samedi 27 juin 2020

Bienheureux IOAN SUCIU, évêque et martyr


Portait de Monseigneur Ioan Suciu, martyr du communisme

Mgr Ioan Suciu est un évêque gréco-catholique roumain. Né en 1907 à Blaj, il fut ordonné prêtre en 1931 et nommé, en 1940, évêque auxiliaire d’Oradea-Mare puis administrateur apostolique du siège de Blaj. Surnommé « l’apôtre des jeunes », il eut une intense activité pastorale et sportive avec les Roms qui vivaient dans les périphéries de Blaj.
Après l’arrivée des communistes au pouvoir et l’interdiction de l’Église gréco-catholique en 1948, Mgr Suciu commença à donner une série de sermons, au cours desquelles il fit valoir l’impossibilité d’un accord avec le communisme.
Arrêté le 27 octobre 1948, il subit de durs interrogatoires pendant dix-sept mois. Il suivit le même parcours que six autres évêques gréco-catholiques roumains. Il mourut de faim à la prison de Sighet dans la nuit du 27 juin 1953, dans la cellule 44, entouré par ses confrères. Il fut enterré au cimetière des pauvres et sa tombe n’a jamais pu être identifiée.

En 1952, dans sa lettre apostolique Veritatem facientes, le pape Pie XII rend hommage à ce peuple de l’Est qui n’a pas renié leur foi : « Vous renouvelez la beauté de l’Église primitive […] On souhaite embrasser les chaînes de ceux qui, du fond de leur prison, ne s’acharnent pas contre l’injustice qui leur a été faite mais souffrent d’une douleur indicible en voyant les assauts contre la foi et prient pour le salut éternel de leur peuple. »

Aujourd’hui, leur sacrifice est en passe d’être reconnu par la Congrégation pour les causes des saints. Ioan Suciu fait partie des « nouveaux martyrs » qui ont versé leur sang pour l’Évangile. Son sacrifice nous dit que, dans notre monde, on peut faire preuve de fidélité en considérant que la grâce du Seigneur est plus précieuse que notre vie. Son témoignage, nous incite à redécouvrir nos raisons de croire, d’espérer, de vivre et de nous ouvrir aux autres.
Père Cristian Crisan, curé de la paroisse gréco-catholique roumaine Saint-Georges à Paris


En partenariat avec Prions en Église

Source : https://oeuvre-orient.fr/actualites/portait-de-monseigneur-ioan-suciu-martyr-communisme/


Bienheureux évêques martyrs roumains

Martyrs roumains entre 1950 et 1970 (XXe siècle)
Valeriu Traian Frentiu (mort le 11 juillet 1952), Vasile Aftenie (mort le 10 mai 1950), Ioan Suciu (mort le 27 juin 1953), Tit Liviu Chinezu (mort le 15 janvier 1955), Ioan Balan (mort le 4 août 1959), Alexandru Rusu (mort le 9 mai 1963) et Iuliu Hossu (mort le 28 mai 1970), évêques, tués en haine de la Foi en divers lieux de Roumanie entre 1950 et 1970.

- lors de son voyage apostolique le 2 juin 2019, le Pape a béatifié les 7 évêques martyrs, témoins de liberté et de miséricorde à Blaj, dans le centre de la Roumanie, au 'Champ de la liberté', lieu éminemment symbolique pour les Roumains...

Les sept évêques martyrs, site de l'Eglise catholique en France.

- en italien, le 19 mars 2019, décret de reconnaissance du martyre:
«Face à la féroce oppression du régime, ils démontrèrent une foi et un amour exemplaires pour leur peuple. Avec beaucoup de courage et de force intérieure, ils acceptèrent d’être soumis à la dure incarcération et à toutes sortes de mauvais traitements, sans renier l’appartenance à leur Église aimée», a souligné le Pape lors de la messe de béatification. «Ces pasteurs, martyrs de la foi, ont récupéré et laissé au peuple roumain un héritage précieux que nous pouvons synthétiser en deux paroles: liberté et miséricorde.»

SOURCE : https://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/13364/Bienheureux-eveques-martyrs-roumains.html



Roumanie: le p. Ioan, un prêtre Rom, témoigne

« Dans l’Église du Christ, il y a de la place pour tout le monde »
JUIN 02, 2019 16:27PAPESVOYAGES

« Je pense que je ne me trompe pas si je dis que nous sommes ici pour montrer comment, dans l’Église du Christ, il y a de la place pour tout le monde »: cette phrase du témoignage d’un prêtre Rom, le p. Ioan, a été reprise par le pape François ensuite dans son allocution lors de sa visite le quartier rom de Barbu Lautaru de Blaj, en Roumanie, dernier rendez-vous de ses trois jours de voyage (31 mai-2 juin 2019) dans ce pays appelé le « Jardin de Marie ».
Le pape s’est rendu à la petite église dédiée à Saint-André apôtre et à l’évêque martyr Ioan Suciu (Blaj, 1907-prison de Sighet, 1953), béatifié le matin même, autrefois engagé pour l’annonce de l’Evangile aux Roms. Elle a été consacrée en mai dernier.
Au témoignage du p. Ioan, le pape a en effet répondu ensuite: « Tu n’as pas tort d’affirmer cette conviction aussi certaine qu’elle est parfois oubliée : dans l’Église du Christ, il y a de la place pour tous. S’il n’en était pas ainsi, ce ne serait pas l’Eglise du Christ. »
« L’Église, a insisté le pape, est un lieu de rencontre et nous avons besoin de le rappeler non pas comme un beau slogan mais comme un élément de la carte d’identité de notre être chrétien. »
Le pape a aussi relevé que le p. Ioan a cité le nouveau bienheureux Ioan Suciu, martyr du communisme qui venait là jouer au football avec les enfants roms: « Tu nous l’as rappelé en donnant l’exemple de l’évêque martyr Ioan Suciu, qui a su traduire par des gestes concrets le désir de Dieu le Père de rencontrer chaque personne dans l’amitié et dans le partage. L’Évangile de la joie se transmet dans la joie de se rencontrer et de savoir que nous avons un Père qui nous aime. »
L’évêque dont l’église porte le nom, Ioan Suciu (Blaj, 1907- prison de Sighet, 1953), béatifié le matin même, avait commencé, dès 1948 après l’arrivée des communistes au pouvoir et l’interdiction de l’Église gréco-catholique par Staline, à donner une série de sermons, au cours desquelles il faisait valoir l’impossibilité d’un accord avec le communisme.
Arrêté le 27 octobre 1948, il subit de durs interrogatoires pendant dix-sept mois. Il suivit le même parcours que six autres évêques gréco-catholiques roumains. Il mourut de faim à la prison de Sighetu Marmației dans la nuit du 27 juin 1953, entouré par ses confrères. Il fut enterré au cimetière des pauvres et sa tombe n’a jamais été identifiée.
Voici notre traduction, rapide, de travail, du témoignage du p. Ioan.

AB
Témoignage du prêtre Rom
Saint Père
Bienvenue dans la périphérie des périphéries! Ici, dans le quartier de Barbu Lautaru de Blaj, nous, les Roms, nous vivons heureux parce que l’Eglise gréco-catholique roumaine a bien compris une chose importante: il faut guérir à cette fracture, il faut rencontrer ces frères, il faut leur offrir l’Evangile de la joie.
Nous ne pouvons pas ne pas faire mémoire de l’évêque martyr Ioan Suciu, qui a jouait volontiers au football avec les petits Roms dans ces rues où nous nous trouvons, dans un authentique esprit fraternel d’amitié et de partage. Il a payé de son sang sa fidélité au Christ et il célèbre maintenant la Liturgie céleste avec les saints anges.
Nous sommes reconnaissants à notre Église d’avoir pensé à une pastorale des Roms, avec diverses paroisses dédiées à l’accompagnement spirituel de leurs familles et de leurs enfants.
Et l’église où nous nous trouvons, ici, dans notre quartier, est un signe concret de cette attention et de cette affection pour nous.
Je pense que je ne me trompe pas si je dis que nous sommes ici pour montrer comment, dans l’Église du Christ, il y a de la place pour tout le monde. Pour cette raison, la visite et l’accolade que vous nous donnez aujourd’hui, Saint-Père, révèlent à tous ce qu’est la vraie vie des Roms et à quel point leur désir d’inclusion et de participation au travail de la société en Roumanie et ailleurs pour surmonter les discriminations et les ségrégations.
Merci, Saint-Père, de dialoguer avec notre époque, de vous sentir proche de nous, l’un de nous. En vous accueillant, nous accueillons le Seigneur qui est venu pour les laissés-pour-compte, lui qui aime les marginaux, les importuns, ceux qui sont difficiles à comprendre.
Pour nous et pour tous les Roms, votre présence est un grand encouragement et une espérance.
 

(c) Traduction de Zenit, Anita Bourdin

SOURCE : https://fr.zenit.org/2019/06/02/roumanie-le-p-ioan-un-pretre-rom-temoigne/



Bishop Ioan Suciu
4 Dec 1907, Blaj, Alba, Romania- 27 Jun 1953, Sighetu Marmatiei, Maramures, Romania
Roman Catholic Bishop. The fourth of nine children, Ioan Suciu was born in Blaj from a family who gave the Church several priests. One of his brothers, Gheorghe Claudiu Suciu was a chemist who contributed in the development, design and testing processes for the oil industry and a member of the Romanian Academy. An avid member of the Blaj Sports Club, Ioan attended the local Sfântul Vasile high school until the age of seventeen, when he decided to pursue his vocation as a priest. Sent to the Byzantine College of Saint Athanasius after earning a baccalaureate, he obtained doctorates in philosophy and theology, studying the latter under the renowned of Reginald Garrigou Lagrange, who personally congratulated him in front of all during his graduation ceremony, a rare circumstance on such occasions. Ordained priest on Rome on November 29, 1931, back in Romania he was appointed to the teaching staff in a number of high schools for boys, before being named to the Theological Academy in Blaj. Organizing sports and outdoor activities for his students in the spirit of Saint John Bosco, Suciu founded the "Marianistul" reviewed, later replaced by "Tinerimea Nouă". Appointed auxiliary bishop of the diocese of Oradea Mare at the early age of thirty two, becoming thus the youngest hierarch of the Catholic Church in the world, he received his episcopal consecration with the titular see of Moglaena from Bishop Valeriu Traian Frentiu on July 22, 1940. Soon emerging as one of the Church's greatest orators in Romania, Suciu was above all known for his activities among the youth. Appointed by the Holy See to the high responsibility of apostolic administrator of Făgăraş şi Alba Iulia in 1947 following the Communist occupation of Romania and their refusal to recognize Msgr. Alexandru Rusu's appointment to such office the year before, having soon fought Communism with all his efforts, he was soon deposed from his position by means of a government decree but this did not stop him for making some six hundred pastoral visits across his archdiocese. In the end, he was arrested and held in some twelve different prisons, ending up eventually in that of Sighet, where he spent his remaining four years of life incarcerated along with other Romanian Greek-Catholic bishops in prison cell 44. Tortures, beatings and lack of nutrition led the young prelate to infirmity and eventually to his early death at the age of forty five. Having received the last rites from Bishop Iuliu Hossu, his body was thrown into a mass grave and eventually lost.
Biographie par : Eman Bonnici

SOURCE : https://fr.findagrave.com/memorial/147805789/ioan-suciu


Pope Francis with an icon showing the seven beatified martyrs together with the Virgin Mary

Pope Francis with an icon showing the seven beatified martyrs together with the Virgin Mary  (ANSA)

Martyred Romanian bishops symbolize church's 'resurrection from darkness'


BY  JONATHAN LUXMOORE, CATHOLIC NEWS SERVICE

·       May 14, 2019

WARSAW, Poland - A cardinal incarcerated for 18 years after refusing to abandon his church and a bishop thrown in an unmarked grave after starving to death in an "extermination prison" are among seven communist-era martyrs who will be beatified by Pope Francis during his upcoming visit to Romania.

"This will be a recognition that Christ was present during all the suffering, and a sign of joy in our church's resurrection," said Bishop Mihai Fratila of the Romanian Catholic Eparchy of Bucharest.

"It will also be a reminder that Christians should uphold Christ's eternal truth and resist compromises. We cannot engage in dialogue with the forces of darkness and evil," he added.

Preparations are underway for the June 2 beatification of Cardinal Iuliu Hossu and six other Romanian Catholic bishops, who died as martyrs after their church's forced suppression.

Bishop Fratila told Catholic News Service that a 2,000-page dossier on the prelates had been completed after the 2013 opening of Romanian Communist Party archives. The decision to honor the martyrs, approved by Pope Francis March 19, went "far beyond cultural and historical questions or motives of revenge," he said.

"We knew the facts of the persecution, but needed documentation to clarify the communist regime's logic and motives," Bishop Fratila said.

"In all the countries of Eastern Europe, we've seen it isn't enough to make the sign of the cross and show piety on paper. Being Christian means making choices in our daily lives, as these martyr stories clearly show," he added.

The beatification Mass will be celebrated in Blaj on the final day of the pope's three-day pilgrimage. The Divine Liturgy and beatification ceremony are expected to attract tens of thousands from the Romanian and Latin Catholic churches, both of which were repressed under communist rule from 1948 through 1989.

The seven prelates were among at least 600 Catholic clergy arrested and told to find other jobs in October 1948, when their Eastern Catholic Church was declared reunified with Orthodoxy at a widely boycotted synod in Cluj.

Many priests went into hiding or were killed by security forces during a subsequent campaign to eradicate the Romanian Catholic Church.

Auxiliary Bishop Vasile Aftenie of Fagaras and Alba Iulia died in 1950 at the age of 50 after 10 months of brutal interrogation. Witnesses said his bishop's feet stuck out of his makeshift coffin when he was buried in the capital's Bellu cemetery.

Bishop Valeriu Frentiu of Oradea Mare became bishop of Lugoj in 1913 and later was transferred to Oradea, where he opened a seminary and several schools and developed monastic life. After his arrest by security forces, he died in an "extermination prison" at Sighet at age 77 after being denied medical care.

Bishop Ioan Suciu became auxiliary bishop of Oradea in 1940. He died from mistreatment and starvation at Sighet in 1953 at the age of 45.

Auxiliary Bishop Tit Liviu Chinezu of Fagaras and Alba Iulia froze to death at Sighet at age 50. He had served as rector of the Theology Academy in Blaj and was secretly consecrated a bishop while incarcerated in 1949 with authorization from the papal nuncio.

Among the other martyrs, Bishop Ioan Balan of Lugoj, a New Testament translator, was arrested for refusing to submit to Orthodoxy and died from mistreatment while under house arrest at an Orthodox monastery after four years in the Sighet prison.

Bishop Alexandru Rusu of Maramures, a former theology professor and newspaper editor, also was held in Orthodox monasteries after surviving Sighet, but he received a life sentence in 1956, at the age of 73, for "instigating high treason" after holding a Romanian Catholic liturgy in Cluj's university church. He died in 1963.

He was buried in an unmarked grave, after dying of septicemia in an underground cell at Gherla Prison.

Cardinal Hossu, a former military officer who had defended Romania's Jewish minority during World War II, also was secretly consecrated by the papal nuncio. He survived four years at Sighet and was made a cardinal secretly by Pope Paul VI in 1969 during 14 years' detention at Caldarusani. He died a year later in a Bucharest hospital.

In his Easter homily, Cardinal Lucian Muresan of Fagaras and Alba Iulia said the bishops had recognized their church would survive the "calculations, schemes and strategies" used against it and had "assured its continuity" by "choosing the hard way of martyrdom."

He said their testimony should "strengthen new generations in troubled times," and "highlight the importance of martyrdom and sacrifice in a fluid and permissive society."

SOURCE : https://www.catholicregister.org/faith/item/29496-martyred-romanian-bishops-symbolize-church-s-resurrection-from-darkness


Pope Francis celebrates Divine Liturgy in Blaj, Romania.

Pope Francis celebrates Divine Liturgy in Blaj, Romania. (Massimiliano Valenti)


 |  JUN. 2, 2019

Pope in Romania: Martyred Bishops Gave Their Lives for Fidelity to the Church

Blessed Valeriu Traian Frentiu, Vasile Aftenie, Ioan Suciu, Tito Livio Chinezu, Ioan Balan, Alexandru Rusu, and Iuliu Hossu were killed “in hatred of the faith” between 1950 and 1970, during the Soviet occupation of Romania and the rule of Nicolae Ceausescu.

Hannah Brockhaus/CNA

BLAJ - Declaring their beatification Sunday in Romania, Pope Francis said seven martyred Greek-Catholic bishops gave their lives for fidelity to the Church and in defense of the right to freedom of religion.

“The new blesseds endured suffering and gave their lives to oppose an illiberal ideological system that oppressed the fundamental rights of the human person,” Pope Francis said June 2, during a Greek-Catholic Divine Liturgy in the “Field of Freedom,” in Blaj, Romania.

“These pastors, martyrs for the faith,” he emphasized, “re-appropriated and handed down to the Romanian people a precious legacy that we can sum up in two words: freedom and mercy.”

"With great courage and interior fortitude, they accepted harsh imprisonment and every kind of mistreatment, in order not to deny their fidelity to their beloved Church,” the pope said, adding that “in the face of fierce opposition from the regime, they demonstrated an exemplary faith and love for their people.”

Blessed Valeriu Traian Frentiu, Vasile Aftenie, Ioan Suciu, Tito Livio Chinezu, Ioan Balan, Alexandru Rusu, and Iuliu Hossu were killed “in hatred of the faith” between 1950 and 1970, during the Soviet occupation of Romania and the rule of Nicolae Ceausescu.

This was a tragic period for the Catholic community in Romania, which was “put to a harsh test by a dictatorial and atheistic regime,” Francis said, noting that not only these seven blesseds, but “all the Bishops and faithful of the Greek-Catholic Church and those of the Latin rite Catholic Church were persecuted and imprisoned.”

He quoted Bl. Iuliu Hossu, who once said during his imprisonment: “God has sent us into this darkness of suffering in order to offer forgiveness and to pray for the conversion of all.”

Today, Catholics make up less than 6% of the population of Romania, which is majority Orthodox. Most of the Catholics in the country are of the Latin rite, and come from Romanian, Hungarian, and German language and ethnic groups.

The Romanian Greek-Catholic Church, to which the new blesseds belonged, is a Byzantine rite Church in communion with the Holy See.  

In his homily, the pope emphasized that an important part of the spiritual legacy of the new blesseds was the mercy they showed in their readiness to suffer martyrdom meekly and without hatred toward their persecutors.

“The mercy they showed to their tormentors is a prophetic message, for it invites everyone today to conquer anger and resentment by love and forgiveness, and to live the Christian faith with consistency and courage,” he stated.

According to Pope Francis, today “new ideologies” are appearing which threaten to uproot people from their “richest cultural and religious traditions.”

They are “forms of ideological colonization that devalue the person, life, marriage and the family,” he said, encouraging Romanian Catholics “to bring the light of the Gospel to our contemporaries and to continue, like these blesseds, to resist these new ideologies now springing up.” 

“These lands know well how greatly people suffer when an ideology or a regime takes over, setting itself up as a rule for the very life and faith of people, diminishing and even eliminating their ability to make decisions, their freedom and their room for creativity,” he said.

“May you be witnesses of freedom and mercy, allowing fraternity and dialogue to prevail over divisions,” he said, praying that “the maternal protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God, and the intercession of the new blesseds accompany you on your journey.”

According to organizers, there were an estimated 60,000 people at the Divine Liturgy and beatification in the Field of Liberty in Blaj, and another 20,000 taking part through viewing large screens set up in a few of the town squares. Afterward, Pope Francis recited the Regina Coeli.

The beatification took place on the third and final day of an apostolic visit to Romania, the first since St. Pope John Paul II visited in 1999. During his visit, Pope Francis met with the Romanian Catholic communities and with the Romanian Orthodox Patriarch Daniel and members of the Holy Synod.

SOURCE : https://www.ncregister.com/daily-news/pope-in-romania-martyred-bishops-gave-their-lives-for-fidelity-to-the-churc


Pope in Romania: Who are the 7 Greek-Catholic martyrs?

During a Divine Liturgy in the city of Blaj on Sunday, Pope Francis beatifies seven Greek- Catholic bishops who were martyred under the communist regime in Romania.

By Vatican News

All seven of the Greek-Catholic bishops were arrested in 1948. All of them were imprisoned and left to die of hunger, exposure, disease, or the effects of hard labour, and then buried in unmarked graves. The liturgical chair used during the Divine Liturgy in Blaj on Sunday, was made from the wooden planks of the prison beds, and from the iron bars of the prison windows where some of the martyrs died.

Iuliu Hossu

Romania was under Soviet occupation and ruled by Nicolae Ceausescu, when Iuliu Hossu returned there after completing his theology studies in Rome. He spent 22 years in prison. His last words were: "My battle is over, yours continues". He never knew that Pope Paul VI had created him a Cardinal "in pectore" in 1969.

Vasile Aftenie

Vasile Aftenie also studied in Rome. A year after his arrest he was transferred to the infamous Ministry of the Interior where he suffered terrible tortures and eventually died of his wounds in 1950.

Ioan Balan

In 1929 Ioan Balan was appointed to the Vatican Commission to draw up the new Code of Canon Law of the Eastern Churches. After his arrest in 1948, he was placed in solitary confinement and died in 1959 without ever being tried or sentenced.

Valeriu Traian Frentiu

Valeriu Traian Frentiu was ordained a bishop when he was only 37 years of age. Also arrested in 1948, he spent the rest of his life in a concentration camp. When he died in 1952, his body was thrown into an unmarked grave.

Ioan Suciu

Ioan Suciu was ordained a priest in 1931. He too died of hunger and disease while in prison. In his last letter to the faithful before his arrest, he wrote: “Do not be deceived by vain words, promises, lies... We cannot sell Christ or the Church”.

Tito Liviu Chinezu

Tito Liviu Chinezu was born in 1904. He was ordained a bishop in prison by those bishops who were themselves prisoners. When the secret of his ordination leaked out, he was transferred to a prison where he died of cold and hunger.

Alexandru Rusu

Alexandru Rusu was consecrated bishop in 1931. Arrested in 1948, he was sentenced to 25 years in prison for instigation and high treason. He died in 1963 and was buried in the prison cemetery without any religious rite.

Vatican Radio

From the night of the 28 November 1948, when all the Greek-Catholic bishops were arrested, until the 25 December 1989, which marked the end of the Communist regime, the only Divine Liturgy in the Romanian language available to the faithful in that country, was that broadcast by Vatican Radio.


SOURCE : https://www.vaticannews.va/en/pope/news/2019-06/pope-francis-romania-beatification-7-greek-catholic-martyrs.html

Beato Giovanni Suciu Vescovo e martire

27 giugno




Blaj, Romania, 4 dicembre 1907 – Sighetul Marmaţiei, Romania, 27 giugno 1953

Ioan Suciu nacque il 4 dicembre 1907 a Blaj, in Romania. Dopo gli studi teologici compiuti in patria e a Roma presso il Collegio Greco di Sant’Atanasio, fu ordinato sacerdote il 29 novembre 1931. Il 6 maggio 1940 fu nominato vescovo ausiliare della diocesi di Oradea Mare; sette anni dopo, divenne amministratore apostolico della diocesi di Făgăraş e Alba Iulia. A causa del suo aperto dissenso col regime comunista, dimostrato in una serie di conferenze nelle principali città del Paese, fu arrestato il 28 ottobre 1948. Venne imprigionato a Dragoslavele, quindi nel monastero ortodosso di Căldăruşani, infine nel penitenziario di Sighetul Marmaţiei, dove morì il 27 giugno 1953, a causa delle privazioni e delle torture subite. I suoi resti mortali vennero sepolti in una fossa comune. È stato inserito nella causa di beatificazione che comprendeva in tutto sette vescovi morti dal 1950 al 1970, durante la persecuzione religiosa portata avanti in Romania dal regime comunista. La beatificazione dei sette vescovi è stata fissata a domenica 2 giugno 2019, durante il Viaggio Apostolico in Romania di papa Francesco. La loro comune memoria liturgica è stata fissata al 2 giugno.

Ioan Suciu nacque il 4 dicembre 1907 a Blaj, da una famiglia di antica tradizione greco-cattolica. Suo padre Vasile era sacerdote, mentre tra i parenti da parte di sua madre, Maria Coltor, contava Ioan Coltor, professore e oratore. Ricevette il Battesimo e la Cresima venti giorni dopo la nascita.


Frequentò le scuole elementari e quelle secondarie a Blaj. Nel 1925 ottenne il diploma di maturità presso il liceo San Basilio Magno della stessa città. In quell’istituto divenne amico di Tit Liviu Chinezu, a lui complementare per carattere: se Ioan era impulsivo, l’altro era più riflessivo.

Entrambi vennero inviati a Roma per gli studi teologici, ospiti del Pontificio Collegio Greco di Sant’Atanasio. Nel 1927 Ioan ottenne il dottorato in Filosofia presso il Collegio di Propaganda Fide, mentre nel 1932 divenne dottore in Teologia al Pontificio Istituto Internazionale Angelicum. In quell’occasione, il domenicano padre Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, uno dei professori, gli manifestò il proprio apprezzamento regalandogli l’anello col sigillo dell’Istituto.

Fu ordinato sacerdote a Roma il 29 novembre 1931 e celebrò la Prima Messa nella cappella delle Suore della Croce a Monte Mario, in un luogo che, fino a poco prima, aveva ospitato i cavalli di un ricco romano. A chi gli domandò il perché di quella scelta, ribatté che anche Gesù aveva cominciato in una stalla.

Fece dunque ritorno a Blaj: dal 1932 al 1940 insegnò Religione e Lingua italiana al liceo commerciale maschile. Divenne quindi professore di Teologia Morale e di Teologia Pastorale nell’Accademia di Teologia. Nelle sue lezioni cercava d’infondere entusiasmo agli allievi, per fare in modo che si mettessero con tutte le forze al servizio di Dio.

I giovani erano il suo amore più grande. Li andava a cercare, condividendo i loro giochi e le loro preoccupazioni negli anni della crescita. Destinò loro varie opere di catechismo e di spiritualità e fondò la rivista “Marianistul”, per bambini e ragazzi.

Il 25 maggio 1940 fu nominato vescovo ausiliare di Oradea, col titolo di Moglena-Slatina in Bulgaria, per affiancare il vescovo titolare, monsignor Valeriu Traian Frenţiu. L’ordinazione episcopale ebbe luogo il 22 luglio 1940. Nell’omelia per l’occasione dichiarò di «essersi fidanzato con gli interessi eterni di Gesù Cristo, con la sua Chiesa, con il suo gregge» e di non volersi mai separare dall’amore del Signore.

Alle parole fece subito seguire i fatti quando, il 30 agosto 1940, il Secondo Arbitrato (o Diktat) di Vienna obbligò la Romania a cedere all’Ungheria la parte settentrionale della Transilvania, che comprendeva quasi tutto il territorio della diocesi di Oradea.

Monsignor Frenţiu decise di risiedere a Beiuș, che era ancora dentro i confini della Romania. L’eparchia fu affidata al vescovo di Cluj-Gherla, monsignor Iuliu Hossu, come amministratore apostolico. Monsignor Suciu rimase a Oradea come ausiliare: nonostante le difficoltà della guerra e quelle causate dagli occupanti ungheresi, promosse e attuò numerose iniziative di apostolato.

Il 29 agosto del 1941 monsignor Hossu fece il suo ingresso come nuovo vescovo di Oradea. Monsignor Suciu rimase suo ausiliare finché nel 1947, in seguito al ritorno di monsignor Frentiu a Oradea, non venne destinato all’eparchia di Făgăraş e Alba Iulia come amministratore apostolico.

I fedeli, però, cominciavano a sentire la pressione del regime comunista, che puntava a unificare la Chiesa greco-cattolica romena unita con Roma e la Chiesa ortodossa. Monsignor Suciu rispose con una serie di conferenze nelle principali città del Paese, dichiarando l’impossibilità di un accordo fra il cristianesimo e il materialismo ateo.

Il 3 settembre 1948 un decreto governativo lo depose dal suo incarico e gli ordinò il domicilio coatto a Blaj. Monsignor Suciu, invece, proseguì le visite pastorali e i suoi interventi, con impegno ancora maggiore: solo la Santa Sede, ripeteva spesso, aveva l’autorità di privarlo delle funzioni episcopali.
Nel mese di settembre fu arrestato una prima volta. Condotto a Sibiu, fu lasciato per due giorni senza cibo né bevanda, quindi venne rilasciato. Subì un secondo arresto, poi gli furono sottratti tutti i mezzi di trasporto. A quel punto proseguì le sue visite a piedi, esortando i fedeli a non cedere, come del resto facevano tutti gli altri vescovi greco-cattolici.

Arrestato il 28 ottobre del 1948, venne portato a Dragoslavele e poi al Monastero Căldăruşani. Nel maggio del 1950 fu portato al Ministero degli Interni e nell’ottobre dello stesso anno al penitenziario di Sighetul Marmaţiei o Sighet, dove soffrì fame, freddo, malattie e numerose torture. Morì in quel luogo il 27 giugno 1953, nella cella numero 44.

Fu sepolto nel cimitero dei poveri, cioè dei suicidi e dei vagabondi, e a oggi non si è ancora venuti a conoscenza del luogo esatto dove riposino le sue spoglie mortali.

In due lettere indirizzate ai suoi fedeli nell’ottobre 1948 affermava: «Per la Chiesa Romena Unita è arrivato il Venerdì Santo. Adesso, cari fedeli, abbiamo l’occasione di mostrare se apparteniamo a Cristo o se siamo della parte di Giuda, il traditore... Non lasciatevi ingannare da parole vane, dai comitati, da promesse, da menzogne, ma restate saldi nella fede per la quale i vostri genitori e i vostri avi hanno versato il loro sangue... Non possiamo vendere né Cristo né la Chiesa... Se prenderanno le vostre Chiese, pregate il Signore, come lo fecero i primi cristiani, quando gli imperatori pagani distruggevano i loro luoghi di preghiera e bruciavano i loro libri santi».

Queste sue parole risuonarono anche al Colosseo il 7 maggio 2000 in occasione della Commemorazione Ecumenica dei Testimoni della Fede del XX secolo presieduta dal Papa san Giovanni Paolo II.

Il 28 gennaio 1997 la Santa Sede ha concesso il nulla osta per l’avvio della comune causa di beatificazione e canonizzazione di monsignor Suciu e degli altri sei vescovi greco-cattolici morti negli anni del regime comunista in Romania.

Il processo eparchiale (ossia diocesano) per il riconoscimento del loro martirio è iniziato il 16 gennaio 1999 a Blaj e si è concluso il 10 marzo 2009. Il 7 novembre dello stesso anno sono stati aperti i plichi della relativa documentazione, convalidata col decreto del 18 febbraio 2011. Dopo sette anni di lavori, nei quali sono emerse altre testimonianze d’archivio, è stato possibile ultimare la “Positio super martyrio”, consegnata nel 2018.

Il 19 marzo 2019, ricevendo in udienza il cardinal Giovanni Angelo Becciu, Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi, papa Francesco ha autorizzato la promulgazione del decreto con cui i sette vescovi venivano ufficialmente dichiarati martiri. La loro beatificazione è stata fissata a domenica 2 giugno 2019, nel corso del Viaggio Apostolico in Romania dello stesso Pontefice. La comune memoria liturgica è stata fissata al 2 giugno, anniversario della beatificazione.



Autore: Emilia Flocchini

SOURCE : http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/92793

samedi 13 juin 2020

Bienheureuse MARIANNA BIERNACKA, mère de famille et martyre

Bienheureuse Marie-Anne Biernacka

Martyre en Pologne (+1943)

Béatifiée le 13 juin 1999 à Varsovie par Jean-Paul II.

À Naumowicze, près de Grodno en Pologne, l'an 1943, la bienheureuse Marie-Anne Biernacka, mère de famille et martyre. Sous le régime d'occupation nazi, elle s'offrit d'elle-même à la Gestapo à la place de sa belle-sœur enceinte qui était recherchée, et fut aussitôt fusillée.

Martyrologe romain

SOURCE : https://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/11819/Bienheureuse-Marie-Anne-Biernacka.html

Bienheureuse Mariana Biernacka

Mère de famille et Martyre

(1888-1943)

Marie-Anne Biernacka, du diocèse de Lomza en Pologne, naît à Lipsk en 1888, au sein d’une famille Chrétienne Orthodoxe.

À l’âge de 17 ans, en 1915, en même temps que le reste de sa famille, elle devînt Catholique de rite latin.

Quand elle eut 20 ans, elle épousa, selon le rite Catholique, Ludwik Biernacki et de leur union naquirent six enfants.

Après le décès de son mari, elle alla vivre chez son fils Stanisław, vivant en harmonie avec sa brou, partageant avec eux son expérience et démontrant à chaque instant une grande sagesse Chrétienne et un amour fraternel sans faille, ainsi qu’à leurs enfants, ses petits-enfants.

Parmi les gens de son village, elle était connue par sa bonté et sa profonde vie religieuse.

Quand, le 1er Juillet 1943, eut lieu une rafle de représailles organisée par les autorités allemandes, on procéda à de nombreuses arrestations et, sa belle-fille était du nombre.

Alors Mariana démontra une fois encore son amour et son courage : elle se proposa de remplacer sa belle-fille, qui était alors enceinte, afin de sauver les deux.

Ce fut là une grande preuve d’amour donnée par une dame de 55 ans qui imitait ainsi >>> Saint Maximilien-Marie Kolbe (1894-1941), Prêtre Franciscain tué au camp de Auschwitz.

L’échange fut accepté et l’innocente victime fut arrêtée et ensuite conduite à Naumowicz, près de Grodno (actuellement en Biélorussie), où elle fut fusillée le 13 Juillet 1943.

Le 13 Juin 1999, au cours de son plus long voyage en Pologne (5-17 Juin), Saint Jean Paul II a Béatifié, à Varsovie, 108 Martyrs polonais, victimes de la barbare persécution nazie, menée pendant l’occupation allemande de 1939 à 1945.

Le groupe est composé de :

- 3 Évêques,

- 52 Prêtres diocésains,

- 3 séminaristes,

- 26 Prêtres Religieux,

- 7 Frères profès,

- 8 Religieuses et

- 9 laïcs (dont Marie-Anne Biernacka).

Ils subirent des tortures, mauvais traitements, vexations et presque tous finirent leurs jours dans les camps de concentration tristement célèbres de Dachau, Auschwitz, Sutthof, Ravensbrück, Sachsenhausen.

Ils furent victimes, selon les cas, de la chambre à gaz, de la décapitation, et d’autres encore furent fusillés ou massacrés à coups de botte par les gardiens des camps.

SOURCE : http://reflexionchretienne.e-monsite.com/pages/vie-des-saints/juin/bienheureuse-mariana-biernacka-mere-de-famille-et-martyre-fete-le-13-juin.html

Bienheureuse Marianne Biernacka

L' Eglise se souvient aujourd' hui d' une humble chrétienne qui échangea le sort de sa belle-fille, condamnée à être fusillée par les nazis, contre sa propre vie.

Marianne Czokalo, née en 1888 à Lipsk dans une famille chrétienne orthodoxe devenue catholique en 1905, se maria à vingt ans avec Louis ( Ludwik )  Biernacki et eut deux enfants ( d' autres moururent avant terme ), Léocadie et Stanislas.

Devenue veuve, elle habita chez son fils  et sa belle-fille, s' occupa de leur foyer et mena une vie de simple grand-mère, heureuse et profondément chrétienne.

Lorsqu' eut lieu un attentat contre les Allemands à Lipsk, la Gestapo le 1er juin 1943 arrêta en représailles un certain nombre d' otages civils, et parmi eux Anna, la jeune mère de famille épouse de Stanislas Biernacki et enceinte.

Marianne s' offrit donc en sacrifice pour laisser la vie sauve à Anna et à l' enfant à naître.

L' échange fut accepté et la grand-mère, la bienheureuse Marianne Biernacka, fut conduite en prison avec 49 autres otages et fusillée le 13 juin 1943 à Naumowicz, aujourd' hui en Biélorussie, près de Grodno. Elle n' avait demandé qu' une chose :  garder son rosaire devant le peloton d' exécution...

Elle fut béatifiée en 1999 par Jean-Paul II.

" Qui perd sa propre vie pour Moi, la sauve. "

SOURCE : http://ut-pupillam-oculi.over-blog.com/article-10860616.html

Une grand-mère héroïque

Sa vie pour l’enfant à naître

JUIN 13, 2013 00:00ANITA BOURDINÉCRITURE SAINTE, THÉOLOGIE

Le martyrologe romain fait aujourd’hui mémoire d’une grand-mère héroïque, qui a sauvé la vie d’un enfant à naître, la bienheureuse martyre Marie-Anne Biernacka (1888-1943).

Marie-Anne avait reçu le baptême dans l’Eglise orthodoxe, et donc ensemble les trois sacrments de l’initiation chrétienne. Sa famille, qui habitait dans la région polonaise de Lomza, embrassa cependant l’Eglise catholique en 1905.

A vingt ans, elle épousa Louis Biernacki, un catholique. Ils eurent six enfants. Après la mort de son mari, elle vécut avec son fils Stanislas et sa femme, Anne. Elle était connue pour sa bienveillance, son dévouement et sa profonde piété. 

Le 1er juin 1943, l’occupant nazi lança, en représailles contre la population de Lipsk, des arrestations massives. Stanislas et sa femme figuraient sur la liste des personnes à arrêter. Marie-Anne Biernacka s’offrit spontanément à la police à la place de sa belle-fille, alors enceinte, pour sauver la jeune maman et l’enfant.

Les otages furent incarcérés à la prison de Grodno. Marie-Anne portait comme seul trésor son chapelet. Le 13 juin 1943,  elle fut passée par les armes à Naumowicze, près de Grodno, actuellement en Biélorussie, sans autre forme de procès.

Elle a été béatifiée comme martyre par Jean-Paul II à Varsovie, le 13 juin 1999. 

JUIN 13, 2013 00:00ÉCRITURE SAINTE, THÉOLOGIE

About Anita Bourdin

View all articles

Journaliste accréditée au Vatican depuis 1995. A lancé Zenit en français en janvier 1999. Correspondante à Rome de Radio Espérance. Formation: journalisme (Bruxelles), théologie biblique (Rome), lettres classiques (Paris).

SOURCE : https://fr.zenit.org/articles/une-grand-mere-heroique/


Blessed Marianna Biernacka


Also known as
  • Marianna Czokala
Profile

Lifelong lay woman in the diocese of LomzaPoland. She had little education; she may have been able to read a little, but she could not write. Raised in the Orthodox church, she converted to Catholicism at age 17. Married to Ludwik Biernacki, a farmer, at age 20. Mother of six, only two of whom survived infancy, her daughter Leokadia, and her son Stanislaw. Widowed, she moved in with Stanislaw and helped raise her grandchildren, in part by setting an example of personal piety.

When the Nazis and Soviets divided Poland between them in World War II, Marianne’s town came under German control. When local resistance groups did anything to fight back against occupying forces, the Nazis would have reprisal executions, rounding up random citizens and killing them as a warning to the resistence. On 1 June 1943 the Nazis arrested Marianna’s son Stanislaw and his wife Anna, who was pregnant, and put them in the group to be murdered. Marianna pleaded to take the girl’s place, and Anna was freed; Marianna asked to take one thing with her – a rosary. The mother and son were briefly imprisoned and then executedMartyr.

Born
  • 1888 in Lipsk, Podlaskie, Poland as Marianna Czokala
  • shot by firing squad on 13 June 1943 in Naumovichi (a.k.a. Naumowicze), Hrodzyenskaya voblasts’, Belarus

SOURCE : https://catholicsaints.info/blessed-marianna-biernacka/

"I Will Go for Her." The Amazing Story of A Polish Martyr

Matthew Archbold

Blessed Marianna Biernacka is described in many reports as leading a "simple" life. But it's my experience that there are really no simple lives. Marianna knew heartbreak. She knew fear. She knew backbreaking work. She knew loss. And she knew God's love.

Marianna was born in 1888. At the age of twenty she married a local man, Louis Biernacki. Together, they had six children, four of whom died shortly after birth. The only source of survival for the family was their family farm.

After the death of Louis in 1929, Marianna lived with her son Stanislaw. Stanislav eventually married a young woman, Anna Szymczyk, and they all lived together. Prayer and song were a large part of their lives. Soon after the couple were married, the two had a daughter.

Bishop Jerzy Mazur, bishop of Elk, said on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the death of Bl. Marianna Biernacka that "Staring at her ordinary life, we see that it was imbued with faith, love, prayer, work and suffering. Each day began with prayer and common singing Hours. Everyday life was filled with a difficult job in summer in a field, and in winter, spun flax and hemp and weaving on a loom. Recitation of the Rosary prayer and devotional singing songs allowed the dignity to endure the pain of bereavement, hard work and daily poverty."

In 1939, the Nazis invaded Poland. To understand, the Nazi occupation of Poland is to label it as one of the worst and most brutal genocides in the history of the world. Adolf Hitler himself is reported to have authorized his commanders to kill “without pity or mercy, all men, women, and children of Polish decent or language." When a German soldier was killed by any resistance, the Gestapo made it a practice to round up a large number of Polish civilians randomly and kill them in retaliation. It was just such an incident that brought the Nazis to the door of Marianna Biernacka.

In July of 1943, the Nazis arrested many people in and around the city of Lipsk as retribution for a German killed by the resistance. Randomly, Stanislaw Biernacka, along with his pregnant wife Anna, were selected to be killed. Nobody believed they had anything to do with the resistance but they were to be killed for events outside of their control. When the armed soldiers came to arrest them, Stanislaw’s mother, Marianna, reportedly dropped to her knees and begged the Nazis to take her instead of Anna.

"She is already in the last weeks of her pregnancy," she pleaded. "I will go for her." Her daughter-in-law begged her not to make this sacrifice but Marianna insisted, reportedly saying “You are young, you must live.” As the Nazis didn't particularly care who they killed as they were simply filling a quota so they took Marianna and her son instead of the pregnant Anna.

The Nazis took Marianna and her son to the prison in Grodno. While in the prison, she only requested a pillow and a rosary. After two weeks in prison in which she spent much of her time praying, Marianna was shot and killed on July 13, 1943 in Naumowicze along with her son. Their bodies were thrown into a common grave.

Around that time, Anna gave birth to a son. She named his Stanislaw.

On 13 June 1999, Marianna was beatified and recognized as a martyr, along with 107 other victims, by Pope John Paul II. The liturgical feast day of the 108 Martyrs of World War II is June 12.

Sadly, the child, Stanislaw, only lived for about a year, according to reports. Anna's daughter, Eugenia, still lives in the family home, according to some Polish websites. She said that her mother, Anna, would often say that she had been given life twice. Once by her own mother and then from her mother-in-law.

Below is a video I believe features Anna herself. I, of course, do not know Polish. But another website had a picture of Anna and it was the same woman so I believe I'm right. It's in Polish and throughout much of the video she is singing a song. It's quite beautiful. If any of you know Polish I'd be grateful for information about what's she's saying and singing or if it is in fact Anna.

SOURCE : https://www.ncregister.com/blog/matthew-archbold/i-will-go-for-her.-the-amazing-story-of-a-polish-martyr

MARIANNA BIERNACKA

Blessed Marianna Biernacka

Offered herself to save her Daughter-in-Law and unborn grandchild.

Wife, Mother, and Martyr (1888-1943)

Her life

+ Marianna Czokala was born in Lipsk, Poland. Because she received little formal education, she was functionally illiterate, reading only a little, and she could not write.

+ Raised in the Orthodox Faith, she converted to Catholicism at the age of 17.

+ At the age of 20, she married Ludwik Biernacki. The couple would have six children, only two of whom survived infancy.

+ After the death of her husband, she moved in with her son, Stanislaw, to help raise her grandchildren.

+ When the Nazis and Soviets divided Poland during World War II, Marianna’s town came under German control. Because of resistance fighting, the Nazis initiated a series of reprisal executions, choosing random citizens for death.

+ On June 1, 1943, the Nazis arrested Marianna’s son and his pregnant wife, Anna, and included them among those to be killed. Marianna pleaded to be able to take her daughter-in-law’s place and Anna was freed. Marianna asked only that she be allowed to keep her rosary.

+ Blessed Marianna Biernacki was shot to death on June 13, 1943, in Naumovichi, Belarus. She was Beatified in 107 other Polish Martyrs of World War II in 1999.

Spiritual bonus

On this day the Church also remembers Saint Onuphrius (also known as Humphrey), who lived as a hermit in the deserts of Egypt for more than 70 years. Seeking to imitate the prayer and sacrifice of Saint John the Baptist, he was honored for his wisdom and ascetical spirit. Saint Onuphrius died around the year 400.

For reflection

“No one has greater love than this, to lay down one’s life for one’s friends.”—John 15:13

Prayer

O God, by whose gift strength is made perfect in weakness, grant to all who honor the glory of blessed Marianna that she, who drew from you the strength to triumph, may likewise always obtain from you the grace of victory for us. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

(from The Roman Missal: Common of Martyrs—For a Holy Woman-Martyr)

Saint profiles prepared by Brother Silas Henderson, S.D.S.

SOURCE : https://aleteia.org/daily-prayer/tuesday-june-12/

The Grandma Martyr of Poland, Marianna Biernacka

Larry Peterson | Feb 24, 2017

She died defending family and the unborn

On June 13, 1999, Pope John Paul II beatified the people known as the 108 Polish Martyrs. These Catholic heroes were all murdered by the Nazis because of their faith. Here is the story of one of them, a grandmother, Marianna Biernacka, who willingly traded her life for those of her daughter-in-law and grandchild.

Even though there is no documentation, it is thought that Marianna was born in the little Polish village of Czokalo in 1888. She had little education and could barely read or write. It is known that at the age of 20, she married Ludwig Biernacka, who was a farmer. They had four children, two of whom died in infancy. Their son Stanislaw and their daughter Leokadia survived.

When Leokadia grew up she married and moved away with her husband. Stanislaw remained on the farm to help his dad. He met and married a girl named Anna, who also was a farm girl. The family worked hard, prayed hard, and lived their lives using their Catholic faith as their guiding light.

On September I, 1939, Adolf Hitler’s army marched into Poland on three different fronts, destroying everything in its path. Hitler’s orders were to “kill without pity or mercy, all men, women and children of Polish descent and language.” The soldiers followed their Fuhrer’s orders famously. World War II had begun.

During the ensuing month a reign of terror swept over Poland. All Poles, Jews and non-Jews alike, were stripped of all their rights and subjected to the makeshift, heinous laws as put in place by the Nazis. Churches and religious places were burned to the ground as were bookstores and libraries.

Polish men were conscripted into the German army and the Polish language was forbidden. Rationing allowed for the most meager amounts of food and priests were rounded up and sent off to concentration camps. Schools and colleges were closed and community leaders were publicly executed in the streets. Hell had come to Poland.

The Biernacka family was never politically motivated or involved with anti-government activities. Imagine their shock when Nazi troops came banging on their door one morning early in July of 1943. They were there to arrest Stanislaw and Anna in retribution for the death of a German soldier by the resistance movement. Anna was eight months pregnant at the time. She and Stanislaw also had a toddler names Genia.

Grandma Marianna quickly stepped in front of Stanislaw and Anna and fell to her knees. She pleaded with the soldiers to take her instead of Anna. She asked them to take pity on the unborn child and the 2-year-old. The soldiers did not care. As long as they met their quota of 10 to one for the slain soldier it was of no consequence to them who died. They left Anna behind and took Marianna and her son off to prison.

Marianna and Stanislaw remained in prison for about two weeks. Marianna, always devout and faithful, asked for only one thing, a rosary. They let her have one. On July 13, 1943, mother and son were taken to the town of Naumovich in Belarus and, while Marianna prayed the rosary, they were shot to death.

Blessed Marianna Biernacka and the other 107 Polish Martyrs are honored by the Church on June 12. The group includes three bishops, 52 priests, 26 male religious, eight women religious, and nine lay people. It is estimated that of the 11 million Holocaust victims of World War II, 3 million were Polish Catholics and Christians.

Blessed Marianna Biernacka, pray for us.

SOURCE : https://aleteia.org/2017/02/24/the-grandma-martyr-of-poland-marianna-biernacka/


Memorial Marianna Biernacka, Lipsk


Beata Marianna Biernacka Martire



Lipsk, 1888 - Niemowicze, Grodno (Polonia), 13 luglio 1943

Nel giorno della festa di sant'Antonio da Padova, figura tra le più care alla devozione cristiana, il calendario liturgico cita anche una figura del nostro tempo. Si tratta di Marianna Biernacka (1888-1943), una dei 108 martiri polacchi del nazismo che Giovanni Paolo II ha beatificato il 13 giugno 1999, durante uno dei suoi viaggi in Polonia. La sua è una vicenda che proprio la recente tappa di Benedetto XVI ad Auschwitz-Birkenau ha riportato d'attualità. La storia di questa donna, infatti, è molto simile a quella del francescano Massimiliano Kolbe, anche lui canonizzato da Wojtila. A Naumowicze, presso Grodno, questa vedova nata ortodossa e passata poi al cattolicesimo all'età di 17 anni, si offrì al plotone di esecuzione tedesco per essere fucilata al posto di sua nuora, che era incinta. Con questo gesto d'amore la cinquantacinquenne Marianna salvò così due vite dalla barbarie della guerra. Marianna Biernacka è la figura di spicco tra i nove laici compresi nell'elenco di questi martiri. (Avvenire)

Emblema: Palma

Martirologio Romano: Nella cittadina di Naumowicze vicino a Grodno in Polonia, beata Marianna Biernacka, madre di famiglia e martire, che, durante la guerra, in regime di occupazione, si offrì spontaneamente ai soldati al posto di sua nuora incinta e, fucilata sul posto, ricevette la palma gloriosa del martirio.

Papa Giovanni Paolo II, ha proclamati beati il 13 giugno 1999 a Varsavia, durante il suo settimo viaggio apostolico in Polonia, 108 martiri vittime della persecuzione contro la Chiesa polacca, scaturita durante l’occupazione tedesca dal 1939 al 1945.

L’odio razziale operato dal nazismo, provocò più di cinque milioni di vittime tra la popolazione civile polacca, fra cui molti religiosi, sacerdoti, vescovi e laici cattolici.

Fra i tanti si è potuto, in base alle notizie raccolte ed alle testimonianze, istruire vari processi per la beatificazione di 108 martiri, il primo processo fu aperto il 26 gennaio 1992 dal vescovo di Wloclaweck, dove il maggior numero delle vittime subì il martirio; in questo processo confluirono poi altri e il numero dei Servi di Dio, inizialmente di 92 arrivò man mano a 108.

Diamo qualche notizia numerica di essi, non potendo riportare in questa scheda tutti i 108 nomi. Il numeroso gruppo di martiri è composto da quattro gruppi principali, distinti secondo gli stati di vita: vescovi, clero diocesano, famiglie religiose maschili e femminili e laici; appartennero a 18 diocesi, all’Ordinariato Militare e a 22 Famiglie religiose.

Tre sono vescovi, 52 sono sacerdoti diocesani, 3 seminaristi, 26 sacerdoti religiosi, 7 fratelli professi, 8 religiose, 9 laici. Subirono torture, maltrattamenti, imprigionati, quasi tutti finirono i loro giorni nei campi di concentramento, tristemente famosi di Dachau, Auschwitz, Sutthof, Ravensbrück, Sachsenhausen; subirono a seconda dei casi, la camera a gas, la decapitazione, la fucilazione, l’impiccagione o massacrati di botte dalle guardie dei campi.

Capogruppo dei 9 laici è la beata Marianna Biernacka della diocesi di Lomza in Polonia, nacque nel 1888 a Lipsk, in una famiglia di cristiani ortodossi. A 17 anni nel 1905, insieme ai suoi familiari, passò fra i cattolici di rito latino.

All’età di 20 anni si sposò con il rito cattolico con Ludwik Biernacki; dal matrimonio nacquero sei figli. Dopo la morte del marito coabitò con il figlio Stanislao e con sua moglie, condividendo la sua vita con la giovane coppia, dimostrando saggezza cristiana e amore fraterno verso di essi e i loro figli.

Tra la gente del suo paese era conosciuta per la sua benevolenza e profonda religiosità. Quando Lipsk il 1° luglio 1943, fu colpita da una rappresaglia tedesca e sconvolta da arresti di massa, anche la giovane nuora incinta di un altro figlio fu arrestata; allora si fece avanti Marianna e si propose al posto della nuora per salvare lei e la vita del nascituro.

Fu un nobile slancio d’amore di una semplice donna di 55 anni, che offrì la sua vita per altri, come già fece s. Massimiliano Maria Kolbe (1894-1941) frate conventuale, nel campo di Auschwitz.

Lo scambio fu accettato e gli arrestati furono tradotti in carcere, da lì fu spostata a Naumowicz presso Grodno (attualmente in Bielorussia) e fucilata il 13 luglio 1943.

E la Chiesa ha voluto affiancare ai tanti suoi figli consacrati, vittime in Polonia della barbarie nazista, anche questa umile donna, che a pari loro, riconoscendo Gesù nei fratelli, mise in pratica il detto evangelico “Chi perderà la propria vita per me, la salverà”.

Autore: Antonio Borrelli

SOURCE : http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/92076


Witold Hordiejuk-Zaniewicki. « Compte rendu. Marie Biernacka. Wsie drobnoszlacheckie na Mazowszu i Podlasiu » Revue des Études Slaves  Année 1969  48-1-4  pp. 159-161 : https://www.persee.fr/doc/slave_0080-2557_1969_num_48_1_1992