jeudi 7 avril 2016

Saint AIBERT (AYBERT) de CRESPIN, moine bénédictin, prêtre et confesseur

Saint Aibert

Prêtre et moine, ermite du Hainaut ( 1140)


Natif d'un village près de Tournai, il reçut une bonne éducation chrétienne de ses parents. Il s'attache à un saint ermite et le suivit dans sa prière et ses austérités. Entré dans un monastère, il continua cette mortification continuelle jusqu'au jour où l'évêque de Cambrai l'ordonna prêtre. Il lui demanda plus spécialement le ministère sacerdotal des sacrements de Pénitence et de l'Eucharistie. Il devint ainsi le soutien de nombreux prêtres, évêques et religieux. Il mourut le jour de Pâques.

Près du monastère de Crespin dans le Hainaut, en 1140, saint Aibert, prêtre et moine, qui dans la solitude récitait chaque jour le psautier en entier, en s’agenouillant ou en se prosternant après chaque psaume et, pour les pénitents qui accouraient vers lui, il était le ministre de la miséricorde divine.

Martyrologe romain

Aybert of Crespin, OSB (AC)

(also known as Aibert, Albert)

Born in the diocese of Tournai, France; died 1140. A penitent recluse almost from childhood, Saint Aybert spent most of his time in prayer. Even as a child he kept watch through the night on his knees; when he was too tired to support himself, he would then prostrate himself in prayer. But he always tried to hide his devotion from others, so he would pray in the stable or in the fields. He was equally private in his fasts; therefore, he also ate some morsel so that he could answer his parents truthfully that he had eaten.

One day a poor minstrel came to his father's door and sang a hymn about the virtues and recent death of the hermit Saint Theobald. This inspired the young saint to imitate the faith and action of his elder in faith. He immediately went to Father John at the Benedictine monastery of Crespin in the diocese of Cambrai. The good father lived as a recluse in a cell near the monastery and under its direction. John accepted Aybert as his companion, but soon the student traded places with his master. They rarely ate anything but wild herbs, rarely used a fire, and never cooked.

Eventually, Aybert was received by Abbot Rainer at Crespin Abbey where he was provost and cellarer for 25 years. Yet he never let his exterior occupations interrupt his tears, prayer, or penances. After receiving permission from Abbot Lambert, Aybert spent the next 22 years as a recluse under the obedience of the abbey. But he was never entirely alone; many flocked to him for spiritual advice--so many that Bishop Burchard of Cambray promoted him to the priesthood and erected a chapel near his cell. This gave Aybert the power to minister to his visitors in the confessional and in the Eucharist. Each day he said two Masses: one for the dead and the other for the living. His devotional practice of reciting the Ave Maria 50 times in succession is connected with the origin of the rosary (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).

April 7

St. Albert, Recluse

HE was born at Espain, a village in the diocess of Tourney, in 1060. From his infancy he so earnestly applied himself to prayer, that he spent in that holy exercise the greater part of his time, being always careful in it to shun, as much as possible, the eyes of men. The earnestness with which he always attended all public devotions in his parish church, and listened to the sermons of his curate, is not to be expressed; much less the deep impressions which every instruction of piety made upon his tender heart. He was discovered to watch a great part of the night upon his knees, and when he was no longer able to support himself upright, to pray prostrate on the ground. When he could not pray in his chamber, without danger of being surprised by others, he retired into the stable or sheep-cot for many hours together. His commerce with God in his heart was uninterrupted while he was abroad in the fields with the cattle. He was no less private in his fasts; and at the time of meals he usually took an apple, or a morsel of bread, that he might tell his parents or the servants that he had eaten. Happening one day to hear a poor man at his father’s door sing a hymn on the virtues and death of St. Theobald, a hermit lately dead, he found himself vehemently inflamed with a desire of imitating his solitary penitential life; and without delay addressed himself to a priest of the monastery of Crepin or Crespin, named John, who lived a recluse in a separate cell, with the leave of his abbot. Being admitted by him as a companion, he soon surpassed his master in the exercise and spirit of virtue. Bread they seldom tasted; wild herbs were their ordinary food; they never saw any fire, nor ate anything that had been dressed by it. The church of Crepin, ever since its foundation by St. Landelin, in the seventh century, had been served by secular canons: in the eleventh it had passed into the hands of monks of the Order of St. Benedict: and under the first abbot, Rainer, St. Albert took the monastic habit. He still practised his former austerities, slept on the ground, and in the night recited the whole psalter privately before matins. He was chosen provost and cellerer; but the exterior occupations of those offices did not interrupt his tears, nor hinder the perpetual attention of his soul to God. After twenty-five years spent in this community, with a fervour which was always uniform and constant, he obtained leave of Lambert, the second abbot, to return to an eremitical life, in 1115. He then built himself a cell in the midst of a barren wilderness, contenting himself for his food with bread and herbs, and after the first three years with herbs alone. Many flocking to him for spiritual advice, Burchard, bishop of Cambray, his diocesan, promoted him to the priesthood, and erected for him a chapel in his cell, giving him power to hear confessions and administer the holy eucharist: which was confirmed to him by two popes, Paschal II. and Innocent II. He said every day two masses, 1 one for the living, and a second for the dead. God crowned his long penance with a happy death about the year 1140, the eightieth of his age, on the 7th of April; on which he is honoured in the Belgic and Gallican Martyrologies. See his life, by Robert the archdeacon, his intimate friend, in Surius, Bollandus, &c.

Note 1. Except on Christmas-day, priests are not allowed to say mass twice the same day, since the prohibition of Honorius III. Cap. Te referente, De celebratione. [back]

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume IV: April. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.


Sant' Aiberto di Crespin Monaco

m. 1140

Martirologio Romano: Presso il monastero di Crespin nell’Hainault, nell’odierna Francia, sant’Aiberto, sacerdote e monaco, che ogni giorno recitava in solitudine, in ginocchio o prostrato a terra, tutto il Salterio e ai penitenti che accorrevano a lui amministrava la divina misericordia.

Nato a Espain, a pochi chilometri da Tournai, nel 1060 da Albaldo, uomo d'armi, e da Elvide, mostrò fin da fanciullo una grande tendenza alla pietà, al punto di levarsi da letto la notte per poter pregare con maggior raccoglimento e di praticare spesso lunghi digiuni. L'esempio di penitenza di san Teobaldo, di cui venne a conoscenza per mezzo di un mendicante, lo spinse a ritirarsi a vita eremitica nei dintorni del monastero di Crespin, insieme con un monaco di nome Giovanni che già, col consenso dell'abate, serviva Dio in quei luoghi deserti.

Dopo vent'anni di dure penitenze e rigorosi digiuni, Aiberto si recò col suo compagno di solitudine e con l'abate in pellegrinaggio a Roma. Al suo ritorno entrò come monaco nel cenobio di Crespin, dove occupò gli uffici di preposito e di cellerario, senza peraltro abbandonare il rigore della vita fino ad allora condotta. Rimase nel chiostro venticinque anni, quindi, per poter attendere più liberamente alla preghiera e alla mortificazione del proprio corpo, chiese ed ottenne dall'abate il permesso di ritirarsi nuovamente nell'eremo; e poiché il popolo accorreva sempre più numeroso alla cella, che Aiberto si era fabbricata, il vescovo di Cambrai, Burcardo, «Ut populis ad se venientibus melius consuleret, et familiarius secreta confessionum audiret», lo ordinò sacerdote.

Aiberto ebbe dai papi Pasquale II e Innocenzo II facoltà e privilegi speciali e fu visitato da vescovi, arcidiaconi, abati, letterati e nobili; il popolo gli strappava le vesti che indossava e le portava via come preziose reliquie. Morì il 7 aprile 1140, giorno di Pasqua, dopo cinquanta anni di vita religiosa, e fu sepolto nel punto dove sorgeva la sua cella; anche dalla tomba il santo continuò a far miracoli.

I suoi resti furono, in seguito, traslati nell'abbazia di Crespin e collocati nella chiesa; nel 1303 e ancora nel 1464 essi furono messi in nuove e più ricche urne. Nel 1568, dopo essere stati tenuti nascosti due anni per timore che venissero bruciati dai calvinisti, furono sistemati definitivamente in una cappella intitolata alla Santa Croce della Vergine e a sant'Aiberto. La sua festa si celebra il 9 aprile oppure, a ricordo della traslazione del 1568, il 2 maggio.
Aiberto è invocato soprattutto per guarire dalla febbre.

Charles Lefebvre