mercredi 6 mai 2015

Saint EADBERT (EDBERT) de LINDISFARNE, moine bénédictin, évêque et confesseur

Saint Eadbert

Évêque de Lindisfarne ( 698)

A la mort de Saint Cuthbert, évêque de Lindisfarne, en 687, saint Edbert (Eadbert, Eadbeorht) lui succéda. Bède Le Vénérable écrivit qu'Edbert fut un homme remarquable par sa connaissance des Écritures et son obéissance aux Commandements de Dieu, en particulier par sa générosité. Bède nous rapporte que chaque année, saint Edbert «obéissait à la loi de la Dîme dans l'Ancien Testament, donnant un dixième de son bétail, de sa récolte, de ses fruits et de ses vêtements aux pauvres». 

Onze ans après le décès de Cuthbert, on ouvrit son tombeau et on découvrit le corps sans corruption, ses jointures toujours souples, et ses vêtements propres et nets. Edbert baisa les vêtements qui avaient recouvert le corps du saint, puis ordonna qu'on lui enfilât des vêtements neufs et qu'on lui réalisât un nouveau tombeau. Ce dernier, dit-il, devant recevoir une place d'honneur. Et il donna pour instruction à ses moines de laisser un espace en dessous de ce cercueil pour son propre tombeau.

Edbert imita son prédécesseur dans d'autres actes pieux, passant 40 jours de méditation solitaire deux fois par an - au Carême et durant l'Avent - sur une petite île, et construisant de belles églises. Il fit placer un toit en plomb sur l'église en bois bâtie par Saint Finan et dédiée à Saint Pierre sur Lindisfarne. 

Mort le 6 Mai 698, Edbert repose, comme Cuthbert, dans la cathédrale de Durham, les corps des deux saints y ayant été transférés en 875 après avoir voyagé de longues années durant pour échapper aux prédateurs venus de Scandinavie.


Source: courrier d'un internaute.

À Lindisfarne, en Northumbrie d’Angleterre, l’an 698, saint Edbert, évêque, qui succéda à saint Cuthbert et s’illustra par sa connaissance des Écritures, l’observance des préceptes divins et surtout la générosité de ses aumônes.


Martyrologe romain

SAINT EADBERT

 (+ 698)


Moine bénédictin qui succéda au siège épiscopal de Lindisfarn en Angleterre. Sa connaissance des Saintes Ecritures et sa charité envers les pauvres lui obtinrent une grande popularité. Nous pouvons joindre à sa fête, son successeur, saint Eafrid qui fut l’auteur du célèbre évangéliaire de Lindisfarn.


May 6

St. Eadbert, Bishop of Lindisfarne, Confessor

VENERABLE BEDE assures us, that this holy man excelled both in the knowledge of the holy scriptures, and in the observance of the divine precepts. All his life-time he was remarkable for his alms-deeds, and it was a law with him to lay aside yearly the tenth part of his goods for the poor. He was ordained successor to St. Cuthbert, in the see of Lindisfarne, in 687, and most worthily governed that church eleven years. It was his custom twice a year in Lent, and during forty days before Christmas, to retire into a solitary place, encompassed by the waters of the sea, where St. Cuthbert had for some time served God in private before he went to the isle of Ferne. St. Eadbert spent this time remote from all company, in abstinence, prayers, and tears. St. Cuthbert had been buried about eleven years, when the brethren desired, with the approbation of Eadbert, to take up the bones of that eminent servant of God, whose life had been signalized by many illustrious miracles. Instead of dust, to which they expected they were reduced, to their great surprise they found the body as entire, and the joints all as pliable as if it had been living: all the vestments and clothes in which it was laid were also sound, and wonderfully fresh and bright. The monks made haste to inform the holy bishop, who was then in his Lent retreat, and they brought him part of the garments which covered the holy body. These he devoutly kissed, and ordered that the blessed body should be laid in other garments, put into the new coffin which was made for the holy relics, and, for greater veneration, placed above the pavement in the sanctuary. He added, that the grave which had been sanctified by so great a miracle of heavenly grace, would not remain long empty. This was accordingly done, and presently after Eadbert, the bishop beloved of God, fell dangerously sick, and his distemper daily increasing, on the 6th of May following he departed to our Lord. His body was laid in St. Cuthbert’s grave, and over the place was deposited the uncorrupted body of that glorious servant of God. “Miracles here wrought from time to time, in curing the sick, bear testimony to the merits of them both,” says Bede. The same historian informs us, that St. Eadbert covered with lead the church of Lindisfarne, which was dedicated by the archbishop Theodorus, under the patronage of St. Peter. It had been formerly built by bishop Finan, after the Scottish fashion, of oak boards, and thatched with reeds.—See Bede, Hist. l. 3, c. 25; l. 4, c. 29, 30; and his life of St. Cuthbert. St. Eadbert is named on this day in the Roman Martyrology.

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume V: May. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.



Also known as
  • Eadbert
  • Eadbeorht
  • Eadberht
Profile

Monk of Lindisfarne Abbey. Noted for his personal sanctity, his extensive Bible knowledge, and his charity to the poor; he annually gave away a tenth of his goods and property. Bishop of Lindisfarne, England for eleven years; successor to Saint Cuthbert. Even as bishop he would make two 40-day retreats each year to live as a hermit in meditation. Built several churches in the region, and improved the structures at Lindisfarne. Bede wrote about him.

Born

Book of Saints – Eadbert

21 November 2012, 6:11 pm

Article

EADBERT (EADBERHT) (Saint) Bishop (May 6) (7th century) A monk of Lindisfarne, successor of Saint Cuthbert in that See, which he governed for eleven years. Towards the close of his life he enshrined afresh the incorrupt body of his holy predecessor, directing that his own remains should be laid underneath it. This was duly done when Saint Eadbert passed away on May 6 of that same year, 698. Saint Eadbert was remarkable for his profound knowledge of the Holy Scriptures and for his exceeding charity to the poor.
MLA Citation
  • Monks of Ramsgate. “Eadbert”. Book of Saints, 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 21 November 2012. Web. 6 May 2015. <http://catholicsaints.info/book-of-saints-eadbert/>


Edbert of Lindisfarne, OSB B (RM)

(also known as Eadbert, Eadbeorht)

Died May 6, 698. When Saint Cuthbert, bishop of Lindisfarne, died in 687, he was succeeded by Saint Edbert. The venerable Bede wrote that Edbert was a man noted for his knowledge of the Scriptures and for his obedience to God's commandments, and especially for his generosity. Bede tells us that Saint Edbert every year "obeyed the law of the Old Testament by giving one tenth of all his cattle, his crops, his fruit, and his clothing to the poor."


Eleven years after Cuthbert's death, his coffin was opened and the body was found to be incorrupt, the joints still pliable and the clothing fresh and bright. Edbert kissed the clothing that had covered the saint's body, then ordered that new garments be put on the saint and a new coffin made. The coffin, he said, must be given a place of honor. And he instructed his monks to leave a space under it for his own grave, which he filled within a very short time.

Edbert imitated his predecessor in other acts of godliness, spending 40 days in solitary meditation twice annually (Lent and before Christmas) on a small island, and building fine churches for the worship of God. He installed a leaden roof on the wooden church built by Saint Finan and dedicated to Saint Peter on Lindisfarne. Edbert lies, like Cuthbert, in Durham Cathedral, for the bodies of both saints were carried there in 875 after many years of being moved around to escape the marauders from Scandinavia (Benedictines, Bentley, Farmer, Husenbeth).