Statue de saint Maurand en la Collégiale Saint-Pierre de Douai
diacre et abbé (✝ v. 702)
Baptisé par saint Riquier, il passa toute sa vie dans sa Flandre natale. Sa première éducation terminée, il fut envoyé à la cour du roi Clovis II où il demeura plusieurs années. Au moment où sa famille voulut le marier, il refusa. Sa mère, craignant qu'il ait pris cette décision pour mieux s'adonner à la débauche, consulta l'évêque saint Amand qui la rassura. La décision de saint Maurant était guidée par un appel de Dieu. Et c'est ainsi que nous le retrouvons moine du monastère du Breuil et père spirituel de l'abbaye de Marchiennes. Il s'endormit dans le Seigneur après une vie pleine de mérites et de vertus.
À Marchiennes dans l’Artois (*), en 702, saint Mauront, diacre et abbé, qui fut disciple de saint Amand.
(*) actuellement, l'Ostrevent.
St. Mauront, Abbot
HE was born in the year 634, and was baptized by St. Riquier. Being the eldest son of blessed Adalbald, an illustrious French nobleman of royal blood, and of St. Rictrudes, of a most noble family in Gascony or Aquitain, his high birth promised him the first honours of the kingdom, and his capacity and integrity made him superior to the greatest affairs. He passed his youth in the court of King Clovis II. and the holy queen Bathildes, and discharged in it many honourable employs. On the death of his father he became lord or duke of Douay, and succeeded to his other large estates, came home into Flanders to settle his concerns and to marry a rich young lady, a treaty having been already concluded for this purpose. But God designed him for a state of greater perfection; and his instrument for bringing this about was St. Amand bishop of Maestricht who then led a retired life in his monastery of Elnone. Mauront was so touched by a discourse of this holy prelate on the vanity and dangers of the world, that he went directly to the monastery of Marchiennes, founded by his mother. There he soon received the clerical tonsure from St. Amand, and after some years was made deacon and prior of Hemaye, or Hamaige, half a league from Marchiennes, on the Scarp. He built himself a new monastery called Breüil, on his estate of Merville, a considerable town near St. Venant, in the diocess of Teroüanne, and when it was finished, was chosen the first abbot. His father Adalbald had two brothers, Sigefrid, count of Ponthieu, and Archenald, Mayor of the Palace to Clovis II. son to Dagobert, to whom they were related. After the death of Adalbald, whom the poet who celebrated St. Rictrudes, styles Duke of the people of Douay, 1 his brother Archenald rebuilt the castle of Douay, (which gave rise to the town,) and founded the church of our Lady, now called St. Amatus’s. 2 St. Amatus, on being banished by King Theodoric III. was committed to the care of Mauront, who profited exceedingly by the saintly conversation of that holy confessor; whom he so much respected that he resigned to him his abbacy, and lived under his obedience, but was obliged to resume his charge upon the death of that holy bishop, in 690. He was also abbot of the monks at Marchiennes, whilst his sister Clotsenda was abbess of the separate house of nuns, this being at that time a double monastery. St. Mauront died there in the seventy-second year of his age, of Christ 706, on the 5th of May, on which day he is commemorated in the Belgic Martyrologies. Merville, the ancient Minariacum of Antoninus, having been plundered by the Danes or Normans, towards the end of the ninth century, Charles the Simple, king of France, transferred the community of monks from Breüil to our Lady’s Church at Douay, which had been founded by Archenald, St. Mauront’s uncle. At the same time the body of St. Mauront with that of St. Amatus, was translated from Breüil to Douay, and both are there enshrined in the church of St. Amatus, which, since the secularization of the monastery in 940, is a collegiate church of canons. In its archives and in the ancient calendars of the cathedral of Arras, St. Martin’s at Tournay, Liesse, &c., St. Mauront is styled sometimes Levite or Deacon, and sometimes Abbot: by which he seems never to have been ordained priest. His body is kept in a rich shrine in this church, in which is a chapel sacred to his name and his parents, where his statue is seen between those of his parents. He is represented holding in his right hand a sceptre, and in his left a building with a tower or belfry. The abbey of St. Guislin in Hainault possesses his skull in a shrine of silver gilt. The cathedral of Arras and some other churches, show particles of his relics. 3 On his life consult Huebald the monk in his life of St. Rictrudes, the archives of the church of St. Amatus in Douay, copied by Buzelin in his accurate Gallo Flandria, and Annales Flandrici, and by Henschenius, t. 2, Maij, p. 53; see also Miræus, Malbrancq, Locrius, Grammaye, Sylvius Baldricus, Le Cointe, an. 638, n. 97; Molanus, &c.
Note 1. Duci Duwacorium. [back]
Note 2. Grammaie, in Duaco, Buzelin, Annal. Flandr. Locrius, Chronicon Belgicum, Silvius, Baldericus, Castilion, Sacra Belgii Chronol. p. 38. [back]
Note 3. The B. Rictrudes, besides Mauront, had three other children. 1. The B. Clotsenda, her eldest daughter, abbess of Marchiennes after her death, honoured on the 13th of June. 2. St. Eusebia or Isoye, chosen abbess of Hamaye (Hamaticum) at twelve years of age, about the year 646, where she succeeded Gertrude, grandmother to Adalbald, who with St. Amand had founded the double monastery of Marchiennes. 3. B. Adalsend, a nun under her at Marchiennes, honoured on the 24th of December. Adalbald is commemorated on 2nd of February. See Molanus, Nat. Sanct. Belg. [back]
Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). Volume V: May. The Lives of the Saints. 1866.
Maurontius of Douai, OSB (AC)
(also known as Maurantius, Mauron, Mauront)
Born in 634; died May 5, c. 701. Saint Maurontius was the heir-apparent to SS. Adalbald and Rictrudis. He was baptized by Saint Riquier and reared at the court of Clovis II and Saint Bathildis. Upon the death of his father, he succeeded him as lord of Douai (Tournai) and inherited other estates.
He was on the point of marrying, in fact the marriage contract had been signed, when he heard a discourse by the retired Bishop Saint Amandus on the dangers of the world. Maurontius immediately quit the world and joined the Benedictines at Marchiennes, a monastery that had been founded by his mother. Within a short time he received the clerical tonsure from Amandus, and some years later he was ordained a deacon (apparently he was never ordained to the priesthood) and prior of Hamage Abbey.
Eventually, he became the abbot-founder (and patron) of Breuil-sur- lys, built on his estate near Douai in the diocese of Thérouanne. There he cared for Saint Amatus, who had been banished by King Theodoric III. Maurontius respected and learned so much from Amatus that he resigned his abbacy in his favor and lived under his obedience. When the holy bishop died in 690, Maurontius resumed the leadership of the monastery and directed the monks at the double monastery of Marchiennes at the same time, while his sister Saint Clotsend was abbess of the nuns.
Maurontius was buried at Breuil, but during the Nordic invasions at the end of the 9th century, King Charles the Simple had the relics of Maurontius and Amatus moved to the church of Saint Amatus at Douai. Maurontius's body is kept in a rich shrine in this church, in which is a chapel dedicated to him and his parents, where there is a statue of him between those of his parents. The abbey of Saint Guislin in Hainault possesses his skull in a shrine of silver gilt. The cathedral of Arras, and some churches, show particles of his relics (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
In art Saint Maurontius is a nobleman holding an abbey (Breuil-sur- lys) in his hand with a fleur-de-lys on his shield (Roeder). In his chapel, his statue shows him holding in his right hand a scepter, and in his left a building with a tower or belfry (Husenbeth).