Saint Coloman de Stockerau
Moine irlandais martyr
Fête le 13 octobre
† Stockerau, près de Vienne, Autriche, 18 octobre 1012
Autres graphies : Coloman, Colomannus ou Colman de Stockerau, de Melk
Moine irlandais, il se rendait en pèlerinage à Jérusalem lorsqu’il fut arrêté et pendu à Vienne comme espion. Vénéré bientôt comme un saint, Coloman fut adopté comme patron par la Basse-Autriche. Sous l’autel de saint Coloman, dans l’église abbatiale de Melk (Basse-Autriche), sarcophage abritant la dépouille du saint.
Sarcophage de Saint Colman à l'abbaye de Melk (Autriche)
martyr en Autriche (✝ 1012)
Moine irlandais qui s'en vint en Autriche pour se rendre en Terre Sainte. Les habitants le prirent pour un espion et il eut à souffrir toutes sortes de supplices avant d'être pendu à un arbre. Son corps y resta indemne pendant un an et l'arbre se mit à reverdir. A partir de ce moment, on reconnut son innocence. Son corps est désormais à l'abbaye de Melk où il est vénéré comme martyr.
(Fêté aussi le 13 octobre en certains lieux.)
Près de Stukerau, dans la région de Vienne en Bavière, l’an 1012, saint Colman. D’origine irlandaise, il se fit pèlerin pour le Christ et se mit en route vers la Terre sainte, mais, pris pour un espion ennemi, il fut pendu à un arbre et parvint ainsi à la Jérusalem du ciel.
Coloman of Stockerau (of Melk) M (RM)
(also known as Colman, Colomannus)
Died in Stockerau, Austria, on October 18, 1012. Saint Coloman, an Irish or Scottish monk of royal lineage who began a penitential pilgrimage to Jerusalem and was stopped at Stockerau, about six miles from Vienna. At that time there were continual skirmishes between Austria, Moravia, and Bohemia. So the stranger, who spoke no German, was accused of being a spy and, after various tortures, hanged to death with several robbers.
For 18 months Coloman's body remained on the gibbet, uncorrupted and unmolested by the birds and beasts--a miracle. The scaffolding itself was said to have taken root and sent forth green branches, one of which is preserved under the high altar of the Franciscan church at Stockerau. Many miracles were wrought by his incorrupt body.
Three years after Coloman's death, Bishop Megingard translated his relics to Melk (then called Mark, the capital of the ancient Marcomans near Moravia), at the request of Marquis Saint Henry of Austria, who built a tomb for him in the imposing abbey on the Danube River in western Austria. Four popes have granted indulgences to those who pray at the shrine of Saint Coloman (or Colman?) at Melk (Paschal II, Clement VI, Innocent VI, and Leo X). Melk burned a 70-pound wax candle in 1713 in petition for the saint's prayers against the plague that was devastating the land.
Many churches and chapels in Austria, Swabia, the Palatinate, Hungary, and Bavaria bear his name. On his feast day in Melk, hundreds of horses and cattle are brought to the abbey for Coloman's blessing. Dozens of neighboring parishes made a pilgrimage to his chapel near Würtemberg on Whitsunday until the 18th century (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopedia, Fitzpatrick, Gougaud, Husenbeth, Kenney, Tommasini).
In art, Saint Colman is a pilgrim monk with a rope in his hand. At times he may be shown (1) hanged on a gibbet; (2) with tongs and rod; and (3) as a priest with a book and maniple. He is venerated in Melk and Ireland. Colman is the patron of hanged men and horses. He is invoked against plague (Roeder) and for husbands by marriageable girls (D'Arcy).
SOURCE : http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/1013.shtml
Saint Colman, one of the patrons of Austria, was also an Irish saint, who, journeying to Jerusalem, was martyred near Vienna, in 1012, 13 October, on which day his feast is observed. His life, written by Erchenfrid of Melk, is in "Acta SS.", VI, 357 and "Mon. Germ. Hist.: Script.", IV, 647.
ADAMNAN, Life of St. Columba; O'LAVERTY, Down and Connor, V; Calendar of Donegal; COLGAN, Acta Sanct. Hib.: O'HANLON, Lives of the Irish Saints, IX; BUTLER, Lives of the Saints; HOGAN, St. Colman of Austria; URWALEX. Der königliche Pilgen St. Colomann (Vienna, 1880).
Grattan-Flood, William. "St. Colman." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 13 Oct. 2016 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04115g.htm>.
Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.
- Colman of Melk
- Coloman of….
- Colomannus of….
- Koloman of….
- Kálmán of….
May have been of noble or royal birth. Monk. While on a pilgrimage to the Holy Lands, Colman was stopped by the Viennese on suspicion of being a Moravian spy; there was continual fighting between Austria, Moravia and Bohemia, and a stranger who spoke no German was immediately suspect. With no evidence other than being a stranger, he was convicted of espionage, tortured, and hanged with two thieves.
In the tradition of the time, the bodies were left to rot as a warning to others. Colman’s body hung there for 18 months, incorrupt, and untouched by animals. Miracles were reported at the site, including the scaffolding taking root and putting out branches. In 1015, bishop Megingard transferred Colman’s relics to Melk, Austria where they were entombed in an abbey on the Danube. The tomb became a site of miracles, and four popes have granted indulgences to those who call on his intercession. There is an annual blessing of horses and cattle held at Melk and near Füssen, Germany on his feast.
- in the British Isles, exact location undetermined
- against gout
- against hanging
- against plague
- hanged men
- horned cattle
- Melk, Austria
- monk hanged on a gibbet
- monk with tongs and rod
- pilgrim monk carrying a rope
- priest with a book and maniple
St. Colman of Ireland, Martyr
IN the beginning of the eleventh century, the neighbouring nations of Austria, Moravia, and Bohemia were engaged against each other in implacable dissensions and wars. Colman, a Scot or Irishman, and according to Cuspinian and other Austrian historians, of blood royal, going on a penitential pilgrimage to Jerusalem, arrived by the Danube from the enemy’s country at Stockheraw, a town six miles above Vienna. The inhabitants persuading themselves that he was a spy, unjustly tortured him various ways, and at length hanged him on a gibbet, on the 13th of October, in 1012. The double testimony of heroic actions of virtue and of miracles is required before any one is enrolled by the church among the saints, as Gregory IX. declares in his bull of the canonization of St. Antony of Padua. Neither miracles suffice, without clear proof of heroic sanctity, nor the latter without the former, says that pope; and the same is proved by the late Benedict XIV. 1 A fervent spirit of compunction and charity, and invincible meekness and patience under exquisite torments and unjust sufferings were an undoubted proof of the sanctity of the servant of God, which was confirmed by the incorruption of his body, and innumerable miracles. Three years after his death his body was translated by the Bishop of Megingard, at the request of Henry, marquis of Austria, and deposited at Mark, the capital of the ancient Marcomans, near Moravia. St. Colman is honoured in Austria among the tutelar saints of that country, and many churches in that part of Germany bear his name. See his life written soon after his death by Crekenfred, abbot of Mark, published by Canisius; also Dithmar in Chron. and Leopold VI., marquis of Austria, in Chronico de Austriæ dynastis; Aventinus; Raderus, t. 3, p. 109, and Colgan, Act. SS. Hib. p. 107, n. 12.
Note 1. L. de Canon. Sanct. [back]
Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). Volume X: October. The Lives of the Saints. 1866