samedi 15 avril 2017

Sainte BASILISSA (BASILISSE) et sainte ANASTASIA (ANASTASIE) de ROME, martyres




Sainte Anastasie

Martyrisée à Rome, au Ier siècle ( v. 64)

et son amie sainte Basilisse, martyres romaines qui furent condamnées à mort pour avoir enseveli, selon la tradition, les saints Apôtres Pierre et Paul. Elles connurent les supplices habituels et cruels de la part de l'empereur Néron.

Sainte Basilisse

Martyre à Rome ( v. 64)

En compagnie de son amie Anastasie, martyres romaines qui furent condamnées à mort pour avoir enseveli, selon la tradition, les saints Apôtres Pierre et Paul. Elles connurent les supplices habituels et cruels de la part de l'empereur Néron.



Les Saintes-femmes Basilissa et Anastasia ont vécu à Rome et ont été converties au Christianisme par les apôtres Pierre et Paul. Elles se sont consacrées au service du Seigneur.

          Quand les chrétiens sous l'Empereur Néron (54-68) furent persécutés et livrés à la torture et à l'exécution, Saintes Basilissa et Anastasia ont pris les corps des saints martyrs et leur ont donné l'enterrement respectueux. Les rumeurs de ceci atteignirent Néron, de sorte que Saintes Basilissa et Anastasia ont été enfermés en prison. Ils les ont soumis à de cruelles tortures : ils les ont fouettés avec des fouets, gratté leur peau avec des crochets, et les brûlèrent au feu. Les saintes martyres sont resté inflexibles, cependant, et ont courageusement avoué leur Foi dans le Christ Sauveur. Par l'ordre de Néron, elles furent décapités par l'épée (+ ca. 68).




Basilissa & Anastasia MM (RM)

Died c. 62. The story is told that these two noble Roman women were converted to Christianity by the preaching of SS. Peter and Paul. After each of the apostles was martyred in Rome, Basilissa and Anastasia found their bodies and buried them secretly under the screen of night. This infuriated the authorities, who discovered who had buried the apostles and cast the two women into jail, eventually bringing them before the tribunal of Nero. Neither Basilissa nor Anastasia would renounce their Christian faith. In consequence, both were sentenced to be savagely mutilated--tongues ripped out and limbs cut off--before they were beheaded. Only the Greeks have recorded their story; many modern hagiographers doubt the existence of these ladies (Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Butler, Coulson, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).


In art, SS. Basilissa and Anastasia are portrayed with their hands, feet, and heads cut off. They may also be shown burying the bodies of SS. Peter and Paul (Roeder).

Ss. Basilissa and Anastasia of Rome

Commemorated on April 15

The Holy Women Martyrs Basilissa and Anastasia lived in Rome and were converted to Christianity by the holy Apostles Peter and Paul. They devoted themselves to the service of the Lord.

When Emperor Nero persecuted the Christians and gave them over to torture and execution, Ss. Basilissa and Anastasia took the bodies of the holy apostles and gave them a reverent burial. Rumors of this reached Nero, and he ordered that Ss. Basilissa and Anastasia be locked up in the prison. The women were subjected to cruel tortures: were scourged with whips, had their skin scraped with hooks, and were burned with fire. However, the holy martyrs remained unyielding, and bravely confessed their faith in Christ the Savior.

By Nero’s command, they were beheaded with the sword in 68.


Sante Anastasia e Basilissa Martiri


m. Roma, 68 circa

Etimologia: Anastasio = risorto, dal greco; Basilissa = regina, dal greco

Emblema: Palma

Le sante Anastasia e Basilissa, nobili matrone romane, furono discepole dei Santi apostoli Pietro e Paolo, dei quali ebbero il singolare incarico e privilegio di seppellirne i corpi martoriati.

Persistettero costanti nella professione della loro fede e, dopo esser stata loro tagliata la lingua ed essere state percosse con la spada, conseguirono anch’esse la corona del martirio sotto l’imperatore Nerone, attorno all’anno 68.

I resti delle due gloriose martiri, secondo il Diario Romano del 1926, sarebbero ancora oggi custoditi in Santa Maria della Pace.

Il Martyrologium Romanum nelle passate edizioni ricordava le sante Anastasia e Basilissa al 15 aprile, ma le ultime riforme in materia hanno accomunato tutti i primi martiri cristiani di Roma in un’unica commemorazione posta al 30 giugno.


Autore: Fabio Arduino