Évêque des Saxons (✝ 664)
Cedd ou Cedde, frère de Saint Chad.
Il fut élevé à Lindisfarne par saint Aidan. Il évangélisa les Saxons de l'Angleterre orientale et devint leur évêque. Il mourut de la peste à l'abbaye de Lastingham qu'il avait fondée dans le Yorkshire.
- Crypte saint Cedd, Lastingham (Yorkshire) - site en anglais
- Histoire de saint Cedd? paroisse de Becontree (Dagenham) - site en anglais
Des internautes nous informent:
"Au sujet de Saint Cedd, Wikipédia nous apprend que Saint Cedd fut un interprète consciencieux et possédait des facilités pour l'apprentissage des langues. Ainsi, il pratiquait les langues gaélique, anglaise, francique, le gallois et le latin.
Ce qui lui vaut aujourd'hui le titre de Saint Patron des interprètes.
Il est aussi le Saint Patron du Comté d'Essex en Angleterre, et du village de Lastingham (North Yorkshire)."
"Il était fêté le 7 janvier jusqu'en 2005."
Il figure au 26 octobre au martyrologe romain: À Lastingham en Angleterre, l’an 664, saint Cedde, ordonné par saint Finian, évêque des Saxons de l’Est, il veilla à poser chez eux les fondements de l’Église.
Frère de St Chad, il naquit en Northumbrie et devint moine à Lindisfarne. En 653, il fut envoyé avec 3 autres prêtres pour évangéliser les Angles du centre, quand leur roi Peada fut baptisé par Saint Finan. Après avoir oeuvré dans ce champ quelque temps, il fut appelé à la moisson dans un nouveau en Est Anglie (Essex), quand le roi Sigebert fut convertit et baptisé par Finan. Avec un autre prêtre, ils traversèrent les Midlands pour évaluer la situation. Ensuite Cedd revint à Lindisfarne pour rendre compte à Finan, qui le consacra évêque des Est Saxons en 654. Cedd repartit pour l'Essex, et passa le restant de sa vie avec les Saxons, bâtissant des églises, fondant des monastères (Bradwell-on-the-Sea (Ythancaestir, Othona), Tilbury, et Lastingham), ordonnant des prêtres et des diacres pour continuer l'oeuvre d'évangélisation. Les 3 monastères qu'il bâtit furent détruits par les Danois et jamais restaurés. Il partitipa au Synode de Whitby en 664, où il accepta les observances Romaines, et mourut de la peste à Lastingham, Yorkshire. A l'annonce de sa mort, 30 de ses frères parmi les Est Saxons vinrent à Lastingham pour consacrer leur vie où leur saint père dans la foi avait terminé la sienne. Mais tous moururent à leur tour de la peste, sauf un garçon non encore baptisé, qui survécut et devint un prêtre et un missionaire zèlé.
Cedd, OSB B (AC)
Born in Northumbria, England; died October 26, 664; feast day formerly celebrated on January 7. Cedd was raised together with his brother Saint Chad. He became a monk at Lindisfarne and in 653 was sent with three other priests to evangelize the Middle Angles when their King Peada was baptized by Saint Finan of Lindisfarne in 653 at the court of his father-in-law, Oswy of Northumbria.
After working in that field for a time he was called to harvest a new one in East Anglia (Essex), when King Sigebert was converted and baptized by Finan. He and another priest travelled throughout the midlands to evaluate the situation. Then Cedd returned to Lindisfarne to confer with Finan, who consecrated him bishop of the East Saxons in 654. Cedd returned to Essex and spent the rest of his life with the Saxons--building churches, founding monasteries (at Bradwell-on-the-Sea (Ythancaestir, Othona), Tilbury, and Lastingham), and ordaining priests and deacons to continue the work of evangelization.
Lastingham, originally called Laestingaeu, was built in 658 on a tract of inaccessible land in Yorkshire donated by King Ethelwald of Deira. Here Cedd spent 40 days in prayer and fasting to consecrate the place to God according to the custom of Lindisfarne, derived from Saint Columba. All three of the monasteries he built were destroyed by the Danes and never restored.
He attended the Synod of Whitby in 664, where he accepted the Roman observances, and died of the plague at Lastingham, Yorkshire. At the news of his death, 30 of his brethren among the East Saxons came to Lastingham to consecrate their lives where their holy father in faith had ended his. But they, too, were all killed by the same plague, except one unbaptized boy, who lived to become a priest and zealous missionary (Delaney, Walsh).
Saint Cedd is depicted in art as a bishop with a chalice and an abbatial staff. Sometimes he is shown with his brother Saint Chad of Lichfield, other times with Saint Diuma, bishop of the Middle English. He is venerated at Charlbury, Oxon, England (Roeder).
Brother of Saint Chad and Saint Cynibild; his brother Caelin was also a priest. Benedictine monk at Lindisfarne, England. Spiritual student of Saint Aidan of Lindesfarne. Priest. Missionary to the Midlands of England in 653, sent by King Oswiu of Northumbria with three other priests at the request of convert King Peada of the Middle Angles. Worked with Saint Diuma. Missionary in Essex by request of converted King Sigebert of the East Angles. Bishop of the East Saxons, consecrated by Saint Finan of Iona. Founded churches and monasteries at Bradwell-on-the-Sea, Lastingham, and Tilbury, and served as abbot of the house in Lastingham. Attended the Synod of Whitby in 664 where he acted as an interpreter, and at which he accepted Roman Easter observance. In his old age he retired to the monastery at Lastingham, Yorkshire.
- 26 October 664 at Lastingham, Yorkshire, England of plague
- buried at Lastingham
- relics later relocated next to the altar in the new church at Lastingham
Bishop of the East Saxons, the brother of St. Ceadda; died 26 Oct. 664. There were two other brothers also priests, Cynibill and Caelin, all born of an Angle family settled in Northumbria. With his younger brother Ceadda, he was brought up at Lindisfarne under St. Aidan. In 653 he was one of four priests sent by Oswiu, King of Northumbria, to evangelize the Middle Angles at the request of their ealdorman, Peada. Shortly after, however, he was recalled and sent on the same missionary errand to Essex to help Sigeberht, King of the East Saxons, to convert his people to Christ. Here he was consecrated bishop and was very active in founding churches, and established monasteries at Tilbury and Ithancester. Occasionally he revisited his native Northumbria, and there, at the request of Aethelwald, founded the monastery of Laestingaeu, now Lastingham, in Yorkshire. Of this house he became the first abbot, notwithstanding his episcopal responsibilities. At the Synod of Whitby, like St. Cuthbert, he, though Celtic in his upbringing, adopted the Roman Easter. Immediately after the synod he paid a visit to Laestingaeu, where he fell a victim to the prevalent plague. Florence of Worcester and William of Malmesbury in later times counted him as the second Bishop of London, but St. Bede, almost a contemporary, never gives him that title. His festival was kept on 7 January.
Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Christine J. Murray.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. November 1, 1908. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.
Saint Cedd, Bishop of London
He was brother to Saint Chad, bishop of Litchfield, and to Saint Celin, and Cimbert, apostolic priests, who all laboured zealously in the conversion of the English Saxons, their countrymen. Saint Cedd long served God in the monastery of Lindisfarne, founded by Saint Aidan, and for his great sanctity was promoted to the priesthood. Peada, the son of Penda, king of Mercia, was appointed by his father king of the midland English; by which name Bede distinguishes the inhabitants of Leicestershire, and part of Lincolnshire and Derbyshire, from the rest of the Mercians. The young king, with a great number of noblemen, servants, and soldiers, went to Atwall, or Walton, the seat of Oswy, king of the Northumbers, and was there baptized with all his attendants, by Finan, bishop of Lindisfarne. Four priests, Saint Cedd, Adda, Betta, and Diuma, the last a Scot, the rest English, were sent to preach the gospel to his people—the midland English; among whom great multitudes received the word of life with joy. King Penda himself obstructed not these missionaries in preaching the faith in other parts of Mercia, but hated and despised such as embraced the gospel, yet lived not up to it, saying: “Such wretches deserved the utmost contempt, who would not obey the God in whom they believed.” Saint Cedd, after labouring there for some time with great success, was called from this mission to a new harvest. Sigbercht, or Sigebert, king of the East-Saxons, paying a visit to Oswy, in Northumberland, was persuaded by that prince to forsake his idols, and was baptized by bishop Finan. When he was returned to his own kingdom, he entreated king Oswy to send him some teachers, who might instruct his people in the faith of Christ. Oswy called Saint Cedd out of the province of the midland English, and sent him with another priest to the nation of the East-Saxons. When they had travelled over that whole province, and gathered numerous churches to our Lord, Saint Cedd returned to Lindisfarne, to confer with bishop Finan about certain matters of importance. That prelate ordained him bishop of the East-Saxons, having called two other bishops to assist at his consecration. Saint Cedd going back to his province, pursued the work he had begun, built churches, and ordained priests and deacons. Two monasteries were erected by him in those parts, which seem afterwards to have been destroyed by the Danes and never restored. The first he founded near a city, called by the English Saxons, Ythancester, formerly Othona, seated upon the bank of the river Pante, (now Froshwell,) which town was afterwards swallowed up by the gradual encroaching of the sea. Saint Cedd’s other monastery was built at another city called Tillaburg, now Tilbury, near the river Thames, and here Camden supposes the saint chiefly to have resided, as the first English bishops often chose to live in monasteries. But others generally imagine, that London, then the seat of the king, was the ordinary place of his residence, as it was of the ancient bishops of that province, and of all his successors. In a journey which Saint Cedd made to his own country, Edilwald, the son of Oswald, who reigned among the Deiri, in Yorkshire, finding him to be a wise and holy man, desired him to accept of some possessions of land to build a monastery, to which the king might resort to offer his prayers with those who should attend the divine service without intermission, and where he might be buried when he died. The king had before with him a brother of our saint, called Celin, a priest of great piety, who administered the divine word, and the sacrament, to him and his family. Saint Cedd pitched upon a place amidst craggy and remote mountains, which seemed fitter to be a retreat for robbers, or a lurking place for wild beasts, than an habitation for men. Here he resolved first to spend forty days in fasting and prayer, to consecrate the place to God. For this purpose he retired thither in the beginning of Lent. He ate only in the evening, except on Sundays, and his meal consisted of an egg, and a little milk mingled with water, with a small portion of bread, according to the custom of Lindisfarne, derived from that of Saint Columba, by which it appears that, for want of legumes so early in the year, milk and eggs were allowed in that northern climate, which the canons forbade in Lent. Ten days before the end of Lent, the bishop was called to the king for certain pressing affairs, so that he was obliged to commission his priest, Cynibil, who was his brother, to complete it. This monastery being founded in 658, was called Lestingay. Saint Cedd placed in it monks, with a superior from Lindisfarne; but continued to superintend the same, and afterwards made several visits thither from London. Our saint excommunicated a certain nobleman among the East-Saxons, for an incestuous marriage; forbidding any Christian to enter his house, or eat with him. Notwithstanding this prohibition, the king went to a banquet at his house. Upon his return, the holy bishop met him, whom as soon as the king saw, he began to tremble, and righting from his horse, prostrated himself at his feet, begging pardon for his offence. The bishop touched him with a rod which he held in his hand, and said, “O king, because thou wouldst not refrain from the house of that wicked excommunicated person, thou thyself shalt die in that very house.” Accordingly, some time after, the king was basely murdered in 661, by this nobleman and another, both his own kinsmen, who alleged no other reason for their crime, than that he was too easy in forgiving his enemies. This king was succeeded by Suidhelm, the son of Sexbald, whom Saint Cedd regenerated to Christ by baptism. In 664, St Cedd was present at the conference, or synod, of Streneshalch, in which he forsook the Scottish custom, and agreed to receive the canonical observance of the time of Easter. Soon after, a great pestilence breaking out in England, Saint Cedd died of it, in his beloved monastery of Lestingay, in the mountainous part of Yorkshire, since destroyed by the Danes, so that its exact situation is not known. He was first buried in the open cemetery; but, not long after, a church of stone being built in the same monastery, under the invocation of the Blessed Virgin, the Mother of our Lord, his body was removed and laid at the right hand of the altar. Thirty of the saint’s religious brethren in Essex, upon the news of his death, came to Lestingay, in the resolution to live and die where their holy father had ended his life. They were willingly received by their brethren; but were all carried off by the same pestilence, except a little boy; who was afterwards found not to have been then baptized, and being in process of time advanced to the priesthood, lived to gain many souls to God. Saint Cedd died on the 26th of October; but is commemorated in the English Martyrology on the 7th of January.
- Father Alban Butler. “Saint Cedd, Bishop of London”. , 1866. CatholicSaints.Info. 6 January 2013. Web. 26 October 2016. < http://catholicsaints.info/butlers-lives-of-the-saints-saint-cedd-bishop-of-london/>
SOURCE : http://catholicsaints.info/butlers-lives-of-the-saints-saint-cedd-bishop-of-london/
ST. CEDD—A.D. 664
Feast: October 26
Cedd belonged to a family of brothers, and all six of them were chosen by King Oswald of Northumbria to be trained by St. Aidan to be monks and missionaries. This was in 635, when Aidan came from the monastery of Iona in Scotland to become bishop of King Oswald's kingdom. One of St. Cedd's brothers was St. Chad, who was the first bishop of York and then bishop of Lichfield.
Cedd founded three monasteries of his own, the best known being Lastingham, where he died of the plague in 664. St. Bede has a beautiful story of Cedd's founding of Lastingham: Cedd spent forty days in prayer and fasting in a remote spot given to him by King Ethelwald.
In 664, Cedd was present at the Synod of Whitby and was a member of the Irish party, those wishing to retain the Irish date for Easter. But when the synod decided in favor of the Roman date, Cedd accepted the decision, not wanting to cause any further disunity in the English churches.
After the Synod of Whitby, a plague struck England, and Cedd was among those who died from the plague. At the news of his death, thirty monks came from London to spend their lives where their founder had died. But they, too, caught the plague and were buried near the little chapel that had been erected in Cedd's memory.
Cedd was the second bishop of the city of London; the first was Mellitus, who came with St. Augustine and later became archbishop of Canterbury. Mellitus was driven from the see by the king of the East Saxons in 616, and London was without a bishop until Cedd's arrival about 654.
Thought for the Day: St. Cedd was trained by a saint and he himself trained others to holiness. A good teacher teaches mostly by what he is; and, if he is a good teacher, the things that are important to him become important to those he teaches. Good teachers fashion the souls of others by contact with their own soul.
From 'The Catholic One Year Bible': . . . I have been sent to bring faith to those God has chosen and to teach them to know God's truth—the kind of truth that changes lives—so that they can have eternal life, which God promised them before the world began....—Titus 1 :1-2
(Taken "The One Year Book of Saints" by Rev. Clifford Stevens, Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, Our Sunday Visitor, Inc., Huntington, IN 46750.)
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