jeudi 15 mai 2014

Sainte DENISE (DIONYSIA), Saint ANDRÉ, Saint PAUL de TROAS, Saint PIERRE de LAMPSAQUE et leurs compagnons, martyrs





Sainte Denise, martyre

Jeune martyre. Voulant soutenir deux chrétiens lapidés par la foule, Denise fut torturée et décapitée le 15 mai 250 en Turquie



Sainte Denise

Martyre en Turquie ( v. 250)

Vierge, martyre avec ses compagnons les saints Pierre, André et Paul à Lampsaque dans l’Hellespont (peut-être en 251 d'après le martyrologe romain). Au proconsul qui l'invitait à sacrifier à la déesse Vénus, Pierre répliqua: "Il est plus nécessaire et plus glorieux pour moi d'offrir le sacrifice de l'adoration au Dieu vivant et véritable." Denise apprenant que l'un des accusés, Nicomaque, venait d'apostasier, s'écria: "Il s'est perdu à jamais dans l'autre monde." Les gardes s'aperçurent ainsi que cette jeune fille de 16 ans était chrétienne. Elle fut arrêtée, torturée puis décapitée.

Martyrologe romain


Le prénom Denise est d'étymologie grecque ; Dionysos rappelle la divinité gréco-romaine de la vigne, du vin et de la fête !

L'histoire de sainte Denise se déroule au IIIe siècle en Turquie, ancienne Asie mineure que les pèlerins sur les pas de saint Paul et de saint Jean appellent la seconde Terre sainte. Dans les premiers siècles, elle donna une floraison immense de témoins du Christ, à la suite des Apôtres : ainsi Barnabé, Jean-Marc, Luc, Silas et Timothée, ainsi que des femmes comme Loïs et Eunice, Lydie et Prisca...

Sainte Denise et ses compagnons, dont André et Paul, subirent le martyre en 251 à Lampsaque, actuellement Lapsaki, près du détroit des Dardanelles. Les Actes, dignes de foi, de leur passion témoignent : trois d'entre eux viennent d'être arrêtés à cause de leur religion chrétienne, interdite par le pouvoir impérial romain. A l'époque se déroulait la persécution de l'empereur Dèce. Alors que Paul et André demeurent fermes sous les tortures dans leur profession de foi au Christ, le troisième a renié sa foi. Le voyant sortir du tribunal avec son certificat de vie sauve, Denise, une adolescente, se met à crier : Le pauvre malheureux ! Pour quelques moments de plus ici-bas, il s'est à jamais perdu dans l'autre monde. Par ce cri de son cœur et de sa foi, Denise manifeste qu'elle est chrétienne. Conduite devant le proconsul, elle le brave en affirmant : Je n'ai pas peur de tes menaces : j'ai un ami plus puissant que toi, Dieu qui peut m'assister dans tous les supplices. Elle est décapitée en même temps que Paul et André, le 15 mai 251. Le récit relate : C'était à Lampsaque, le jour des Ides de mai, Décius étant empereur, Optimus consul et Notre Seigneur régnant sur le monde.

Rédacteur : Frère Bernard Pineau, OP

SOURCE : http://www.lejourduseigneur.com/Web-TV/Saints/Denise

En l'an 250, au temps de la persécution de l'empereur Dèce, un jeune chrétien, nommé Pierre, fut arrêté sur le territoire de Lampsaque et présenté au tribunal du proconsul, qui lui dit : « Quel est ton nom? — Je m'appelle Pierre. — Es-tu chrétien? — Oui, je suis chrétien. — Mais ne connais-tu pas les décrets de l'empereur? sacrifie à Vénus. — Gomment peux-tu m'engager à sacrifier à une femme impudique dont l'histoire fait rougir? Je ne sacrifie qu'au CHRIST, DIEU vivant et Roi des siècles. »

A ces mots, le proconsul irrité fait étendre le martyr sur la roue, où on l'attache avec des chaînes de fer. Mais Pierre, dans cet affreux supplice, levait les yeux au ciel et disait : « Je vous rends grâces, SEIGNEUR JÉSUS, qui avez daigné donner à ma faiblesse assez de patience pour vaincre ce tyran cruel. » Le proconsul, voyant que toutes les tortures seraient inutiles, lui fait trancher la tête.

Vers le même temps, on présenta trois chrétiens, nommés André, Paul et Nicomaque, devant le proconsul. Il leur demanda d'où ils étaient et quelle était leur religion. Remar*quons ici les dangers de la présomption et la nécessité de compter sur la grâce de DIEU plus que sur le courage personnel.

Nicomaque, le premier, répondit hardiment : « Je suis chrétien! — Sacrifie aux dieux, reprend le proconsul. —Tu sais, dit Nicomaque, qu'un chrétien ne doit pas sacrifier aux démons. » Appliqué à la torture, il est vaincu par la violence de la douleur et s'écrie : « Je n'ai jamais été chrétien ; je sacrifie aux dieux. » A peine est-il détaché, que le démon s'empare de lui ; il se coupe la langue avec les dents, et il expire en se roulant à terre.

Mais sa couronne était réservée à un autre. Dans la foule des spectateurs, la jeune vierge Dionysia, âgée de seize ans, s'écrie : « Malheureux, qui pour éviter un moment de souffrance achète des châtiments éternels ! » Le proconsul la fait saisir; elle se déclare chrétienne. Livrée à deux jeunes débauchés, elle triomphe de tous leurs efforts pour la perdre, et délivrée tout à coup par un ange brillant de lumière, elle ne profite de sa liberté que pour retourner au tribunal et s'offrir généreusement à la mort. Elle eut la tête tranchée. —

Pendant ce temps, les deux compagnons de l'infortuné Nicomaque, André et Paul, luttaient généreusement pour leur foi : « Jeunes gens, leur dit le proconsul, sacrifiez à la grande Diane. » André et Paul répondirent : "Nous ne connaissons ni Diane ni les autres démons que vous adorez : nous n'avons jamais adoré que le vrai et unique DIEU."

Le peuple, entendant ces paroles, poussait des cris de mort. Le proconsul voyant qu'il ne pouvait triompher de leur persévérance, les fit battre de verges et les livra au peuple ; ils consommèrent leur supplice par la lapidation.

Pratique. Défiez-vous de la présomption; mettez votre confiance en la grâce de DIEU.


"O Marie conçue sans péché, priez pour nous qui avons recours a Vous"

SOURCE : http://haititalkonline.com/forum/main-category/chez-castille/hagiographie…-protecteurs/12317-15-mai-saint-pierre-et-ses-compagnons-martyrs-à-lampsaque

Saints et glorieux Martyrs PIERRE, DENISE, CHRISTINE, ANDRÉ et PAUL (1)

Au temps de la persécution de Dèce, Pierre, un jeune chrétien de Lampsaque (Hellespont) au coeur généreux et à la foi ardente, fut arrêté et traduit devant le gouvemeur d'Abidos (2). Comme celui-ci le sommait de sacrifier à Aphrodite, Pierre répondit offusqué que jamais il n'adorerait une vile prostituée, car l'adoration et la louange doivent être adressées au seul vrai Dieu. A ces paroles le magistrat le fit étendre sur une roue et attacher avec des chaînes. Des pièces de bois furent disposées tout autour, de sorte que, dans le mouvement de la roue, elles devaient heurter les membres du Saint et lui briser les os. Plus la torture était cruelle, plus l'athlète du Christ montrait de courage et, avec un sourire de pitié pour ses persécuteurs, il rendait grâce au Christ qui lui accordait une telle endurance. Se voyant vaincu par la patience du Martyr, le gouvemeur le fit finalement décapiter. Il se rendit ensuite à Troade, accompagné d'une brillante escorte (3). On lui amena trois chrétiens : André, Paul et Nicomaque. Nicomaque se confessa à haute voix Chrétien avec une téméraire assurance, mais il ne put résister à la torture et renia. A peine eut-il sacrifié qu'abandonné par Dieu, il devint la proie du démon et, pris d'une crise furieuse, il rendit l'âme misérablement. Dans l'assistance, une jeune fille de seize ans, Denise, s'écria alors : « Ah misérable! comment pour une heure de vie as-tu pu attirer sur toi les peines étemelles que nul ne peut décrire ? » Aussitôt interpellée et conduite devant le gouvemeur, elle se déclara Chrétienne 4 et, se montrant inflexible devant les menaces, elle fut livrée aux mains de deux débauchés. Alors que depuis de longues heures ces demiers essayaient de triompher de sa pudeur, l'Ange gardien de la jeune vierge apparut, sous la forme d'un être resplendissant qui terrassa les impudents de terreur, et se jetant aux pieds de la Sainte, ils la supplièrent d'intercéder pour eux. Au matin, la foule rassemblée devant le palais et excitée par les prêtres d'Artémis, réclama à grands cris qu'on lui livrât André et Paul. Comme ils refusaient de sacrifier à la déesse, ils furent frappés de verges, puis livrés au peuple pour être lapidés. Avertie par le tumulte, Denise s'échappa de sa prison, se précipita jusqu'au lieu de l'exécution et se jeta en larmes sur les corps expirants des Martyrs, en disant : « Afin de pouvoir vivre avec vous dans le ciel, je veux mourir avec vous sur la terre ! » Arrachée de force à ses compagnons, sur l'ordre du tyran qui ne voulait pas satisfaire son voeu, elle fut conduite en un autre lieu pour y être décapitée.

1). Le Synaxaire donnant une version incomplète et peu satisfaisante de la Passion de ces Martyrs, nous résumons ici les Actes latins de Pierre, André, Paul, et Denise. Ce groupe de Martyrs est commémoré par le Martyrologe Syriaque (IV' s.) et le Martyrologe Hiéronymien, au 15 mai.

2). Dèce ou Dacnos dans le Synaxaire ; Optimus, proconsul d'Asie dans les Actes latins.

3. Dans le Synaxaire, Paul et André sont des soldats, originaires de Mésopotamie, qui se rendent à Athènes avec le gouvemeur et sont commis à la garde de la jeune et belle vierge Christine. Attirés par sa beauté, ils voulurent abuser d'elle, mais furent en définitive amenés à la foi par les exhortations de la Sainte. Ils furent aussitôt condamnés à la lapidation, et Christine fut décapitée après s'être précipitée sur leurs corps.

4). D'où la confusion des noms, entre Denise et Christine, dans le Synaxaire.


St. Andrew
A martyr of the Faith in Lampsacus, a city of Mysia, in the persecution of Decius. He and two companions were brought before the proconsul and interrogated about their belief. One of the three, Nichomachus, presumptuous and over-confident, unfortunately apostatized under torture. Andrew and his companion Paul, after having undergone the suffering of the rack, were thrown into prison. Meanwhile a girl of sixteen, named Dionysia, who had reproached Nichomachus for his fall, was seized and tortured, and then subjected to the approaches of three libertines, but was protected by an angel. In the morning, Andrew and Paul were taken out and stoned to death. As they lay in the arena, Dionysia, escaping from her captors and hurrying to the place of execution, asked to be slain. She was carried away by force, and suffered death by the sword. The feast of these martyrs is kept on 15 May.
Sources

Acta SS., III, May; BUTLER, Lives of the Saints, 15 May.

Campbell, Thomas. "St. Andrew." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 15 May 2015 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01472a.htm>.

May 15

SS. Peter, Andrew, and Companions, Martyrs

From their authentic acts in Ruinart.

A.D. 250.

IN the neighbourhood of Lampsacus, a city of Lesser Asia, near the Hellespont, was apprehended in the persecution of Decius, a young man called Peter, remarkable for the beauty of his person, and natural endowments of his mind, but much more for his faith and virtue. He was brought before Optimus, the proconsul of Asia, who said to him: “You have before your eyes the edicts of our invincible princes: sacrifice to the goddess Venus as they command.” Peter answered: “I am surprised that you should endeavour to persuade me to sacrifice to an infamous lewd woman, whose actions modesty forbids me to mention, and are such as are punishable by your own laws.” Optimus ordered him to be extended on a wheel, with pieces of wood so disposed and bound on his body with iron chains, that the wheel being put in motion it might gradually occasion the breaking of his bones. The martyr, turning his eyes towards the heavens, said, with a cheerful countenance: “I praise and thank you, O Lord Jesus Christ, for vouchsafing me patience to overcome this cruel tyrant.” Optimus, seeing his unshaken resolution, ordered his head to be struck off.
 After this execution, as the proconsul was going to set out for Troas, a city in Phrygia, built by Alexander, near the ruins of the famous Troy, three other Christians, Andrew, Paul, and Nicomachus, were brought before him. He asked them whence they came, and what was their religion? Nicomachus answered with impatience, and a remarkably loud voice: “I am a Christian.” The others modestly replied: “We are also Christians.” The proconsul said to Nicomachus: “Sacrifice to the gods.” He answered: “A Christian must not sacrifice to devils.” The proconsul gave orders that he should be hung on the rack and tortured. When he was just ready to expire under his torments, he unhappily lost his crown, and cried out: “I never was a Christian; and am ready to sacrifice to the gods.” The proconsul immediately caused him to be taken off the rack, but no sooner had the miserable man offered sacrifice than he was seized by the devil, fell on the ground, and beat it with his head in violent agonies, in which he expired. Thus the devil usually laughs to scorn the unhappy souls which he has drawn into sin. He lures them with great promises; but, being the father of lies, pays them with treacherous shadows, or often with bitter disappointments and calamities. A wretched exchange for their souls and eternal happiness! God afforded his other two servants a comfort under their affliction for this loss. Denysa, a tender virgin about sixteen years old, who was standing by, was struck at this misfortune, and said: “Unfortunate wretch! why wouldst thou bring upon thyself eternal torments for the sake of a moment’s ease?” Optimus, hearing these words, asked if she were a Christian? She confessed she was. He then required her to sacrifice, and threatened to expose her to prostitution, and burn her alive in case of refusal. Finding his threats made no impression on her constancy, he ordered her to be put into the hands of two lewd young men to be deflowered. They took her with them to their lodgings: whose endeavours to force her she resisted so long that she fairly tired them out. About midnight they were surprised at the appearance of a young man glittering with light, which diffused itself over the whole house. Upon which they were seized with fear, and cast themselves at the feet of the holy virgin. She raised them up and bid them not be afraid, saying: “This is my guardian and protector:” and they earnestly besought her to intercede for them, that they might come to no hurt. The next morning the mob, stirred up by the priests of Diana, beset the house of the proconsul, demanding in a tumultuous manner to have Andrew and Paul delivered up to them. The proconsul to humour them, having caused the martyrs to be brought forth, bid them sacrifice to Diana; which they refusing to do, he ordered them to be most inhumanly scourged, and then to be put into the hands of the rabble, by them to be atoned to death. The populace, without further delay, having tied their feet together, dragged them out of town in order to stone them. Whilst they were under execution, Denysa heard the noise, and began to weep and wail bitterly; and having escaped from those who guarded her, ran to the place where they were, and upon seeing them cried out: “That I may live with you eternally in heaven, I will die with you on earth.” The proconsul being informed of the wonderful preservation of her chastity, her escape, and desire to die with the martyrs, ordered her to be taken away from Andrew and Paul, and to be beheaded at a distance; which was accordingly put in execution.
 If the martyrs had not been crucified to the world, they would never have attained to their crowns. There is a love of the world which though it be not either for the matter or the degree of it criminal enough to destroy the hopes of salvation, yet abates our vigour, hinders our perfection, and bereaves us of many degrees of fervour. The indications of this kind of love of the world, are a fondness for the pomp and show of life; too slavish an exactness in the modes and customs of the world; too quick a sense of praise, reputation, and pre-eminence; too great an eagerness to grow rich; too brisk a relish of pleasures, too much diversion; too great a love of ease; or an uninterrupted pursuit of worldly business, which extinguishes all gust of virtue, and all relish of heavenly things, and leaves not the mind sufficient leisure or ardour for spiritual duties. These are symptoms of a soul tainted with a love of the world, which exceedingly checks the vigour of the mind. The means by which this defect is to be overcome is frequent meditation on eternal truths. One who has these deeply imprinted in his heart, will have no great taste for the honours, the pleasures, or the interests of life; he will never be slothful or remiss, but always fervent in spirit serving the Lord; and will have no emulation but for good works, no ambition but for eternal glory. In the pursuit of this will he lay out the vigour and strength of his mind, retrench his profit by alms, deny his pleasure, and rejoice to lead an obscure, mean, laborious, and crucified life.
Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume V: May. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.
SOURCE : http://www.bartleby.com/210/5/151.html

Peter of Lampsacus, Paul, Andrew, Dionysia & Decius MM (RM)

Died 251. Peter was a young man of Lampsacus on the Hellespont, who was martyred at Troas together with SS. Paul, Andrew, Dionysia, and Decius. Peter was remarkable for his physical beauty and the natural endowments of his mind, as well as his faith and virtue. He was captured and brought before Proconsul Optimus who said, "You have before your eyes the edicts of our invincible princes: sacrifice to the goddess Venus, as they command."


Peter answered: "I am surprised that you should endeavor to persuade me to sacrifice to an infamous lewd woman, whose actions modesty forbids me to mention, and are such as are punishable by your own laws."

Optimus ordered him to be extended on a wheel, with pieces of wood so disposed and bound on his body with iron chains, that the wheel being put in motion it might gradually occasion the breaking of his bones. The martyr, turning his eyes towards the heavens, said, with a cheerful countenance: "I praise and thank you, O Lord Jesus Christ, for vouchsafing me patience to overcome this cruel tyrant." Optimus, seeing his unshaken resolution, ordered his head to be struck off.

After this execution, three other Christians, Andrew, Paul, and Nicomachus, were brought before him. He asked their origin and religion Nicomachus answered loudly with impatience, "I am a Christian." When ordered to sacrifice to the gods, Nicomachus answered: A Christian must not sacrifice to devils." The proconsul gave orders that he should be hung on the rack and tortured. When he was just ready to expire under his torments, he unhappily lost his crown, and cried out: "I never was a Christian, and am ready to sacrifice to the gods."

The proconsul immediately caused him to be taken off the rack, but no sooner had the miserable man offered sacrifice than he was seized by the devil, fell on the ground, and beat it with his head in violent agonies, in which he expired. God afforded his other two servants a comfort under their affliction for this loss.

Dionysia, a tender virgin about sixteen years old, who was standing by, was struck at this misfortune, and said: "Unfortunate wretch! Why did you bring upon yourself eternal torments for the sake of a moment's ease?" Optimus, hearing these words, asked if she was a Christian: she confessed she was. He then required her to sacrifice, and threatened to expose her to prostitution, and burn her alive in case of refusal.

Finding his threats made no impression on her constancy, he ordered her to be put into the hands of two young men to be deflowered. They took her with them to their lodgings, but she resisted so strenuously that she tired them out. About midnight they were surprised at the appearance of a young man, glittering with light, which diffused itself over the whole house. Seized with fear, they threw themselves at the feet of the holy virgin. She raised them up, and told them not to be afraid, saying: "This is my guardian and protector." They asked her to intercede for them that they would not be harmed.

The next morning, the mob, stirred up by the priests of Diana, beset the house of the proconsul, demanding in a tumultuous manner to have Andrew and Paul delivered up to them. The proconsul, to humor them, had them brought forth and commanded them to sacrifice to Diana. Upon their refusal, Optimus had them scourged and then threw them to the rabble who stoned them to death.

When Dionysia heard the raucous noise surrounding their execution, she began to weep and wail bitterly. She escaped her guards and ran to the place where they were. Upon seeing her fellows, she cried out: "That I may live with you eternally in heaven, I will die with you on earth." The proconsul being informed of the wonderful preservation of her chastity, her escape, and desire to die with the martyrs, ordered her to be taken away from Andrew and Paul, and to be beheaded at a distance (Benedictines, Husenbeth). 


Saint Denysa of Troas

Also known as
  • Dionysia
Profile

A Christian girl ordered to sacrifice to pagan idols during the persecutions of Decius. She refused and was given over to a house of prostitution to be raped into submission. She fought against her “customers” until exhausted at which point her guardian angel appeared and frightened the men away from her. The next morning she fled the house to the site where a mob had dragged Saint Andrew and Saint Paul of Troas, and began proclaiming her faith. The proconsul had her dragged away and executed. Martyr.

  • beheaded in Alexandria Troas (in modern Turkey) c.250

Saint Andrew of Troas

Profile

Christian imprisoned for refusing to sacrifice to pagan idols during the persecutions of Decius. After one night in prison, a mob stirred up by the priests of Diana demanded that he and Saint Paul be turned over to them. The two were scourged, dragged out of town, and murdered. Martyr.

Saint Paul of Troas

Profile

Christian imprisoned for refusing to sacrifice to pagan idols during the persecutions of Decius. After one night in prison, a mob stirred up by the priests of Diana demanded that he and Saint Andrew be turned over to them. The two were scourged, dragged out of town, and murdered. Martyr.

Saint Peter of Lampsacus

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Martyred in the persecutions of Decius for refusing to sacrifice to a statue of Venus.