jeudi 13 août 2015

Saint CASSIEN d'IMOLA, martyr


Innocenzo Francucci. Martyre de saint Cassien, vers 1500. 

Saint Cassien

martyr en Emilie ( v. 300)

Il instruisait les enfants qui ne l'aimaient qu'à moitié à cause des châtiments qu'ils recevaient durant leurs études. Découvert comme chrétien, le gouverneur d'Imola le condamna à mort, donnant ce pouvoir aux enfants. Leur supplice fut cruel, car, à cause de leur faiblesse, ces enfants ne purent le tuer qu'en multipliant des coups maladroits et dans un long espace de temps.

Au Forum de Cornelius [Imola] en Émilie, vers 300, saint Cassien, martyr. Maître d’école, il avait refusé d’adorer les idoles et fut livré à ses élèves pour qu’ils le lacèrent à mort avec leurs poinçons, de façon que, plus faibles étaient leurs mains, plus longue fut la torture du martyr.

Martyrologe romain

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/1659/Saint-Cassien.html



Jan Luyken (1649-1712). Martyre de saint Cassien, Martyrs Mirror.

Saint Cassien

Fête le 13 août

Martyr

Légende de la gravure

Saint Cassien, maître d’école, est livré à la cruauté de ses élèves, qui le font mourir lentement à coups de stylet.

Au fond de la cathédrale d’Imola, à côté du tombeau de saint Pierre Chrysologue, l’illustre archevêque de Ravenne, s’élève un autre tombeau, dont les vastes proportions attirent l’attention des visiteurs. Ce monument, que décorent des sculptures d’un grand mérite, a été restauré par Mastaï Ferretti, évêque d’Imola, qui devait plus tard occuper le siège pontifical, sous le nom vénéré de Pie IX.

Ce riche mausolée renferme les reliques d’un confesseur de la Foi, dont les poètes ont chanté le glorieux martyre, et que l’Eglise honore à la date du 13 août, sous le nom de saint Cassien.

Saint Cassien, martyrisé durant la dixième persécution, pour avoir ouvert une école où il enseignait, avec les règles de la grammaire, les premiers préceptes de la religion chrétienne ; est le patron des maîtres chrétiens persécutés. On doit donc l’invoquer avec plus de ferveur à ce moment où Satan prétend s’emparer de l’enfance, au moyen des écoles sans Dieu. Sa mort glorieuse est un encouragement et un exemple et elle montre à tous ceux qui ont consacré leur vie à l’éducation et à la conservation de l’enfance que si, sur la terre, ils sont parfois en butte au mauvais vouloir et à l’ingratitude des hommes, ils sont appelés à recevoir la récompense plus solide et plus durable que Dieu ne refuse pas à ses serviteurs.

Si l’on en croit le témoignage de certains chroniqueurs, saint Cassien aurait été évêque de Brescia. Chassé de son siège épiscopal par la persécution, il aurait été obligé de se retirer à Imola et il aurait ouvert une école, dans cette ville encore païenne. L’iconographie s’emparant de ces traditions confuses, a souvent représenté le saint avec les insignes épiscopaux, et la vieille gravure dont nous donnons le facsimile, fait intervenir un ange qui tient entre ses mains la palme et la mitre, signe qu’on n’attribue qu’aux pontifes martyrs.

Cependant nous croyons plus probable que la similitude de nom a fait confondre le martyr d’Imola avec un autre Cassien, évêque de Brescia, qui lui aussi a subi le martyre durant la persécution de Dioclétien.

Quelle que soit l’opinion que l’on adopte, le saint voyant que, malgré toutes les prédications, le peuple d’Imola restait obstinément attaché au culte des idoles, résolut de sauver au moins les âmes des enfants, et, dans ce but, il ouvrit une école.

Sa réputation de grammairien attira autour de lui une grande affluence de disciples et le maître, dont tout le monde vantait la science et le dévouement, put bientôt exercer un sérieux apostolat en inculquant avec les préceptes de la rhétorique les premières vérités de la Foi.

Cependant l’œuvre de l’éducation ne peut point s’accomplir sans labeur et sans fatigue, et, dans l’exercice de ses fonctions, le professeur eut à éprouver bien des difficultés de la part de son auditoire. Bien souvent il se vit contraint de recourir aux réprimandes et aux punitions, et ces mesures de rigueur soulevèrent contre lui la foule des paresseux et des mauvais écoliers.

Impatient de s’affranchir d’un joug insupportable, ceux-ci résolurent de se débarrasser d’un maître qu’ils trouvaient trop sévère, et à l’instigation des instituteurs païens, dont les écoles avaient été désertées, ils n’hésitèrent pas à ourdir un abominable complot contre le saint.

A ce moment, des édits de persécution venaient d’être portés contre les chrétiens, et sur tous les points de l’empire les disciples du Christ, pourchassés comme des bêtes fauves, étaient condamnés aux plus cruels supplices.

Les écoliers, jaloux de satisfaire leurs mesquines vengeances, ne refusèrent pas de jouer le rôle infâme de délateurs et, se portant en foule au tribunal, ils accusèrent leur maître de professer la religion chrétienne.

Cette seule dénomination équivalait à un arrêt de mort.

Le proconsul qui avait exécuté dans toute leur rigueur les édits de persécutions, jugea que la prison, les chevalets, les verges, les tourments ordinaires ne suffiraient pas à faire expier à Cassien le crime qu’on lui reprochait. Voyant l’acharnement que mettaient ces enfants à poursuivre le saint, il imagina un nouveau supplice dont la seule description fait frémir d’épouvante.

Par son ordre, Cassien est attaché dans l’école même où il donnait ses leçons à des disciples indociles, et ceux mêmes qui se sont faits ses accusateurs sont appelés à remplir l’office de bourreau. Et comme les instruments qu’on a l’habitude d’employer pour torturer les autres condamnés ne prolongeraient pas assez le supplice, on arme les mains encore débiles des écoliers, du stylet dont ils se servent pour transcrire les leçons du professeur, et on les jette sur leur maître, enchaîné et impuissant.

La gravure que nous avons reproduite dépeint cette scène dans toute son horreur. Les écoliers excités par les sicaires du proconsul s’acharnent avec une joie sauvage sur le maître, qu’ils n’ont plus à redouter, et ils se font un plaisir de cribler son corps de blessures.

Le saint en butte aux outrages et aux coups de cette vengeance sans pitié voit couler son sang goutte à goutte, ses forces s’épuisent, son courage seul ne faiblit point, son visage conserve toujours la même expression de douceur, de tristesse, et de résignation ; et le maître, déplorant l’égarement de ceux qui ont si mal profité de son enseignement, se console de l’ingratitude qu’il rencontre sur cette terre en pensant à la gloire immortelle qui l’attend dans les cieux.

SOURCE : http://viedessaints.free.fr/vds/cassien.html




Adam Baldauf. Saint Cassien, bois polychrome, vers 1620


August 13

St. Cassian, Martyr

HE was a Christian schoolmaster, and taught children to read and write, at Imola, 1 a city twenty-seven miles from Ravenna in Italy. A violent persecution being raised against the church, probably that of Decius or Valerian, or according to some, that of Julian, he was taken up, and interrogated by the governor of the province. As he constantly refused to sacrifice to the gods, the barbarous judge having informed himself of what profession he was, commanded that his own scholars should stab him to death with their iron writing pencils, called styles; for at that time it was the custom for scholars to write upon wax laid on a board of boxen wood, in which they formed the letters with an iron style or pencil, sharp at one end, but blunt and smooth at the other, to erase what was to be effaced or corrected. 2 They also often wrote on boxen wood itself, as St. Ambrose mentions. 3 The smaller the instruments were, and the weaker the executioners, the more lingering and cruel was this martyr’s death. He was exposed naked in the midst of two hundred boys; among whom some threw their tablets, pencils, and penknives at his face and head, and often broke them upon his body; others cut his flesh or stabbed him with their penknives, and others pierced him with their pencils, sometimes only tearing the skin and flesh, and sometimes raking in his very bowels. Some made it their barbarous sport to cut part of their writing-task in his tender skin. Thus, covered with his own blood, and wounded in every part of his body, he cheerfully bade his little executioners not to be afraid; and to strike him with greater force; not meaning to encourage them in their sin, but to express the ardent desire he had to die for Christ. He was interred by the Christians at Imola, where afterwards his relics were honoured with a rich mausolæum. Prudentius tells us, that in his journey to Rome, he visited this holy martyr’s tomb, and prostrate before it implored the divine mercy for the pardon of his sins with many tears. He mentions a moving picture of the saint’s martyrdom hanging over the altar, representing his cruel death in the manner he has recorded it in verse. He exhorts all others with him to commend their petitions to this holy martyr’s patronage, who fails not to hear pious supplications. 4 See Prudent. de Cor. hym. 9 de S. Cassiano, p. 203. His sacred remains are venerated in a rich shrine at Imola in the cathedral. See Manzorius, J. U. D. et Canonicus Imolensis in Hist. Episcoporum Imolens. an 1719, and Bosch the Bollandist, t. 3, Aug. p. 16. 5

Note 1. Imola was anciently called Forum Cornelii from its founder Cornelius Sylla. [back]

Note 2. See Weitzii Notæ in Prud. hic. p. 605. Casaubon. in Suet. p. 58. Echard. in Symbolis, p. 536, &c. from Cicero, &c. The most ancient manner of writing was a kind of engraving, whereby the letters were formed in tablets of lead, wood, wax, or like materials. This was done by styles made of iron, brass, or bone. Instead of such tablets, leaves of papyrus, a weed which grew on the banks of the Nile, (also of the Ganges,) were used first in Egypt; afterwards parchment, made of fine skins of beasts, was invented at Pergamum. Lastly, paper was invented, which is made of linen cloth. Books anciently written only on one side, were done up in rolls, and when opened or unfolded, filled a whole room, as Martial complains; but when written on both sides on square leaves, were reduced to narrow bounds, as the same poet observes. See Mabillon De Re Diplomaticâ, and Calmet, Diss. sur les Livres des Anciens, et les diverses Manières d’Ecrire, t. 7, p. 31. &c. [back]

Note 3. Hexaëmer. l. 3, c. 13. [back]

Note 4.
Audit, crede, preces martyr prosperrimus omnes
Ratasque reddet quas videt probabiles.”
v. 97
 [back]

Note 5. Baronius justly rejects the false legends which pretend that St. Cassian was banished from Sabiona, now Siben, a small ancient town in Tirol, in Germany, where these legends suppose the bishopric to have been originally placed, which, from the sixth century, is fixed at Brixen, a small city in the same province of Tirol, suffragan to Trent. Rubeus, the historian of Ravenna, confounds Brixen with Brescia in Lombardy. See the false acts of St. Cassian, published by Roschman, imperial librarian at Ins, who endeavours to defend their veracity in making him bishop of Siben; but he might be titular saint of the cathedral of Brixen without having been bishop or native of that country. See Vindiciæ Martyrologii Romani de S. Cassiano. Veronæ, 1751, 4to. [back]

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume VIII: August. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.

SOURCE : http://www.bartleby.com/210/8/132.html


Amico Aspertini (1474–1552).. St Cassiano, vers 1540, 34 X 38, Pinacoteca di Brera

St. Cassian of Imola, Martyr

Biography of St. Cassian of Imola, Martyr
Died: August 13, 302-303 AD, Imola, Italy
Patron of Imola (Italy), Mexico City, schoolteachers, shorthand-writers, parish clerks

Feast Day, August 13

The Christians of the first few centuries were, for the most part, ordinary people. They lived in a church that came of age in a period of political unrest and religious persecution. The times called for heroism and sanctity. Ordinary people did extraordinary things.

Cassian was such a person. He was a layman and schoolmaster in Imola, a town approximately equidistant between Bologna and Ravenna in northeastern Italy. Tradition says that he was part of the Christian community of Imola. During a persecution, Cassian was turned over to the civil authorities. His martyrdom most likely occurred during the terrible persecutions of Emperor Diocletion in the early 4th Century.  Knowledge and devotion of his martyrdom did not spread through the church until later.

Tradition provides us with the manner of his death: after being found guilty of the “crime” of being a Christian, and steadfastly refusing to sacrifice to idols, Cassian was condemned to death. It seems that the judge had a sadistic streak. Cassian was to be killed by his former students by being stabbed to death with their styli, the metal pens used to inscribe letters on tablets of wax, lead, or wood.  Recent evidence taken from his remains verify this method of execution.  It is believed that the saint suffered for days before finally receiving the crown of martyrdom.

The feast day of St. Cassian has been celebrated on the 13th of August since late in the IV century. In iconography, he is pictured sitting (a traditional pose for a teacher) and holding a book (again, a symbol for a teacher) and a palm branch (a symbol of the victory of martyrdom).  Often, his killers, school-aged children, are depicted, circling him with their instruments of death.



Sculpture de Saint Cassien d’Imola. Annasäule, Innsbruck

St. Cassian of Imola

One day the poet Aurelio Prudencio went to Rome . It is in the early fifth century On his way to the imperial capital stops at the Forum Cornelius, Imola today . Take a heavy heart , because the solution of business, purpose of travel , perhaps depends the security of your future and your family. profoundly Christian spirit , is urged to commend the Redeemer and goes to pray in a church. Kneels before the tomb of the martyr Cassian, whose relics are venerated there, and sinks into deep prayer. A prayer is a count contrite sins and sufferings. When , in tears, he lifts his eyes to heaven , his eye is caught in the contemplation of a painting of vivid colors. We see in him the image of a naked man , covered with wounds and blood, his skin torn by a thousand sites. In a crowd of kids around wield against him exalted school instruments and strive to stab him in the flesh lacerated and stilettos used to write. Moved by this tragic poet pictorial vision , which certainly is a move of its own internal tearing , asked the sexton of the church for its meaning. This , perhaps with the usual indifferent voice , explains that the painting depicts the martyrdom of St. Cassian, and tells the history and details of his death much earlier and witnessed by documents. Concludes by recalling that he subscribes to their pleas if you have any need, because the martyr gives gracious he considers worthy of being heard. Prudencio do so and check the veracity of the words of the clerk, because his business in Rome is resolved satisfactorily. Returning to Spain, composed in honor of St. Cassian, as a votive offering of thanks , a beautiful hymn, which is the ninth of his Peristephanon. It explains the history of his trip to Rome and puts on the lips of the sexton 's story of the martyrdom of Saint. Certainly the words of the sexton , despite the tone of sufficiency that could have, must have been simpler . But a poet Prudentius . It is the most sublime singer of the Christian martyrs. His spirit leaves his take on the wings of god and of his enthusiasm. And it gives us a splendid poetic- dramatic version. Cassian was a school teacher . A stern and effective teacher , according to this interpretation. Teach your children the rudiments of grammar, while a special art : the shorthand , the art of signs to condense in a few words. He is accused of being a Christian . And the occurrence malignant persecutors are putting into the hands of the same children , his disciples, to die tormented by them, and that the instruments of martyrdom are the same as that used to be worth to learn. These circumstances, with all its dramatic, are exploited by the poet to highlight the cruelty of the martyrdom: "Some will throw the fragile tablets and break them in your head , the wood chips, leaving the forehead wound . I hit the bloody cheek with waxed tablets, and small blood wet page to the coup. Other brandishing their punches. .. For some parts is drilled , the martyr of Jesus Christ , for others it is torn , some kneel to the depths of the bowels , others amuse themselves tear the skin . All members, including hands , were a thousand needles, and a thousand drops blood flow at the time of each member. verduguito More cruel was amused to sail on the surface of meat that you kneel down to the bottom of the bowels." The reader is shaken , not so much torment in herself to see them come from whom they come : the children and disciples. But the poet seems carried in the arms of a tragic fire . He delights in picturing the state of mind of the young executioners, imagining a horrible malice filled with an air of sarcasm: "Why are you crying?" asks one, " yourself, teacher, gave us these irons and you put together our hands. Look, I 've done more than return the thousands of letters we get up and crying in your school. No airarte because you have reason to write in your body, you yourself commanded : never be down the stylus in hand. I do not ask you , maestro cheap , holidays we always negabas . Now we like to tap with the style and draw parallels grooves to others, and weaving in the chain dashed lines . You can amend asoplados in long lines tiramira , if I have missed the hand unfaithful. Exercise your authority, you are entitled to punish the guilty if any of your students has been slow in trace his features." Hard to imagine so much treachery in the tender hearts of children. Prudentius seems to have sensed , that's why before has given us explanations for this attitude , as if to justify or at least motivate: "It is known that the master is always intolerable to the young scholar , and that the subjects are always unbearable for the kids ... the kids love it greatly to the same severe master is the scorn of the disciples whom held in harsh discipline . However, despite these reasons , our heart is overwhelmed . And it sings Prudencio , especially here, the horrific cruelty of the martyrdom . Absorbed perhaps only by the impressive realism of the picture, and transported on the wings of its tragic force , there has been more than the pile of multiplying indefinitely pains on the body of the martyr. And around this axis has built in concentric circles , the magical unity of his poem: buy pain scale because some children are angry , children are exacerbated because they feel a black pleasure in revenge for the severity of the teacher. There is no doubt that this provision helps intimate grandeur of the poem, and, consequently, the martyr. But do not be carried away the poet by the desire of exaggeration? First, with regard to children . It is true that in the human heart who long hidden resentments in exceptional cases. It is true that there may exist , which undoubtedly exist in the hearts of children . The image of childhood innocence does not absorb all the creases of shadow. It is likely therefore that in the circumstances of this martyrdom dammed overwhelms the dark forces of goodness all docks . Add to this the pressure exerted by the cheerleader and the strong presence of the court mandate persecutor, and the ease of contamination of the collective fury . But even so , one is reluctant to generalize. Is it possible that all the children were possessed by the diabolical fury , that none of them had even a glimmer of compassion, strength, tears? Second, compared with the same teacher. The image gives us Prudencio St. Cassian as a teacher , is not too severe ? They are full of edges sharply features : "Many times the hard precepts and the stark face had stirred anger and fear their prepubescent children." Of course , sometimes have had to take the seriousness and even punishment. But always? Was it just the giant enemy, stunning to the smallness and inability of the weak children? Do not be differentiated precisely by its quality -minded Christian love, a greater smoothness of the current in the other schools ? Would have exceeded , no doubt, ever , drawn by anger or impatience. Who does not ? And it's so easy in those who rule this outburst of sufficiency, that can not stand being beaten by the insolence or worth of subordinates ! But , no doubt , in times of prayer and humble recognition of sin would have taken the impetus for a sweeter deal , more paternal, more loving. In addition, and above all, we noticed , in the beautiful hymn of Prudentius, that we lack something: the soul of Cassian. The inner attitude of your mind in trance painful martyrdom. The poet , obsessed by the body lacerated by the blood bubbling seething , broken through the skin into a thousand tears , has cheated the source. This rich store hidden in the depths of being, receptacle of all impressions and source of all strength. Only once put into the mouth of Cassian all impressions and source of all strength. "Be brave , I pray , and to overcome the few years with your efforts , that mitigates the ferocity what is lacking in age." But this is not just a piece of mind : the tip of the heroic spirit that beats in the chest of the martyr. And it is used only as a grace note for the exaltation of the external. There must be more. The martyr was bound to see the children . A swarm of angry wasps struggling to cleave in the softness of her flesh the sharp spear of the stings . A confused uproar , a lot of curling hair , a forest of hands , tender hands , agitated , a flaming eyes, thousands of eyes to multiply in this frenetic dance . Also some hands reluctant , hesitant , shyly hiding, and some moist eyes , trembling , frightened, grieving ... And I could not but see in the children to their disciples. Were they the same who was devoting his patience, his knowledge , his life. All there. Would force to scroll through them one by one? That , the complexion bruna , how expressively recited Homer, that other , whose tiny hand was often rebellious teacher guide on the wax tablet , and one that made him spend so patiently until he learned the Greek declensions and it over here, the concentrated , now half the punch wielded in secret , but with deep thuds , and the other , the mischievous red-faced , the worst hit , but not the least wanted , and this little boy , who participated in the killing as a game ... And one and another and another. All waves would pass in quick by the imagination of the teacher , their faces , their souls, their names as known and so often repeated in a thousand different shades. Perhaps the moans that escaped from the lips of the martyr , but names were not students , delivered quietly with an air of surprise, complaint , with palpitations last agridulzura. And this whirl of names and faces, in the prolongation of his agony , had to be to the teacher tormented as a mirror that reflected her life, efforts , hopes , joys, failures. Days filled with the most monotonous routine , moments of desperate sense of futility , gusts of anger or helplessness , minutes nitidísima full of joy, impatience , tears , voices compelling , persuasive words , multiplying through generations of kids who spent their hands as shapeless and out of them with a light on in the front. Everything for this failure lead to the end : being killed slowly by them to which he had striven to educate for righteousness and love. Although it was this indeed a failure? Humanly , indeed. But it was through this torment as Cassian getting their true glory. Because this was not the end , the horrific death and discouraging. The final was beyond the frontier of death in a field that opened with clear horizons of peace. The target that this arrow was directed sore meat was the same God. Only God gave meaning to his death , as he had given meaning to his life. Therefore we can not believe that the soul of Cassian was absent of God in this terrible time. necessarily had to be anchored in Him Every beat of his veins, every groan from his throat , every thought of his mind would be an aspiration and a prayer to the Lord. The same move from their imagination for faces and hands , and names, and days, have their echoes in God. He could not be summarized in a concise synthesis of grace and fervor , of sin and contrition, droughts and efforts, the journey of his life to the Father's house. What about pain? These sharp pains now, which followed one another helter-skelter , leaving no room to breathe, was already a prayer force of blood. Cassian and receive a sense of the Holocaust. And the Redeemer humbly offer as compensation for the trail of shadows , including flashing lights , leave the man on earth. And remember Jesus died on Calvary. That mob of kids in a crazed dance looking for his body suggest that other imposing mass of Jews shouting insults thundered in the ears of the Cross. Those were the people of God. These were the family of the teacher. And , just as Christ prayed to the Father for his executioners , Casiano ask for their children , that God would forgive them , they did not know what they were doing, that he really wanted , that God will cleanse their souls from the deep black crack open for this crime, that transforms , that he gave his own sacrifice for them, that ... And, also like Jesus , he put his spirit into the hands of the Father. A breath ending that was born from the bottom and dragged him into the bosom of God. Not that I wanted to break with life, with this his final failure, as he pulled to the shoulder of the road litter or unpleasant , the tearing of clothing. No. The same failure -which his martyrdom was human failure , " was what he wanted to take , as the last sip of the bitter cup , and with it at the very tip of the lips, go up to God, to the glory which he was inviolable : the Father's heart. And so deliver his soul. Prudencio tells us these beautiful , naive words: "Finally , pity the martyr Christ from heaven , send to untie the bonds of the chest, and cuts off the painful delays and ties of life, leaving all their hiding expedited . The blood, following the paths open vein since his close source, leaving the heart , and soul longing came out all the holes in the fibers of the body shot." Is it so complete and the image of St. Cassian ? The poet Prudentius has described with a masterful sense of realism and dramatic physical torture of the martyr and the children's animosity raging . We have tried to get closer to your soul. It is a bold daring, though rarely as reasonably credible as here. In fact, what we know about Saint Cassian can be reduced to a mere assertions : that was a school teacher , expert in shorthand , who died at the hands of his disciples, and that certainly happened on martyrdom under the persecution of Diocletian (303-304) . But it is lawful for a man 's adventure to understand man. Moreover, human. And when done with respect and justice , despite all risks, gets to the heart of reality with greater precision , perhaps, that a plethora of raw data. In the narrative of history and martyrdom of Saint Cassian Prudencio has also drawn a conclusion. A very simple conclusion , but deliciously comforting : that the martyr 's prayers heard gracious men's troubled heart . For us, after that, we would be sufficient to us rather timidly ventured - course - in the lake inside the human soul, and at a time of such deep resonances , when the waters of being are all shaken by a tremor of full decision. We suffice with this, because it moves , deepens and purifies our own being. And if we are not satisfied with this essential purification , we can still derive a long trail lesson practice. Cassian of Imola was not tormented by having fulfilled its mission of teaching bad , or the rebellion of the children and their relentless desire to murder was a direct blast , but caused by a fire fueled from outside. However, the reality of his death meant to him the wound in the most painful. In his martyrdom there was nothing knew to human satisfaction . What other martyrs gives them a certain aura of land - the heroic victors , with a haughty bearing , upright facing the same challenge to the judges or executioners are here ...- overshadowed . For Cassian, after refusing to sacrifice to idols, and not before a tyrant who rebuke , against whom he said , but their children, their dear students , their fragile children. Against what opposing force strength? It remains only to let go , conquer, destroy, sink. And here's the lesson. The open book of this martyrdom God teaches us how to climb up to him, hurt us in the dearest , sweeping a breath of our most cherished illusions, sink into the appearance of futility, hoisted the flag of our individual failure. And perhaps not all that blood, in the pure vulgarity of anonymity. Although this would not be an excuse for discouragement , but one reason for total determination to fight , while for an active and vital offering. And that until the end. That end is only in God's hands and they always run the hands of God. The relics of St. Cassian is venerated in the cathedral of the Italian town of Imola , which prides itself with its sponsorship. Honored first in a basilica, were taken to the cathedral , recently built in the thirteenth century, and then encased in a lead box and placed under the crypt in the center of the sanctuary, the Cathedral restored in 1704.

References: Catholic.Net



Saint Cassian, église Notre-Dame, Säben Abbey, Tyrol
(Liebfrauenkirche auf Säben| in Südtirol)

Saint Cassian of Imola

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Schoolmaster at Imola, Italy who taught writing. During one of the imperial persecutions he was ordered to sacrifice to pagan gods; he refused. He was turned over to his pagan students who stabbed him to death with their iron styles, the device used as a pencil on wax tablets.

  • man being stabbed by children
  • paper
  • pen
  • writing instruments




San Cassiano di Imola Martire


Martirologio Romano: A Imola in Romagna, san Cassiano, martire, che, per essersi rifiutato di adorare gli idoli, fu consegnato ai ragazzi di cui era stato maestro, perché lo torturassero a morte con i calami: in tal modo, quanto più debole era la mano, tanto più dolorosa diveniva la pena del martirio.

Le notizie più antiche su Cassiano sono riferite da Prudenzio, nei primi anni del V secolo. Nel suo viaggio verso Roma, Prudenzio si ferma a Forum Cornelii (Imola) e venerò le spoglie del martire, custodite in un sarcofago al di sopra del quale erano raffigurati alcuni episodi del martirio. Non si conosce l’anno del martirio né la pena subita. Non è considerata attendibile la versione tramandata da Prudenzio, secondo il quale Cassiano, che esercitava la professione di insegnate, sarebbe stato condannato ad essere ucciso dai suoi stessi allievi con gli stiletti usati per incidere le loro tavolette.

Se fosse vera questa tradizione bisognerebbe pensare ad un martirio subito non ad opera di un magistrato romano, ma nell’ambito di sommosse popolari. Il culto si estese anche a Milano intorno al 450 e in Tirolo, mentre una raffigurazione del santo è presente a Ravenna, in Sant’Apollinare Nuovo.
Nel corso del XII secolo si diffonde un leggenda che fa del Santo l’apostolo di Sabiona, in Tirolo, esiliato a Imola dai pagani, ove subì il martirio narrato da Prudenzio. A Imola la leggenda subisce un’ulteriore corruzione e Cassiano risultò vescovo della città. 

Agnello (sec. IX) ricorda che sopra la tomba del Santo fu costruita la prima Cattedrale situata fuori dalla città, attorniata da altre costruzioni fino a formare un fortilizio, a cui venne dato il nome di castrum sancti Cassiani. Nel sec. XIII il castrum venne raso al suolo e le reliquie trasferite nella nuova Cattedrale.


Voir aussi : http://www.kirkcenter.org/index.php/bookman/article/a-patron-saint-of-teachers/