jeudi 9 mars 2017

Saint BOSA de YORK, moine bénédictin et évêque

Saint Bosa

Évêque de York ( v. 705)

Saint Bède a fait son éloge, l'appelant homme d'exceptionnelles qualités et de grande sainteté, 'un homme aimé de Dieu'. 

Il était moine de l'abbaye bénédictine de Whitby en Angleterre, monastère sous la règle de Sainte Hilda. Il a été sacré évêque par saint Théodore de Cantorbery en 678 et se joint à saint Wilfrid pour refuser la scission du diocèse de York dont il devint évêque en 691 quand Wilfrid fut exilé par le roi Alfrid.

Whitby Abbey (site en anglais)

York Minster - cathédrale de York, listes des évêques (site en anglais)


Saint Bosa d’York

Évêque de Worcester

Fête le 9 mars

O.S.B.

† 686 ou 705

Autre graphie : Bosa ou Bosel

Moine de Whitby Abbey dans le North Yorkshire sous sainte Hilda, il fut sacré évêque de Deira en 678 par saint Théodore. Il succéda à saint Wilfrid, après sa déposition par le roi Egfrid et le partage du diocèse d’York. Saint Acca compta au nombre de ses élèves. Bède et Alcuin ont fait son éloge.

Vers 680, Bosel fut nommé évêque du diocèse nouvellement formé de Wigorna Ceaster, auj. Worcester (comté de Hereford & Worcester), qui avait pour siège épiscopal l’église Saint-Pierre. Celle-ci, fondée quelques années auparavant par des missionnaires, fut dès lors desservie par un chapitre de chanoines.


Bosa of York, OSB B (AC)

Died 686. Saint Bosa was a Benedictine monk at Whitby, England, under Saint Hilda. In 678, he was consecrated bishop of Deira (the southern half of Northumbria, now Yorkshire) by Saint Theodore, with his see at York, when Saint Wilfrid was driven out by King Egfrid for refusing to accept the division of his see. Wilfrid returned in 686, but Bosa took over the diocese in 691 when Wilfrid was again exiled following a quarrel with King Aldfrid; Bosa ruled it with great holiness and ability until his death. Saint Bede praises Bosa as "a man beloved by God . . . of most unusual merit and sanctity." One of his disciples was Saint Acca, who later followed and succeeded Wilfrid at Hexham (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Farmer).


Saint Bosa of York

Also known as
  • Boso
Profile

Benedictine monk at Whitby, England, under Saint Hilda of Whitby. Bishop of Deira (modern York), the southern half of Northumbria, now Yorkshire, in 678. Appointed to the see by Saint Theodore of Canterbury when Saint Wilfrid of York was driven out by King Egfrid. Bishop again in 691 when Wilfrid was exiled after a quarrel with King Aldfrid. Saint Bede says Bosa was “a man beloved by God…of most unusual merit and sanctity.” Teacher of Saint Acca.

  • 696 of natural causes

St. Bosa, Bishop of York

(Died AD 705)



St. Bosa was a Northumbrian, educated at the great Abbey of Whitby under St. Hilda. He later joined the brethren there as a monk and became a noted scholar. Bede praised his 'singular merit and holiness'.

In AD 678, when St. Wilfred was ejected from the Bishopric of York and banished from the Kingdom, Bosa was given his diocese over which to preside; though it was much-reduced, with Hexham and Lindsey being divided off. His episcopate lasted nine years, but with Wilfred back in favour in AD 687, Bosa was removed just like his predecessor; only to be returned once more in AD 691.

He died on 9th March AD 705.