dimanche 3 janvier 2016

Saint ANTERUS (ANTHEROS, ANTÈRE), Pape et martyr

Saint Antère

Pape (19 ème) de 235 à 236 et martyr ( 236)

D'origine grecque, il passa en prison les 43 jours de son très bref pontificat. Un doute subsiste quant à son martyre, car son nom n'est pas mentionné dans la Depositio Martyrum. Il fut le premier pape à être enseveli dans les catacombes de Saint Calixte. Des fragments de son épitaphe subsistent encore.

À Rome, au cimetière de Calliste sur la voie Appienne, en 236, la mise au tombeau de saint Anthère, pape, qui, après le martyre de saint Pontien, occupa brièvement le siège épiscopal.

Martyrologe romain

Saint Anterus (235-236)

Méticuleux et ordonné, il commença à tenir un registre de toutes les oeuvres de l’Église. Ledit document fut gardé à un endroit appelé “scrinium”. Malheureusement, du temps de l’empereur Dioclétien, cette oeuvre fut détruite.

Le pape Anterus souffrit le martyr.

SOURCE : http://eglise.de.dieu.free.fr/liste_des_papes_02.htm

Antherus, Pope M (RM)

(also known as Antheros)

Died January 3, 236. The Greek Antherus, son of Romulus, was elected pope on November 21, 235, but ruled only 43 days. His pontificate probably ended in martyrdom, though his name is not mentioned in the Deposito Martyrum. He was buried in the catacomb of Saint Callistus, and a large fragment of his epitaph has been recovered. During his short tenure, he ordered copies of the trials of the martyrs to be collected and kept in the episcopal archives. Click here to see his epistle (Benedictines, Delaney). 

SOURCE : http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0103.shtml

Pope St. Anterus


(Reigned 21 November, 235-3 January, 236). We know for certain only that he reigned some forty days, and that he was buried in the famous "papal crypt" of the cemetery of St. Calixtus at Rome [Northcote and Brownlow, Roma Sotterranea, (London, 1879) I, 296-300]. The "Liber Pontificalis" (ed. Duchesne I, 147; cf. xcv-vi) says that he was martyred for having caused the Acts of the martyrs to be collected by notaries and deposited in the archives of the Roman Church. This tradition seems old and respectable; nevertheless the best scholars maintain that it is not sufficiently guaranteed by its sole voucher, the "Liber Pontificalis", on account, among other things, of the late date of that work's compilation. (See PAPACY, NOTARIES.) The site of his sepulchre was discovered by De Rossi in 1854, with some broken remnants of the Greek epitaph engraved on the narrow oblong slab that closed his tomb, an index at once of his origin and of the prevalence of Greek in the Roman Church up to that date. For the "Epistola Anteri" attributed to him by Pseudo-Isidore see Hinschius, "Decret. Pseudo-Isidorianae" (Leipzig, 1863), 156-160 and P.G., X, 165-168. Cf. "Liber Pont". (ed. Duchesne), I. 147.

Shahan, Thomas. "Pope St. Anterus." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 3 Jan. 2016 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01553a.htm>.

SOURCE : http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01553a.htm

January 3

St. Anterus, Pope

HE succeeded St. Pontianus in 235. He sat only one month and ten days, and is styled a martyr by Bede, Ado, and the present Roman Martyrology. See Card. d’Aguirre, Conc. Hispan. T. 3. In the martyrology called St. Jerom’s, kept at St. Cyriacus’s, it is said that he was buried on the Appian road, in the Paraphagene, where the cemetery of Calixtus was afterwards erected.

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume I: January. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.

Pope Saint Antherus
Posted by catholic_saints

Also known as

§  Anteros
§  Anterus
§  Antheros

§  3 January
§  5 August (Orthodox)


Son of Romulus. His family seems to have orginally been from Greece. Served as 19th Pope for about six weeks. Started the Vatican library to preserve documents concerning the early martyrs. Martyred in the persecutions of Maximus Thrax when he refused to relinquish court records of the persecutions.


§  Petilia Policastro, Italy

Papal Ascension

§  buried in the catacombs at the Cemetery of Saint Callistus, Rome, the first pope buried in the papal crypt
§  relics re-discovered in 1854