lundi 2 juin 2014

Saint ÉRASME (ELME), évêque et martyr


Saint Érasme

martyr ( v. 301)

ou saint Elme.

Il menait une vie ascétique dans sa solitude d'Antioche. D'après une des légendes à son sujet, mû par une inspiration divine, il annonça l'Évangile et parvint ainsi jusqu'en Macédoine, à Ochrid. C'est là qu'il fut martyrisé, revêtu d'une cuirasse de bronze incandescent.

Selon une autre légende, il aurait été évêque de Formie près de Gaète en Italie, d'autres le confondent avec un évêque syrien du nom d'Erasme d'Antioche...



Il est devenu le saint patron des marins. On attribue l'origine de ce patronage à un prodige: entouré de fidèles, saint Erasme était en train de prêcher quand un orage éclata brusquement; la terreur s'empara de l'assistance mais le saint demeura, lui, absolument tranquille, et l'on vit qu'au-dessus de sa tête, le ciel restait calme et serein tandis que la foudre tombait à ses côtés, l'épargnant miraculeusement. C'est pourquoi les marins ont donné le nom de feux Saint-Elme aux aigrettes lumineuses qu'ils aperçoivent parfois à l'extrémité des vergues et des mâts de leurs bateaux; ce nom désigne aussi les petites flammes qui voltigent la nuit à la surface de l'eau.


Connu en Corse sous le nom de san Teramu (pour sant'Eramu) et sur le continent , saint Elme (pour Saint Erasme), patron de nos confréries de marins-pêcheurs... (d'après 'Eglise de Corse en prière') - Voir aussi le site du diocèse d'Ajaccio


(…)


À Formies en Campanie, vers 303, saint Érasme, évêque et martyr.



Martyrologe romain

Saint Elmo

St. Elmo, also known as St. Erasmus, is the patron of sailors and stomach ailments and against storms. He was the bishop of Formiae, Campagna, Italy, and suffered an excruciating martyrdom during Diocletian’s persecution of the Christians. He once fled to Mount Lebanon during the persecution and lived a life of solitude there for some time, and according to tradition was fed by a raven.
After the emperor discovered his whereabouts, he was tortured and thrown in prison. Legend claims that an angel released him and he departed for Illyricum, and eventually suffered a martyr’s death.
St. Elmo is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, a group of saints invoked with special confidence because they have proven themselves efficacious helpers in adversity and difficulties.  St. Elmo is also invoked against stomach cramps and colic. This came about because he was tortured by having iron hooks stuck into his intestines by persecutors under Emperor Diocletian.
Legend records that when a blue light appears at mastheads before and after a storm, the seamen took it as a sign of St. Elmo’s protection. This was known as “St. Elmo’s fire”. The blue electrical discharges under certain atmospheric conditions have also been seen on the masts or riggings of ships.

SOURCE : http://www.ucatholic.com/saints/elmo/

November 25

St. Erasmus, or Elme, Bishop and Martyr

HE is said to have been a native of Antioch, and a bishop in some part of Syria; who, in the persecution, hid himself on Mount Libanus, where he led an eremitical life for seventeen years, often visiting his flock, till he was crowned with martyrdom, probably in the persecution of Licinius, which had been begun by Dioclesian. He is named in the Roman Sclavonian or Muscovite, and other calendars. 1

Note 1. This saint is not to be confounded with St. Erasmus, M. called also Elmo or Ermo, who is honoured on the 2nd of June; and whose acts in Latin and Greek are of little authority. See Jos. Assemani, &c. [back]

Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73).  Volume XI: November. The Lives of the Saints.  1866.


SOURCE : http://www.bartleby.com/210/11/252.html