore e rivelazioni sulla vita dei defunti nell’aldilà nonché sorprendenti miracoli, fra cui anche resurrezioni. Fu anche nota la sua straordinaria volontà nel rispettare le originali leggi severe dell’ordine delle clarisse. Non può quindi stupire il fatto che, in tale esistenza, si siano verificate diverse volte interventi da parte degli angeli. Questa santa fu regalata ai suoi genitori, in quanto sua madre la ebbe quando aveva già 60 anni, nonostante il suo desiderio di un figlio e anni di preghiera per averlo, non era mai stato mai esaudito. Dopo l’intercessione dell’allora tanto venerato S. Nicola di Bari, l’anziana signora il 13 gennaio1381 concepì la bambina, che chiamò, per ricordare il Santo, Nicoletta, abbreviata con Coletta. Il luogo di nascita della santa Coletta fu Corbie nelle Fiandre, dove suo padre Roberto Boellet lavorava come carpentiere  nel monastero benedettino.

Già da bambina, Coletta fu particolarmente seria e si impegnava in opere di carità e mortificazione. La ragazza, dopo varie esperienze religiose, entrò, dopo la morte dei genitori, nel terzo ordine di S. Francesco, conducendo, in seguito, una vita di ancora maggiore abnegazione e penitenza. Dalla divina provvidenza le venne assegnato il compito di riformare l’ordine delle clarisse, la cui disciplina lasciava in alcune parti a desiderare. Per questo scopo passò all’ordine delle clarisse e fece nel 1406 a Nizza, davanti a Papa Benedetto XIII (Petrus de Luma), la professione dei voti. Da egli ottenne tutti i permessi per le necessarie riforme dell’ordine. Noncurante di tutti gli ostacoli, riuscì a realizzarle, riportando molti monasteri alla originale severità delle regole dell’ordine. Fondò inoltre 17 nuovi monasteri, le cui religiose si chiamano da allora ‘le colette’.

Il francescano Pietro de Vaux, che la conosceva personalmente molto bene e che fu presente al momento della sua morte, il 6 marzo del 1447 a Gent (Belgio) racconta anche, oltre a tanti altri miracolosi eventi della vita di S. Coletta, di diverse apparizioni angeliche:  diversi benefattori di S. Coletta, attaccati nel peggior dei modi da persone di animo cattivo, furono, in seguito alle preghiere di S. Coletta, protetti e tutelati dagli angeli.

Anche lei stessa ricevette più di una volta l’aiuto e la protezione, tangibili e vistosi, degli angeli durante difficili prove ed afflizioni, soprattutto in momenti un cui fu perseguitata da spiriti maligni.

Durante la morte di S. Coletta si sentì nei monasteri riformati e da lei particolarmente amati un canto meraviglioso degli angeli, durante il quale uno di loro diffuse il messaggio: ”la venerabile suora Coletta è tornata dal Signore.” Una suora, avente anch’essa particolari virtù e carismi, vide, al momento della morte della S. Coletta, una grande schiera celeste, nel cui centro l’anima della defunta venne portata con meravigliose melodie alla beatitudine di Dio.

Papa Pio VII santificò Coletta, che giustamente viene chiamata la seconda madre delle clarisse, il 24 maggio del 1807. Il suo corpo riposa a Poligny.

Autore: Don Marcello Stanzione



Pare che non le vada bene nulla. Cambia di continuo monastero e Ordine: dalle Beghine e poi dalle Benedettine della nativa Corbie alle Clarisse, e da queste alle Terziarie francescane; poi si isola come “reclusa” in una cella, ancora a Corbie. E’ nata quando ormai i genitori – il carpentiere Roberto Boylet e sua moglie Caterina – non speravano più di avere figli. L’hanno chiamata Nicoletta (familiarmente Colette) in onore di Nicola di Bari, alla cui intercessione si attribuiva la sua nascita. Colette intraprende la sua complicata esperienza religiosa a 18 anni, dopo la morte dei genitori. E la conclude a 25 su consiglio del francescano Enrico di Baume, tornando fra le Clarisse, perché si sente chiamata alla riforma degli Ordini istituiti da san Francesco. Nel 1406, a Nizza, riceve il velo da Benedetto XIII, che l’autorizza a riformare i monasteri dell’Ordine e a fondarne di nuovi.

Siamo ai tempi dello scisma d’Occidente, con papi e antipapi eletti da gruppi diversi di cardinali e ciascuno riconosciuto da una parte degli Stati europei. Dopo la morte di Gregorio XI (1378), a Roma si sono succeduti Urbano VI (Bartolomeo Prignano), Bonifacio IX (Pietro Tomacelli), Innocenzo VII (Cosimo Migliorati) e infine Gregorio XII (Angelo Correr). E a lui si oppone da Avignone lo spagnolo Pedro de Luna (Benedetto XIII), successore dell’altro antipapa avignonese, Roberto di Ginevra, chiamato Clemente VI. (In qualche momento saranno addirittura in tre a chiamarsi papa, finché al Concilio di Costanza, grazie alla rinuncia di Gregorio XII, verrà eletto unico pontefice Martino V, Oddone Colonna). E ci sono futuri santi da una parte e dall’altra: Caterina da Siena e Caterina di Svezia stanno col papa di Roma, mentre ai due avignonesi aderiscono Vincenzo Ferreri e appunto Colette. Per alcuni anni, lei vede fallire gli sforzi di riforma, e solo nel 1410 ha il suo primo monastero rinnovato a Besançon, seguìto poi da altri 16.

Accolgono la sua riforma anche alcuni conventi maschili, sempre sotto i loro superiori. Povertà senza attenuazioni, tenore di vita restituito all’originaria austerità, vita di preghiera personale e comunitaria, molta penitenza per l’unità della Chiesa. La riforma è tutta qui, animata però dal suo esempio, che entusiasma nei monasteri e fuori. Acquista fama di scrutatrice delle coscienze, capace di profezie e di clamorosi miracoli: addirittura risurrezioni, si afferma. La validità di questa riforma (approvata nel 1434 dal Ministro generale francescano e nel 1458 da Pio II) è testimoniata dalla sua tenuta nel tempo.

Colette muore a Gand nel 1447 e sarà canonizzata nel 1807 da Pio VII. Ma i monasteri “collettini” continueranno a vivere sulla linea tracciata da lei. Il XX secolo ne vedrà sempre attivi circa 140, per la maggior parte in Europa, ma anche in America, in Asia e in Africa.

Autore:
Domenico Agasso