mercredi 28 septembre 2016

Saint LAURENT RUIZ, et ses compagnons,martyrs


Saints Laurent Ruiz et 15 compagnons

martyrs à Nagasaki au Japon ( v. 1635)

A Nagasaki, 16 martyrs, les uns brûlés vifs, d'autres décapités quelques années auparavant et plusieurs autres qui moururent témoins de la foi au Christ.

Saint Laurent Ruiz de Manille et quinze compagnons:

Dominique Ibanez de Erquicia, Jacques Kyushei Gorobioye Tomonaga, Antoine Gonzalez, Michel de Aozaraza, Guillaume Courtet, Vincent Shiwozuka, Luc Alphonse Gorda, Jourdain (Hyacinthe Ansalone) et Thomas Hioji Rokuzayemon Nishi, prêtres dominicains, François Shoyemon, Michel Kurobioye et Matthieu Kohioye, religieux dominicains - Madeleine de Nagasaki, vierge du Tiers-Ordre de Saint-Augustin, Marine de Omura, vierge du Tiers-Ordre dominicain, Lazare de Kyoto, laïc. 

Après avoir semé la foi chrétienne dans les Îles Philippines, Formose et les îles du Japon, ils consommèrent leur martyre pour l’amour du Christ à Nagasaki, en vertu d’un décret du chef suprême Togugawa Yemitsu, à des jours différents, de 1633 à 1637, mais sont commémorés dans une même vénération.



Martyrologe romain


Saint Laurent RUIZ
Nom: RUIZ
Prénom: Laurent (Lorenzo)
Pays: Philippines - Japon

Naissance: Vers 1600  à Binondo (Banlieue de Manille (Philippines)
Mort: 29.09.1637  à Nagasaki

Etat: Laïc - Père de famille  -  Martyr du Groupe des 16 martyrs de Nagasaki (Japon – 1633-37)  2
Note: Éduqué chez les Dominicains. Calligraphe, membre de la Confrérie du Rosaire, père de trois enfants. En 1636 il se joint au groupe de missionnaires qui partent au Japon. Aussitôt arrêté, il passe une année en prison soumis aux tortures et meurt sur le gibet. Il est le protomartyr des Philippines.

Béatification: 18.02.1981  à Manille (Philippines)  par Jean Paul II
Canonisation: 18.10.1987  à Rome  par Jean Paul II
Fête: 28 septembre

Réf. dans l’Osservatore Romano: 1981 n.8  -  1987 n.43
Réf. dans la Documentation Catholique: 1981 p.266-268 ; 333-334  -  1987 p.1066

Notice

Laurent Ruiz naît vers 1600 dans la banlieue de Manille appelée Binondo, Son père est Chinois et sa mère Tagala. Il est instruit à l’école des Dominicains et devient calligraphe au service des Pères pour la tenue des registres paroissiaux. Il est membre de la confrérie du Rosaire. Marié à une Tagala, il est père de deux fils et une fille. En 1636 il est accusé d’être impliqué dans un meurtre. Croyant à son innocence, son supérieur dominicain le joint au groupe de missionnaires qui partent aider les chrétiens du Japon où sévit la persécution. Aussitôt arrêtés dans l’île d’Okinawa ils passent une année en prison soumis aux tortures. Transférés à Nagasaki, il subissent le martyre. Laurent est suspendu au gibet la tête en bas et agonise deux jours



Lawrence Ruiz, layman 

Dominic Ibáñez de Erquicia, O.P.

James Kyushei Tomonaga, O.P. 

and 13 companions, Philippines, martyrs in Japan

1633, (August and October)

DOMINIC IBANEZ DE ERQUICIA: Spanish Dominican priest, born in Regil (San Sebastian) member of the Province of Spain at first, and afterwards of the Holy Rosary Province. Taught at St. Tomas College (Manila) and preached in various parts of the Philippines. In 1623 he went to Japan where he worked incognito. Denounced to the authorities by a Christian apostate, he was subsequently imprisoned and put to death. He played a very important role as Vicar Provincial to the missions. Part of his letters have been conserved. Age 44.

FRANCIS SHOYEMON: Japanese, Dominican Cooperator Brother. He was a companion of Domingo Ibanez in his apostolate. Arrested in 1633, he received the Dominican habit while in prison. He was killed together with this spiritual father.

JAMES KYUSHEI TOMONAGA OF ST. MARY: Japanese, Dominican priest. Born of a noble Christian family of Kyudetsu, he studied at the Jesuits' College at Nagasaki. He was expelled from Japan in 1614, because he was working as a catechist. He preached in Manila and Taiwan, but in 1632 he returned to his native land to help his fellow Christians. He was arrested, tortured and later killed, "because he was a religious and propagated the faith". He was 51 years, the oldest of the group.

MICHAEL KUROBIOYE: Japanese, lay catechist. He was a companion of Fr. James of St. Mary. When he was imprisoned and tortured, he revealed the hiding place of Fr. James. Soon repenting of what he had done, he joined his companion in his martyrdom, confessing his faith.

LUCAS ALONSO OF THE HOLY SPIRIT: Spanish, Dominican priest, born in Carracedo (Astorga) a son of the Spanish Dominican Province, he joined the Holy Rosary Province in 1617, thus becoming a missionary. After teaching at St. Tomas in Manila and preaching in Cagayan,

he went to Japan in 1623 and worked there, encountering great risks and hardships for ten years. He was arrested while in Osaka (1633) and killed in Nagasaki after being tortured. Age 39.


MATTHEW KOHIOYE OF THE ROSARY: Japanese of Arima, Brother of the Dominican Order. Catechist and helper of Blessed Lucas Alonso, he became a Dominican novice. He was arrested at Osaka in 1633, endured horrible torture but remained faithful to Christ until his death. Age 18.

1634, (October-November)

MAGDALENE OF NAGASAKI: Japanese, Augustinian and Dominican tertiary. Daughter of a martyred Christian couple, she consecrated herself to God. Her spiritual director was Fr. Ansalone. When the latter was arrested, she presented herself to the guards, declaring that she was a Christian. She was tortured in a cruel manner, but remained firm in her faith until she was hung on the gibbet where she died after thirteen days.

MARINA OF OMURA: Japanese, Dominican tertiary. Entered the Third Order in 1626 and was very helpful to the missionaries. She was arrested in 1634 and submitted to shameful humiliations, after which she was burned alive.


HYACINTH JORDAN ANSALONE: Italian, Dominican priest. Born at S. Stefano Quisquina (Agrigento), son of the Dominican Province of Sicily, afterwards joining the Holy Rosary Province. In the Philippines, he worked among the poor and the sick. He went to Japan in 1632 and worked there for two years. He was arrested in 1634 and had to undergo various tortures before dying on the gibbet. Age 36.
THOMAS HIOLI NISM OF ST. HYACINTH: Japanese, Dominican priest. Son of martyred Christians of Hirado, student at the Jesuits' college at Nagasaki. He emigrated to Manila in 1614 after being expelled on account of the persecution. Studied at St. Tomas College, then became a Dominican missionary in Taiwan. He returned later to Japan, where he preached for 5 years among great perils. He was then arrested, tortured and put to death. Age 44.

1637, September


In 1636, the Dominicans of Manila organized a missionary expedition with the intention of helping the Christians in Japan. As soon as they arrived in the island of Okinawa they were arrested and kept in prison for a year, after which they were transferred and condemned to death by the tribunal of Nagasaki.

ANTHONY GONZALEZ: Spanish, Dominican priest. Born in Leon (Spain), he became a Dominican in his native country, but, moving to Manila (1631) he joined the Holy Rosary Province. He taught at St. Tomas and later became its rector. In 1636 he led the group of missionaries going to Japan, but was soon arrested with the rest. He was a man of much prayer and penance. After a year he died in prison having endured the tortures inflicted upon him by the persecutors. Age 45.

WILLIAM COURTET OR THOMAS OF ST. DOMINIC: Born of noble parents in Serignan (France). He was a member of the Dominican Reformed Congregation of St. Louis but then joined the Holy Rosary Province and went to the Philippines where he taught at St. Tomas and later went to Japan. He also ended up on the gibbet, after a year of imprisonment, during which he endured horrible tortures. He died singing praise to the Blessed Virgin of the Rosary and psalms in the midst of torture. Age 47.

MICHAEL DE AOZARAZA: Spanish, Dominican priest. He was born in Onate (Spain) and became a member of the Province of Spain, but later joined the Holy Rosary Province. He worked in the mission of Bataan (Luzon - Philippines). He refused to give up his faith and accepted with joy tremendous suffering. Age 39.

VINCENT SCHIWOZUKA OF THE CROSS: Japanese, Dominican priest. Son of a Christian family, he was a student at the Jesuits' College and a catechist. He was expelled from Japan in 1614. He later became a priest in Manila and worked among the Japanese exiles. Before returning to his native land (1636) he received the Dominican habit. After a year of imprisonment the tortures induced him to apostatize, but he soon returned to the faith and died as a martyr on the gibbet.

LAZARO OF KYOTO: Japanese, layman. He contracted leprosy and was deported to the Philippines with other lepers. In 1636 he joined Gonzalez as his guide and interpreter. Not resisting to the tortures Lazaro apostatized for a few hours but then repented and died for Christ together with the others.

LAWRENCE Ruiz: Filipino, layman. Born in Binondo (Manila) of a Chinese Father and a Filipino mother, he received his education from the Dominicans, becoming a member of the Rosary Confraternity. He married and fathered three children. Becoming involved in some obscure incident with bloodshed, he joined the missionary expedition in order to escape. He was arrested and endured all kinds of tortures until his death. He thus becomes the Protomartyr of the Philippines.

Miracle proposed for the Canonization


Occurred in Manila in the year 1983 through the intercession of the group in favour of Cecilia Alegria Policarpio, child - 2 years old, cured completely of brain's paralysis without any effective therapy. The miracle was recognized by John Paul II on 1st June, 1987.

The reason why Christians were persecuted

"The followers of Christ, arriving unexpectedly in Japan, not only came here carrying their goods, but also, without any permission, have spread and propagated their wicked law, destroying the good and legitimate one and plotting to overthrow authority in the country. This is the beginning of great calamity, which we should avoid by all means. Japan is a Shintoist and Buddhist country, which venerates the gods, honours Buddha, and respects the 'way of benevolence' (Confucius).

The followers of the Fathers (the Christians) have all disobeyed the orders already given by the government despising religion ... and destroying the good. They are overjoyed when they see those about to be executed; they run after them wherever they go and adore them ... Such is the supreme ideal of this religion. Unless it is suppressed immediately, endless misfortunes will fall on the State. In all the regions of Japan, all these Christians should be eliminated without any delay ... If anyone dares contravene this order, he will be put to death ......

(Extracts of the 1614 Edict, substantially alike those of 1633, 1636).


IOANNES PAULUS PP. II

LITTERAE APOSTOLICAE

QUOD AIT

DOMINICO IBÁÑEZ DE ERQUICIA, IACOBO KYUSHEI TOMONAGA,
 SACERDOTIBUS ORDINIS FRATRUM PRAEDICATORUM, LAURENTIO RUIZ,
LAICO, ATQUE XIII SOCIIS HONORES BEATORUM DECERNUNTUR

Ad perpetuam rei memoriam. – «Quod ait apostolus Petrus: Christus pro nobis passus est, relinquens nobis exemplum, ut sequamur vestigia eius (cf. 1 Petr. 2, 21), hoc beati martyres ardenti dilectione fecerunt, quia impleverunt ipsi caritatem qua Dominus dixit non posse esse maiorem (cf. Io. 15, 13). Talia enim suis fratribus exhibuerunt, qualia de Domini mensa pariter acceperunt» (Aug. Tract. 84, 1-2; CCL 36, 536-537).

Ita prorsus affirmandum de sexdecim servis Dei, quorum est hic sermo et agitur causa, quorumque, si ad verbi ministerium atque confessionis locum respicias, eadem fuit beata sors, quae sex atque viginti Protomartyrum atque ducentorum quinque Beatorum Taponiensium, quos Pius IX, venerabilis Decessor Noster, glorificavit.

Fidelissimi autem hi Dei famuli, natione quidem Europaei et Asiatici, religione vero fere omnes ex Ordine Fratrum Praedicatorum quamvis alii alia condicione, fidem christianam per Insulas Philippines, Formosam atque Iaponicas disseminarunt, suamque erga caelestem Patrem fidelitatem, a quo descendit omnis veritatis lux (cf. Iac. 1, 17-18), confirmarunt Nagasakii per patibulum atque fossam, iuxta decreta contra christianos facta annis MDCXXXIII-MDCXXXVI a supremo duce illorum Tokugawa Yemitsu.

Primus autem omnium, ratione habita temporis ac dignitatis, venerabilis Dominicus Ibáñez de Erquicia in medium venit, Hispanus, sacerdos ex Ordine Fratrum Praedicatorum, per decem annos Vicarius Provinciales missionis Iaponicae; qui martyrium subiit die quartodecimo mensis Augusti, anno MDCXXXIII, una cum Francisco Shoyemon, Iaponiensi, christianae doctrinae institutore, eodemque novicio atque eiusdem Ordinis fratre adiutore.

Brevi, id est die decimo septimo eiusdem mensis Augusti, eos, quos diximus, secutus est passione ac morte Iacobus Kyushei Gorobioye Tomonaga, item sacerdos, Ordinis Fratrum Praedicatorum sodalis, atque ex omnibus maior natu, qui cum Michaële Kurobioye institutore immolatus est. Horum autem uterque Iaponiensis fuit.

Eodem anno, die decimo nono mensis Octobris, cruciati sunt Lucas Alonso, sacerdos ex Ordine Fratrum Praedicatorum, natione Hispanus, qui decem per annos sacrosanctam fidem nostram ad usque septemtrionalem partem Insulse Honshu strenue praedicavit; Matthaeus Kohioye a Rosario, institutor atque novicius in eodem Ordine adiutor, e laponia, vix duodeviginti annos natus.

Anno vero MDCXXXIV vel duae virgines mortem fortiter oppetierunt, condicione Tertiariae Dominicanae eaedemque Missionariorum adiutrices. Fuerunt autem hae: Magdalena, Nagasakiensis, quae fuisset antes Tertiaria Augustiniana, quaeque medio mense Octobri, post supplicia tredecim dierum obiit; atque Marina, ex urbe Omura, die undecima mensis Novembris lento igne absumpta.

Continuant claram hanc martyrum seriem Iordanus Ansalone, Siculus, atque Thomas Hioji Rokuzayemon Nishi, laponiensis; quorum alter in urbe Manila sex annos curam animorum gesserat, alter vero egregius Evangelii praeco fuerat in superioribus partibus Insulse Formosae atque in regione Nagasakiensi. Sacerdotes Dominicani ambo mortem subierunt die decimo septimo mensis Novembris, anno MDCXXXIV.

Tempore ultimi ex omnibus sex fuere martyres qui, duce Antonio González, ex Ordine Fratrum Praedicatorum, sacerdote Hispano eodemque theologiae doctore ac rectore Collegii a S. Thoma, e quo Studiorum Universitas Manilensis exorta est, relictis Insulis Philippinis anno MDCXXXVI, Iaponiam petierunt; ubi mox capti – haec fuit eorum fortuna – ultra annum in carcere languerunt in Insula Okinawa, postes Nagasakium ad iudicium translati sunt. Quorum profecto Antonius González, cruciatibus atque febri interfectus, in carcere enectus est, die quarto et vicesimo mensis Septembris, anno MDCXXXVII; ceteri, excruciati tormentis, die septimo et vicesimo eiusdem mensis patibulum subierunt, qua fine Christi amore mortem occubuerunt. Iuvat sane et eorum subicere nomina, in Dei laudem perpetuam. Sunt ergo: Villelmus Courtet, Gallus, doctor theologiae, atque virtute paenitentiae illustris; Michaël de Aozaraza, ex pago Hispanico Oñate, minister animarum fidelissimus; atque Vincentius Shiwozuka, Iaponiensis, qui sacrum ministerium in Philippinis Insulis exercuerant: omnes Dominicani Sacerdotes. Quos non satis fuit carnificibus supplicie crucis absumi, sed et decapitaci iusserunt. Factum est ergo ut quos una Fratrum Praedicatorum religio agglutinavisset, eorum etiam eadem sors ac fortuna in morte esset.

Horum autem trium, quos diximus, interpres Lazarus fuit ex urbe Kyoto, laicus, olim a suis in exsilium, sic ut Vincentius, pulsus, fidei christianae causa. Qui, tametsi brevissime ambo, cruciatibus heu confecti, cesserunt, statim tamen in Dei gratiam reconciliati, martyrium fecerunt.

Sextus autem et horum omnium ultimus Laurentius Ruiz fuit, Manilensis, pater familias, e Sodalitate Rosarii, atque adiutor Fratrum Praedicatorum degentium Binondi, in Manilae suburbio. Qui, primo dubius, postea vero iter simul cum Missionaries perrexit, atque carcerem, poenas, ac vel ultima fata pro fide implevit.

Iamvero si ad beatum Augustinum revertamur a quo digressi sumus, in haec eius incidimus verba: «Multi patiuntur tribulationes; parem habent poenam: sed parem non habent causam ... non facet martyrem poena, sed causa» (Serm. 327, 1-2). Cum autem nostrorum martyrum causa esset certissima, id est Christi fides ac religio, idcirco de illorum beatificatione statim agitatum est, quamvis primum de sacerdotum tantum. Qua re processus informativi, quos dicunt, instructi sunt Manilae ac Macai, annis videlicet MDCXXXVI-MDCXXXVII, rite. Quorum tamen cum acta periissent, causa stetit ad nostra usque tempora. Actis autem illis luci redditis, anno MCMLIX iterum causa agi coepta est, novis adiunctis documentis, sive sacerdotes illos sive laicos respicientibus ad historicam fidem.

Omnibus ergo apud Sacram Congregationem pro Causis Sanctorum feliciter absolutes, quae sacri canones poscerent, tandem die undecimo m. Octobris, anno MCMLXXX, sollemne decretum a Nobis factum est, quo, probato histories atque theologies ratione martyrio, sexdecim horum Dei servorum, iam iter patuit ad sollemnem illorum beatificationem.

Quae locum habuit Manilae, hac ipsa die, occasione itineris Nostri ad Extremum Orientem: Manilae, inquimus, sic ut Venerabiles Fratres Episcopi Philippini poposcerant, ea praesertim de causa, quod Laurentius Ruiz, primus huius nationis beatus, ac ceteri martyres pastoralia munia in nobilissima hac terra tuiti essent.

Hodie ergo, stipati populi multitudine, inter Sacrum formulam quae sequitur pronuntiavimus, qua illos beatos declaravimus: «In fulfillment of the desires of my brothers, Cardinal Joseph Asajiro Satowaki, Archbishop of Nagasaki, Arquiminio Rodrigues da Costa, Bishop of Macau, and Cardinal Jaime Sin, Archbishop of Manila, and of several other brothers in the Episcopate and of numerous faithful, and after consulting the Sacred Congregation for the Causes of Saints, I, by my apostolic authority, authorize that the venerable Servants of God, Domingo Ibáñez de Erquicia and Jacobo Kyushei Tomonaga, priests of the Order of Preachers, the layman Lorenzo Ruiz, and their thirteen companions be given in future the title of Blessed and that their feast be celebrated annually on the day of their heavenly birth, in the places and in the manner established by law. In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen».

Post haec et venerati sumus gloriosam hanc militum Christi manum et primi invocavimus, ut Ecclesiae universae sua intercessione prosint.

Hae vero Litterae sive nunc sive in posterum firmae sint suamque vim in perpetuum habeant.

Datum Manilae, sub anulo Piscatoris, die XVIII mensis Februarii, anno MCMLXXXI, Pontificatus Nostri tertio.

AUGUSTINUS Card. CASAROLI, a publicis Ecclesiae negotiis

© Copyright 1981 - Libreria Editrice Vaticana


IOANNES PAULUS EPISCOPUS

SERVUS SERVORUM DEI
AD PERPETUAM REI MEMORIAM

LITTERAE DECRETALES

PRAEDICATORUM FRATRUM

DOMINICUS IBÁÑEZ DE ERQUICIA, O.P., IACOBUS KYUSHEI TOMONAGA,
O.P., LAURENTIUS RUIZ DE MANILA ATQUE XIII SOCII MARTYRES
IN SANCTORUM ALBUM REFERUNTUR

Praedicatorum Fratrum apostolatus iam primo saeculo christiano Iaponiae recensetur, quod quidem S. Franciscus Saverius incohavit. Hi enim anno MDCII missionem instituerunt, quam provinciae Sancti Rosarii demandarunt, de industria ad ultimas nationes orientales evangelizandas destinatae. Eorundem opus in insulis Kyushu et Honshu explicabatur maximeque Nagasakii.

Missionalis actio valde ferbuit et fuit ea frugifera. Varii fuere casus quos Evangelii hi praecones passi sunt ab Europa oriundi, ab Hispania praesertim, sectantibus et adiuvantibus religiosis laicisque Iaponensibus. Hac in consociata opera ad martyrii usque testimonium XVI heroes numerantur hi, hodie inter Sanctos referendi, veluti illius missionis soboles postrema, iam anno MDCXXXVII exstinctae.

Temporis ordine primus, qui pasorali quoque rei praeerat, Vicarius fuit Provincialis, Dominicus scilicet Ibáñez de Erquicia, Regilii ortus in Hispaniae finibus, idemque Manilae in S. Thomae collegio professor missionariusque pariter in insula quam eius accolae Luzón vocant. Anno MDCXXIII in Iaponiam se contulit sodalibus ut opem ferret Ordinis S. Dominici et christianos solaretur. Inibi autem virorum illorum assimilis, qui a Spiritu Sancto aunt laudati (Heb 11, 36-39), decem per annos est operatus. Legis vi anno MDCXXXIII a militum duce proscriptae cui nomen Tokugawa Yemitsu, quique Christi religionem vetuit, die XIV mensis Augusti illius anni immolatus est, supplicio furcae affectus et foveae. Eiusdem adiutor fuit Franciscus Shoyemon catechista, qui veluti socius inter praedicatores erat receptus.

Tribus post diebus idem iisdemque locis duobus aliis contigit Iaponensibus sacerdoti scilicet Iacobo Kyushei Tomonaga O.P., missionario quondam Formosa in insula, atque ipsius catechistae Michaël Kurobioye. Die autem XIX mensis Octobris eadem Lucas Alonsus Gorda seu a Spiritu Sancto passus est, natione Hispanus et sacerdos O.P., et is Evangelii praeco impavidus, qui decem annos ad ultimas usque illius nationis regiones septentrionales peragravit. Eum est comitatus dominicanus novitius ipsiusque catechista Matthaeus Kohioye a Rosario, adulescens vixdum duodeviginti annorum.

Anno vero MDCXXXIV, die XVII mensis Novembris, Ecclesiae Nagasakiensis martyrologio alii duo dominicani annumerantur fratres, Siculus scilicet Hyacinthus Iordanus Ansalone et Iaponensis Thomas Hioji Rokuzayemon Nishi. Alter sacrum ministerium Manilae praestituerat alter in septentrionali parte Formosanae insulae. Praeter furcae foveaeque supplicium, eorum in fide fortitudo acerrime temptata est per aquae tormenta vi exhaustae et deinceps emissae, necnon per arundinum cruciatum, cum eaedem praeacutae subter ungues figerentur.

Nec minus fortiter duae restiterunt virgines adulescentes, alumnae fratrum et sociae, Magdalena videlicet Nagasakiensis, ad S. Augustini pertinens Tertium Ordinem ac deinceps S. Dominici quoque, atque socia in Ordine hoc, Marina scilicet Omurensis, in urbe sua natali viva exusta. Una die XV mensis Octobris passa est, altera die XI mensis Novembris.

Manipulus novissimus qui Manila navem anno MDCXXXVI solvit ut populum illum fidelem levaret vexatum quidem et indigentem, ex quattuor constabat fratribus O.P. duobusque laicis; quem manipulum Antonius Gonzalez moderabatur, natione Hispanus, Leonensis scilicet, qui apud S. Thomae Manilae collegium docebat, quod postea factum est Pontificia studiorum Universitas; alter istorum Michaël de Aozaraza erat, Ognatensis, in regionis finibus quam vocant Guipuzcoa, idemque missionarius in paene insula Bataanensi Philippinarum insularum; item Villelmus Courtet, vel Thomas a S. Dominico, Gallus Serignanensis, theologiae doctor; denique Vincentius Shiwozuka, seu a Cruce, Iaponensis, qui Manilae ordinationem presbyteralem susceperat. In horum numerum ascribuntur, ducis et interpretis fungens munere, Lazarus Byotensis, propter fidem diu patria extorris, atque furtim Laurentius Ruiz, Manilensis ortu, trium liberorum pater, S. Rosarii sodalis atque Dominicanorum in paroecia Binondina adiutor.

Vinculis annum devincti in insula Okinavensi, translati sunt postea Nagasakium, ubi aperte fidem sunt testati ante tribunal, quemadmodum egit Christus coram Pontio Pilato (1 Tim 6, 13), ut eosdem ac alii cruciatus paterentur necnon capitis damnationem. Die vero XXIX mensis Septembris mortui sunt, anno MDCXXXVII, quos autem Antonius Gonzalez antecessit, carcere confectus, die XXIV eiusdem mensis.

Eorum nempe martyrium consequensque fama in annales sunt relata rerum gestarum christianarum Iaponensium, dum processus informativi instituebantur tum Manilae tum Macaunensi in civitate annis MDCXXXVI et MDCXXXVII. Hos post inventos ineunte saeculo XX, repetita est beatificationis Causa, inquisitionibus redintegratis et pervestigationibus quibus «Positio super introductione causae et martyrio» constituta est, quae evulgata est deinceps anno MCMLXXIX. Postquam eorum propter fidem agnita est more die XI mensis Octobris anno MCMLXXX, inter beatos sunt relati die XVIII mensis Februarii anno MCMLXXXI Manilae, cum Nos iter faceremus pastorale in Philippinensi Ecclesia quacum variis de causis nectebantur ipsi, nominatim Laurentius Ruiz, primus huius loci habitus martyr.

Illarum insularum fidelis populus magis magisque Beatum suum venerabatur una simul cum passionis sociis, qui a Deo impetravit mirum sacris canonibus expostulatum ad canonizationem, sanationem scilicet puellae Caeciliae Alegria Policarpio perfectam et stabilem, quae sine medicamentis morbo liberata est paralysis cerebri anatomicae-functionalis. Quod quidem miraculum cum comprobavissemus die I mensis Iunii anno MCMLXXXVII, die XXII eiusdem mensis consistorium celebravimus, in quo, Venerabilibus Fratribus Nostris S.R.E. Cardinalibus faventibus necnon Fratribus Episcopis participantibus, diem canonizationis statuimus, dominicum, XVIII scilicet mensis proximi Octobris.

Tempus illud erat opportunum, cum ageretur dies pro Missionibus universalis occurrente etiam Episcoporum Synodo de Missione laicorum in Ecclesia et huius temporis mundo. De christiano nomine proferendo bene sane sunt meriti, suas quisque secundum facultates, XVI Martyres Nagasakienses, quorum XI religiosi et V laici, ab Europa oriundi et Asia. Unum propositum unumque testimonium ex pluribus.

Die igitur statuta in Petriano foro, rogatione audita Venerabilis Fratris Nostri S.R.E. Petri Cardinalis Palazzini, Congregationis pro Causis Sanctorum Praefecti, inter sacra hanc sumus elocuti formulam:

«Nos, ad honorem Sanctae et Individuae Trinitatis, ad exaltationem fidei catholicae et vitae christianae incrementum, auctoritate Domini Nostri Iesu Christi, beatorum apostolorum Petri et Pauli ac Nostra, matura deliberatione praehabita et divina ope saepius implorata, ac de plurimorum Fratrum Nostrorum consilio, Beatos Laurentium Ruiz de Manila, Dominicum Ibáñez de Erquicia, Iacobum Kyushei Tomonaga et tredecim Socios, Martyres in Iaponia, Sanctos esse decernimus et definimus, ac Sanctorum Catalogo ascribimus, statuentes eos in universa Ecclesia inter Sanctos Martyres pia devotione recoli debere. In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti».

Quod autem decrevimus, volumus et nunc et in posterum tempus vim habere, contrariis rebus minime obsistentibus.

Datum Romae, apud Sanctum Petrum, die duodevicesimo mensis Octobris, anno Domini millesimo nongentesimo octogesimo septimo, Pontificatus Nostri decimo.

EGO IOANNES PAULUS

Catholicae Ecclesiae Episcopus


Eugenius Sevi, Protonot. Apost.

© Copyright 1987 - Libreria Editrice Vaticana