SOURCE : http://magnificat.ca/cal/fr/saints/saint_jean_de_kenty.html
SOURCE : http://www.introibo.fr/20-10-St-Jean-de-Kenty-confesseur
SOURCE : http://www.abbaye-saint-benoit.ch/gueranger/anneliturgique/pentecote/pentecote05/054.htm
Church of the Visitation of Virgin Mary, sanctuary of Virgin Mary of Tuchów
SOURCE : http://casimir.kuczaj.free.fr/Francais/Les%20Saints/jean_kenty.htm
Saint Jean de Kenty
Prêtre à Cracovie (Pologne) + 1473)
Né à Kenty en Silésie, il enseigna la théologie à Cracovie et eut un grand rayonnement évangélique par son savoir, sa charité et son esprit de pénitence. Il fut un temps curé de paroisse, mais il trouva la responsabilité pastorale auprès des fidèles comme dépassant ses capacités et il préféra retourner à l'enseignement. Il fut un grand bienfaiteur des pauvres, vivant lui-même très pauvrement parce qu'il leur donnait tout ce qu'il recevait.
Mémoire de saint Jean de Kenty, prêtre. Après son ordination, il fut chargé d’enseigner à l’université de Cracovie, mais son succès comme professeur et prédicateur attira des oppositions et il fut nommé curé d’Oskuz, paroisse proche de Cracovie. Rappelé quelques années après à l’université, il y enseigna l’Écriture sainte, jusqu’à la fin de ses jours. Joignant une foi droite à une vie vertueuse, il se montra, pour ses collaborateurs et ses disciples, un modèle de piété et de charité envers le prochain. Il passa aux joies du ciel la veille de Noël 1473.
Pomnik Jana Kantego (Kaplica św. Jana Kantego) w Kętach
- John Cantius
- John Kantius
- John of Kanti
- John of Kenti
- 23 December
- 24 December (Krakow; formerly throughout Poland)
- 15 December (Ambrosian Rite)
- formerly 19 October
- formerly 20 October
Falsely accused and ousted by university rivals, at age 41 he was assigned as parish priest at Olkusz, Bohemia. He took his position seriously, and was terrified of the responsibility, but did his best. For a long time that wasn’t enough for his parishioners, but in the end he won their hearts. After several years in his parish, he returned to Cracow and taught Scripture the rest of his life.
John was a serious, humble man, generous to a fault with the poor, sleeping little, eating no meat and little of anything else. Pilgrim to Jerusalem, hoping to be martyred by Turks. He made four pilgrimages to Rome, carrying his luggage on his back. When warned to look after his health, he pointed out that the early desert fathers lived long lives in conditions that had nothing to recommend them but the presence of God.
At the time of his death, John was so well loved that his veneration began immediately. For years his doctoral gown was worn by graduates receiving advanced degrees at the University of Cracow. He was declared patron of Poland and Lithuania in 1737 by Pope Clement XII, thirty years before his final canonization.
- God is gracious; gift of God (John)
- in a professor‘s gown with his arm around the shoulder of a young student whose gaze he directs towards heaven
- giving his garments to the poor
- Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- New Catholic Dictionary
- Pictorial Lives of the Saints
- Roman Martyrology
- Saints of the Day, by Katherine Rabenstein
- Catholic Fire
- Catholic Harbor
- Catholic Heroes
- Catholic Ireland
- Catholic Online, by Terry Metz
- Christian Biographies, by James E Keifer
- Franciscan Media
- Independent Catholic News
- Jean Lee
- Petite Bollandistes
- Regina Magazine
- Saint John Cantius Parish, Chicago, Illinois, USA
- Saints Stories for All Ages
- Society of Saint John Cantius
Fight all error, but do it with good humor, patience, kindness, and love. Harshness will damage your own soul and spoil the best cause. – Saint John of Kanty
- “Saint John of Kanty“. CatholicSaints.Info. 21 August 2020. Web. 23 December 2020. <https://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-of-kanty/>
Ojców, figura św. Jana Kantego w parku zamkowym
St. John Cantius
St. John Cantius is the patron Saint of Teachers, Students, Priests and Pilgrims. St. John Cantius was born in the small southern Polish town of Kanty, only thirteen miles from the Pope John Paul II’s birthplace, on June 24, 1390. At the age of 23, he registered for studies at the Jagiellonian University, located in the not too distant city of Krakow—then, the capital of the Polish Kingdom. Founded 1364 by royal decree, it was the same university at which astronomer, Nicolas Copernicus, would study almost 80 years later.Enrolled in the Department of Liberal Arts, John became a doctor of philosophy in 1418. During the following three years, he undertook further studies in preparation for the priesthood, while supporting himself by conducting philosophy classes at the university.
Immediately following ordination, he accepted a position as rector at the prestigious school of the Canons Regular of the Most Holy Sepulcher in Miechow. That such a school would offer him this position at his relatively young age was evidence of John’s exceptional intellect and talents. It was there in conducting formation classes for the young novices that he became firmly grounded in the writings and spirituality of St. Augustine.
In 1429, a position became vacant in the Philosophy Department at the Jagiellonian University. John quickly returned to Krakow for the Job, taking up residence at the university where he remained until his death. He also began studies in theology and after 13 long years of study intertwined with teaching and administrative duties as head of the Philosophy Department, He finally received his doctorate. Later, after the death of his mentor, the eminent theologian Benedykt Hesse, John assumed directorship of the university’s Theology Department.
As most learned men of his day, John spent many of his free hours hand copying manuscripts of the Holy Scriptures, theological tracts, and other scholarly works. Although only 26 volumes have survived to our time, their total of over 18,000 pages is a testament to his exceptional industriousness.
During the course of his life in Krakow, John became well know among the city’s residents for his generosity and compassion toward the poor, always sacrificing his own needs in order to help those less fortunate. He felt a special affinity toward need students at the university, helping to care for their spiritual, physical, and academic needs, Whether it was in the classroom or in the pulpit, everyone knew him as a staunch defender of the faith and enemy of heretics.
By the time the Master from Kanty died on December 24, 1473, the people of Krakow already considered him a very holy man. That his opinion was wholly justified can be evidenced by the numerous favors and miracles attributed to John’s intercession beginning immediately following his death. Before long, John from Kanty became know widely throughout Europe, drawing pilgrims from many countries to his tomb in the university’s Collegiate Church of St. Anne.
Despite this, the process for his beatification did not begin until 150 years later. Finally, in 1676, Pope Clement XIII declared him a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. (October 20th feast day pre-1970)
Throughout, his many years in Krakow, our philosopher Pontiff , Pope John Paul II drew much inspiration at the grave of his patron saint of learning. It was no surprise, therefore, that during his 1997 pilgrimage to Poland, he once more prayed at the Saint’s tomb. There, during a special gathering with professors from the Jagiellonian-both his and St. John’s alma mater—he alluded to the Master from Kanty when he stated: “Knowledge and wisdom seek a covenant with holiness.”
Altar Saint John Cantius, San Stanislao dei Polacchi, Rome
John Cantius (of Kanty, Kanti, Kenty) (RM)
Born June 23, 1390, at Kanti (Kenty near Oswiecim), Silesia, Poland; died December 24, 1473, in Kracow, Poland; declared the patron saint of Poland and Lithuania by Pope Clement XII in 1737; canonized by Pope Clement XIII in 1767; feast day formerly October 20.
Witraż św. Jana Kantego w archikatedrze św. Jana Chrzciciela we Wrocławiu
Saint John was born at Kenty in Poland in 1403, and studied at Cracow with great ability, industry, and success, while his modesty and virtue drew all hearts to him. He was, for a short time, in charge of a parish; but he shrank from the burden of responsibility, and returned to his life of professor at Cracow. There, for many years, he lived a life of unobtrusive virtue, selfdenial, and charity. His love for the Holy See led him often in pilgrimage to Rome, on foot and alone, and his devotion to the Passion drew him once to Jerusalem, where he hoped to win a martyr’s crown by preaching to the Turks. He died in 1473, at the age of seventy.
Reflection – He who orders all his doings according to the will of God, may often be spoken of by the world as simple and stupid; but, in the end, he wins the esteem and confidence of the world itself, and the approval and peace of God.
SAINT JOHN CANTIUS, CONFESSOR
Today is the feast day of Saint John Cantius. Ora pro nobis.
The Importance of Religious Instruction
“What kind of work can be more noble than to cultivate the minds of young people, guarding it carefully, so that the knowledge and love of God and His holy precepts go hand-in-hand with learning? To form young Christians and citizens, isn’t this the most beautiful and noble minded way to make use of life, of all one’s talents and energy?”–St. John Cantius
Saint John was born at Kenty in Poland in 1403.
ST. JOHN CANTIUS, CONFESSOR
FROM THE LITURGICAL YEAR, 1903
Kenty, the humble village of Silesia which witnessed the birth of St. John, owes its celebrity entirely to him. The canonization of this holy priest, who in the fifteenth century had illustrated the University of Cracow by his virtues and science, was the last hope of expiring Poland. It took place in the year 1767. Two years earlier, it was at the request of this heroic nation that Clement XIII. had issued the first decree sanctioning the celebration of the feast of the Sacred Heart. When enrolling John Cantius among the Saints, the magnanimous Pontiff expressed in moving terms the gratitude of the Church towards that unfortunate people; and rendered to it, before shamefully forgetful Europe, a supreme homage (Bulla canonizationis). Five years later Poland was dismembered.
John was born at Kenty, a town in the diocese of Cracow; and hence his surname Cantius. His parents were pious and honourable persons, by name Stanislaus and Anna. From his very infancy, his sweetness of disposition, innocence, and gravity, gave promise of very great virtue. He studied philosophy and theology at the University of Cracow, and taking all his degrees proceeded professor and doctor. He taught sacred science for many years, enlightening the minds of his pupils and enkindling in them the flame of piety, no less by his deeds than by his words. When he was ordained priest, he relaxed nothing of his zeal for study, but increased his ardor for Christian perfection. Grieving exceedingly over the offences everywhere committed against God, he strove to make satisfaction on his own behalf and that of the people, by daily offering the unbloody Sacrifice with many tears. For several years he had charge of the parish of Ukusi, which he administered in an exemplary manner; but, fearing the responsibility of the cure of souls, he resigned his post; and, at the request of the University, resumed the professor’s chair.
Whatever time remained over from his studies, he devoted partly to the good of his neighbour, especially by holy preaching; partly to prayer, in which he is said to have been sometimes favoured with heavenly visions and communications. He was so affected by the Passion of Christ, that he would spend whole nights without sleep, in the contemplation of it; and in order the better to cultivate this devotion, he undertook a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. While there, in his eagerness for martyrdom he boldly preached Christ crucified even to the Turks. Four times he went to Rome on foot, and carrying his own baggage, to visit the threshold of the Apostles; in order to honor the Apostolic See to which he was earnestly devoted, and also (as he used to say), to save himself from Purgatory by means of the indulgences there daily to be gained. On one of these journeys he was robbed by brigands. When asked by them whether he had anything more, he replied in the negative; but afterwards remembering that he had some gold pieces sowed in his cloak, he called back the robbers, who had taken to flight, and offered them the money. Astonished at the holy man’s sincerity and generosity, they restored all they had taken from him.
After St. Augustine’s example, he had verses inscribed on the walls in his house, warning others, as well as himself, to respect the reputation of their neighbors. He fed the hungry from his own table; and clothed the naked not only with garments bought for the purpose, but even with his own clothes and shoes; on these occasions he would lower his cloak to the ground, so as not to be seen walking home barefoot. He took very little sleep, and that on the ground. His clothing was only sufficient to cover him, and his food to keep him alive. He preserved his virginal purity, like a lily among thorns, by using a rough hair-shirt, disciplines, and fasting; and for about thirty-five years before his death, he abstained entirely from flesh-meat. At length, full of days and of merits, he prepared himself long and diligently for death, which he felt drawing near; and that nothing might be a hindrance to him, he distributed all that remained in his house to the poor. Then, strengthened with the Sacraments of the Church, and desiring to be dissolved and to be with Christ, he passed to heaven on Christmas Eve. He worked many miracles both in life and after death. His body was carried to St. Anne’s, the church of the University, and there honorably interred. The people’s veneration for the saint, and the crowds visiting his tomb, increased daily; and he is honored as one of the chief patrons of Poland and Lithuania. As new miracles continued to be wrought, Pope Clement XIII. solemnly enrolled him among the Saints, on the seventeenth of the Kalends of August, in the year 1767. (1)
Before his death, he gave absolutely everything he still had to the poor. He died in 1473, at the age of seventy-six years. The purple robe which he had worn as a Doctor was religiously conserved and always given to the venerable Head of the School of Philosophy on the day of his reception; and a promise was required of the teachers there, to imitate the virtues of this beloved Saint. He is a patron of both Poland and Lithuania; Clement XIII canonized him in 1767.
(24 dicembre: A Cracovia in Polonia, anniversario della morte di san Giovanni da Kety, la cui memoria si celebra il giorno prima di questo).
In qualità di precettore dei prìncipi della casa reale polacca, talvolta non poteva esimersi dal partecipare a qualche festa. mondana. Un giorno si presentò a un banchetto in abiti dimessi e venne messo alla porta da un domestico. Giovanni andò a mutarsi d'abito e tornò alla villa dove si dava il ricevimento. Questa volta poté entrare, ma durante il pranzo un malaccorto inserviente gli rovesciò un bicchiere sul vestito. Giovanni sorrise rassicurante: "E’ giusto che anche il mio abito abbia la sua parte: è grazie a lui che sono potuto entrare qui".
Ma “stabilirsi” è un’espressione impropria. Infatti il professore Giovanni ama la strada quanto la cattedra, gli affamati di sapere e gli affamati di pane. Ama la strada, poi, come “luogo” tipico dei poveri, sempre alla ricerca di un aiuto. E sul loro percorso amaro, i poveri di Cracovia incontrano spesso Giovanni il Professore; lo vedono entrare nei loro miseri rifugi, portando loro quello che spesso è necessario a lui. Ne sfama tanti, non con le ricchezze che non possiede, ma con la sua paga di insegnante e con i suoi digiuni. E poi la strada, per lui, è quella del pellegrinaggio. Il suo viaggio più lungo è quello in Terrasanta, compiuto a piedi fin dov’era possibile. Poi va pellegrino a Roma. Per quattro volte. E sempre assolutamente a piedi, andata e ritorno.
Umile camminatore e compagno di viandanti e di poveri lungo le antiche “vie” che conducono al Sud, al Paese del sole, Giovanni diventa anche il consigliere e il sostenitore dei suoi concittadini più indifesi e soli. Autorevole maestro quando siede in cattedra, gli si attribuiscono anche commenti alla Bibbia e a san Tommaso.
Ma ciò che spinge la gente di Cracovia a “gridarlo santo” dopo la morte sono le lezioni di amore che teneva lungo le strade e nelle case, tra malnutriti e ammalati. Nel 1600, papa Clemente VIII lo proclama venerabile, e il suo corpo viene più tardi trasferito nella chiesa di Sant’Anna in Cracovia. Nel 1767, papa Clemente XIII lo iscrive tra i santi. Al ricordo di Giovanni è consacrata una cappella nella chiesa di San Floriano, dove a metà del XX secolo iniziava il suo servizio di vicario parrocchiale il giovane sacerdote Karol Wojtyla.
In Polonia viene ricordato il 20 ottobre. È stato proclamato patrono dell'arcidiocesi di Cracovia, degli insegnanti delle scuole cattoliche e della “Caritas”.