dimanche 19 janvier 2014

Saint HENRI d'UPPSALA


Saint Henri

Martyr et patron de la Finlande ( v. 1157)

D'origine anglaise, il accompagna Nicolas Breakspear, le futur pape Adrien IV, en Suède où il fut évêque d'Uppsala en 1152. Soutenu par le roi saint Eric IX, il l'accompagna en Finlande où il fut tué à Abo-Turku, par un opposant à la réforme qu'il entreprenait dans cette Eglise. Il fut canonisé en 1158 par la voix populaire. Considéré comme un martyr, il est patron de la Finlande et son nom est inscrit au martyrologe romain. 


Henry ou Eric. 

Il était anglais de naissance, comme bien des évangélisateurs de la Scandinavie. Il fut d'abord apôtre en Norvège, puis en Suède où il fut sacré évêque d'Uppsala par Nicolas Breakspeare, son compatriote, qui deviendra Pape sous le nom d'Adrien IV. Il alla porter la lumière de la foi en Finlande et, au sortir de sa messe, à Turku, il fut assassiné.

En Finlande, vers 1157, saint Henry, évêque et martyr. Né en Angleterre, il dirigea l’Église d’Uppsala et employa le plus grand zèle à annoncer l’Évangile aux Finnois. Il fut enfin mis à mort par un meurtrier qu’il s’était efforcé de redresser selon la discipline de l’Église.


R. W. Ekman. Saint Henri baptisant les Finnois durant le printemps de Kuppis

Saint Henri (+ 1157)

D’origine anglaise, il accompagna Nicolas Breakspear, le futur pape Adrien IV, en Suède où il fut évêque d’Uppsala en 1152. Soutenu par le roi saint Eric IX, il l’accompagna en Finlande où il fut tué à Abo-Turku, par un opposant à la réforme qu’il entreprenait dans cette Eglise. Il fut canonisé en 1158 par la voix populaire. Considéré comme un martyr, il est patron de la Finlande et son nom est inscrit au martyrologe romain.

"Dans la mesure où l’on accueille l’amour de Dieu dans le fond de son âme, dans cette mesure on a l’amour de Dieu. C’est pourquoi désormais un tel homme vit dans une ardente passion pour l’illumination de la connaissance jusqu’à ce qu’il goûte une grande plénitude intérieure. Alors, il ne se connaît plus lui-même, il est entièrement transformé par l’amour de Dieu."

(Diadoque de Photicé – Au livre des heures de ce jour)

SOURCE : http://www.eglise.catholique.fr/actualites-et-evenements/agenda/saint-du-jour.html


St. Henry of Uppsala

St. Henry of Uppsala, the Patron of Finland, was an Englishman of the twelfth century residing at Rome. In 1152, he was consecrated Bishop of Uppsala, Sweden, by the Papal Legate Nicholas Breakspear, who later became Pope Adrian IV.

In 1154, St. Eric, King of Sweden, led a punitive expedition against the Finns in retaliation for their marauding activity into Sweden, and Henry accompanied him. Eric offered peace and the Christian Faith to the people of Finland, but they refused. A battle ensued and the Swedes won.  Henry baptized the defeated people in the Spring of Kuppis near Turku. When Eric returned to Sweden, Henry remained behind, working to convert more of the Finns.

To this end he built a church at Nousis, which became his headquarters. In time, Henry met a violent death on account of his love of God. A converted Finnish soldier named Lalli had murdered a Swedish soldier. After careful consideration of the facts and assiduous prayer, Henry imposed the penalty of excommunication on the murderer. Lalli became enraged and slew the saintly bishop with an ax. Henry was buried at Nousis, and miracles were reported at his tomb.

SOURCE : http://www.ucatholic.com/saints/saint-henry-of-uppsala/

St. Henry of Uppsala


Feast: January 19



Henry was an Englishman living in Rome. He accompanied the papal legate, Cardinal Breakspear (later Pope Adrian IV) to Scandinavia in 1151 and was consecrated bishop of Uppsala, Sweden, the next year by the cardinal. During the reign of Saint Erik, King of Sweden, he was a missionary bishop for the Baltic area, living in Uppsala, Sweden, and working energetically for the establishment of the Christian faith. He took part in a crusade to Finland, organised by the king in 1155. When the king had returned home with his troops, Bishop Henry remained in Finland to continue organising ecclesiastical life. St. Henry was the first bishop of Finland. He died a martyr's death the winter after the crusade (on 19 or 20 January in 1156). A peasant named Lalli, who had been excommunicated for manslaughter, killed Henry on the ice of Lake Köyliö. Bishop Henry was first buried in the village church of Nousiainen but on 18 June, 1300, his earthly remains were transferred to the cathedral of Turku. On a small man-made island at the place where Saint Henry was killed, a memorial chapel was built, apparently in the 14th century. The chapel eventually fell into ruin and all that remains of it now are some scattered stones and timber. The island became a popular place of pilgrimage during the Middle Ages, and to this day Finnish Catholics gather there annually on a Sunday in mid-June to venerate the memory of St. Henry and to thank God for the grace he has shown to Finland and the Finns through the saint and his successors. No documents have been preserved of the canonisation of Bishop Henry. The first document in which he is referred to as "saint" is a letter of Pope Boniface VIII from the year 1296. St. Henry became the patron of the Cathedral of Turku and later the patron of the church and nation of Finland.