mardi 10 janvier 2017

Saint MARCIEN de CONSTANTINOPLE, prêtre, économe et martyr

Saint Marcien

Econome de la Grande Eglise Sainte Sophie ( 471)

Sa famille, installée à Constantinople, était apparentée à la famille impériale. Le patriarche Anatole voulut l'ordonner prêtre à la mort de ses parents et son successeur, le patriarche Gennade, le nomma économe de la Grande Eglise, Sainte Sophie, ce qui était la charge la plus importante du clergé de Constantinople. Grande était sa charité pour les pauvres. Pour cette raison, ce que nous raconte la tradition est plausible. 

Le jour de la dédicace de l'église de Sainte Anastasie, il vit un pauvre réduit à la plus extrême misère, au moment même où il partait à la sainte liturgie. Il l'entraina dans un endroit isolé, lui donna tous ses vêtements, et, revêtu des seuls ornements liturgiques, il regagna le sanctuaire. Tous les célébrants virent sous ses ornements un vêtement tout étincelant d'or. 


Il parcourait la nuit les quartiers les plus misérables pour venir en aide à ceux qui n'osaient pas mendier le jour et, durant la construction de l'église Sainte Irène, il aida même les ouvriers de ses propres mains.


À Constantinople, vers 471, saint Marcien, prêtre, qui s’appliqua à orner les églises et à venir en aide aux pauvres.


Martyrologe romain

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/5118/Saint-Marcien.html

Saint Marcien de Constantinople

Fête le 10 janvier

† 471

Né à Constantinople d’une noble famille romaine, il fut ordonné prêtre par le patriarche Anatole. La rigueur de ses principes et l’ardeur avec laquelle il se dévoua au service des pauvres lui valurent une grande réputation dans l’Église.

Sa famille, installée à Constantinople, était apparentée à la famille impériale. Le patriarche Anatole voulut l’ordonner prêtre à la mort de ses parents et son successeur, le patriarche Gennade, le nomma économe de la Grande Eglise, Sainte Sophie, ce qui était la charge la plus importante du clergé de Constantinople. Grande était sa charité pour les pauvres. Pour cette raison, ce que nous raconte la tradition est plausible. Le jour de la dédicace de l’église de Sainte Anastasie, il vit un pauvre réduit à la plus extrême misère, au moment même où il partait à la sainte liturgie. Il l’entraîna dans un endroit isolé, lui donna ses vêtements, et, nu sous les ornements liturgiques, il regagna le sanctuaire. Tous les célébrants virent sous ses ornements un vêtement tout étincelant d’or. Il parcourait la nuit les quartiers les plus misérables pour venir en aide à ceux qui n’osaient pas mendier le jour et, durant la construction de l’église Sainte Irène, il aida même les ouvriers de ses propres mains.

SOURCE : http://www.martyretsaint.com/marcien-de-constantinople/

S. MARCIEN, GRAND ÉCONOME DE ST. SOPHIE DE CONSTANTINOPLE
(489)

tiré de : Les Petits Bollandistes; Vies des saints tome 1 p. 264

Fêté le 10 janvier

Saint Marcien naquit à Constantinople, de parents originaires de Rome et alliés à la famille impériale de Théodose. Dès ses premières années, il pratiqua assidûment le jeune, la prière et les veilles. Il avait un immense patrimoine qu'il répandit tout entier dans le soin des pauvres par amour pour Jésus Christ. Il bâtit nombre d'églises, et, accomplissant une prophétie de saint Grégoire de Nazianze, il transforma en une basilique vaste et splendide la petite chapelle Anastasie, dans laquelle le grand évêque avait, par ses éloquentes prédications, ressuscité la foi morte et ralliée à Constantinople. Il fut élevé à la prêtrise, malgré lui, par Anatolius, archevêque de Constantinople. Le patriarche Gennade, l'élevant à la seconde dignité ecclésiastique de, son diocèse, la nomma grand économe de l'église Sainte-Sophie. Il eut des envieux, on l'accusa de novatianisme, mais la voix populaire qui s'éleva en sa faveur couvrit bientôt les clameurs de ses détracteurs. Il fleurit sous les règnes de Marcien et de Léon 1 er, au 5 e siècle.

Marcian of Constantinople B (RM)

Died c. 480. Marcian was a saint of Constantinople, though connected with a Roman family. He was ordained a priest and appointed treasurer of Santa Sophia. Many churches were in disrepair in Constantinople but, in his official capacity, Marcian superintended their restoration to former beauty, and the building of several churches, most notably the Anastasis. He was also inspired to write splendid hymns. So he used all his talents to bring people to worship Jesus.


He modelled his life after that of Saint John the Baptist, always trying to serve God by fasting and praying. But unlike John the Baptist, he came of a rich family. Marcian gave away much money to the poor--secretly, so as not to gain the approval of his fellow men.

At times he suffered persecution because he was wrongly suspected of being a Novatian. One of his persecutors, threatening to kill Marcian, asked him, "Why do you talk of life, if you wish to die?" Marcian replied, "Because it is everlasting life I look for, not the life of this world." Eventually people saw that this was an uncommonly good man, one who should be copied, not persecuted.

One day when he was hurrying to the consecration of a new church, he passed a miserable, nearly naked beggar. Saint Marcian gave him all his clothing. All he had left was a chasuble. The congregation, however, seemed to see a fine golden robe under Marcian's chasuble. Afterwards Patriarch Gennadius even rebuked the saint for dressing so ostentatiously. Marcian plucked off the chasuble and revealed that he was wearing nothing else (Benedictines, Bentley).

Saint Marcian of Constantinople

Profile

Member of a Roman family of Constantinople. Related to Emperor Theodosius II. Ordained in 455. He lived such an austere life that he was wrongly accused of the heresy of Novatianism. Treasurer of the great church Hagia Sophia. Appointed Oikonomos, a position second only to the patriarch in authority. Gave away huge sums from his family fortune, but always anonymously so as not to draw attention to himself. Restored several churches. Composed several hymns, and was known as a miracle worker.

One day as he rushed to the consecration of a new church, he encountered a miserable, nearly naked beggar on the street. Marcian gave the man all his clothing, keeping only his chasuble. When he arrived at the church, however, he appeared to be wearing a golden robe under the chasuble; Patriarch Gennadius even rebuked Marcian for dressing so richly. The saint then pulled off the chasuble to show he was naked.



January 10

St. Marcian, Priest

ST. MARCIAN, treasurer of the church of Constantinople, in the fifth age, was born at Constantinople, though of a Roman family related to the imperial house of the Theodosiuses. From his childhood he served God in continual watching, fasting, and prayer, in imitation of St. John the Baptist; and for the relief of the necessitous he gave away immense occult alms. The time which was not employed in these charities, he spent in holy retirement and prayer. In the reign of the emperor Marcian, Anatolius the archbishop, offering violence to the saint’s humility, ordained him priest. In this new state the saint saw himself under a stricter obligation than before of labouring to attain to the summit of Christian perfection; and whilst he made the instruction of the poor his principal and favourite employment, he redoubled his earnestness in providing for their corporal necessities, and was careful never to relax any part of his austerities. The severity of his morals was made a handle, by those who feared the example of his virtue, as a tacit censure of their sloth, avarice, and irregularities, to fasten upon him a suspicion of Novatianism; but his meekness and silence at length triumphed over the slander. This persecution served more and more to purify his soul, and exceedingly improve his virtue. This shone forth with greater lustre than ever, when the cloud was dispersed; and the patriarch Gennadius, with the great applause of the whole body of the clergy and people, conferred on him the dignity of treasurer, which was the second in that church. St. Marcian built or repaired in a stately manner a great number of churches in Constantinople, confounded the Arians and other heretics, and was famous for miracles both before and after his happy death, which happened towards the end of the fifth century. He is honoured both in the Greek Menæa, and Roman Martyrology, on the 10th of January. See his ancient anonymous life in Surius, and Bollandus, also Cedrenus, Sozomen, and Theodorus Lector, l. 1. Codinus, Orig. Constant, p. 60. See Tillemont, t. 16. p. 161.

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume I: January. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.