mardi 5 avril 2016

Sainte IRENE de THESSALONIQUE, vierge et martyre



Sainte Irène

Martyre à Thessalonique, avec ses sœurs Agapé et Chiona ( 304)

Ce n'était qu'une jeune fille quand éclata la persécution à Salonique. Comme beaucoup d'autres, elle s'enfuit dans la montagne pour se cacher, mais elle se reprocha cette lâcheté et revint à la maison. C'est là qu'elle fut arrêtée. Le juge lui offrit la vie sauve si elle apostasiait. Elle refusa et fut brûlée vive.


À Thessalonique en Macédoine, l’an 304, sainte Irène, vierge et martyre. Parce qu’elle avait caché les livres saints, malgré l’édit de Dioclétien, et qu’elle refusait de sacrifier aux dieux, le préfet Dulcétius, qui avait déjà fait mourir ses deux sœurs, Agapè et Chionia, donna l’ordre de l’exposer nue au lupanar, puis la fit jeter dans un brasier.

Martyrologe romain

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/2130/Sainte-Irene.html


Saintes Agape, Chionia et Irène

4 avril

Sainte Irène de Thessalonique,

vierge et martyre.

Sainte Irène de Thessalonique est associé à saint Agape et sainte Chionie.

Les trois soeurs naquirent à Thessalonique de parents qui adoraient les idoles.

Comme elles voulaient se faire chrétiennes, elle avaient réussi à se procurer les saintes écritures malgré l’interdiction de Dioclétien.

Mais elles furent découvertes en 304 et menée devant le tribunal du gouverneur Dulcetius avec trois autres femmes, Eutychie, Philippe et Casie ainsi qu’un homme : Agathon.

On les accusa de ne pas vouloir manger de viandes sacrifiées aux dieux. et elles refusaient toujours d’en consommer. Comme Eutychie était enceinte, on ordonna de la mener en prison et de prendre soin d’elles jusqu’à son accouchement.

Puis on leur reprocha d’avoir dérobé et conservé des livres sur la doctrine chrétienne. Comme elles ne voulaient pas révéler l’endroit où elles avaient caché les écrits, Dulcétius leur proposa d’adorer les dieux en échange du pardon. Elles refusèrent.

Irène surtout, tint un discours violent affirmant qu’elles préféraient être brûlées vives que de laisser brûler les textes sacrés.

On la condamna alors à être exposée dans un lupanar. Ce qui fut fait immédiatement. Mais personne n’osa s’approcher d’elle ni tenir, en sa présence, des propos malveillants.

Devant cet échec, Dulcetius la fit revenir devant le tribunal. Comme elle refusait encore de donner les textes cachés, elle fut mise sur un bûcher où pour être brûlée vive. Ses deux soeurs avaient subit le même supplice quelques jours auparavant.

Cela se passa le 4 avril 304.

SOURCE : http://carmina-carmina.com/carmina/Mytholosaintes/Irene.htm



 La sainte Grande Martyre Irene est née dans la ville de Magedon en Perse au IVe siècle. Elle était la fille du Roi païen Licinius, et ses parents l'ont nommée Penelope.

       Pénélope était très belle, et son père a gardé son isolement dans une haute tour du moment où elle avait six ans pour qu'elle ne soit pas exposé au Christianisme. Il a également placé treize jeunes filles dans la tour avec elle. Un vieux professeur du nom d'Apellian a été attribué à lui donner la meilleure éducation possible. Apellian était Chrétien, et lors de ses leçons, il dit à la fille le Christ le Sauveur et lui a enseigné la Foi chrétienne et les vertus chrétiennes.

         Lorsque Penelope atteint l'adolescence, ses parents ont commencé à réfléchir à son mariage. Un jour, un oiseau s'envola par la fenêtre portant un rameau d'olivier dans son bec, le déposant sur une table. Puis, un aigle fondit avec une couronne de fleurs dans son bec, et aussi il posa sur la table. Enfin, un corbeau a volé en portant un serpent, il est tombé sur la table. Penelope a été intrigué par ces événements et se demandais ce qu'ils voulaient dire.

         Apellian a expliqué que la colombe a signifié son éducation, et le rameau d'olivier était la grâce de Dieu qui est reçue dans le Baptême. L'aigle avec la couronne de fleurs a représenté le succès dans sa vie future. Le corbeau et le serpent avaient prédit sa souffrance et de la douleur future.

        A la fin des conversations Apellianus dit que le Seigneur a voulu sa fiancée pour lui-même et que Penelope subirait beaucoup de souffrance pour son Epoux céleste. Après cela Penelope a refusé le mariage, a été baptisé par le prêtre Timothée, et elle a été nommée Irène (la paix). Elle a même exhorté ses propres parents à devenir chrétiens. Peu de temps après, elle a détruit toutes les idoles de son père.

        Depuis Sainte-Irène s'était consacrée au Christ, elle refusa de se marier l'un des prétendants que son père avait choisi pour elle. Lorsque Licinius appris que sa fille a refusé d'adorer les dieux païens, il était furieux. Il a essayé de la détourner de Christ en lui faisant torturé. Elle a été ligoté et jeté sous les sabots des chevaux sauvages afin qu'ils puissent lui piétiner à mort, mais il est resté immobile chevaux. Au lieu de nuire à la sainte, un des chevaux chargés Licinius, s'empara de sa main droite et l'arracha de son bras. Puis il a frappé Licinius et se mit à le piétiner. Ils délié la sainte Vierge, et par ses prières Licinius rose sain et sauf en présence de témoins oculaires de sa main intacte.

       En voyant un tel miracle, Licinius et son épouse, et de nombreuses personnes, (environ 3000 hommes) croient dans le Christ et transformée par les dieux païens. Démissionner de ses fonctions administratives, Licinius se consacra au service du Seigneur Jésus. Sainte-Irène vivait dans la maison de son Apellian enseignant, et elle commença à prêcher le Christ parmi les païens, les convertir à la voie du salut.

         Lorsque Sedecius, le nouveau préfet de la ville, entendu parler de ce miracle, il convoqua Apellian et l'a interrogé à propos de Irene manière de vie. Apellian répondu que Irene, comme les autres chrétiens, vivaient dans une stricte tempérance, de se consacrer à la prière constante et la lecture des livres saints. Sedecius appelé le saint lui et son invité à cesser de prêcher au sujet de Jésus-Christ. Il a également tenté de la forcer à sacrifier aux idoles. Sainte-Irène résolument confessé sa foi devant le préfet, ne craignant sa colère et prêt à subir la souffrance pour le Christ. Par ordonnance du Sedecius elle a été jeté dans une fosse remplie de vipères et les serpents. Le saint a passé dix jours dans la fosse et est resté indemne, car un ange du Seigneur l'a protégé et lui apporta la nourriture. Sedecius attribuer ce miracle à la sorcellerie, et il a soumis Sainte-Irène à beaucoup d'autres tortures, mais elle est restée indemne. Sous l'influence de sa prédication et les miracles encore plus de gens ont été convertis à Christ, et se détourna de l'adoration des idoles inanimées.

       Sedecius a été destitué par son fils, Savorus qui persécutait les chrétiens avec un zèle encore plus grand que son père avait fait. Sainte-Irène est allé à sa ville natale de Magedon en Perse pour répondre Savorus et son armée, et lui demander de mettre fin à la persécution. Quand il a refusé, Sainte-Irène prié et toute son armée fut aveuglé. Elle pria de nouveau, et ils ont reçu leurs yeux une fois de plus. En dépit de cela, Savorus refusé de reconnaître la puissance de Dieu. En raison de son insolence, il a été frappé et tué par un coup de foudre.

        Après cela, Sainte-Irène est entré dans la ville et a accompli plusieurs miracles. Elle est retournée à la tour construite par son père, accompagné par le prêtre Timothée. Par son enseignement, elle se convertit cinq mille personnes à Christ.

         Ensuite, le saint est allé à la ville de Callinicus ou Callinicum (peut-être sur le fleuve de l'Euphrate en Syrie). Le gouverneur de cette place était le roi Numérien, fils de Sébastien. Quand elle a commencé à enseigner au sujet du Christ, elle a été arrêtée et torturée par les autorités païennes. Elle a été placée en trois bœufs de bronze qui ont été chauffés au feu. Elle a été transférée de l'un à l'autre, mais elle est restée miraculeusement indemne. Des milliers d'idolâtres embrassé le christianisme à la suite de cet événement merveilleux.

         Sentant l'approche de la mort, Numérien ordonna à ses Babdonus éparque continuer à torturer le saint afin de la forcer à sacrifier aux idoles. Une fois de plus, les tortures étaient inefficaces, et les gens se sont tournés vers le Christ.

          Le Saint martyr du Christ s'est ensuite rendu à la ville de Constantine, quarante miles au nord-est d'Edesse. En 330, le roi perse Sapor II (309-379) avait entendu parler de grands miracles St Irène. Pour l'empêcher de gagner les gens à Christ, elle a été arrêtée, décapité, puis enterré. Cependant, Dieu a envoyé un ange pour l'élever à nouveau, et elle entra dans la ville de Mesembria. Après avoir vu sa vie et l'entendre prêcher, le roi local a été baptisé avec beaucoup de ses sujets.

         Désireux de convertir les païens au christianisme encore plus, Sainte-Irène s'est rendu à Ephèse, où elle a enseigné le peuple et accompli de nombreux miracles. Le Seigneur a révélé à elle que la fin de sa vie approchait. Ensuite, Sainte-Irène a quitté la ville, accompagné par six personnes, dont son ancien professeur Apellian. À la périphérie de la ville, elle a trouvé un tombeau neuf dans lequel on n'avait jamais été enterré. Après avoir fait le signe de la croix, elle est allée à l'intérieur, diriger ses compagnons pour fermer l'entrée de la grotte avec une grosse pierre, ce qu'ils firent. Quand les chrétiens ont visité la grotte quatre jours plus tard, ils ne trouvèrent pas le corps du saint.

       Apellian retourné après seulement deux jours, et a trouvé la pierre avait été roulée et le tombeau vide. C'est ainsi que Dieu glorifie Sainte-Irène, qui l'aimaient et a consacré sa vie à le servir. Bien que beaucoup de ces miracles peut sembler improbable pour ceux qui sont sceptiques, rien n'est impossible à Dieu.

        Sainte-Irène a conduit des milliers de personnes au Christ par sa prédication, et par son exemple. L'Église continue d'honorer sa mémoire et de lui demander son intercession céleste.

       La sainte, glorieuse grande martyre Irene est invoqué par ceux qui désirent effectuer un mariage rapide et heureux. En Grèce, elle est aussi la sainte patronne des policiers. Sainte-Irène est aussi l'un des Martyrs douze Vierge apparue à saint Séraphim de Sarov (Janvier 2) et la nonne Diveyevo Eupraxia sur la fête de l'Annonciation en 1831. Par ses saintes prières, que le Seigneur ait pitié de nous et sauve-nous.



Irene VM (RM)


Died at Thessalonica, Macedonia, April 5, 304. The martyrdom of Irene's sisters Agape and Chionia is described on April 3. The story is based on an amplified version of genuine records. In 303, Emperor Diocletian issued a decree making it an offense punishable by death to possess any portion of sacred Christian writings. Irene and her siblings, daughters of pagan parents living in Salonika, owned and hid several of the forbidden volumes of Holy Scriptures.


The sisters were arrested and Chionia and Agape were sentenced by Governor Dulcitius to be burned alive because they refused to consume foods offered to pagan gods. Meanwhile, their house had been searched and the forbidden volumes discovered.

Irene was examined again, and said that when the emperor's decree against Christians was published, she and others fled to the mountains. She avoided implicating those who had helped them, and declared that nobody but themselves know they had the books: "We feared our own people as much as anybody."

Irene was sent to a soldiers' brothel, where she was stripped and chained but was miraculously protected from molestation. So, after again refusing a last chance to conform, she was sentenced to death. She died two days after her sisters either by being forced to throw herself into flames or, more likely, by being shot in the throat with an arrow. The books, including the Sacred Scripture, were publicly burned.

Three other women and a man were tried with these martyrs, of whom one woman was remanded because she was pregnant. It is not recorded what happened to the others (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia, White).

In art, this trio is represented generally as three maidens carrying pitchers, though they may be shown being burned at the stake (Roeder). They are venerated in Salonika (Roeder).

SOURCE : http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0405.shtml

Saint Irene of Thessalonica

Also known as
  • Herene
Profile

Sister of Saint Agape and Saint Chionia. Convicted of possessing the Scriptures despite a prohibition issued in 303 by Emperor Diocletian, and of refusing food that had been offered to the gods. Following the martyrdom of her sisters, Irene was also ordered to deny the faith; she refused. She was sent to a house of prostitution, and when she was unmolested after being exposed naked and chained, she was executed. Martyr.

Born

St. Irene of Thessalonica


In 303, the Emperor Diocletian outlawed the possession of sacred Scripture. Three Christian sisters living in Thessalonica at the time—Agape, Chionia, and Irene—concealed the several volumes of Scripture that they owned.

Later, the three were arrested for refusing to eat food sacrificed to Roman gods. When they were taken, their house was searched and the Scriptures discovered. Agape and Chionia were martyred first, and when Irene was commanded to deny her faith, she, too, was condemned to die. She was exposed in a house of prostitution first, but when she remained untouched, she was killed. It is thought that she was killed with arrows, which she shows in this illustration.

The relics of St. Irene rest in the reliquary chapel in the Basilica. 

St. Irene, with her sisters, you gave you life for love of Scripture, pray for us!

SOURCE : http://faith.nd.edu/s/1210/faith/interior.aspx?sid=1210&gid=609&sitebuilder=1&pgid=14076&cid=29203&ecid=29203&ciid=94192&crid=0


Holy Great-martyr Irene of Thessaloniki

May 5
Irene lived in the Balkans during apostolic times in the town of Magedon. Her father Licinius was a lower-rank nobleman. Some think that she was a Slav. Irene was born a pagan of pagan parents. Penelope – for that was her pagan name – learned about the Christian Faith from her teacher Appelianus. St. Timothy, the disciple of the Apostle Paul, baptized her and her court attendants, and provided her with the Epistles of the Apostle Paul to read. Refusing to marry, she angered her father, and he wanted to torture her. Instead, she converted her father to Christianity in a miraculous manner. Irene was subjected to various tortures by four kings, not including her father, but God spared her through His angels. King Sedechias buried her up to her neck in a ditch filled with snakes and scorpions, but an angel of God destroyed these venomous and repulsive creatures and preserved the holy virgin unharmed. Then this king tried to saw her in half, but the saw broke against her body as against a stone. After that the same king tied her to a wheel under a water mill and released the flow of water, hoping in this manner to drown her. But the water refused to flow, and stood still, and the virgin remained alive and well. King Sapor, the son of King Sedechias, shod her feet with nails, loaded a sack of sand upon her, harnessed her and ordered that she be led like an animal far outside the town. “Truly, I am as a beast before Thee, O Lord!” said the holy martyr, running bound behind her torturers. However, an angel of God shook the earth, and the earth opened up and swallowed her tortures. Having survived all her tortures, through which she converted a countless number of pagans to Christianity, Irene entered the town of Callinicus, where she preached the Christian Faith. The local king Numerian tried to kill her in this manner: he cast her into three flaming hot metal oxen, one after the other. But the virgin was saved and remained alive. Many saw this and came to believe. The Eparch Vavdonos took her to the town of Constantina, where he thought to kill her by placing her on red-hot grates. But that too did not harm St. Irene, and she brought many to the true Faith. Finally, Irene arrived in the town of Mesembria where she was slain by King Shapur, but God restored her to life. The king and many of the people, upon witnessing this, believed in Christ and were baptized. Thus, through her sufferings and miracles, St. Irene converted over one hundred thousand pagans to the Christian Faith. Finally she lay down in a coffin and ordered Appelianus to close it. After four days, when the coffin was opened, her body was not in it. Thus, God glorified forever the virgin and martyr Irene, who sacrificed all and endured all so that God might be glorified among men.
Source: St. Nikolai Velimirovic, The Prologue of Ohrid – Volume One.

SOURCE : http://www.gometropolis.org/orthodox-faith/feast-days/holy-great-martyr-irene-of-thessaloniki/

St. Irene, Greatmartyr, of Thessalonica

Commemorated on May 5

The holy Great Martyr Irene was born in the city of Magedon in Persia during the fourth century. She was the daughter of the pagan king Licinius, and her parents named her Penelope.

Penelope was very beautiful, and her father kept her isolated in a high tower from the time she was six so that she would not be exposed to Christianity. He also placed thirteen young maidens in the tower with her. An old tutor by the name of Apellian was assigned to give her the best possible education. Apellian was a Christian, and during her lessons, he taught the girl about Christ the Savior, the Christian Faith, and Christian virtues.

When Penelope reached adolescence, her parents began to think about her marriage. One day, a dove flew through the window of Penelope’s tower carrying an olive branch in its beak, depositing it upon a table. An eagle then swooped in with a wreath of flowers in its beak, and also placed it upon the table. Finally, a raven flew in carrying a snake, which it dropped on the table. Penelope was puzzled by these events and wondered what they meant.

Apellian explained that the dove signified her education, the olive branch stood for the grace of God received in Baptism, and the eagle with the wreath of flowers represented success in her future life. The raven and the snake foretold her future suffering and sorrow. Apellian further said that the Lord wished to betroth her to Himself and that Penelope would undergo much suffering for her heavenly Bridegroom. After this, Penelope refused to marry, was baptized by the priest Timothy, and was renamed Irene (“peace”). She even urged her own parents to become Christians. Shortly afterwards, she destroyed all her father’s idols.

Since St. Irene had dedicated herself to Christ, she refused to marry any of the suitors her father had chosen for her. When King Licinius learned that his daughter refused to worship the pagan gods, he was furious. He attempted to turn her from Christ by having her tortured. She was tied up and thrown beneath the hooves of wild horses so that they might trample her to death, but the horses remained motionless. Instead of harming her, one of the horses charged Licinius, seized his right hand, and tore it from his arm. The horse then knocked Licinius down and began to trample him. St. Irene demanded to be untied, and through her prayers, Licinius was unharmed with his hand still intact.

Seeing such a miracle, Licinius, his wife, and over 3,000 others professed Christ and turned from the pagan gods. Resigning his administrative duties, Licinius devoted himself to the service of the Lord Jesus Christ. St. Irene lived in the house of her teacher, Apellian, and began to preach Christ among the pagans, converting them to the path of salvation.

When Sedecius, the new prefect of the city, heard of this miracle, he summoned Apellian and questioned him about Irene’s life. Apellian replied that Irene, like other Christians, lived in strict temperance, devoting herself to constant prayer and reading holy books. Sedecius summoned Irene, urged her to stop preaching about Christ, and attempted to force her to sacrifice to the idols. St. Irene staunchly confessed her faith before the prefect, not fearing his wrath, and prepared to suffer for Christ.

By order of Sedecius, she was thrown into a pit filled with vipers and serpents. St. Irene spent ten days in the pit and remained unharmed, with an angel of the Lord protecting her and bringing her food. Sedecius ascribed this miracle to sorcery, and subjected St. Irene to many other tortures. However, she remained unharmed. Under the influence of her preaching and miracles even more people were converted to Christ and turned away from the worship of idols.

Soon, Sedecius was overthrown by his son, Savorus, who persecuted Christians with an even greater zeal than his father. St. Irene traveled to her hometown of Magedon in Persia to meet Savorus and his army to ask him to end the persecutions. When he refused, St. Irene prayed and the entire army was blinded. She prayed again and they received their sight once more. In spite of this, Savorus refused to recognize the power of God. Because of his insolence, he was struck and killed by a bolt of lightning.
After this, St. Irene walked into the city and performed many miracles. She returned to the tower built by her father, accompanied by the priest Timothy. Through her teaching, she converted 5,000 people to Christ.

Later, St. Irene traveled to the city of Callinicum (on the Euphrates River in Syria). King Numerian, the son of Sebastian, was the ruler. When St. Irene began to teach about Christ, she was arrested and tortured by the pagan authorities. She was placed into three bronze ovens which were heated by fire. She was transferred from one to another, but miraculously remained uninjured. Thousands of idolaters embraced Christianity as a result of this wondrous event. King Numerian instructed his men to continue torturing the saint in order to force her to sacrifice to idols. Once again, the tortures were ineffective, and many people turned to Christ.

St. Irene then traveled to the city of Constantina, forty miles northeast of Edessa. By 330, Persian King Sapor II had heard of St Irene’s great miracles. To prevent her from winning more people to Christ, Sapor ordered that she be arrested, beheaded, and then buried. However, God sent an angel to raise her up again, and she then traveled to the city of Mesembria. After seeing her alive and hearing her preach, the local king was baptized along with many of his subjects.

Wishing to convert even more pagans to Christianity, St. Irene traveled to Ephesus, where she taught and performed many miracles. At this place, the Lord revealed to her that the end of her life was approaching. St. Irene left the city accompanied by six people, including her former teacher, Apellian. On the outskirts of the town, she found a new tomb in which no one had ever been buried. After making the Sign of the Cross, she went inside, directing her companions to close the entrance to the cave with a large stone. When Christians visited the cave four days later, the body of St. Irene was nowhere to be found.

The holy, glorious Great Martyr Irene is invoked by those wishing to effect a swift and happy marriage. In Greece, she is also the patron saint of policemen. St. Irene is also one of the twelve Virgin Martyrs who appeared to St. Seraphim of Sarov and Diveyevo Nun Eupraxia on the Feast of the Annunciation in 1831.

Troparion (Tone 4) –

Your lamb Irene, O Jesus,
Calls out to You in a loud voice:
I love You, O my bridegroom,
And in seeking You, I endure suffering.
In Baptism I was crucified so that I might reign in You,
And died so that I might live with You.
Accept me as a pure sacrifice,
For I have offered myself in love.
By her prayers save our souls, since You are merciful.

Kontakion (Tone 3) –

O pure Irene, you adorned yourself with the splendors of virginity,
So you became all-beautiful in your struggle:
You were dyed with the blood you shed for Christ
And so became all-pleasing to God.
Therefore you received the prize of glory from your creator.

By permission of the Orthodox Church in America (www.oca.org)