dimanche 9 avril 2017

Bienheureuse CÉLESTINE (KATARZYNA CELESTYNA) FARON, vierge religieuse et martyre

Bienheureuse Célestine Faron

Religieuse polonaise martyre à Auschwitz ( 1944)

Jeune religieuse polonaise, elle était entrée à 16 ans chez les Petites Servantes de l'Immaculée Conception. Elle avait offert sa vie pour le retour d'un prêtre qui s'était éloigné de la foi. Dieu l'entendit. Arrêtée en février 1942 par la Gestapo allemande, elle fut déportée à Auschwitz où elle mourut le jour de Pâques 1944, des suites des tortures qu'elle avait courageusement supportées.


Au camp de concentration d’Auschwitz (Oswiecin), près de Cracovie en Pologne, l’an 1944, la bienheureuse Célestine Faron, vierge, de la Congrégation des Servantes de l’Immaculée Conception et martyre, qui, sous le régime nazi d’occupation, fut mise en prison à cause de la foi et succomba aux sévices.


Martyrologe romain



Bienheureuse Célestine Faron

(Publié: janvier 20, 2013)


Cette année, chaque mois, nous publierons les articles sur les saints ou des bienheureux, qui d’une manière spéciale étaient liés à l’idée de la prière pour les prêtres.

Célestine (Catherine) Faron a été née le 24 IV 1913.

Elle était éduquée dans tres religieuse polonaise famille. Elle perdait sa mère à l’âge de 5 ans.

Elle était une étudiante honnête et studieux. Jeune religieuse polonaise, elle était entrée à 16 ans chez les Petites Servantes de l’Immaculée Conception. Elle participait à un certain nombre de cours et de formation. Elle était une catéchiste. En plus: elle aidait les personnes âgées qui habitaient près du monastère. Elle avait soin des enfants dans la maternelle.

Un jour elle renseignait qu’il avait le prêtre avec le même nom – ce prêtre abandonait la prêtrise. Elle avait offert sa vie pour le retour d’un prêtre qui s’était éloigné de la foi. Elle priait pour son conversion. Dieu l’entendit. Arrêtée en février 1942 par la Gestapo allemande, elle fut déportée à Auschwitz. Elle était aimée – elle adait tous prisonniers, qui avaient besoin. Dans le camp de concentration, les gens avaient les conditions terribles: beaucoup d’insectes, de rats; une capable de prendre soin de l’hygiène était négligeable. Les prisonniers en Auschwitz souffraient, parce que ils étaient malade (c’ était possible d’observer les maladies: le froid, la fièvre typhoïde, la gale). Elle mourut le jour de Pâques 1944, des suites de souffrance, qu’elle avait courageusement supportées.

Le prêtre, Wladyslaw Faron, retournait à l’église – il était le prêtre encore. Son ministère devenait fidèle, sérieux, digne, pieux, dévoué et zélé. Célestine (Catherine) Faron devenait bienheureuse le 13.06.1999 (elle était emmi 108 martyrs polonais, qu’ils étaient béatifiés à cette jour à Varsovie).

Les sources: http://www.gron.com/





Katarzyna Celestyna Faron


Religieuse, Martyre, Bienheureuse

1913-1944

Katarzyna Celestyna Faron naquit le 24 avril 1913 dans la ville polonaise de Zabrzez.
Plus tard, elle entra chez les Petites Servantes de l’Immaculée Conception et, après ses vœux perpétuels et après avoir acquis une maturité spirituelle indéniable, elle devînt supérieure de la communauté de Brzozow.
Après l’avènement du régime nazi et, comprenant les conséquences que cette utopie pourrait engendrer, elle offrit sa vie pour un prêtre qui en était devenu adepte. La Gestapo ayant eu connaissance de l’aversion de sœur Katarzyna envers le nazisme, l’arrêta et l’envoya aux travaux forcés à Auschwitz.
Dans ce camp de concentration de triste mémoi-re ― situé tout près de la frontière polonaise ― sœur Katarzyna affronta héroïquement les souffrances les plus horribles, venant à mourir des suites de celles-ci le jour de Pâques, 9 avril 1944, alors qu’elle allait bientôt (le 24 avril) fêter ses trente-et-un ans.
Elle fait partie de la “cohorte” des 108 martyrs des camps de concentration nazis, durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, que le 13 juin 1999, à Varsovie, sur la place Pilsudski, le Pape Jean-Paul II l’éleva aux honneurs des autels, “ad perpetuam rei memoriam”.
« Les martyrs du nazisme sont morts pour la plupart dans les camps de concentration. Des prêtres diocésains et religieux furent arrêtés parce qu’ils refusaient de renoncer à leurs activités pastorales, défendaient les Juifs ou les communistes, des prêtres furent fusillés par raillerie le Vendredi Saint. »
Mais, ce n’est pas tout. Un chroniquer explique que, « le nombre élevé de prêtres est lié au fait que le nazisme s’acharnait tout particulièrement contre les hommes d’Église qui par leur témoignage dénonçaient un système basé sur la violence et la haine ».
Ce même jour, fut aussi celui de la glorification du fondateur de la Congrégation à laquelle appartenait sœur Katarzyna, le laïc Edmund Bojanowski.


Le martyrologe romain fait mémoire, le 9 avril, de la bienheureuse polonaise, martyre, victime du nazisme, Célestine Faron (1913-1944).

Célestine (Catherine) Faron est née le 24 IV 1913.

Cette jeune polonaise perdit sa mère à l’âge de 5 ans.

Elle fut une étudiante honnête et studieuse. Elle entra dès l'âge de 16 ans chez les Petites Servantes de l'Immaculée Conception. Elle participa à un certain nombre de cours et fut catéchiste. Elle exerça par la suite la charge de maîtresse à la crèche où avait soin des enfants. En plus, elle aidait les personnes âgées qui habitaient près du monastère. Elle devint plus tard supérieure de la maison religieuse de Brzozow.
 
 Elle s'était donné ce programme de vie consacrée: "Par le moyen de la profession (religieuse), devenir un holocauste pour Jésus sur le chemin de l'amour et du sacrifice, et suivre l'Agneau immaculé".

Elle avait aussi le souci des vocations sacerdotales.

Elle apprit qu'il y avait un prêtre qui portait le même nom qu'elle. Ce prêtre allait abandonner la prêtrise. Elle décida d'offrir sa vie pour le retour à la foi de ce prêtre. Elle se mit à prier pour sa conversion.

Dieu l’entendit. Après l'invasion de la Pologne par les troupes du IIIe Reich, elle fut arrêtée le 19 février 1942 par la Gestapo et finalement déportée à Auschwitz. Elle y fut très aimée – elle aidait tous prisonniers qui en avaient besoin. Dans le camp de concentration, les gens vivaient dans des conditions terribles : beaucoup d’insectes, de rats ; les conditions d'hygiène étaient déplorables.

 A Auschwitz, les prisonniers  souffraient, parce qu' ils étaient malades (le froid, la fièvre typhoïde, la gale).

Célestin Faron mourut le jour de Pâques 1944, des suites des tortures qu’elle avait courageusement supportées.

Le prêtre, Wladyslaw Faron, retourna à l’église – il resta prêtre. Son ministère devint fidèle, sérieux, digne, pieux, dévoué et zélé.

Célestine (Catherine) Faron fut béatifiée, en tant que martyre, le 13 juin 1999, à Varsovie, par le pape Jean-Paul II, avec 107 autres martyrs polonais du XXe s.

Blessed Katarzyna Faron

Also known as
  • Celestyna Faron
  • Catherine Faron
  • Celestine Faron
  • prisoner #27989
Profile

Orphaned at age five, Katarzyna was raised by childless relatives. Entered the Congregation of the Sisters Servants of Mary Immaculate in 1930, taking the name Celestyna and making pertual vows on 15 September 1938. Catechist and kindergarten teacher. During World War II she ran an orphanage, led a religious house, and continued to work as a catechist. Arrested by the Gestapo on 19 February 1942 at Brzozów, Poland, charged with conspiracy against the Nazi regime. Imprisoned in Jaslo, Poland, then Tarnów, Poland, and finally shipped to Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp where she was put to work digging ditches. Developed tuberculosis and typhoid, and her health finally collapsed completely. Martyr.

Born

Blessed Katarzyna Faron

Katarzyna Faron’s early life was filled with sadness and loss as she was orphaned at the age of just five years old. She was brought up by an aunt who was unable to have children. As a teenage girl she developed a vocation to the religious life. It was in 1930 that she entered the Congregation of the Sister Servants of Mary Immaculate and made her final profession eight years later. Her name in religion was Celstyna. She was encouraged to train as a teacher and developed a particular heart for the younger children. Because of her own difficult and traumatic experiences in early life, Katarzyna cared greatly for those who had lost her parents. During the occupation of Poland she was the local superior of a religious house and oversaw the running of an orphanage.

As with Blessed Bronislaw Koskowski, the Gestapo arrived one day and searched the orphanage. Katarzyna was arrested and charged with conspiracy. After imprisonment in two camps she was transported to Auschwitz where she was given hard manual work to complete which included ditch digging. Weakened by this back breaking labour, she developed tuberculosis and typhoid. She died on Easter Sunday in 1944. Katarzyna provides a wonderful model for those who have experienced a traumatic childhood. Despite a difficult start in life she achieved a great deal and cared for the most vulnerable. Her invincible faith brought her through her early life and sustained her throughout her final suffering.


The blessed sister Celestine (Katherine) Faron

Sister Katherine (Celestine) Faron was born 24 VI 1913 in Zabrzez in Poland. When she was 5 years old, her mother died. Katherine was brought up by relatives, who didn’t have their own baby. These relatives were very religious people and they shared all religious and moral rules with Katherine. Little Katherine was especially impressed by Mary and saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus. In 1920 she began her education in primary school; she took Holy Communion for the first time in the first year of her education in this school. She was always faithful to her vocation, so when her father and her aunt gave her permission, Katherine submitted a request to join the congregation of the Little Servant Sisters of the Immaculate Conception in Stara Wies. In April 1929 she got permission to join the congregation. She took final vows in 1938. Katherine participated in many courses in Lviv, Poznan and Przemysl – with such qualifications she could work as a teacher, tutor and catechist.

She was said to be a devoted, united with God person, who had prayed with a great faith. Katherine worked in kindergartens for kids from poor families, so she cared especially about children and called them “treasures”. She wanted to know what is going on in fatherland and in Church. She was interested in a service for the conversion of human souls. In Lviv she got an information that there was a priest with the same name as her; this priest decided to abandoned a priesthood. Katherine resolved to devote her life in the intention of his conversion. In January 1938 she worked in the kindergarten in Brzozow. What is more: she looked after old people, who lived in the vicinity.

Katherine lived in Brzozow in September 1939, when the Second World War began. In this period, she managed a monastic house for nuns from Brzozow, she worked in kindergarten (in this time there was an additional task of fatten children). Somebody informed against her. On 19th February 1942 sister Celestine got a directive to come to the headquarters of gestapo in Brzozow. When a nun from their monastic house advised her to escape and to hide somewhere, Katherine said that it wouldn’t be a good solution, because it could result in many troubles for congregation. She preferred to suffer on her own. She went to the headquarters of gestapo and never came back. From the moment of being arrested, she began her Stations of the Cross (God accepted her request to become “a burnt offer for Jesus Christ and to devote her life in the intention of a conversion of the priest”). Till August 1942 she have been in prison in Jaslo, then in prison in Tarnow. On 6th January 1943 she was transported to concentration camp in Auschwitz – Birkenau. Her number in concentration camp was 27989; she got stripped uniform and wooden shoes. She was to live in barrack number 7. Katherine dug trenches – it was extremely hard work for her, because she had to stand in deep pool and throw away heavy sand. Soon, she became ill – a cold, a spotted fever, a scabies. She was moved to the barrack number 24 (she rested there until she died).

Because of bad conditions in concentration camp, Celestine’s illness developed and eventually it turned out that she had a tuberculosis and hemorrhages. From time to time she got some packages from nuns from congregation – she shared received things with other prisoners. The hygienic conditions in concentration camp were a hard experience – there were: fleas, bedbugs and a plague of rats. Ill prisoners were in the worst situation, so Katherine (because of her health problems) had to suffer a lot. Her companions tried to do as much as possible to help her – many times they tried to hide Celestine, because they were afraid that she would be destined to crematory. Katherine’s companions wanted her to survive.

All testimonies of her companions and other prisoners, letters from concentration camp (censored by occupation forces) gave a possibility to get to know many things about Celestine. She praised God in suffering and she advised other people to do the same. In her last letter she pointed out that it was important to glorify God, irrespective of the circumstances. She didn’t feel any grief, she didn’t look for enemies or people, who were “responsible” for her suffering. She repeated: “this is God’s will and His will!“ She went through many difficulties and suffering because of her persistent prayer – she prayed for conversion of sinners, for fatherland, for congregation and especially: for priests (they were treated badly and destined to crematories). Katherine was sad that there wouldn’t be anybody to celebrate Holy Masses. In addition: she prayed for Hitler – main author of this cruel plan. Development of illness could be a sign that an end of her life was approaching. Sister Celestine believed that she wouldn’t die without taking Holy Communion (she celebrated nine successive First Fridays). Eventually, she took Holy Communion as a viaticum on 8th December 1943. Holy Communion was secretly brought to concentration camp by a priest, who came to camp with other prisoners from Lviv. After taking Holy Communion, Katherine started to maintain that she wouldn’t survive until the release of prisoners.

 Sister Celestine died on Easter (on 9 April 1944 at 2:20 am). She was sincerely missed by her companions. Her dead body was wrapped in a fabric – Katherine’s companions took it to special car going to crematory. Sister Lidia wrote: “Her body became a handful of dust, but we believe that she is participating in eternal delight with Jesus Christ”.

God answered Celestine’s prayers: father Wladyslaw Faron (with two other men, who abandoned priesthood) came back to Church and fervently continued his service; for many years he worked in Diocese of Szczecin.

Sister Celestine (Katherine) Faron was beatified by pope John Paul II on 13th June 1999 (she was in a group of 108 polish martyrs).

Information based on articles from website: http://www.gron.com/


Beata Caterina Celestina (Katarzyna Celestyna) Faron Vergine e martire


Zabrzez, Polonia, 24 aprile 1913 – Auschwitz, Polonia, 9 aprile 1944

Caterina Celestina Faron, nata nel 1913, fa parte della schiera dei martiri polacchi del nazismo. La suora aveva offerto la sua vita per la conversione di un sacerdote. Arrestata dalla Gestapo fu condannata ai lavori forzati nel campo di Auschwitz. Affrontò eroicamente le sofferenze, morendo il giorno di Pasqua del 1944. La giovane religiosa è stata beatificata da Giovanni Paolo II in Polonia il 13 giugno del 1999 insieme ad altri 107 martiri e a Edmund Bojanowski (1814-1871), fondatore della sua Congregazione di appartenenza, le Ancelle dell'Immacolata Concezione. (Avvenire)

Martirologio Romano: Nel campo di sterminio di Auschwitz vicino a Cracovia in Polonia, beata Celestina Faron, vergine della Congregazione delle Piccole Serve dell’Immacolata Concezione e martire, che, durante l’occupazione militare della Polonia in tempo di guerra, fu gettata in carcere per la sua fede in Cristo e, dopo essere stata sottoposta a torture, ottenne la corona gloriosa.

Katarzyna Celestyna Faron nacque il 24 aprile 1913 nella città polacca di Zabrzez. Entrò fra le Suore Ancelle dell’Immacolata Concezione e divenne superiora della comunità di Brzozow. Con l’avvento del regime nazista, la religiosa aveva offerto la sua vita per la conversione di un sacerdote. Arrestata dalla Gestapo, fu condannata ai lavori forzati nel lager di Auschwitz. Affrontò eroicamente le sofferenze, morendo in seguito alle numerose torture subite il giorno di Pasqua 9 aprile 1944, ancora in giovane età.


Papa Giovanni Paolo II l’13 giugno 1999 elevò agli onori degli altari ben 108 vittime della medesima persecuzione nazista, tra le quali la Beata Katarzyna Celestyna Faron, che viene dunque ora commemorata dal Martyrologium Romanum in data odierna. In quell’occasione fu beatificato anche il fondatore della congregazione di appartenenza di Suor Celestina, il laico Edmund Bojanowski.



Autore: Fabio Arduino