dimanche 3 juillet 2016

Saint GUNTHIERN, ermite, moine et fondateur

Saint Gunthiern,vitrail, chapelle Notre-Dame-de-Plasmanec, Groix

Saint Gunthiern

moine (6ème s.)

Il était originaire du Pays de Galles. Pour vivre en ermite, il se retira dans l'île de Groix sur la côte du Morbihan, puis près de Quimper en Bretagne. Son corps fut caché durant les invasions normandes. Son culte reste vivace en Bretagne et particulièrement à Quimperlé.

Voir aussi "l'ère des saints": de 600 à 800 environ site du diocèse de Vannes.

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saints/7441/Saint-Gunthiern.html

Fils d'un roi breton de Cambrie, en Bretagne insulaire, Gunthiern débarque en Gaule au VIe siècle et s'établit sur l'île de Groix (Morbihan). À la nouvelle de ses prodiges, le roi Gradlon le fait venir sur le continent. Gunthiern fonde alors l'abbaye Sainte-Croix à Quimperlé. Les reliques du saint, après avoir été cachées sur l'île de Groix lors des invasions vikings, sont conservées à Quimperlé.

Gunthiern of Brittany (AC)

Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and Wile Rivers. Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

St. Gunthiern, Abbot in Brittany

THIS saint flourished in the sixth century. He was a prince in Wales, which he left in his youth, and retired into Armorica to live a recluse. He stopt at the isle of Groie, which is about a league from the mouth of the Blavet. Grallon was then lord of the isle, and was so edified at his conversation, that he bestowed on him, for founding a monastery, the land between the confluence of the rivers Isol and Ellé. For which reason even to this day, the abbey is called Kemperle, which in the old British language signifies the Conflux of Ellé. One year that a prodigious swarm of insects devoured the corn, Guerech I., count of Vannes, dreading a famine, deputed three persons of quality to engage the saint’s prayers to God for turning away the scourge. Gunthiern sent him water which he had blessed, which he desired to be sprinkled over the fields, and the insects were destroyed. The count, in gratitude for this extraordinary blessing, gave him the land near the river Blavet, which was then called Vernac; but is now known by the name of Hervegnac or Chervegnac. The saint, it is thought, died at Kemperle. During the incursions of the Normans, his body was concealed in the isle of Groic. It was discovered in the eleventh century, and brought to the monastery of Kemperle, 1 which now belongs to the Benedictin Order. St. Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of many other churches and chapels in Brittany. He is mentioned in ancient calendars on the 29th of June, but the moderns place his feast on the 3rd of July. See Lobineau, Vies des SS. de Bretagne, p. 49.

Note 1. The abbey of Kemperle is three leagues from Port-Louis and eight from Quimper. [back]

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume VII: July. The Lives of the Saints.  1866

Saint Gunthiern


Prince who became a hermit in Brittany. The local lord, Grallon, gave Gunthiern land on the Isle of Groie, near River Blavet to found a monastery. It survives today as the Benedictine house of Kemperle.

Legend says that insects once threatened to destroy the region’s crops. Count Guerech I of Vannes, France, requested the saint‘s help. Gunthiern blessed some water and had it sprinkled over the fields. The insects fled, and the crops were saved.

  • c.500 in Brittany (in modern France) of natural causes
  • his body was hidden during the Norman invasions, and was lost for a while
  • remains re-discovered in the 11th century
  • relics were translated to the Kemperle monastery