dimanche 8 novembre 2015


Saint Deusdedit

Pape (68 ème) de 615 à 618 ( 618)

ou Adéodat I.

Pape de Rome dont le mérite est si grand qu'il guérit un lépreux par un simple baiser. On conserve de lui le plus ancien sceau pontifical: une bulle de plomb représentant l'image du Bon Pasteur comme dans les peintures des catacombes et au-dessus les deux lettres grecques "Alpha et Omega". Sur le revers: "Deusdedit Pap."

Il brilla par sa simplicité et sa science et par l’affection qu’il montra pour le clergé et le peuple.

Martyrologe romain

Saint Adéodat I (615-618)


L’éloignement entre les Églises d’Orient et d’Occident est de plus en plus grand.

Adéodat I fut le premier à utiliser un cachet en plomb pour authentifier les documents pontificaux.

Pope St. Deusdedit
(Adeodatus I).

Date of birth unknown; consecrated pope, 19 October (13 November), 615; d. 8 November (3 December), 618; distinguished for his charity and zeal. He encouraged and supported the clergy, who were impoverished in consequence of the political troubles of the time; and when his diocese was visited by a violent earthquake and the terrible scourge of leprosy he set an heroic example by his efforts to relieve the suffering. The few decretals ascribed to him are unauthenticated. He is said to have been the first pope to use leaden seals (bullæ) for pontifical documents. One dating from his reign is still preserved, the obverse of which represents the Good Shepherd in the midst of His sheep, with the letters Alpha and Omega underneath, while the reverse bears the inscription: Deusdedit Papæ. His feast occurs 8 November.

Kelly, Leo. "Pope St. Deusdedit." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 8 Nov. 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04760a.htm>.

SOURCE : http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04760a.htm

Deusdedit I, Pope (RM)
(also known as Adeodatus)

Born in Rome; died in Rome November 8, 618. Son of a subdeacon, Stephen, Deusdedit was consecrated pope on October 19, 615. He encouraged the secular clergy and devoted much of his time to aiding the needy, especially during the disastrous earthquake that devastated Rome in August 618. He also worked untiringly for the plague-stricken when the pestilence followed in Rome. His pontificate was filled with troubles, civil commotions, and natural disasters. Rebels flouted the imperial authority both at Ravenna and Naples. Up north at Ravenna the exarch John, along with other imperial officials, had been murdered. Down south at Naples a certain John of Compsa had risen in revolt, taken over the town, and proclaimed his independence of the Emperor Heraclius.

Heraclius, who had succeeded the weak Phocas in 610, was not the man to allow his empire to fall to pieces. He sent his able chamberlain, the Patrician Eleutherius to correct the problems in his Italian dominions. Eleutherius acted with vigor. First he restored order in Ravenna. Then he marched south along the Flaminian Way. After pausing in Rome to receive a warm welcome from the loyal Pope, he marched on Naples, stormed the city, and put the rebel John to death. Instead of letting well enough alone, however, Eleutherius turned on the Lombards and rekindled a war which soon he was forced to end by once more buying off those tough barbarians.

Pope Deusdedit was especially fond of his secular clergy and seems to have leaned on them rather than on monks for support. His love for his secular clergy was manifested even after death, for in his will he left a sum of money to be distributed among them.

According to tradition, he was the first pope to use lead seals (bullae) on papal documents, which in time came to be called bulls. There still exists such a leaden bulla dating from this pope's reign. In all ancient Benedictine menologies he is called a Benedictine monk, but there is no certain evidence for it (Benedictines, Brusher, Delaney).