Miracle de saint Eusèbe de Cremona,
huile sur bois, 25,6 X 43,9, Lisbonne, Museu nacional de Arte Antiga
Saint Eusèbe de Crémone
Disciple de saint Jérôme (✝ 423)
Confesseur. Issu d'une illustre famille de Crémone, il rencontre saint Jérôme qui le forme à la lecture des saintes Ecritures et surtout à la vie spirituelle. En 384, il suit saint Jérôme en Palestine et devient moine dans le monastère qu'il fonde à Bethléem. Retourné à Rome pour distribuer son patrimoine aux pauvres, il correspond avec saint Jérôme et, après la mort de celui-ci, il revient gouverner le monastère de Bethléem.
Eusebius of Cremona, Abbot (AC)
Born in Cremona, Italy; died c. 423. Eusebius first met Saint Jerome in Rome when Jerome was acting as secretary to Pope Saint Damasus and preaching a strict asceticism to all who would listen. Eusebius as so much attracted to the stern Biblical scholar that when Jerome decided to leave for the Holy Land, he begged to accompany him.
At Antioch they were joined by Jerome's other two great friends, the widow Saint Paula and her daughter Saint Eustochium. The four of them made a pilgrimage to all the places connected with the earthly life of Jesus, before deciding to make Bethlehem their home.
Jerome was much touched by the hundreds of pilgrims to Bethlehem, many of whom were extremely poor. Resolving to build a hostel for them, he sent Eusebius to Dalmatia and Italy to raise money for the project. Saint Paula sold her Roman estate through him for this purpose and Eusebius also sold him own property at Cremona and gave the proceeds for the building of the hostel.
Eusebius succeeded the holy Doctor of the Church as abbot of Bethlehem, and was involved, like his friend, in bitter disputes with the followers of Origen. There is an unsubstantiated tradition that Eusebius founded the abbey of Guadalupe in Spain.
In 400 AD, Eusebius returned to his native Cremona, where some sources indicate that he stayed until his death. Others suggest that he returned to Bethlehem to become spiritual director of one of the religious communities there. He may well be buried alongside Jerome in Bethlehem, where--in the crypt of the church of the Nativity--an altar is dedicated in his name (Benedictines, Bentley).
After hearing Saint Jerome speak in Rome, Italy, Eusebius accompanied the translator to the Holy Land. Made the pilgrimage with Saint Paula and Saint Eustochium, and lived in Bethlehem. Raised funds in Dalmatia and Italy to fund a hostel for poor pilgrims, and donated the proceeds from the sale of his own property in Cremona, Italy. Abbot in Bethlehem.
- c.423 of natural causes