mardi 8 septembre 2015

Saint SERGE I, Pape


Saint Serge Ier

Pape (84 ème) de 687 à 701 ( 701)

Il établit les quatre fêtes liturgiques mariales : l'Annonciation, la Dormition, la Nativité et la Purification. Il favorisa l'élan missionnaire en conférant l'épiscopat à saint Willibrord.

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/1817/Saint-Serge-Ier.html

Saint Serge Ier

Pape (84e) de 687 à 701

D'origine syrienne, naît en Sicile. Il fut élu dans un climat très tendu, avec intervention des troupes stationnées à Rome et élection de deux antipapes : Théodore, candidat de l'armée; et l'archidiacre Pascal, qui avait l'appui de Jean Platyn exarque de Ravenne, qui avait reçu pour le soutenir de substantiels pots-de-vin.

Dans l'impasse, officiers de l'armée et clergé se mirent d'accord sur le nom de Serge. Théodore accepta le nouvel élu, et fit de bon cœur sa soumission. Pascal fut contraint à le faire.

Serge s'avéra un pape capable et énergique. Il affirma avec succès son autorité en Occident. Ainsi Ravenne, en délicatesse depuis longtemps avec Rome, envoya son nouvel évêque se faire sacrer par Serge à Rome. Aquilée, en rupture avec Rome depuis l'affaire des « Trois chapitres » (553) retourna à la communion avec Rome. Zagreb devint siège épiscopal en 694.

Le pape résista à l'empereur Justinien II qui voulait lui faire ratifier les décisions du concile appelé « Quinisexte » (696) lequel prétendait compléter les Conciles œcuméniques V et VI de Constantinople. Justinien envoya Zacharie, commandant de la garde impérial, pour s'emparer du pape et l'amener à Constantinople. Mais l'armée en Italie s'opposa, et Zacharie lui-même n'eut la vie sauve que grâce à l'intervention du pape. Justinien lui-même sera bientôt déposé et exilé.

Ce pape mit en valeur les fêtes de la Vierge Marie, telles la Nativité, la Présentation, la Dormition et l'Annonciation. Il établit aussi la fête de l'Exaltation de la Croix du Seigneur. Il fut inhumé à Saint-Pierre. Il est vénéré par l'Église comme saint. Fête, le 8 septembre.

©Evangelizo.org 2001-2015

SOURCE : http://levangileauquotidien.org/main.php?language=FR&module=saintfeast&localdate=20150908&id=6485&fd=0


Rogier van der Weyden (1399/1400–1464). Le songe du pape Serge, 1437-1440, huile sur panneau, 89 X 80

Saint Serge I (687-701)

Il s’opposa à l’empereur Justinien II, qui avait convoqué un concile sans le consentement du pape, et lui envoya ensuite les conclusions afin que le pape les approuve.

Serge I refusa de les approuver, ce qui causa son emprisonnement. Toutefois, cette mésaventure déplut au peuple qui se souleva et l’empereur finit par être exilé lui-même.


SOURCE : http://eglise.de.dieu.free.fr/liste_des_papes_06.htm


Saint Hubert de Liège consacré évêque par le pape Serge Ier

Sergius I, Pope (RM)


Born at Palermo, Italy; died in Rome, September 7, 701. Saint Sergius, the son of a Syrian merchant, was raised in Palermo and educated at Rome, where he became a priest. He succeeded Pope Conon on December 15, 687, despite the claims of Pascal and Theodosius, when he was supported by the exarch John of Ravenna. However, Sergius was forced to pay John the amount of the bribe promised by Pascal to the exarch to support his (Pascal's) nomination. In 689, Sergius baptized Saint Caedwalla, king of the West Saxons. He consecrated Saint Willibrord bishop in 695 and encouraged the English missionaries in Germany and Friesland. He also defended Saint Wilfrid.


A storm was raised in 693 when Sergius refused to sign the decrees of the Council of Trullanum, which had been convened the previous year by Emperor Justinian II. Although there was only one Western bishop in attendance, the council had passed canons applicable to the whole Church. If Sergius accepted these decrees, it would have meant that Constantinople was on an ecclesiastical level with Rome. Hoping to force Sergius to sign, the emperor sent Zachary, the commander of his bodyguard, to Rome to bring Sergius to Constantinople. The people of Rome and Ravenna resisted Zachary, and forced him to seek the protection of the pope. Eventually he was forced from the city. The issue was settled when Justinian was deposed in 695.

Pope Saint Sergius, who had attended the schola cantorum in Rome, is also remembered for encouraging liturgical music and decreeing that the Agnus Dei be sung at Mass (Benedictines, Delaney).

In art, Saint Sergius is shown sleeping as an angel brings him the episcopal insignia for Bishop Saint Hubert of Liège (Roeder). 


SOURCE : http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0908.shtml

Pope St. Sergius I

(Reigned 687-701), date of birth unknown; consecrated probably on 15 Dec., 687; d. 8 Sept., 701. While Pope Conon lay dying, the archdeacon Pascal offered the exarch a large sum to bring about his election as his successor. Through the exarch's influence the archdeacon was accordingly elected by a number of people; about the same time another faction elected the archpriest Theodore. The mass of clergy and people, however, set them both aside and chose Sergius, who was duly consecrated. Sergius, the son of Tiberius, was a native of Antioch; he was educated in Sicily, and ordained by [St.] Leo II. The new pope had numerous relations with England and the English. He received [St.] Caedwalla, King of the West Saxons, and baptized him (689); and, as he died in Rome, caused him to be buried in St. Peter's. He ordered St. Wilfrid to be restored to his see, greatly favoured St. Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury, and is credited with endeavouring to secure the Venerable Bede as his adviser. Finally he consecrated the Englishman [St.] Willibrord bishop, and sent him to preach Christianity to the Frisians. The cruel Emperor Justinian wanted him to sign the decrees of the so-called Quinisext or Trullan Council of 692, in which the Greeks allowed priests and deacons to keep the wives they had married before their ordination, and which aimed at placing the Patriarch of Constantinople on a level with the Pope of Rome. When Sergius refused to acknowledge this synod, the emperor sent an officer to bring him to Constantinople. But the people protected the pope, and Justinian himself was soon afterwards deposed (695). Sergius succeeded in extinguishing the last remnants of the Schism of the Three Chapters in Aquileia. He repaired and adorned many basilicas, added the Agnus Dei to the Mass, and instituted processions to various churches.

Sources

Liber Pontificalis, ed. DUCHESNE, I (Paris, 1886), 371 sqq.; HEFELE, Hist. of the Councils, V (tr., Edinburgh, 1894), 221 sqq.; BEDE, Hist. eccles., V; PAULUS DIACONUS, De gest. Langob., VI; HODGKIN, Italy and Her Invaders, VI (Oxford, 1895), 352 sqq.; MANN, Lives of the Popes, I (London, 1902), ii, 77 sqq.

Mann, Horace. "Pope St. Sergius I." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 13. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 9 Sept. 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13728b.htm>.