SOURCE : http://magnificat.ca/cal/fr/saints/saint_andre_avellin.html
Saint André Avellin (1591-1680)
SOURCE : http://www.icrsp.org/Calendriers/Le%20Saint%20du%20Jour/andre_avellin.htm
Saint André Avellin
Prêtre théatin (✝ 1608)
Appelé Lancelot à son baptême, il prit le nom d'André à son entrée chez les religieux.
Prêtre et docteur en droit, il exerça sa charge d'avocat ecclésiastique à Naples. Il entra chez les religieux Théatins. Il a laissé la réputation d'un grand prédicateur.
André Avellin, prêtre de la Congrégation des Clercs réguliers Théatins. Célèbre par sa sainteté et son zèle à rechercher le salut de son prochain, il fit le vœu difficile de progresser chaque jour en vertu et, chargé de mérites, s’endormit dans la paix au pied de l’autel.
SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/76/Saint-Andre-Avellin.html
Andrea Avellino fut Béatifié par le Pape Urbano VIII (Maffeo Barberini, 1623-1644) le 14 octobre 1624 et Canonisé le 22 mai 1712, par le Pape Clemente XI (Giovanni Francesco Albani, 1700-1721).
Church of Sant'Antonio Abate church in Milan, Italy. Second chapel at the right side (Saint Andrew Avellino): Ercole Procaccini il Vecchio (given to), Apotheosis of Saint Andrew Avellino. Picture by Giovanni Dall'Orto, May 20 2007.
Pfarrkirche hl. Michael, Waldenstein, Niederösterreich - Glasfenster: hl. Andreas Avellinus
SOURCE : http://www.introibo.fr/10-11-St-Andre-Avellin-confesseur
- Andrea Avellino
- Lorenzo Avellino
Lawyer at the ecclesiastical court at Naples, Italy. During a heated courtroom argument on behalf of a friend, he supported his position with a lie; in that setting, he had committed perjury. It shook him so badly, he gave up the legal profession, and settled into a life of penance.
Commissioned by his archbishop to reform the convent of Sant’ Arcangelo at Naples, a house of such lax discipline it had became a topic of gossip in the city. Through good example, constant work, and the backing of his bishop Lorenzo managed to restore celibate discipline to the house, but was nearly killed for his efforts when he was attacked by people who had been ordered off the premises.
The night of the attack, he was taken to the house of the Theatine Clerks Regular. He was so impressed with them that he joined the Theatines at age 35, taking the name Andrew in reference to the crucified Apostle. Master of novices for ten years. Superior of the Order. Founded Theatine houses in Milan, Italy and Piacenza, Italy and helped establish others. Eloquent preacher, and popular missioner and spiritual director, bringing many back to the Church. Writer and extensive correspondent. Friend and advisor of Saint Charles Borromeo.
Suffered a stroke while celebrating Mass, and died soon after. Legend says that his blood bubbled and liquified after death, which led some to think that his stroke had left him catatonic, and that he was buried alive; a papal investigator found no credibility to any of this.
- 10 November 1608 at Naples, Italy of a stroke
- relics enshrined at the Church of Saint Paul in Naples
- against apoplexy
- against strokes
- against sudden death
- for a holy death
- stroke victims
- Badolato, Italy
- Naples, Italy
- Sicily, Italy
One cannot separate the most Holy Eucharist from the Passion of Jesus. – Saint Andrew Avellino
St. Andrew Avellino
Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Dennis McCarthy. Dedicated to the Memory of Andrew Jarrett (1967-1993).
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.
Copyright © 2020 by Kevin Knight. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
Anton Francesco Andreozzi. Sant'Andrea Avellino. Chiesa di San Gaetano
Anton Maria Garbi (16th-century). Saint Andrew of Avellino. Santa Maria sopra Minerva, Assisi.
Photographie : © José Luiz Bernardes Ribeiro
Saint Andrew Avellino was born at Castro Nuovo, in the kingdom of Naples. To fear God and to avoid sin, were the maxims which his mother, from early childhood, implanted deep into his heart, and which became the rule of his entire life. While he studied at Senise, a lady sought to attract him by several presents which she sent him, but the chaste youth accepted not her gifts, and sent her word saying that she should trouble him no more, and might rest assured that he would rather die than consent to any evil. On another occasion when he was enticed to sin, he fled like the chaste Joseph. To escape similar temptations, he determined to become a priest, and was ordained after he had finished his studies. For some time he devoted himself to the practice of Canon Law in the ecclesiastical courts; until one day, in the heat of his argument, a trivial lie escaped him. Soon after, while reading the holy Scriptures, the words, “The mouth that lies, kills the soul,” came under his eyes, and his repentance was such that, from that moment, he renounced his profession in order to escape from the danger of offending God, and gave himself entirely to the sacred ministry. By associating frequently with the religious of the Theatine Order, he conceived the desire of joining their number, which he did in 1556. It was on this occasion that he took the name of Andrew, in honor of the holy Apostle of that name, after whose example he desired to suffer much for the glory of God.
His eminent virtues induced his superiors to make him Master of Novices, though he had been only five years in the Order, and afterwards to charge him with the administration of several houses. He attended to all his duties to the greatest benefit of those under him. Besides the usual vows, he imposed upon himself two more. The first of these was to work continually against his own inclinations; the second, to make continual progress in perfection. The fervent love he bore to God and men induced him to employ all his leisure moments in prayer and in laboring for the salvation of souls. Before entering into religion, he had been accustomed to give six hours daily to prayer, but as he could not, as a religious, spare so much time during the day, he took a part of the night for this sacred duty. He benefited mankind much by preaching and hearing confessions. He reformed many a hardened sinner, restrained others from falling again, reconciled embittered minds, and led numberless souls to heaven. God manifested more than once, by miracles, how agreeable the endeavors of the Saint were to Him One night as he returned home, with his companion, from the house of a sick man whose confession he had heard, a violent storm extinguished the light that was carried before them; but then such a brightness emanated from the Saint’s body that the way was made clear through the darkness, whilst, at the same time, neither he nor his companion was touched by the rain. Many similar events, as also the frequent visions of Saints, the gifts of prophecy and of reading the hearts of men, but above all the many examples of heroic virtue which he gave to others, won for Saint Andrew the highest regard. Saint Charles Borromeo, the holy Cardinal, esteemed him greatly, and made use of his zeal on many occasions. Notwithstanding this, the holy man had so low an opinion of himself, that he regarded as nothing his great and arduous labors to further the honor of God and the salvation of souls; looked upon himself as a great sinner, and frequently evinced great fear in regard to his salvation. “If they,” said he, “must regard themselves as useless servants, who have done all their duty, what must I do, who have done so small a part of what I ought to have done?” Sometimes he would look up to heaven and sigh: “Will that magnificent mansion of the blessed spirits allow the entrance of one so miserable, despicable and sinful as I am? ”.From this fear, however, he was afterwards freed by a comforting vision. Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas of Aquin, both of whom he honored as patrons, appeared to him, consoled him, and promised him their aid, especially in that hour on which eternity depends. Andrew, taking heart, asked them whether he would enjoy eternal life? The answer was as follows: “The time of thy salvation has not come yet. But as in life everything is doubtful and uncertain, follow our advice: struggle, with the greatest perseverance, on the battle-field of virtue, as you hast done till now; and thus you wilt gather a treasure of merit, and God will not close to thee the gates of heaven.” With these words the Saint consoled himself, and not only continued his zeal in the practice of virtue, but increased it daily. During the last 18 years of his life, he allowed himself neither meat, nor eggs, nor fish; his nourishment consisted of beans only, of which he had always enough cooked to last him three days. When advised to change his diet, on account of his advanced age, he said: “Though at the age of 83 years, I am excused from the law of fasting, I find when thinking of my sins and my indolence in the service of the Most High, that I am obliged to fast and to observe other austerities, in order to appease the wrath of God.” Thus spoke he, who had ever preserved his first innocence. His bed was a sack of straw on two boards. He daily scourged himself to blood. Not content with all this, he daily begged the Almighty to send him something to suffer. The greatest wrongs he bore with invincible meekness; in persecutions and trials, he evinced heroic patience, and he met his enemies with truly Christian gentleness. This was especially experienced by the man who had cruelly murdered the son of the Saint’s brother. The holy man exhorted his brother neither to seek nor demand vengeance. He knew the murderer, but revealed him not; and when the wretch was at last discovered and arraigned before the judges, Andrew implored mercy and pardon for him.
Our Saint’s devotion to the passion and death of our Lord Jesus Christ, was the cause of his earnest desire to suffer more and more. He was often heard to say: “Ah! what is all that I do and suffer compared with what my Jesus did and suffered for my sake? O, that I might, for His honor, be torn with scourges and pierced with nails, and expire on the Cross for Him!” Not less deep was his devotion to the Blessed Sacrament; and at the time of holy Mass, his whole countenance glowed with divine love. To the very last day of his life, though he was almost entirely exhausted, he insisted on saying Mass; but he had hardly begun the Psalm at the foot of the Altar, when he was struck with paralysis. He was then carried to his room, where the last Sacraments were administered to him. Having received them, he blessed all those who were present, and peace and happiness shone from his countenance. After this, he turned his eyes upon an image of the Blessed Virgin, whom during all his life he had greatly loved and honored, and expired in the 88th year of his life. His face beamed after his death With a truly divine radiance, and God proclaimed the glory which the Saint enjoyed in heaven, by many and great miracles.
Enea Salmeggia. Sant'Andrea Avellino, 1624, Chiesa del Carmine, Bergamo, Italia
• A small, involuntary lie was repented of by Saint Andrew, during his whole life; and in order not to be tempted to sin thus again, he renounced a profession in which he believed there was danger of repeating the offence. What do you say to this, you who have made almost a habit of lying and are very little disturbed by it? It is true that not every lie is a great sin; and the verse which frightened Saint Andrew so much, is to be understood to refer specially to lies by which great wrong is committed. But it is nevertheless a fact, that a lie is an offense done to the Almighty. It is also true that those who have the habit of lying in small things, easily transfer this habit to things of importance, and even confirm their lie with an oath, which is surely a mortal sin. It is false to say or imagine that it is no wrong to tell a lie in jest, or for the sake of preventing a quarrel. We need, of course, not always tell what we know, and must often express ourselves very guardedly; but to say what is not true is always a sin, be it done in jest, to please others, to prevent a quarrel or other damage, or, as the saying is, because we cannot help ourselves. Such lies are called “white lies,” and we become guilty of venial sin, by becoming guilty of them.
But by other lies, we may commit great sin, because by them we seek to harm our neighbor, or do actually harm him. We also commit great sin by lying in the confessional, when, for instance, we voluntarily lessen the number of our mortal sins, or tell not the truth in regard to what is essential to a perfect confession. Finally, a lie is a great sin, as I have already mentioned above, when we confirm it with an oath, fully conscious of what we are doing, although it may be a matter of but little consequence, and of no harm to others. Examine your conscience, whether you have not frequently committed wrong by lying; and endeavor earnestly to reform.
• Saint Andrew sometimes sighed while gazing up to heaven: “Will that beautiful abode of the Blessed give admittance to so miserable, so contemptible, so sinful a man as I am?” So holy a man, who had never been guilty of a mortal sin, and who had so zealously labored in good and noble deeds, feared that heaven might be locked against him! Oh! how much more reason have you to fear, knowing that you have spotted your conscience with so many sins! Fear without disguise; for, you have reason. But your fear must not be such as to make you despondent, but such as to incite you to do all that is necessary to gain life everlasting, and to avoid all that may close the gates of heaven against you. For the rest, take to heart the advice given by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas to Andrew: “Fight valiantly on the battle-field of virtue. God will not close the entrance of salvation to you.” “For the Almighty,” says Saint Augustine, “has created us for the eternal joys of heaven, and not to precipitate us into the unquenchable fire.” Thomas a Kempis writes: “Be watchful and diligent in the service of God, and think often: why have I been created? If you are faithful and fervent in the performance of your work, God will be faithful and generous in rewarding you.”
In conclusion, consider well the two beautiful sayings of Saint Andrew, which are related above. The first of these is what he answered when advised not to fast so strictly, on account of his great age; the second is what he was frequently heard to say when contemplating the bitter passion and death of our Lord.
The first will serve to make you carefully observe the fasts; for you certainly have more reason to appease the wrath of an indignant God, than Saint Andrew had. Consider the second in hours of suffering; for you can say with more truth, that your cross is nothing compared with that which your dear Saviour bore. This will animate you to patience in your trials. “Who can refuse to suffer, when thinking that his Lord suffered so infinitely more? The pain and suffering of the Master decreases the pain and suffering of the servant. Christ crucified has left us an example, that we may follow in His steps.” Thus writes Saint Lawrence Justinian.
- Father Francis Xavier Weninger, DD, SJ. “Saint Andrew Avellino, Confessor”. , 1876. CatholicSaints.Info. 23 May 2018. Web. 10 November 2020. <https://catholicsaints.info/weningers-lives-of-the-saints-saint-andrew-avellino-confessor/>
Picture by Giovanni Dall'Orto, May 20 2007.
After a holy youth, Lancelot Avellino was ordained priest at Naples. At the age of thirty-six, he entered the Theatine Order, and took the name of Andrew, to show his love for the cross. For fifty years he was afflicted with a most painful rupture; yet he would never use a carriage. Once when he was carrying the Viaticum, and a storm had extinguished the lamps, a heavenly light encircled him, guided his steps, and sheltered him from the rain. But as a rule, his sufferings were unrelieved by God or man. On the last day of his life, Saint Andrew rose to say Mass. He was in his eighty-ninth year, and so weak that he could scarcely reach the altar. He began the “Judica,” and fell forward in a fit of apoplexy. Laid on a straw mattress, his whole frame was convulsed in agony, while the fiend in visible form advanced to seize his soul. Then, as his brethren prayed and wept, the voice of Mary was heard, bidding the Saint’s guardian angel send the tempter back to hell. A calm and holy smile serried on the features of the dying Saint, as, with a grateful salutation to the image of Mary, he breathed forth his soul to God. His death happened on the 10th of November, 1608.
Reflection – Saint Andrew, who suffered so terrible an agony, is the special patron against sudden death. Ask him to be with you in your last hour, and to bring Jesus and Mary to your aid.
Carlo Marcellini, Sant'Andrea Avellino, stucco, 1702, Chiesa di San Gaetano, sagrestia
In the sixteenth century, in reply to the reproach of exhaustion hurled against the Church, the Holy Ghost raised from her soil an abundant harvest of sanctity. Andrew was one of his most worthy co-operators in the work of holy reformation and supernatural renaissance, which then took place. Eternal Wisdom had as usual suffered Satan to go before, for his own greater shame, cloaking his evil works under the grand names of renaissance and reform.
It was nme years since Saint Gajetan bad departed this world, leaving it strengthened by his labours and all embalmed with the fragrance of his virtues; the former Bishop of Theate, his companion and collaborator in founding the first Regular Clerks, was now governing the Church under the name of Paul IV; when in 1666 God bestowed upon the Theatines, in the person of our Saint, an heir to the supernatural gifts, the heroic sanctity, and the zeal for the sanctuary, that had characterized their father. Andrew was the friend and support of the great Bishop of Milan, Saint Charles Borromeo, whose glory in heaven he went to share on this day. His pious writings are still used in the Church. He himself formed some admirable disciples, such as Laurence Soupoli, author of the well-known work so prized by the Bishop of Geneva, the Spiritual Combat.
Nothing need be added to the following history of his life.
Andrew Avellino, formerly called Lancelot, was born at Castro Nuovo in Lucania; and, while still an infant, gave evident signs of future holiness. He left his father’s house to study the liberal arts; in the pursuit of which he passed so blamelessly through the slippery age of youth, as ever to keep before his eyes the fear of the Lord, which is the beginning of wisdom. Of a comely appearance, he was so great a lover of holy purity that he was able to escape snares laid for his chastity by shameless women, and even to repel open attacks. After being made a cleric, he went to Naples to study law, and there took his degree. Meanwhile he was promoted to the priesthood; after which he began to plead, but only in the ecclesiastical court and for private individuals, in accordance with the prescriptions of Canon Law. Once, however, when pleading a cause, a slight untruth escaped him; and happening soon after, in reading the Holy Scripture, to come upon these words: The mouth that belieth killeth the soul, he conceived so great a sorrow and repentance for his fault, that he determined at once to abandon that kind of life. He therefore left the bar, and devoted himself entirely to the divine service and the sacred ministry. As he was eminent in priestly virtues, the Archbishop of Naples confided to him the direction of certain nuns. In discharging this office he incurred the hatred of some evil men, who attempted his life. He escaped their first assault; but soon afterwards one of the assassins gave him three wounds in the face: an injury which he bore unmoved. Desirous of a more perfect life, he humbly begged to be admitted among the Regular Clerks; and on obtaining his request, he asked to be called by the name of Andrew, on account of his ardent love of the Cross.
He earnestly devoted himself to the stricter manner of life he had embraced, and to the practice of the virtues, going so far as to bind himself thereto by two most difficult vows, viz; never to do his own will, and ever to advance in Christian perfection. He had the greatest respect for religious discipline, and zealously promoted it when he was superior. Whatever time remained oyer after the discharge of his duties and the prescriptions of the rule, he devoted to prayer and the salvation of souls. He was noted for his piety and prudence in hearing Confessions. He frequently visited the towns and villages near Naples, exercising the apostolic ministry with profit to souls. Our Lord was pleased to show by miracles how great was this holy man’s love of his neighbour. As he was once returning home late at night from hearing a sick man’s confession, a violent storm of wind and rain put out the light that was carried before him; but neither he nor his companions were wet by the pouring rain; and moreover a wonderful light shining from his body enabled them to find their way through the darkness. His abstinence and patience were extraordinary, as also his humility and hatred of self. He bore the assassination of his nephew with unruffled tranquillity, withheld his family from seeking revenge, and even implored the judges to grant mercy and protection to the murderers.
He propagated the Order of the Regular Clerks in many places, and founded houses for them in Milan and Piacenza. The Cardinals Charles Borromeo and Paul of Arezzo a Regular Clerk, bore him great affection, and availed themselves of his assistance in the discharge of their pastoral office. The Virgin Mother of God he honoured with a very special love and worship. He was permitted to converse with, the Angels; and affirmed that when saying the Divine Office, he heard them singing with him as if in Choir. At length, after giving heroic examples of virtue, and becoming illustrious for his gift of prophecy, whereby he knew the secrets of hearts, and distant and future events, he was worn out with old age and broken down with labours. As he was at the foot of the Altar about to say Mass, he thrice repeated the words: I will go in to the altar of God, and fell down struck with apoplexy. After being strengthened by the Sacraments of the Church, he peacefully expired in the midst of his brethren. His bodv was buried at Naples in the church of Saint Paul, and is honoured even to this day by as great a concourse of people as attended the interment. Finally, as he had been illustrious for miracles both in life and after death, he was solemnly enrolled among the Saints by Pope Clement XI.
How sweet and yet how strong were the ways of Eternal Wisdom in thy regard, blessed Andrew, when a slight fault into which you were surprised became the starting-point of thy splendid sanctity! The mouth that belieth, killeth the soul. Seek not death in the error of your life, neither procure ye destruction by the works of your hands. You read these words of divine Wisdom and fully understand them. The aim of life then appeared to thee very different, in the light of the vows thou wast inspired to make, ever to turn away from thyself and ever to draw nearer to the Sovereign Good. With holy Church in her Collect, we glorify our Lord for having disposed such admirable ascensions in thy heart. This daily progress led thee on from virtue to virtue till thou dost now behold the God of gods in Sion. Thy heart and thy flesh rejoiced in the living God; thy soul, absorbed in the love of his hallowed courts, fainted at the thought thereof. No wonder it was at the foot of God’s altar that thy life failed thee, and thou didst enter on the passage to his blessed home. With what joy thou wast welcomed into the eternal choirs, by those who had been on earth thy angelic associates in the divine praise!
Be not unmindful of the world’s homage. Deign to respond to the confidence of Naples and Sicily, which commend themselves to thy powerful patronage. Bless the pious family of Regular Clerks Theatines, in union with Saint Cajetan thy father and theirs. Obtain for us all a share in the blessings so largely bestowed on thee. May the vain pleasures found in the tabernacles of sinners never seduce us; but may we prefer the humility of God’s house to all worldly pomp. If, like thee, we love truth and mercy, our Lord will give to us, as he gave to thee, grace and glory. Calling to mind the circumstances of thy blessed end, Christians honour thee as a protector against sudden and unprovided death: be our guardian at that last moment; let the innocence of our life, or at least our repentance, prepare for us a happy exit; and may we, like thee, breathe out our last sigh in hope and love.
– text taken from , by Prosper Guéranger, 1903
Sant' Andrea Avellino Sacerdote
Castronuovo, Potenza, 1521 - Napoli, 10 novembre 1608
Nacque a Castronuovo (Pz) nel 1521 e fu chiamato Lancellotto. Ordinato sacerdote nel 1545, nell'ottobre 1547 si trasferì a Napoli per frequentare la facoltà di diritto di quella Università. Ebbe come direttore spirituale il teatino, futuro beato, padre Giovanni Marinonio. Nel 1556 vestì l'abito dei Teatini di San Paolo Maggiore di Napoli, cambiando il suo nome di battesimo con quello dell'Apostolo della croce. Dal 1560 al 1570 fu maestro dei novizi della casa di San Paolo Maggiore. Preposto della stessa casa dal 1566 al 1569 vi istituì il primo studio teologico dell'Ordine, che volle informato dal pensiero di San Tommaso. Tra il 1570 e il 1582 operò tra Milano e Piacenza presso le case dei Teatini nei due centri. Andrea fu poi a Napoli dove si fece conoscere per la sua saggezza e il suo ruolo di mediatore nei conflitti che dividevano la città. Morì nel 1608. (Avvenire)
Etimologia: Andrea = virile, gagliardo, dal greco
Martirologio Romano: A Napoli, sant’Andrea Avellino, sacerdote della Congregazione dei Chierici regolari, che, insigne per la sua santità di vita e la sollecitudine per la salvezza del prossimo, si impegnò in un arduo voto di perfezionamento quotidiano nelle virtù e, ricco di meriti, morì santamente ai piedi dell’altare.
Nacque da Giovanni Avellino e da Margherita Apelli, e fu chiamato Lancellotto. Avviato agli studi da uno zio arciprete, li compì nella vicina Senise, esercitandosi fin d'allora nell'apostolato catechistico fra i giovani del luogo. Ordinato sacerdote nel 1545, nell'ottobre 1547 si trasferì a Napoli per frequentare la facoltà di diritto di quella Università, dove si laureò in utroque iure. Avendo nel 1548 praticato gli esercizi spirituali sotto la direzione del gesuita p. Laínez, si diede a una vita di più intensa spiritualità, nella quale fu saggiamente diretto dal teatino, futuro beato p. Giovanni Marinonio (1490- 1562). Avvocato ecclesiastico presso quella curia arcivescovile, abbandonò il foro in seguito a una menzogna sfuggitagli durante una arringa, fatto questo che lo amareggiò profondamente.
Nel 1551 gli fu affidata da mons. Scipione Rebiba, vicario generale di Napoli, la riforma del tristemente noto monastero femminile di S. Arcangelo di Baiano: egli intraprese tale missione con zelo e fermezza, imponendovi severa clausura e tenendovi il quaresimale e le omelie negli anni 1553 e 1554. Essendo, però, mal sopportata la sua opera riformatrice da chi aveva loschi interessi nel monastero, fu ripetutamente aggredito e, nel 1556, gravemente ferito da un sicario. Guarito quasi miracolosamente, chiese e ottenne, nel novembre di quello stesso anno, di vestire l'abito tra i Teatini di S. Paolo Maggiore di Napoli, cambiando allora il suo nome di battesimo con quello dell'Apostolo della croce. Maestro di noviziato fu lo stesso p. Marinonio e suo compagno il futuro cardinale e beato Paolo Burali d'Arezzo. Professò solennemente il 25 gennaio 1558, aggiungendo in seguito ai tre voti della vita religiosa altri due, cioè, di contrariare sempre la propria volontà e di progredire incessantemente, nella misura delle proprie forze, verso la perfezione.
Nel 1559 fece un pio pellegrinaggio a Roma, dove fu ricevuto da Paolo IV, fondatore, insieme con s. Gaetano Thiene, dei Chierici Regolari (1524). Nel 1560 fu nominato maestro dei novizi della casa di S. Paolo Maggiore, carica che tenne per dieci anni. Furono suoi discepoli spirituali alcuni dei più illustri Teatini del suo tempo, fra i quali va ricordato il ven. Lorenzo Scupoli, autore del trattato Il combattimento spirituale. Preposto della stessa casa dal 1566 al 1569 vi istituì il primo studio teologico dell'Ordine, che volle informato alle dottrine dell'Aquinate.
Nel 1570 fu eletto vicario della casa che i Teatini avevano aperto a Milano, presso S. Calimero,dietro invito di s. Carlo Borromeo, il quale, come ricorda il Martirologio di p. P. Bosco `(3 febb.), accolse amorevolmente A., uscendogli incontro fuori Porta Romana. In breve egli divenne il direttore spirituale preferito dalla migliore nobiltà milanese nel nuovo assetto dato dal Borromeo alla Chiesa ambrosiana, secondo lo spirito del Concilio Tridentino. Nel magg. 1571 fu trasferito a Piacenza come preposto della nuova casa che in S. Vincenzo aveva fondato in quello stesso mese il vescovo Paolo Burali d'Arezzo.
Essendosi incontrato a Genova con la mistica agostiniana suor Battistina Vernazza, figlia di Ettore, l'ispiratore degli Ospedali degli Incurabili, e avendole esposto il desiderio di ritirarsi dall'attività apostolica, ne fu da lei dissuaso. Nell'apr. di quello stesso anno A. fu eletto preposto di S. Antonio di Milano e nel 1581 ancora di S. Vincenzo di Piacenza.
Nel magg. 1582, dopo dieci anni di apostolato nella Lombardia, egli ritornò a Napoli, dove visse fino alla morte. Qui riprese la sua instancabile attività predicando, scrivendo e guidando quanti fiduciosi a lui si rivolgevano.
Eletto nel 1584 e riconfermato nell'anno successivo, A. fu preposto contemporaneamente delle due case che l'Ordine aveva allora in Napoli, quella di S. Paolo Maggiore e quella dei SS. Apostoli. Nei tumulti avvenuti nel magg. 1585, in cui fu trucidato G. V. Starace, « eletto della plebe », ritenuto responsabile della carestia che affliggeva allora la città, A. fece opera di pacificazione e mise anche a disposizione dei più bisognosi le risorse della sua famiglia religiosa. Essendo stato nel 1593 assassinato suo nipote Francesco, A. non solo perdonò l'uccisore, ma volle che altrettanto facessero i suoi familiari.
Dotto nelle scienze ecclesiastiche, ricco di doni straordinari e di celesti carismi, quali la profezia e i miracoli, che gli conciliarono l'ammirazione e la devozione di nobili e di plebei, A. scrisse circa tremila lettere spirituali, e numerosi trattatí e opuscoli di ascetica, di esegesi biblica e di argomenti vari. Il 10 nov. 1608, mentre nella chiesa di S. Paolo Maggiore si accingeva a celebrare la Messa, A. cadde colpito da un attacco di apoplessia ai piedi dell'altare; moriva, rasserenato da una celeste visione, la sera dello stesso giorno.
Iniziatisi i processi informativi nel dic. del 1614, fu beatificato da Urbano VIII il 14 ott. 1624 e canonizzato da Clemente XI il 22 magg. 1712. Il suo corpo si venera nella chiesa di S. Paolo Maggiore. La festa di A., invocato quale celeste protettore contro la morte improvvisa, si celebra il 10 novembre.
Voir aussi : http://catholicharboroffaithandmorals.com/St.%20Andrew%20Avellino.html